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Computation of inheritance share in islamic law by an expert system using decision tables
احتساب حصص الارث في قانون الشريعة الإسلامية باستخدام النظام الخبير وجداول القرارات

Authors: Zeina AbdAl-Retha زينة عبد الرضا --- Huda F. AL-Shahad هدى فوزي عبد الوهاب
Journal: Albahir journal مجلة الباهر ISSN: 23125721 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 1,2 Pages: 105-114
Publisher: AL-Abbas Holy Shrine العتبة العباسية المقدسة

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Abstract

Abstract The legacy system is important Islamic sciences that are interested of the legacy of the dead and all deserve have enacted laws of the Book of Allah (Quran), it is depending on the social state of the dead and the relation of heirs with the dead. An origin of huge discussion, both inside and outside the Muslim group is the Islamic law of legacy. This research deals with the use of decision Tables in distribution of an inheritance that can use by the judge or anyone that need to know how to compute the share according to Iraqi Personal Status Law. The Tables consist of the first and second relation heirs, for the purpose of simplifying these Tables were taking into consideration the organizing of these Tables. The main Table isolated into sub-Tables, which additionally branch out to other sub-Tables as legacy cases. The Tables are the knowledge base of the expert system that take the information on it and then make it as the fact in the rule base.In this research the user input the information about the dead as an answer of expert questions, according to these answers the system moves to sub-decision Table. The decision Tables contain all the information that the user need, after the questions finish and the information use as the facts of the expert system then the share of the user appear according the Holy Quran.

ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﺭﺙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲥﺘﻢ ﺑﱰﻛﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﰲ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﲈﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ، ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﰲ ﻭﻋﲆ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺭﺛﺔ، ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﰲ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻻﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﴈ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻱ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺛﲔ ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺚ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻘﺎﻗﻪ ﰲ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ. ﺷﻤﻠﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺛﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﺗﺒﺴﻴﻂ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺑﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻫﻴﻜﻠﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺭﺋﻴﴘ ﻳﺘﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﱃ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﺘﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﱃ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﺔ. ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻛﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﳋﺒﲑ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺤﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﺛﺎﺑﺘﻪ.

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