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Article
The effect of nutritional status on gingival health condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 87-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition may increase the severity of oral health problems. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine gingival
condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Material and methods: The sample of present study involved of 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged
5 years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height among 5 years old. Diagnosis of dental plaque and gingival health condition
were recorded through the application of plaque index and gingival index. The stimulated saliva was collected to
determine salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Results: The mean plaque and gingival index values for children aged 5 years were significantly higher among
malnourished as compared to well-nourished groups (P<0.01). The mean values of magnesium, zinc and potassium
were lower among malnourished than well-nourished group. There was no significant difference concerning sodium
(P> 0.05). As for those aged 5 years, a negative significant correlation was recorded between gingival index and
salivary zinc in malnourished group
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase gingivitis and reducing salivary zinc, magnesium, sodiumand potassium.
Keywords: Malnutrition, dental plaque, gingival health, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry
2010;22(3):87-90).

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Article
The effect of nutritional status on dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 119-122
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition in human life may adversely affect various aspects of growth and increase the severity of
oral problems at different stages of life. Teeth and salivary glands are particularly sensitive to malnutrition. That may
reduce salivary protective components that may increase caries incidence. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine the
occurance and severity of dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper
and lead.
Material and methods: This study was conducted among 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged 5
years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height. Diagnosis of severity of dental caries was recorded through the application of
dmfs index. The stimulated saliva was collected to determine salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium,
copper and lead.
Results: The results reveled that the mean values of dmfs were found to be higher among malnourished respectively
than well-nourished groups respectively, but with no significant difference (P> 0.05). A positive statistically significant
correlation was observed between dmfs and ds and salivary lead for well-nourished group. No significant correlation
was recorded between the salivary flow rate and the salivary pH and all the salivary elements in malnourished group.
Nevertheless, a positive significant correlation was detected for the salivary flow rate and salivary pH and salivary
inorganic phosphorus in well-nourished group.
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase dental caries experience and reducing salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic
phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead.
Keywords:Malnutrition, dental caries, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2010;22(3):119-122).

Keywords


Article
Nutritional Status Effect on Gingival Health Condition in Relation to some Salivary Elements among Fifteen-years Old Adolescents
تأثير التغذية على حالة اللثة وعلاقته ببعض عناصر اللعاب لطلاب المدارس بعمر 15 سنة

Authors: Zaid S. Hasan م م د. زيد سعدي حسن --- Ban S. Diab أ م د. بان صاحب ذياب --- Ali Y. Majid استشاري د. علي يعقوب الربيعي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 225-228
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Background: Malnutrition in human life may adversely affect various aspects of growth and increase the severity of oral health problems. This study was conducted among malnourished adolescents aged 15 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine gingival condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.Material and methods: The sample of the present study included 89 malnourished and 95 well-nourished students aged 15 years. The body mass index was used to determine the nutritional status. Diagnosis of dental plaque and gingival health condition were recorded through the application of plaque index and gingival index. The stimulated saliva was collected to determine salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.Results: The mean plaque and gingival index value among malnourished were lower than those of well-nourished groups, with no significant difference [P > 0.05] and significant difference [P < 0.05] respectively. The mean values of all inorganic salivary elements were lower among malnourished group than well-nourished group with highly significant difference [P<0.01]. No significant correlation was recorded between gingival index and all salivary elements in malnourished group; whereas a positive statistically significant correlation was indicated for salivary zinc in well-nourished group.Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on lower gingivitis and reducing salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.Keywords: Malnutrition, dental plaque, gingival health, stimulated salivary element.

الخلاصة:اساس البحث : سوء التغذية في حياة الانسان قد يؤثر عكسيا ًعلى مختلف اوجه النمو وكذلك زيادة شدة مشاكل الفم في مختلف المراحل في الحياة.الهدف : الدراسة أجريت لمجموعة من سيئي التغذية بالمقارنة مع مجموعة جيدي التغذية لعمر 15 سنه لتحديد حالة اللثة وبعض العناصر (النحاس, المغنيسيوم, الصوديوم, البوتاسيوم).الطرق: هذة الدراسة اجريت لمجموعة سيئي التغذية بالمقارنة مع جيدي التغذية. هذه الدراسة شملت 184 طالب بعمر 15 سنة (89 سيئي التغذية و 95 جيدي التغذية ). تقيم الحالة الغذائية أنجز من خلال استعمال مؤشر كتلة الجسم. فحص مؤشر دليل اللويحات الجرثومية وتم استعمال مؤشر اللثة لقياس صحة اللثة.اللعاب المحفز تم جمعه لتحديد سرعة جريان اللعاب والاس الهيدروجيني وكذلك مكونات اللعاب التي تشمل النحاس, المغنيسيوم و الصوديوم تم تحليلها بالاضافة الى البوتاسيوم.النتائج: اظهرت النتائج ان وسيط الصفيحة الجرثوميه و التهاب اللثة كان اقل في الاشخاص سيئي التغذيةعنه في جيدي التغذية مع عدم وجود فارق معنوي ووجود فارق معنوي بين المجموعتين تباعا ً. كان وسيط جميع عناصر اللعاب اقل في الاشخاص سيئي التغذيةعنه في جيدي التغذية مع عدم وجود فارق معنوي عالي بين المجموعتين. لاتوجد علاقة بين التهاب اللثة و جميع عناصر اللعاب المحفز في مجمعة جيدي التغذية بينما العلاقة ايجابية وبفرق معنوي فيما يخص النحاس في مجموعة جيدي التغذية. الاستنتاجات: سوء التغذية يؤدي الى تقليل التهاب اللثة وكذلك مكونات اللعاب التي تشمل النحاس, المغنيسيوم و الصوديوم تم تحليلها بالاضافة الى البوتاسيوم الكلمات المفتاحية: سوء التغذية, التهاب اللثة, عناصر اللعاب المحفز

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