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Article
Poetic Voices from Karbala on Imam Hussein (p. b. u. h.)
أصوات شعرية من كربلاء حول الإمام الحسين ( عليه السلام )

Author: Prof. Dr. Faruq M. Al-habbubi أ. د. فاروق محمود عبد الله الحبّوبي
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج1 Pages: 20-33
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractKarbala city occupies a significant position in influencing theinternational and humanitarian intellectual scene in general. It is anintellectually influential milieu especially with whoever interacts with itsactive circles which are enriched with the heritage of AL-Taf Battle and itspioneering role in establishing the Husseini Renaissance as the greatestreformational tide of prophet Mohammed’s Message and being thehumanity's loudest scream against the Umayyad and Yazeed’s corruptionand arrogance. Thus the Hussein Revolution expands and establishesitself in the dogmatic consciousness of the nation.

الملخ


Article
Levels of Poetic Discourse in the Poetry of Al- Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi BahruI –`U100 m
مستويات الخطاب الشعري في شعر السيد محمد مهدي بحر العلوم

Author: Lecturer. Dr. Muhammad Abdul- Rasool Jasim Al- Saady م.د. محمد عبد الرسول جاسم السعدي
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج1 Pages: 321-363
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractThese Papers aim to highlighting the levels of poeticdiscourse in the poetry which written in Karbala from 1000A.H. to 1300 A.H. Al-Sayyid (Muhammad Mahdi Bahrul-U100m) has been chosen as an example. The topic has triedto considerably study each of these levels. Accordingly, thesubject was divided into three sections with a prelude anda conclusion full of the results of the research. The preludeincluded a biography of Al- Sayyid (Muhammad MahdiBahrul-Uloom).Section one studied the discourse through aliterary heritable point of view, for instance the discourse asa heritage term and the discourse as a passed down literarypoetry. Section two dealt with the religious discourse whichincluded the discourse studied from aholy Quranic point ofview and in relation to the holy prophetic hadith also. Sectionthree was devoted to study and handle the discourse in easyand understandable language.

الملخ


Article
Karbala and its Name in the Major Arabic Sources
كربلاء ومسمياتها في امات المصادر العربية

Author: Prof . Dr. Muhammad Kareem Ibraheem Al- Shammary أ. د. محمد كريم إبراهيم الشمري
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج1 Pages: 287-319
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractAl- Haair Al- Husainy is regarded as the spot on which one ofthe great historical tragedies took place . It has many names asthe history tells us . It has been called in number of names withoutany priority or distinction to any one of them at all .these namesare Al- Ghadhiriyya ,Ninevah , Mariya , Ammoriya , Nawawees ,Shattul – Arab , Shatiul – Forat , Al- Taff , Tafful- Forat , Al- Haair ,Al- Hary , Mashhadul- Husain and Karbala .The last name (Karbala) has been just one of the variousnames .By the time, the last nomination widely prevailed andspeedily became accepted by all . It has become the sole heirof it the province name, and this area is no longer known by theother names but by this name which is used all over the provinceand Karbala is considered its center .No other place all over the world , as it seems , has got suchnumber of names like Karbala , which had variety of names forone certain area . and this could be attributed to the fact that thisway of terming a territory or a city by number of names is familiarlyused in the medieval orient and there could be no rejection .these papers contain , a documentation of mentioning Karbalain the linguistic and geographical heritage references as well asin some historical heritage references in brief . The scientificresearch may require resort to some other Arabic referenceswhich mentioned Karbala either , in its present name or in itsother names .

الملخّ

Keywords

Abstract Al- Haair Al- Husainy is regarded as the spot on which one of the great historical tragedies took place . It has many names as the history tells us . It has been called in number of names without any priority or distinction to any one of them at all .these names are Al- Ghadhiriyya --- Ninevah --- Mariya --- Ammoriya --- Nawawees --- Shattul – Arab --- Shatiul – Forat --- Al- Taff --- Tafful- Forat --- Al- Haair --- Al- Hary --- Mashhadul- Husain and Karbala . The last name --- Karbala has been just one of the various names .By the time --- the last nomination widely prevailed and speedily became accepted by all . It has become the sole heir of it the province name --- and this area is no longer known by the other names but by this name which is used all over the province and Karbala is considered its center . No other place all over the world --- as it seems --- has got such number of names like Karbala --- which had variety of names for one certain area . and this could be attributed to the fact that this way of terming a territory or a city by number of names is familiarly used in the medieval orient and there could be no rejection . these papers contain --- a documentation of mentioning Karbala in the linguistic and geographical heritage references as well as in some historical heritage references in brief . The scientific research may require resort to some other Arabic references which mentioned Karbala either --- in its present name or in its other names . --- الملخّ


Article
Evaluation of TheTransportation plan Sustainability Plan in The Holy City of Karbala
تقييم استدامة خطة النقل في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

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Abstract

AbstractThe research studied the sustainability concept and its activationin the process of the planning of the decision making regarding withthe transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainabletransportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicatedproblems including the problem of using the classical methods intransportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities inparticular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental,economic and social impact in preparing transportation planstogether with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainabilityof transportation plans proposals and their application in thetransportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluatethis plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make theplan become sustainable.The practical frame of the research involves the review of thetransportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala, which includes fiveproposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030, andapplying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by usingthe strategic environment assessment method through the applicationof compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable andunsustainable aspects in those proposals, and consequently reachingthe results of the evaluation which show that the transportation planof the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in themethodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainabletransportation plan preparation stages, and neglect many factorswhich have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in thelong term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation planin a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan.

الملخ

Keywords

Abstract The research studied the sustainability concept and its activation in the process of the planning of the decision making regarding with the transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainable transportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicated problems including the problem of using the classical methods in transportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities in particular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental --- economic and social impact in preparing transportation plans together with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainability of transportation plans proposals and their application in the transportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluate this plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make the plan become sustainable. The practical frame of the research involves the review of the transportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala --- which includes five proposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030 --- and applying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by using the strategic environment assessment method through the application of compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable and unsustainable aspects in those proposals --- and consequently reaching the results of the evaluation which show that the transportation plan of the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in the methodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainable transportation plan preparation stages --- and neglect many factors which have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in the long term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation plan in a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan. --- الملخ


Article
Impact of reciprocal teaching strategy in the collection of literature and texts at fourth grade students in secondary Center Holy Karbala governorate
أثر استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي في تحصيل مادة الادب والنصوص عند طلاب الصف الرابع الاعدادي - في مركز محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

Author: Lecturer.Dr.Zia Aziz Mohammad Al Mousawi م.د ضياء عزيز محمد الموسوي
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج2 Pages: 27-66
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractThe goal of current research to know the impact of interactive teaching materialin the collection of literature and texts at the fourth preparatory gradestudents strategy, but in order to achieve the aim of the research has beendrafted, but the premise Find Tia: (There is no difference is statistically significantat the level )0.05( between the two groups (control group, and experimental)at the fourth-grade students in the collection of preparatory materialliterature and texts).The research community has chosen researcher junior Sheikh Ahmed al-Waeli Boys deliberate manner, where the number of students two sets ofsearch (64) students of (32) students in the Division of (a), which representsthe experimental group and 32 students in the Division (b), which representsthe control group.Researcher held parity between the two sets of research in the following variables:Chronological age of the students measured in months, educational attainmentof parents in my research, academic achievement for mothers ofstudents two sets of research, test language ability for students of the twosets of research, adjust the extraneous variables, and statistical treatmentshowed that there was no statistically significant differences between the twosets of search, which means that they are equivalent in These variables havebeen promising researcher for the study subjects teaching plans for the twogroups were presented to a group of arbitrators (ie experts).1-The statistical methods used in the research data analysis aresamples t test and chi square to see significant differences between the twogroups in search of parity30

الملخّصهدف البحث الحالي الى معرفة اثر استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي في تحصيل مادة الادبوالنصوص عند طلاب الصف الرابع الاعدادي ولاجل تحقيق هدف البحث تمت صياغة فرضيةالبحث الاتية : ) ليس هناك فرق ذو دلالة احصائية عند مستوى ) 0.05 ( بين المجموعتين)الضابطة والتجريبية ( عند طلاب الصف الرابع الاعدادي في تحصيل مادة الادب والنصوص (.اما مجتمع البحث فقد اختار الباحث اعدادية الشيخ احمد الوائلي للبنين بطريقة قصديةحيث بلغ عدد طلاب مجموعتي البحث ) 64 ( طالبا بواقع ) 32 ( طالبا في شعبة )أ( التي تمثلالمجموعة التجريبية و) 32 ( طالبا في شعبة )ب( التي تمثل المجموعة الضابطة .اجرى الباحث التكافؤ بين مجموعتي البحث في المتغيرات الآتية :العمر الزمني للطلاب محسوبا بالشهور التحصيل الدراسي للآباء في مجموعتي البحث التحصيلالدراسي لأمهات طلاب مجموعتي البحث اختبار القدرة اللغوية لطلاب مجموعتي البحث ضبطالمتغيرات الدخيلة وقد اظهرت المعاملة الاحصائية انه ليس هناك فروق ذات دلالة احصائية بينمجموعتي البحث مما يعني انهما متكافئتان في هذه المتغيرات وقد اعد الباحث الخطط التدريسيةالخاصة بموضوعات الدراسة للمجموعتين وتم عرضها على مجموعة من المحكمين اي )الخبراء(.اما الوسائل الاحصائية المستعملة في تحليل بيانات البحث فهي :-1 الاختبار التائي ومربع كاي لمعرفة دلالة الفروق بين مجموعتي البحث في التكافؤ-2 معامل صعوبة الفقرة لحساب معامل صعوبة فقرات اختبار التحصيل .-3 معادلة تمييز الفقرة لحساب قوة تمييز فقرات اختبار التحصيل-4 فعالية البدائل لحساب فعالية البدائل الغير صحيحة لفقرات الاختبار .-5 معامل ارتباط بيرسون لحساب معامل ثبات اختبار الاكتساب بطريقة التجزئة النصفية-6 معامل سبير مان – براون لتصحيح معامل الارتباط .وقد توصل البحث الى النتيجة الآتية : ظهر تفوق طلاب المجموعة التجريبية الذين يدرسون مادةالادب والنصوص على وفق استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي على طلاب المجموعة الضابطة الذييدرسون الادب والنصوص بالطريقة التقليدية .وفي ضوء النتائج قدم الباحث جملة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات والمقترحات .

Keywords

Abstract / The goal of current research to know the impact of interactive teaching material in the collection of literature and texts at the fourth preparatory grade students strategy --- but in order to achieve the aim of the research has been drafted --- but the premise Find Tia: --- There is no difference is statistically significant at the level 0.05 --- between the two groups --- control group --- and experimental at the fourth-grade students in the collection of preparatory material literature and texts. The research community has chosen researcher junior Sheikh Ahmed al- Waeli Boys deliberate manner --- where the number of students two sets of search --- 64 students of --- 32 students in the Division of --- a --- which represents the experimental group and 32 students in the Division --- b --- which represents the control group. Researcher held parity between the two sets of research in the following variables: Chronological age of the students measured in months --- educational attainment of parents in my research --- academic achievement for mothers of students two sets of research --- test language ability for students of the two sets of research --- adjust the extraneous variables --- and statistical treatment showed that there was no statistically significant differences between the two sets of search --- which means that they are equivalent in These variables have been promising researcher for the study subjects teaching plans for the two groups were presented to a group of arbitrators --- ie experts. 1-The statistical methods used in the research data analysis are samples t test and chi square to see significant differences between the two groups in search of parity 30 --- الملخّص / هدف البحث الحالي الى معرفة اثر استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي في تحصيل مادة الادب والنصوص عند طلاب الصف الرابع الاعدادي ولاجل تحقيق هدف البحث تمت صياغة فرضية البحث الاتية : --- ليس هناك فرق ذو دلالة احصائية عند مستوى --- 0.05 بين المجموعتين --- الضابطة والتجريبية عند طلاب الصف الرابع الاعدادي في تحصيل مادة الادب والنصوص . اما مجتمع البحث فقد اختار الباحث اعدادية الشيخ احمد الوائلي للبنين بطريقة قصدية حيث بلغ عدد طلاب مجموعتي البحث --- 64 طالبا بواقع --- 32 طالبا في شعبة --- أ التي تمثل المجموعة التجريبية و --- 32 طالبا في شعبة --- ب التي تمثل المجموعة الضابطة . اجرى الباحث التكافؤ بين مجموعتي البحث في المتغيرات الآتية : العمر الزمني للطلاب محسوبا بالشهور التحصيل الدراسي للآباء في مجموعتي البحث التحصيل الدراسي لأمهات طلاب مجموعتي البحث اختبار القدرة اللغوية لطلاب مجموعتي البحث ضبط المتغيرات الدخيلة وقد اظهرت المعاملة الاحصائية انه ليس هناك فروق ذات دلالة احصائية بين مجموعتي البحث مما يعني انهما متكافئتان في هذه المتغيرات وقد اعد الباحث الخطط التدريسية الخاصة بموضوعات الدراسة للمجموعتين وتم عرضها على مجموعة من المحكمين اي --- الخبراء. اما الوسائل الاحصائية المستعملة في تحليل بيانات البحث فهي : -1 الاختبار التائي ومربع كاي لمعرفة دلالة الفروق بين مجموعتي البحث في التكافؤ -2 معامل صعوبة الفقرة لحساب معامل صعوبة فقرات اختبار التحصيل . -3 معادلة تمييز الفقرة لحساب قوة تمييز فقرات اختبار التحصيل -4 فعالية البدائل لحساب فعالية البدائل الغير صحيحة لفقرات الاختبار . -5 معامل ارتباط بيرسون لحساب معامل ثبات اختبار الاكتساب بطريقة التجزئة النصفية -6 معامل سبير مان – براون لتصحيح معامل الارتباط . وقد توصل البحث الى النتيجة الآتية : ظهر تفوق طلاب المجموعة التجريبية الذين يدرسون مادة الادب والنصوص على وفق استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي على طلاب المجموعة الضابطة الذي يدرسون الادب والنصوص بالطريقة التقليدية . وفي ضوء النتائج قدم الباحث جملة من الاستنتاجات والتوصيات والمقترحات .

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