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Article
Statistical study for Influenza in Thi-Qar governorate

Author: Zainab Abd-Ali Mohammad
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 187-194
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The present study was designed to determined the number of infection of influenza in Thi-Qar governorate from the beginning of January till the ending of December 2010.The total number of Influenza cases was 35455 and a significant differences P≤0.001 were recorded in the infection percentage of months and December was the highest month distribution 16.5 %, a significant differences were shown between age groups P≤0.01 and a high percentage of infection 34.3 % was found in age group 15-44 years which followed by 23.1 % in age group 5-14 years.The high diffusion factor of Influenza was found in Al-Chiebaish distinct 49.5 per thousand.

صممت الدراسة الحالية لتحديد عدد الإصابات بالأنفلونزا في محافظة ذي قار خلال المدة من بداية شهر كانون الثاني إلى نهاية شهر كانون الأول لعام 2010.وجد أن عدد الإصابات الكلية بالأنفلونزا 35455 إصابة وسجل وجود فروق معنوية P≤0.001 بين نسب الإصابة حسب الأشهر إذ كانت أعلى نسبة إصابة خلال شهر كانون الأول 16.5 %، ولوحظ وجود فروق معنوية P≤0.01 بين الفئات العمرية وكانت أعلى نسبة إصابة ضمن الفئة العمرية 45-15 سنة 34.3 % تلتها الفئة العمرية 14-5 سنة 23.1 %، وأعلى معامل انتشار لمرض الأنفلونزا كان في قضاء الجبايش 49.5 بالألف.

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Article
Isolate and Identify of Contracaecum spp. Nematodes from Some Aquatic Bird Species by Using Light Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscope

Authors: Zainab Abd-Ali Mohammad --- Mohammad Kareem Hbaiel
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2019 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 180-192
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Abstract:Ninety six aquatic birds were collected and examined for infection with Contracaecum spp.nematodes in Al-Sanaf marsh, which is located in Thi-Qar province / Southern Iraq, between March toDecember 2018, The nematodes are fixed in hot 70% ethanol, the lactophenol and glycerine used to clearthe internal features and examined by light microscope. Some samples examined by scanning electronmicroscope (SEM) a Leo1450vp and the images were captured digitally. The current study showed that 48out of 96 (50%) aquatic birds were infected with Contracaecum nematodes, Contracaecum microcephalumisolated from four aquatic bird species: Nycticorax nycticorax, Egretta garzetta, Ardae purpurea andPelecanus onocrolalus, while Contracaecum multipapilatum isolated from two aquatic bird species E.garzetta and Ardeola ralloides, Contracaecum rudolphii isolated from Phalacrocroax carbo only.


Article
Chewing lice found on aquatic birds collected from some marshes of Thi-Qar governorate-South of Iraq

Authors: Abdul-Hussein Habash Awad --- Zainab Abd-Ali Mohammad
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2015 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 694-702
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This study was performed to detect the chewing lice infested on some aquatic birds in some marshes of Thi-Qar governorate-South of Iraq during the period from December 2012 to April 2013, for this aim 76 bird specimens belonging to 4 bird species were examined for the chewing lice infestation.The results found seventeenth out of totally 76 (22.36%) birds were found to be infested with at least one chewing louse species and three different species of chewing lice were reported: Ardeicola expallidius (Blagovesshtchensky, 1940) 7.89%, Fulicoffula gallinulae (De Geer, 1778) 13.15%, Incidifrons sp. (Blagoveshtchensky, 1951) 9.21% have been recorded from Iraq for the first time. A significant differences were found among infested birds according to the lice species (P ≤ 0.05).The result revealed that the infestation by the lice on one aquatic bird different between single and double.A significant differences was found among infested birds according to the infestation type (P ≤ 0.05). No significant differences was found between male and female of infested birds. The result revealed a significant differences among infested birds according to the monthly distribution (P ≤ 0.05) and the highest infestation rates was in January 41.17%.

أجريت هذه الدراسة للكشف عن وجود القمل القارض المصيب لبعض الطيور المائية في بعض اهوار محافظة ذي قار-جنوب العراق خلال الفترة من شهر كانون الثاني 2012 ولغاية شهر نيسان 2013 ولهذا الغرض تم فحص 76 طيرا مائيا تعود إلى أربعة أنواع للتحري عن إصابتها بالقمل القارض.أظهرت النتائج أن سبعة عشر طيرا من مجموع 76 (%22.36) كانت مصابة وعلى الأقل بنوع واحد من القمل القارض. سجل وجود ثلاثة أنواع من القمل القارض هي: Ardeicola expallidius (Blagovesshtchensky, 1940) وبنسبة 7.89%، Fulicoffula gallinulae (De Geer, 1778) وبنسبة 13.15%، Incidifrons sp. (Blagoveshtchensky, 1951) وبنسبة 9.21% وهي تسجل لأول مرة في العراق وسجل وجود فروق معنوية بين الطيور المصابة حسب نوع القمل وبمستوى احتمالية .(P≤ 0.05) أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن الإصابة بالقمل القارض في الطيور المائية اختلفت بين الأحادية والثنائية وكان هناك فرقا معنويا بين الطيور المصابة حسب نمط الإصابة وبمستوى احتمالية (P ≤ 0.05) علما أن الإصابة الثنائية أكثرها شيوعا. لم تسجل فروق معنوية بين ذكور وإناث الطيور المصابة في حين سجلت فروق معنوية بين أعداد الطيور المصابة حسب التوزيع الشهري للإصابة (P ≤ 0.05) وكان أعلى معدل للإصابة خلال شهر كانون الثاني وبنسبة 41.17%.


Article
Experimental infection of fresh water snail Lymnaea auricularia with Clinostomum complanatum (Trematoda: Clinostomidae)

Authors: Abdul-Hussein Habash Awad --- Zainab Abd-Ali Mohammad
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 37-47
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Abstract:The digenetic trematode Clinostomum complanatum is naturally parasitizes the throat andesophagus of piscivorous birds, used aquatic snail and fishes (rarely frogs and toads) as first and thesecond intermediate hosts respectively.The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of infection of fresh water snail Lymnaeaauricularia with miracidium of Clinostomum because lacking the study on the life cycle of thisparasite in Iraq.Snails were collected from vegetation and debris in shallow water of Euphrates river and identifiedas Lymnaea auricularia, their eggs were isolated for production of new generation which used forthe infection with Clinostomum miracidium.Eggs of mature trematodes Clinostomum complanatum were isolated from the buccal cavity andesophagus of Bubulicus ibis and hatched to miracidium after 21 days of incubation, The fresh watersnails Lymnaea auricularia were experimentally infected with miracidium of C. complanatum. Themiracidium were ciliated with eye spot in the anterior third of body, the infected snails with thesemiracidium released cercariae after 30 days post infection. The cercariae of C. complanatum werefork tailed with two eye spots in the anterior part of middle third of the body.

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