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مبدأ المساواة كضمان للحقوق و الحريات العامة

Author: ميثم حسين الشافعي
Journal: Al-Bahith Journal مجلة الباحث ISSN: 20032222 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Pages: 317-354
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

AbstractEquality of ambiguous words and rhetoric that captivated the ambiguity and ring and the people and the masses, which are still shaking their feelings, and move them in the realms of political, economic and social development. One of the mighty words, used by the leaders and reformers, which was filled with research Asfar philosophers, scientists, and filled its events history in various chapters. Although the presented word equality, although signed by lavish huge and influence the powerful, this word does not still need to interpret and clarify because of the ambiguity and confusion and still raises the principle of equal diet, researchers and scholars of jurisprudence, politicians and pulled down their thinking and the significance of this is confirmed by specialized research heavy, conferences and seminars held by the associations and institutions of legal thought at the international level.And by CO, it should be thought that freedom was as we will see the same as equality in ancient times and most of this has reached it Bmusharaa the French Revolution (during the bloody conflict, which has sunk him the rebels) to ensure their announcement issued on 10 August in 1793 in the fourth year of the revolution came According to equality (freedom) and confirm that, he says (Biraud) in the doctrine of the authority of government took over after them with their expansion on the sanctification of equality before the law.It is the starting point of this we want to draw a picture of the democratic ideal and because of this that does not break the link between equality and freedom, as the complement, one Alakharay, and the former presence or absence, we are studying with the principle of equality guarantees of the exercise of public freedoms and rights under the door of a uniform. The principle of equality the cornerstone and focal in the center of all legal regulation of public freedoms and rights. It is democracy, in the words of Dr. Tharwat Badawi, as the soul of the body Bgierh negated the meaning of democracy and breaks down all the meaning of freedom. It was therefore decided in democratic regimes, inter alia, that the organization of public freedoms and rights, and may Atzmenh this organization to identify or outspokenness can be achieved only by general laws to ensure that the abstract equality of all individuals. It remains the principle of equality of the most important principles that Nazl individuals in order to achieve throughout the ages and times, and that individuals have Aiahm unfair discrimination in favor of the rulers and in favor of a layer times the socially and economically at other times, revolutions set up a goal to achieve. And almost correlation between the principle of equality, rights and public liberties to be a correlation inevitable there is almost one to do without the other there is no equality without freedom, no freedom if it does not treat workers rights and public freedoms on an equal footing and without discrimination on the basis of race, color, creed, language or race .. Etc., so no choice but to say that the principle of equality is the basis upon which the rights and public freedoms, there is no way all the enjoyment of freedom of any individual freedoms if it is not available to all without discrimination between one person and another.Therefore, and due to this status enjoyed by the principle of equality, it is in need of a permanent and necessary for the protection that is placed Zmanat of defense and Heimaath of any violation that may happen by the power, authority, whether legislative or executive has the power to violate the principle of equality has issued legal code to forbid the a range of individuals of their constitutional rights, has been issued by the executive branch administrative decision to forbid the members of his rights without the rest of the individuals. Him and in front of this capacity owned by the various authorities in violation of the principle of equality was in dire need of protection, necessity of protecting the principle of equality, arise from the presence of threat Fezrorh protection coupled with the existence of the threat and to be a protection effective, it requires to be proportionate to the threat to him.

ملخص البحث المساواة من الكلمات الغامضة الرنانة التي أستهوت بغموضها ودويها الشعوب والجماهير ، والتي لا تزال تهز مشاعرهم ، وتحرك نفوسهم في نواحي الحياة السياسية والاقتصادية والإجتماعية . وهي من الكلمات الجبارة ، التي استعملها الزعماء والقادة المصلحون والتي ملئت بحوثها اسفار الفلاسفة والعلماء وشغلت أحداثها التاريخ في فصوله المختلفة . وعلى الرغم من قدم كلمة المساواة ، وعلى الرغم من وقعها الفخم الضخم وتاثيرها القوي ، فان هذه الكلمة لا تزال بحاجة الى تفسير وتوضيح لما فيها من غموض والتباس وما يزال يثير مبدأ المساواة حمية الباحثين وعلماء الفقه القانوني ورجال السياسة واستحوذ على تفكيرهم ودلالة ذلك تؤكده البحوث المتخصصة الغزيرة والمؤتمرات والندوات التي تعقدها جمعيات ومؤسسات الفكر القانوني على الصعيد الدولي .وتناولنا هذا الموضوع في اربعة مباحث ، المبحث الاول نبين فيه مفهوم المساواة ، وفي المبحث الثاني نتطرق فيه لصلة مبدا المساواة بالحرية ، والمبحث الثالث نحدد فيه مبدأ المساواة في القانون الدولي ، وفي المبحث الرابع نشير فيه تقييم مبدأ المساواة على ضوء التطورات المعاصرة . ثم خاتمة البحث التي نظمنها أهم النتائج التي نتوصل اليها والله ولي التوفيق ...


Article
Arabs love of faith and hatred hypocrisy - Study and analysis -
حب العرب إيمان وبغضهم نفاق -دراسة وتحليل

Author: Mahrous Khamis Ali al-Azzawi خميس محروس علي العزاوي
Journal: Journal of Tikrit University for the Humanities مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية ISSN: 18176798 Year: 2015 Volume: 22 Issue: 8 Pages: 311-338
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC STUDIENS MAGAZINE
دراسات اسلامية معاصرة

ISSN: 20793286
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Scientific journal published by the Faculty of Islamic Sciences / University of Karbala Research is concerned with the science academy in the jurisdiction of the Quran and the Arabic language and literature for the purposes of promotion of scientific and well-known experts adopt in Iraq for the purpose of evaluating the research are published in it. Printed in the Press al mared co. in Najaf. Date of the first number of 2010 Number of issues in Year 2Number deposit in the Library and Archives National in Baghdad 1633 , 2012

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر عن كلية العلوم الاسلامية / جامعة كربلاءتعنى بنشر البحوث الاكاديمة في اختصاص علوم القرآن واللغة العربية وآدابها لاغراض الترقية العلمية وتعتمد الخبراء المعروفين في العراق لغرض تقويم البحوث التي تنشر فيها . تطبع في مطبعة جامعة كربلاء.تأريخ صدور اول عدد 2010عدد الاصدارات في السنة 2-3رقم الايداع في دار الكتب والوثائق الوطنية ببغداد 1633 في 2012

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