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Recommendation and advice of the prophet peace and pleasing of Allah be upon him to Abdullah bin masauod may Allah be pleased with them
وصية النبي محمد () ونصحه لعبد الله بن عباس (رضي الله عنهما) - دراسة تحليلية -

Author: Dr.Nidhal Moaid Mal Allah أ.م.د.نضال مؤيد مال الله
Journal: Collage of Islamic Sciences Magazine مجلة كلية العلوم الاسلامية ISSN: 1812125X Year: 2014 Volume: 8 Issue: (15/1) Pages: 153-197
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Praise be to Allah who sent the messengers with advice to their nations till He ends them (prayers and peace of Allah be upon them) with the lord of the messengers and the others Mohammad (prayer and peace of Allah be upon him.Allah refers to advice when He says that the Prophet Noah ( prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) says: “ I advise you “(Al-Aaraf,61) and His saying: “A call of advised repentance“ (Al-Tahrim , 8) .The messenger (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) was interested in the advice and that became clear in his saying about Abi Ruqayya Ibn Aus Al-Dari who said: “The messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) says: Religion is advice. So we said: To whom, O messenger of Allah? He said: To Allah, His book, His messenger, leaders of the Muslims ,and all Muslims. (Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh). In this saying ,the Prophet Mohammad (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) makes the advice a religion and a right of all Muslims with each other .So, some companions were allegiant to give advice to every Muslim. Thus, the advice to Allah is achieved by following His orders ,supporting His religion ,obeying His judgment ,sacrificing for the messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) by following his traditions, honoring his relatives and being pity on his nation .The messenger (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) says: “The believers in their love, mercy and compassion, are such as the one body, when a part of which complains, the rest of the body became restless and having fever“. (Narrated by each of Al-Bukhari, Muslim and Ahmad bin Hanbal).The prophet Mohammad (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), who does not speak of passion vice and, realizes that young people need to be advised and guided. Thus, he gave the advice to his cousin Abdullah bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) .This advice is making clear approach to the youth of Mohammad’s nation to construct the youth with the firmness of belief, faith, sincerity of loving Allah and putting trust in Him .He, in this advice , presented an educational and social approach for he realized the seriousness of youth delinquency in the future. So, this advice which is directed to Abdullah bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) to advise the young people, especially in our time, in order to be healthy and straight to their religion, will and mind but not to their desires.

الحمد لله الذي بعث الرسل بالنصح لأُممهم حتى ختمهم (صلوات الله عليهم) بسيد المرسلين والآخرين محمد ().أشار الله تعالى إلى النصيحة بقوله عن نـــبيه نوح (): ((أُبَلِّغُكُمْ رِسَالاَتِ رَبِّي وَأَنصَحُ لَكُمْ وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ)) ( ) وقـــــــــــــوله: ((يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا تُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحًا عَسَى رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأنْهَارُ يَوْمَ لا يُخْزِي اللَّهُ النَّبِيَّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ)) ( ).واهتم الرسول () بالنصيحة ويتضح ذلك من الرواية التي رواها تَمِيمٍ الدَّارِيِّ: قائلا: أنَّ النَّبِيَّ ()، قَالَ :(( الدِّينُ النَّصِيحَةُ قُلْنَا: لِمَنْ؟ قَالَ: لِلَّهِ وَلِكِتَابِهِ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلأَئِمَّةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَامَّتِهِمْ))( ).وبهذا الحديث جعل النبي محمد () النصيحة دينا وجعلها من حقوق المسلمين فيما بينهم ،وبايع بعض الصحابة النبي () على النصح لكل مسلم، وبهذا تكون النصيحة لله بإتباع أمره ونصرة دينه والتسليم له في حكمه، والنصيحة لرسول الله () بإتباع سنته وإكرام قرابته والشفقة على أمته. ولهذا قال الرسول (): ((تَرَى المُؤْمِنِينَ فِي تَرَاحُمِهِمْ وَتَوَادِّهِمْ وَتَعَاطُفِهِمْ، كَمَثَلِ الجَسَدِ، إِذَا اشْتَكَى عُضْوًا تَدَاعَى لَهُ سَائِرُ جَسَدِهِ بِالسَّهَرِ وَالحُمَّى))( ).أدرك النبي محمد () الذي لا ينطق عن الهوى أن الشباب بحاجة إلى نصح وتوجيه لهذا قدّم النصيحة لابن عمه عبد الله بن عباس (رضي الله عنهما) وهو بهذه النصيحة رسم منهجا واضحا لأبناء الأمة الإسلامية لتنشئة جيل على رسوخ العقيدة والإيمان وصدق التعلق بالله وحده والتوكل عليه. وهو بهذه النصيحة قّدم منهجا تربوياً واجتماعيا ،لإدراكه خطورة انحراف أبناء الأمة مستقبلا فأصبحت هذه النصيحة الموجهة لعبدالله بن عباس (رضي الله عنهما) فيما بعد نصحاً لأبناء الأمة، وخاصة في وقتنا هذا ليكونوا سليمين وقويمين تجاه دينهم وإرادتهم وعقلهم وليس تجاه شهواتهم.

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