research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
A Comparison between the Product-Refill and the Equalization Oxygen Pressure Swing Adsorption Processes

Author: Zaid Adnan Abdel-Rahman
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكيمياوية وهندسة النفط ISSN: 19974884/E26180707 Year: 2018 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-66
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This work presents a design for a pressure swing adsorption process (PSA) to separate oxygen from air with approximately 95% purity, suitable for different numbers of columns and arrangements. The product refill PSA process was found to perform 33% better (weight of zeolite required or productivity) than the pressure equalization process. The design is based on the adsorption equilibrium of a binary mixture of O2 and N2 for two of the most commonly used adsorbents, 5A & 13X, and extension from a single column approach. Zeolite 13X was found to perform 6% better than zeolite 5A. The most effective variables were determined to be the adsorption step time and the operational pressure. Increasing the adsorption step time from 1 to 5 minutes decreased the performance by approximately 5 times. Increasing the pressure from 2 to 6 bars increased the performance by approximately 3 times.


Article
Commercial CaO Catalyzed Biodiesel Production Process

Authors: Zaid Adnan Abdel-Rahman --- Ahmed Daham Wiheeb --- Marwa Majeed Jumaa
Journal: AL-NAHRAIN JOURNAL FOR ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة النهرين للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 25219154 / eISSN 25219162 Year: 2017 Volume: 20 Issue: 4 Pages: 846-852
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Biodiesel produced from vegetable oils is a good alternative clean diesel. The present study was conducted because there are some variations or contradictions in literature on the use of CaO heterogeneous catalyst. In this study, biodiesel was produced from sunflower vegetable oil and methanol in presence of commercial calcium oxide catalyst in batch mechanical stirrer reactor. The effect of three operating conditions, methanol mole ratio (4-12), reaction time (0.5-2.5 h) and catalyst amount (2-10 %), on the yield of biodiesel was studied at constant reaction temperature of 60 oC. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used with central composite design (CCD) of experiments. Polynomial correlation was found for the dependent variable of the process (yield of biodiesel), satisfactorily predicted at 95% confidence level. The optimum yield biodiesel was about 98% and at operating condition of methanol ratio 10, reaction time 2 h and catalyst amount 8 %. The reaction time was found to be the most effective operating condition. Kinetics study of the process showed that first order reaction with triglyceride concentration and zero order with methanol concentration gave best fit with the experimental data, triglyceride with a reaction rate constant k= 1.53 h-1.

البايوديزل المنتج من الزيوت النباتية خيار جيد لديزل نظيف . اجريت الدراسة الحالية لان هناك اختلافات او تناقضات في البحوث المنشورة على استعمال اوكسيد الكالسيوم كعامل مساعد غير متجانس. في هذه الدراسة , انتج البايوديزل من الزيت النباتي نوار الشمس مع الميثانول بوجود اوكسيد الكالسيوم التجاري كعامل مساعد في مفاعل دفعات بخلاط ميكانيكي. درس تاثير ثلاثة ظروف تشغيل ؛ نسبة المولية للميثانول (4-12) وزمن التفاعل (2,5 ساعة) وكمية العامل المساعد (2-10%) على انتاجية البايوديزل بثبوت درجة حرارة التفاعل 60 درجة مئوية. استخدمت طريقة استجابة السطوح (RSM) مع تصميم التجارب المركب المركزي (CCD) . تم ايجاد علاقة متعددة الحدود للمتغير المعتمد للعملية (انتاجية البايوديزل) , اعطت نتائج مقبولة في مستوى ثقة 95% . افضل انتاجية للبايوديزل بحدود 98% في ظروف تشغيلية ؛ النسبة المولية للميثانول (10) وزمن التفاعل (2 ساعة) وكمية العامل المساعد (8%). ووجد ان زمن التفاعل هو المتغير الاكثر تاثيرا لظروف التشغيل. بينت دراسة حركية العملية , ان تفاعل من الدرجة الاولى مع تركيز ثلاثي الكليسيرين ودرجة صفر مع تركيز الميثانول , اعطت افضل انطباق مع النتائج العملية , لثابت معدل التفاعل (k= 1.53 h-1).


Article
Optimization of Sodium Bicarbonate Production Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Authors: Zaid Adnan Abdel-Rahman زيد عدنان عبد الرحمن --- Hussein Habib Hamed --- Farah Kahtan Khalaf
Journal: DIYALA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة ديالى للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19998716/26166909 Year: 2018 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 22-28
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the use of batch bubble column to produce high particle size (>300 micron) of sodium bicarbonate product to improve filtration and drying operations in the production process. Lab scale batch bubble column of 80 mm diameter and 0.5 m height was used to study the process for sodium bicarbonate production using 20% sodium carbonate solution as a starting solution. Three operating variables were considered, CO2 gas content (20-100 %), temperature (30-70 oC) and time (0.5-2.5 h). The bicarbonate yield and crystals size were considered to be the objective variables of the process. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used with central composite design (CCD) of experiments. Empirical polynomial multivariable equations were obtained. The reaction time was found to be the most effective operating condition on the yield of sodium bicarbonate, and temperature was found to be the most effective operating condition on crystal size of sodium bicarbonate. The optimum conditions achieved 400 microns particle size at temperature 70 oC and time 2.5 h. Kinetics study of the process showed that zero order reaction with both sodium carbonate and CO2 concentrations was approximately fitted the experimental data, useful for shortcut process design purposes.

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2018 (2)

2017 (1)