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Article
Etiological spectrum, injury characteristics and treatment outcome of facial fractures: a clinical study of 92 cases

Author: Yahya A. Ali يحيى علي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 129-133
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Maxillofacial injuries pose a therapeutic challenges to trauma, maxillofacial and plastic surgeonspracticing in developing countries. This study was carried out to determine the etiology, injury characteristics andmanagement outcome of maxillofacial injuries at Maysan general hospital in Maysan, southern of Iraq fromNovember 2008 to April 2010.Patients and methods: The data collected included age, gender, etiology, anatomic site of the fracture andtreatment outcome. A total of 134 facial fractures were found in 92 patients,Results: most fractures occurred in adults with age ranging from 21 to 30 years. Men were more affected thanwomen, with a male-female ratio of 4.1:1. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) were the major cause of trauma, followed byinterpersonal violence and gunshots and missiles. When the relation between the gender and the etiology of facialfractures was analyzed, a significant relation was noted between these variables. There was also a relation betweenthe patients’ age and the site of the fractures. The mandible was found to be the most commonly fractured bone inthe facial skeleton, followed by the zygomatic complex. Surgical or non-surgical approach was chosen according tocharacters of each case. There were significant differences between the kind of treatment applied and the site ofthe fracture. Surgical site infection and malocclusion were the most prevalent complications.Conclusion: Road traffic accidents remain the major etiological factor of maxillofacial injuries in our setting. Measureson prevention of road traffic accidents should be strongly emphasized in order to reduce the occurrence of theseinjuries


Article
Prospective Clinical Study Evaluating The V Flap for Surgical Endodontic Treatment of Periapical Lesions

Authors: Yahya A.Ali يحيى علي --- Riad G.altaee رعد الطائي --- Haitham.Y.Mohammad هيثم ياسين محمد
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2015 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 83-88
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the V shaped flap for surgical endodontic treatment of periapical lesions. The study included 62 patients in good general health, referred to the Department of oral surgery in the specialized center of Dentistry in Basra between March 2009 and June 2010, for surgical endodontic treatment. V shaped flap was used in all cases. Our intraoperative and postoperative clinical findings regarding the implentation of the vestibular V flap in surgical treatment of periapical diseases, have confirmed its individualy. It was perform the procedure which enabled a traumatic retraction with abundant blood supply and repositioning with a few stitches. the following day 62.9% of the patients experienced no pain, and mild swelling of the surgical site was evident in 79 % of the cases. The healing was complete, without any signs of tissue retraction and dehiscence.

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