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Effect of alcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium consumption by pregnant mice on the uterus and reproductive hormones in the female offsprings
تاثير استهلاك الفئران الحوامل للمستخلص الكحولي لنبات القيصوم على رحم والهرمونات التكاثرية للمواليد الاناث

Author: نسرين خزعل فليح
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Embryos and Infertility Researches المجلة العراقية لبحوث الأجنة والعقم ISSN: eISSN: 26166984 / pISSN: 22180265 Year: 2011 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 53-56
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

backgroundAchillea millefolium, (Asteraceae) is flowering plant which is popularly known as yarrow. It has been used in folk medicine to (neat complaints such as inflammation, pain, wounds, hemorrhages and gastrointestinal disturbances. To study the histological changes in uterus and reproductive hormones in female mice delivered to mothers heated with Achillea extract during pregnancy.Material* and methods;Seventy pregnant female mice at age of six weeks were used as a model for this study. The animals were divided into two groups: control (C) (35), and experimental(G){35) groups, The experimental group was given 1.5 mg/kg alcohol extract of Achillea millefolium dissolved in 1ml distilled water orally for the whole pregnancy, while the (C )was given distilled water only in the same amount and for the same period of time. The number and the body weight of the delivered offspring was recorded, in addition (he endometrial thickness, the number and diameter of the uterine glands was measured in the histological sections at puberty In addition evaluation of FSH, LH and E2 hormones levelswere done.The results of this study showed highly significant [pO,G1} decrease in the litter size of the experimental compared to the control group, as well as significant decrease (p<0.05) in the weight of the offspring, the endometrial thickness, the number and diameter of the uteri ne glands in the (G)compared to the (C).conclusionConsumption of low dose Achillea millefolium causes significant decrease in number and weight of the offspring, in addition to its effect on the uterus of the delivered female offspring.


Article
The effect of the aqeous extract of the leaves of Achillea fragrantissima on some Bacteria
تاثير المستخلص المائي لاوراق نبات القيصوم Achillea fragrantissima في بعض انواع البكتريا

Author: Hanaa A. Yaseen هناء عبد اللطيف ياسين
Journal: ANBAR JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: PISSN: 19927479 / EISSN: 26176211 Year: 2008 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 296-300
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of the Aqueous extract of the leaves of Achillea fragrantissima were tested in vitro on six species of bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus subtilis kebsiella pneumoni and Pseudomonas a eroginosae.The results indicated that the aqueous extract has an inhibitory effect on most of the tested bacteria.The inhibitory action on gram positive bacteria, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Was more than that against gram negative bacteria.

استهدفت هذه الدراسة معرفة تاثير المستخلص المائي لاوراق نبات القيصوم Achillea fragrantissima في ستة انواع من البكتريا المرضية وغير المرضية هي:Staphylococcus aureus , Bacillus subtilis , Escherichia coli , Salmonella typhi , Klebsiella pneumonia , Pseudomonas eroginosaeوقد اظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة ان للمستخلص المائي لاوراق نبات القيصوم تاثير مثبط لمعظم انواع البكتريا مع اختلاف في هذا التاثير حسب نوع البكتريا.وكانت البكتريا الموجبة لصبغة كرام Staphylococcus aureus Bacillus subtilis, اكثر تاثير مثبط بالمستخلص المائي لاوراق نبات القيصوم من الانواع الاخرى السالبة لصبغة كرام.

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