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A Phonetic Investigation of Al-Ikhlaas Sura
سورة الإِخلاص دراسة لغويَّة صوتية

Authors: Rafi’ A. Mallo رافع عبد الله مالو  --- Azza A. Ahmed عزّة عدنان أحمد عزّت
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2012 Issue: 64 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Investigating Al-Ikhlaas (faithfulness/ sincerity) phonetically has uncovered its underlying theme of monotheism, which is reflected in the alternate recurrence of the palatalized and velarized forms of the alveolar lateral /1/. The meaning is deduced to be the result of the consistent syntactic structuring, semantic indication, unification of the verse rhymes, and the quality of the long vowels in the sura.Al-Ikhlass is significant also in that it contains five words, out of its fifteen constituent words, that have not recurred else where in the Qur'an with the same structures and meanings. These words thus constitute 5:15, i.e. one third of the total number of words in the sura. Taking into consideration that Al-Ikhlaas alone is considered to be equivalent to one third of the number becomes of great significance.The glorious Qur'an constitutes two parts: prediction and composition. Prediction is also seen as two parts, about the creator, and about creation (or the human being). Al-Ikhlaas is solely devoted to prediction about the creator ; it states the truth about Allah. Accordingly, it is considered one third of the Qur'an.


Article
EFFECT OF ORGANIC AND BIOFERTILIZERS IN PROMOTING OFF SHOOTS GROWTH OF DATE PALM VARIETIES Al-BARHI AND KHALLAS PROPAGATED BY TISSUE CULTURE
تأثير الاسمدة العضوية والحيوية في تشجيع نمو فسائل نخيل التمر صنفي البرحي والخلاص المكثر بالزراعة النسيجية

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Abstract

This study was conducted in the Mandali Palm Station- General Authority for Palm – Ministry of Agriculture. During the growing season of 2013-2014 to study the effect of adding biofertilizers (EMI) and organic (Seaweed extract and gibberellin) in promoting off shoots growth of date Palm varieties Barha and Khallas, propagated by tissue culture. Arandomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in a factorial experiment was used in the study. Results showed that tricombination treatment seaweed extract and gibberellin and EMI recorded significant increase in all vegetative growth characteristics (number and length of leaf, stem diameter, number of bads, length and width of leaflet and numbr of leaflets of leaf)

أجريت هذه الدراسة في محطة نخيل مندلي / الهيئة العامة للنخيل - وزارة الزراعة في الموسم الزراعي 2013-2014 لدراسة تأثير أضافة المخصبات الحيوية Effective Micro Organisms EMI)) والعضوية (مستخلص الطحالب البحرية و الجبرلين ) في تشجيع نمو فسائل صنفي النخيل البرحي والخلاص الناتجة من الأكثار بالزراعة النسيجية.نفذت التجربة على وفق تصميم القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة (RCBD) لتجربة عاملية. أظهرت النتائج تفوق معنوي لمعاملة التوليفة السمادية الثلاثية (مستخلص الطحالب البحرية + المخصب الحيوي EMI + الجبرلين), في جميع صفات النمو الخضري (عدد وطول السعف و قطر الفسيلة وعدد البراعم وطول وعرض الخوصة وعدد الخوص في السعفة ).

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