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Article
Microorganisms Isolated From Foot Ulcers InfectionOf Diabetic Iraqi Patients.

Authors: Saad S. AL-Azawi --- Suhaila M. AL-Salloum --- Ryath shaya AL-Hemedawi
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 3 Pages: 297-300
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: - Diabetic foot infections may be classified as superficial or deep. Bacteria are liable to enter any cut or ulcer causing infection. Defect in treatment of infected deep diabetic foot may result in oesteomyelitis, limb loss, and even death.
Methods: - Microorganisms were isolated and identified from both superficial & deep foot ulcers infection of (60) diabetic patients.
Results: - The present results showed that high incidence (30.8%) of Escherichia coli (E-coli) was isolated from dry - superficial foot ulcers followed respectively by Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis). 3.1 % and 15.4% of Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis), equal Percentages for Klebsiellae Pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), Klebsiellae ozaenae (K. ozaenae), Citrobacter freundii (C. freundii) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Ps. aeruginosa which were 7.7 %. the most common microorganisms isolated from wet - superficial foot ulcers were 14.3% of S. aurous and S. epidermidis, followed by equal by Percentages of E-coli, Enterobacter cloacae (E cloacae) k. pneumoniae, C. freundii; which were 9.5 % also equal Percentages for K. ozaenae, P. mirabilis, Morganella morganii (M. morganii) providencia rettgri (P. rettgri), Enterobacter. aerogenes (E. aerogenes), Acinetobacter baumanii (A. baumanii) & Ps. aeruginosa (4.8%) were isolated The present findings demonstrated that the microorganisms isolated from different depth of deep ulcer were 18.4% of Ps. aeruginosa, followed by equal Percentages (12.2%) of E-coli & P. mirabilis. Then 10.2% of k. Pneumoniae and equal Percentages 8.2% for both S. aureus& S. epidermidis, similar Percentages4.1 for Klebsiellae terrigina (K. terrigina) & providencia stuartii (p. stuartii). the other species from different other genera represent one (2.1 %) isolate only.
Conclusions:- The infected superficial ulcers from diabetic patients demonstrates high incidence of E¬coli followed by S. epidermidis, Proteus and Klebsiella. While the most common microorganisms isolated from wet-superficial foot ulcers were S. aureus, S. epidermidis, E.coli, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Proteus, Providencia, Morganella, Citrobeacter, Acinetobacter & pseudomonas. The microorganisms isolated from different depth of deep ulcers were pseudomonas, E.coli, Proteus, Klebsiella, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, S.capitis, Streptococcus viridans, Shigella, Serretia, Acinetobacter


Article
A Microbiological Study On PatientsWith Fixed Orthodontic Appliance In Ramadi City.
دراسة ميكروبية على المرضى المعالجين بأجهزة التقويم الثابتة للأسنان في مدينة الرمادي

Authors: Sahar Kh. AL-Ani --- Saleem O. AL-Mawla --- Zena Hekmat AL-Taee
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-3
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

:The present study aimed to isolate and identify the microorganisms associated withcausing problems to patient in all period of wearing fixed orthodontic appliance ( FOA) in Ramadi city.Sixty-six patients treated with FOA for a period ranged from 14 – 35 years included in this study wabswere collected from gingival area around fixed orthodontic appliance to be cultured aerobically. Manyimportant pathogens were isolated and identified in all age groups and in all duration include candidaalbicans, E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Staphylococci and many α.Hemolytic and β.HemolyticStreptococci.The study recommended the use of antibiotic and antifungal drugs during wearingappliance in addition to the maintenance of a good oral hygiene.Further study is also recommended tocover the role of anaerobic bacteri

الخلاصة:هدفت الد ا رسة إلى عزل وتشخیص المسببات المرضیة الم ا رفقة للمعالجة بأجهزة التقویم الثابتة للأسنان خلال فت ا رت متفاوتةمن وجود الجهاز في الفم في مدینة الرمادي . شملت الد ا رسة ٦٦ شخصاً من الذین یحملون جهاز التقویم الثابت وت ا روحت أعمارهم بین٣٥ سنة جمعت المسحات من اللثة من منطقة تواجد الجهاز وعزلها هوائیاً بینت نتائج الزرع نمو عدد كبیر من مسببات – ١٤β.Hemolytic و α.Hemolytic و Staphylococci و Klebsiella spp., وE.coli, وCandida albicans المرض منهاأوصت الد ا رسة على ضرورة استعمال بعض المضادات الحیویة ومضادات الفطریات أثناء المعالجة إضافة إلى Streptococci.توعیة المریض بالاهتمام بنظافة الفم والأسنان.وأوصت الد ا رسة بضرورة إج ا رء د ا رسة مستقبلیة شاملة على البكتریا اللاهوائیة لمعرفةدورها .


Article
Comparative Analysis of Microorganisms Acquired by the Newborns
التحليل المقارن للجراثيم ألمكتسبه في الأطفال حديثي الولاده

Authors: Abdul Munim N. Mohammed د.عبدالمنعم ناجي محمد --- Imad S. Mahmoud
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 3 Pages: 173-176
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: Microorganisms were detected in four sites like; nose, skin, ear and umbilicus of normal delivery newborns, at birth. All sites revealed a highest incidence of Enterobacter spp., followed by Escherichia coli, while other isolates like ; Klebsiella, Providencia, Aeromonas spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were lower in incidence in all sites. Bacterial isolates from caesarean section delivery newborns from various sites at different intervals after delivery. Our results revealed that Enterobacter spp. showed the highest isolates in all sites during the first 3 days, started to decrease at 7th day after birth, whereas, other isolates were at variable rates in all sites. Objectives: To determine the microorganisms, that acquires various neonatal sites at different intervals after delivery (at birth, 3days and 7days after birth).Methods: Four hundred and twenty four swabs were collected from various sites at different intervals after birth from 62 newborns admitted to Al-Yermouk Teaching Hospital from August 2008-September2009.All isolates were diagnosed according to well known bacteriological and biochemical standard methods. Confirmatory tests were performed by API 20E system.Results: Gram-negative bacteria were isolated from four sites like; nose, skin , ear and umbilicus of 40 normal delivery newborns , at birth ; All sites, revealed a highest incidence of Enterobacter spp. with a range of (54.8 - 86.3%) , followed by E. coli (25.0-48.3%) ,while other isolates(Klebsiella, Providencia, Aeromonas spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were lower in incidence in all sites. Bacterial isolates from 22 newborns after caesarean section delivery, showed that Enterobacter spp. had high incidence (27.2-70.2%)at birth, which increased to (44.4-84.6%)at 3rd day, started to decrease to (23.5-56.2%) at 7th day after birth. The Klebsiella and Providencia spp. showed an increase rates in all sites during 7 days after birth, followed by E. coli, while other isolates as Aeromonas spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had a variable rates in all sites. Conclusions: Acquisition pattern, as expressed by incidence and frequency was significantly affected by conditions associated to type of delivery. Pseudomonas aeruginosa among the early acquired and appearance in the skin only, related to the postnatal contamination. Key words: Analysis, Microorganisms, Acquired Newborns

ألخلفيه: حددت الكائنات ألحيه ألمجهريه في أربعه مواقع : الأنف, الجلد ، الأذن و ألسره لمواليد جدد ولادتهم طبيعيه،عند الولاده.جميع المواقع أظهرت ألEnterobacter spp. الأعلى نسبه ، تليها ال Escherichia coli ، بينما العزلات الأخرى ( spp. , KlebsiellaPseudomonas aeruginosa, Aeromonas spp., Providencia spp. )كانت الأدنىفي النسبه في جميع المواقع .العزلات البكتيرية من مواليد جدد ولادتهم قيصريه ومن المواقع المختلفة عند فترات مختلفة بعد الولاده .نتائجنا أظهرت بان Enterobacter spp.شوهدت عزلاتها الأعلى في جميع المواقع خلال ثلاثة أيام الأولى ،بدأت تقل عند اليوم السابع بعد الولاده، بينما العزلات الأخرى كانت مختلفة المعدلات في جميع المواقع . الأهداف:لتحديد الجراثيم التي تكتسبها مواقع حديثي الولاده المختلفة عند فترات مختلفة بعد الولاده، (عند الولاده,3 أيام و7 أيام بعد الولاده). الطرق:اربعمائه وأربعه وعشرون مسحه جمعت من المواقع المختلفة عند فترات مختلفة بعد الولاده من 62 مولود جديد في مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي من آب 2008-أيلول 2009 , جميع العزلات شخصت طبقا" للطرق ألقياسيه البكتريولوجيه والكيمياء ألحياتيه. الفحوصات التاكيديه أنجزت بواسطة API 20E system . النتائج: البكتريا سالبه الكرام عزلت من أربعه مواقع : الأنف ،الجلد ،الأذن،ألسره ل40 مولود جديد ولادتهم طبيعيه،عند الولاده. جميع المواقع أظهرت ألEnterobacter spp. الأعلى نسبه مع معدل (54.8 %86.3-) ، تليها ال E. coli (25.0 %48.3-) ، بينما العزلات الأخرى Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aeromonas spp., Providencia, Klebsiella)) كانتالأدنى في ألنسبه في جميع المواقع. العزلات البكتيرية من 22 مولود جديد بعد ولادتهم ألقيصريه, شوهدت تلك الEnterobacter spp. الأعلى نسبه ) %70.2-27.2) عند الولاده والتي أزدادت إلى %84.6-44.4)) عند اليوم الثالث ، بدأت لتقل إلى (56.2-23.5 (% عند اليوم السابع بعد الولاده. ال Providencia spp.وKlebsiella spp. يزداد معدلهما في جميع المواقع خلال 7 ايام بعد الولاده ،تليها ال E. coli، بينما العزلات الاخرى (Aeromonas spp.Aeruginosa and. Pseudomonas) كانت معدلاتهما مختلفة في جميع المواقع. الاستنتاجات:أنماط الاكتساب، كما ظهرت بواسطة النسب والتكرار كانت ذو أهميه لتأثرها بالظروف ألمصاحبه لطريقه الولاده. أن الاكتساب المبكر للPseudomonas aeruginosa وظهورها في الجلد فقط , يعود إلى التلوث بعد الولاده .


Article
Effect of sex hormones level on the external genital tract infection in pregnant and non- pregnant women in Dhi Qar governorate, Iraq

Authors: Safa Abdul wehab wajeh صفا عبد الوهاب وجيه --- Basim Abdul Hussein باسم عبد الحسين --- Mohanad Abdul Razzaq مهند عبد الرزاق
Journal: JOURNAL OF THI-QAR SCIENCE مجلة علوم ذي قار ISSN: 19918690 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 9-17
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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The current study was conducted in Dhi Qar governorate, Iraq to determine the main types of microorganisms that cause female genital tract infection and the extent of the effect of the level of sex hormones (prolactin, progesterone, estrogen) on the presence of infection , 245 samples were collected for both vaginal swabs and blood (where take a vaginal swab and blood from every woman) , where 150 women were pregnant and 95 women non-pregnant women , aged 16-45 years . Among non-pregnant women, most were women who had a reproductive tract infection within the leuteal phases , where our study included 58 women at leuteal phase , 20 women were in follicular phase , 17 women within ovulation phase of the menstrual cycle .The study showed that Candida albicans , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Gardnerella vaginalis , Klebsiella pneumonia , Staphylococcus epidermids , Enterobacter cloaceae were isolated from women in follicular phase , the diversity of infections was lower in women in the ovulation stage, where they were isolated only Candida albicans , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Gardnerella vaginalis ,and from women with leuteal phase was obtained Candida albicans , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia col ,Gardnerella vaginalis , Klebsiella pneumonia , Staphylococcus epidermids , Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa , the precence of all type of pathogens in our study was associated with elevated estrogen and progesterone levels except the growth of Staphylococcus epidermids , Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Enterobacter cloaceae was associated with normal range of each hormones,as for the prolactin hormone did not have a clear effect as the levels ranged between natural and high for all women in the three phases. Pregnancy was accompanied by high levels of estrogen, progesterone and prolactin hormones, this is accompanied with existence Candida albicans , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Gardnerella vaginalis , Klebsiella pneumonia , Streptococcus agalactiae , Trichomonas vaginalis.


Article
Isolation of some microorganisms from Iraqi patients with chronic maxillary sinusitis.

Authors: Suhaila M. Al-Salloum --- Sarmad M. Zeiny
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 138-143
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Maxillary sinusitis is one of the most common infections of humans. Sinusitis can be defined as an inflammation of the membrane lining of any sinus, especially one of the paranasal sinuses. Objective: To determine the causative microorganisms of chronic maxillary sinusitis. Patients: Forty five chronic sinusitis patients were involved in the present study. Methods: Sampling method were sinus specimens (aspiration or injection aspiration). Results: Haemophilus species, Streptococcus pneumoniae (S.pneumoniae) and Moraxella catarrhalis (M.catarrhalis) were the most frequent isolates; in addition Penicillium and Cladosporium species were isolated from some chronic sinusitis patients. Conclusion: Chronic sinusitis could be caused by either bacterial species or by fungal species; most bacterial isolates were Haemophilus species followed by S.pneumoniae and M.catarrhalis. The incidences of chronic sinusitis were more at patients age (20-29 years) old groups.


Article
Bacterial etiology of chronic osteomyelitis involving anaerobes

Authors: Mahmood A. Aljumaily محمود عبد الجميلي --- Haitham M. Al-Habib هيثم محمد الحبيب
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2010 Volume: 36 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 106-113
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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ABSTRACT
Objective: To identify common bacterial causes in chronic osteomyelitis, to verify the role of anaerobic microorganisms in chronic osteomyelitis, and to assess the reliability of swab from discharging sinuses, and from abscess aspirate in chronic osteomyelitis.
Material and Methods: The study included 184 patients suffering from chronic osteomyelitis, 141 males and 43 females, ranging in age between 4-78 years with mean 40.5 years. The patients presented with chronic discharging sinus in 152 patients or acute flare up in 32 patients; they were divided according to causes into two broad categories haematogenous in 52 patients and exogenous in 132 patients. Specimens were taken from infected bone debridement during surgery, other specimens taken from sinus discharge or aspirated from bone abscesses. All specimens were inoculated on different culture media and incubated both aerobically and anaerobically.
Results: The majority of cases of chronic osteomyelitis involved long bones specially the femur and tibia (64.6%). Aerobic microorganisms were found in 134 patients (73%), staph. aureus and pseudomonas were the commonest aerobic isolates. In fifty cases (27%), the causative microorganisms were anaerobic. Anaerobes were found to be mixed with aerobes in 34 cases (68%), while pure anaerobes were obtained in 16 cases (32%). Peptostreptococcus and Bacteroides were the dominant anaerobic isolates. The reliability of culture of abscesses aspirate in comparison with bone debridement culture is 93.3%. The reliability of culture of sinus discharge in comparison with bone debridement culture is 42.7%, while for anaerobic infection is 26%.
Conclusion: Chronic osteomyelitis commonly affect adult males in long bones. The exogenous causes were the commonest. Aerobic isolates were the major cause, and anaerobic bacteria were an important other causative agents. Anaerobes usually isolated in prolonged persistent infection and pure anaerobes in older patients. The cultures of aspirate from bone abscesses were reliable way in diagnosis, while cultures from discharging sinuses had low diagnostic reliability and lower for anaerobic infection.
Keywords: Osteomyelitis, chronic, aerobic, anaerobic, microorganisms.

الخلاصةالأهداف: تحديد الأنواع الشائعة من البكتريا في التهاب العظم المزمن والتأكيد على دور البكتريا اللاهوائية في التهاب العظم ولتحديد درجة الثقة في العزلات من الجيوب الفارزة ومن قيح الخراجات المسحوبة أثناء العملية الجراحية في تشخيص البكتريا المسببة. المرضى والطريقة: شملت الدراسة 184 حالة من التهاب العظم المزمن وردوا ولديهم جيوب فارزة أو مصابين بالتهاب حاد عقب الالتهاب المزمن للعظم. تم تقسيم المجموعة حسب السبب إلى عقب التهاب دموي المنشأ أو خارجي المنشأ ثم أخذ عينات من فتات العظام الملتهبة وزرعت في أوساط زرعية مختلفة هوائية ولا هوائية. كما أخذت عينات زرعية من إفراز الجيوب ومن الخراجات.النتائج: شملت الدراسة 141 من الذكور و43 من الإناث وكان معدل أعمارهم 40,5 سنة وكان عمر معظم المصابين فوق الثلاثين عام. وكانت أكثر الإصابات في العظام الطويلة وبالأخص عظم الفخذ وقصبة الساق. كانت أخماج البكتريا الهوائية 134 وأعطت عزلات مختلطة في 78% وعزلات نقية في 22% وكانت البكتريا الأكثر في العزلات المكورات الذهبية تليها الزائفات ثم الايشريشياكولاي. وجدت البكتريا اللاهوائية في 50 حالة أي 27% وكانت العزلات مختلطة في 34 حالة 68% وكانت نقية في 16 حالة 32%. كانت الببتوستربتوكوكس والبكترويد هي أكثر العزلات شيوعا، أظهرت زراعة فتات العظام الملتهبة نموا في كل الحالات، وكانت تطابق مع الزرع من إفرازات الجيوب في 65 حالة من 152 حالة وكان الزرع من الخراجات متطابقا في 30 حالة من 32 حالة. الخلاصة: أن التهاب العظم المزمن أكثر شيوعا في الذكور البالغين وفي العظام الطويلة وهي غالبا خارجية المنشأ عقب الكسور المفتوحة والعمليات الجراحية. وأن البكتريا الهوائية هي المسببات الأكثر لالتهاب العظم المزمن وبالأخص المكورات العنقودية الذهبية والزائفات وهي الأكثر في العزلات. إن البكتريا اللاهوائية سبب مهم في التهاب العظم المزمن وان الببتوستربتوكوكس تليها البكترويد هي الأكثر شيوعا في التهاب العظم المزمن اللاهوائية، إن زرع السائل المسحوب من الخراج أو من تجويف العظم طريقة موثوقة في تشخيص المسبب البكتيري وإن ثقة الزرع من الجيوب الفارزة لبكتريا قليلة واقل في حالة البكتريا اللاهوائية.


Article
Microorganisms isolated from Cases of Urinary Tract Infections
ألاحياء المجهريه أ لمعزوله من حالات أخماج أ لمجاري أ لبوليه

Author: Abdul Munim N. Mohammed د.عبدالمنعم ناجي محمد
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-31
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: Escherichia coli reported to be the most common bacteria isolate from patients with UTI, while Klebsilla spp. were found to be the second common isolated, followed by Proteus spp. .Most isolates were highly sensitive to gentamycin, amikacin, cefotaxim, and ciprofloxacin, neither isolate showed susceptibility to tetracycline. Objectives: To isolate microorganisms from patients with UTI, also to determine the susceptibility of the isolates to the commonly used antimicrobial agents. Methods: One hundred and seventy patients with UTI, including 105 females and 65 males with a mean age of 21 years (range 6-54), were enrolled in a study based at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital from June 2008 to May 2009.The urine specimens were immediately analyzed for microorganisms. All isolates were diagnosed according to bacteriological and biochemical standard methods, also using API 20E system and to determine the susceptibility of isolates to antibiotics. Results: Enterobacteriaceae was the most frequently isolate, representing (79.4%), while other isolates showed Gram – positive Staphylococcus aureus(10.2%),Pseudomonas aeruginosa(6.4%) and Fungi(3.9%).Escherichia coli was the most common bacteria isolate (37.1%). Klebsiella spp. were found to be the second common isolate(30.7%), follo -wed by Proteus spp.(16.9%).The other isolates which were Citrobacter spp. (6.4%), Enterobacter spp.(4.0%), Providencia rettegeri (3.2%), and Morganella morganii(1.6%).Most isolates were the highly sensitive to gentamycin, amikacin, cefotaxim and ciprofloxacin. In contrast tetracycline were completely resistant against all isolates.Conclusions: Gram – negative bacilli were the most frequently isolates than Gram-positive cocci in patients with UTI(85.8% vs. 10.2%).All Enterobacteriaceae isolates were complete resistant to tetracycline, thus should not be considered the drug of choice in the treatment of patients with UTI.Key words: Microorganisms, Urinary Infections, Drug resistance.

الخلفيه: سجلت أ ل E. coli أ لبكتريا أ لاكثر شيوعاً المعزوله من مرضى أ خماج أ لمجاري البوليه, بينما كان وجود أ لKlebsilla spp. هي العزله الشائعه الثانيه. كانت معظم العزلات عاليه الحساسيه للgentamycin ,amikacin, cefotaximو .ciprofloxacin ولاعزله كانت حساسه للtetracycline .الاهداف: لعزل الاحياء المجهريه من مرضى أخماج المجاري البوليه , وكذلك لتحديد حساسيه العزلات الى عوامل أ لمضادا ت الجرثوميه الشائعه الاستعمال. الطرق: مائه وسبعون مريض بأخماج أ لمجاري أ لبوليه ,تضمنوا 105 إناث و65 ذكور مع المتوسط العمري21 سنه (6 -54) , والحالات في دراستنا أخذت من مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي. من حزيران 2008 – تموز 2009وأن عينا ت ألادرار حللت حالاً للبحث عن الاحياء المجهريه. كل العزلات شخصت طبقاً للطرق القيا سيه البكتريولوجيه والكيميائية الحيويه, وكذلك استعملنا API 20E system , وثم تحديد حساسيه أ لعزلات للادويه .النتائج: كانت أ ل Enterobacteriaceae ألاكثرشيوعا" , تمثل ((79.4% , بينما أ لعزلات ألاخرى التي شوهدت هي الGram – positive Staphylococcus aureus ) 10.2% (,Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6.4% ( , والFungi (3.9%) . أن ألE.coli هي أ لعزله أ لبكتيريه أ لاكثر شيوعاً (37.1%) . ال Klebsiella spp.وكان وجود عزلتها أ لشائعه أ لثا نيه (30.7%) ، متبوعه بأ لProteus spp. (16.9%) . ونلاحظأ ن أ لعزلات الاخرى هي Citrobacter spp. ((6.4% ,Enterobacter spp. (4.0% (,Providencia rettegri (3.2%) وMorganella morgani (1.6%) .أ ن معظم أ لعزلات كانت عا ليه أ لحسا سيه للgentamycine , amikacin ,cefotaxim و .ciprofloxacinفي المقابل كانت المقاومه التامه لل tetracyclin ضد كل العزلات.الاستنتاجات: أ ن ألعزلات أ لبكتريه سالبه ألكرام ألاكثرتكرارا من موجبه ألكرام في مرضى أخماج ألمجاري أ لبوليه .(85.8% vs 10.2%)كانت عزلات أ لEnterobacteriaceae مقاومتها تامه للtetracycline لذلك لا اعتبار فيأ ختيا ر هذا ألدواء لعلاج مرضى أخماج أ لمجاري أ لبوليه


Article
Comparative study of some physico-chemical characteristics for Northern Al-Hammar marsh waters before destroyed and after Rehabilitation 2004

Author: I. J. M. Al-Shawi
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2006 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-133
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Physico-chemical characteristics of water from three stations (1- Garmat bani saed , 2-Al-Hammar , 3- Al- Cheibyesh northern Al-Hammar marsh were determined during the period (Jan. 2004), (April. 2004) and (Jul.2004) and compared with studies before destroyed. Electrical conductivity (E.C)of water was increasing in station (1) ranging between (3.7-3.9) mS/cm2 while in other station (2 , 3) were ranging(1.6-2.2) mm/cm2, also salinity were increasing ranging between (2.36- 3.49), (1.28-1.40) and (1.02-1.28)%0 for station (1- 3) and respectively. Highest total dissolved solids (TDS) were recorded in station(1) ranging between (2368-2400)mg/l. Sulphate (So4)were distinctly higher in station (1) ranging between (1040-1250)mg/l compared with stations 2 and 3 that achieving (602-700), (361-400)mg/l respectively, Carbonate (Hco3) were (220-313), (200-240) and (200-220)mg/l for station above. Chloride and calcium ions concentration were increasing in station 1 (1313-1350) mg/l and (144-133)mg/l for Cl and Ca+2 respectively. Total hardness (T.H) and magnesium ionsconcentration were highest in station (3) ranging between (600-650) mg/l, (133-141)mg/l for (T.H) and Mg+2. Nitrite levels ranging between (0.28-0.33), (0.27-0.36) and (0.31-0.41) µg-at N/l for station (1-3) respectively while Nitrate levels ranging between (27.6-35.5), (22.4-30.7)µg-at N/l for station 2 and 3 and lowest in station 1 ranging between (9.2-15.8) )µg/l. phosphate (Po4) values were highest in station 3 (13.11-15.87) µg-at P/l compared with station 1 and 2 ranging between (0.161-0.813) and (2.232-2.811) )µg-at P /l for station 1 and 2 respectively . Dissolved oxygen (D.O) levels for water were ranging between (7-8.6) mg/l for all station during study. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)were very high achieving (3.9-4.8), (3.9-3.6) and (6.1-6.8)mg/l for stations 1-3 respectively. The increasing of nutrients levels (No2, No3, Po4)and Biological Oxygen demand (BOD) refer to increasing of microorganisms activities after return of water to Al-Ham mar marsh and decomposition of dead bodies left due to desiccation.


Article
EVALUATION OF INHIBITION ACTIVITY OF Ocimum basilicum LEAVES EXTRACTS ON SOME PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS
تقييم فعالية مستخلصات أوراق نبات الريحان Ocimum basilicum في تثبيط بعض الأحياء المجهرية المرضية

Authors: صفاء عبد لطيف المعيني --- آمنة نعمة الثويني --- أحمد حربي إبراهيم
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 100-109
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study included the qualitative chemical tests of some basic ingredients inOcimum basilicum leaves. The results showed that the leaves contain glycosides,alkaloids, tannins, resins, saponins, comarins, flavonoides and phenols. Theinhibition activity of O. basilicum leaves extracts were studied on some pathogenicmicroorganisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli,Vibrio cholerae, Aeromonas hydrophila, Serratia marcescens, Klebsiella pneumoniaand Candida albicans. The results showed that the inhibition activity of the extractsof O. basilicum leaves varied with different extraction solvents andmicroorganisms. The organic phase of petroleum ether showed the best effect ofinhibition activity on the growth of S. marcescens and A. hydrophila which was 21and 25 mm respectively. While the aqueous phase of chloroform extract had thebest effect on S. aureus and A. hydrophila which reached to 19 and 22 mmrespectively.

الخلاصةتضمنت الدراسة إجراء الكشف الكيميائي النوعي عن بعض المركبات الفعالة في أوراق نباتإذ بينت النتائج احتواء الأوراق على الكلايكوسيدات والقلويدات ،Ocimum basilicum الريحانوالتانينات والراتنجات والصابونيات والكومارينات والفلافونات والفينولات. درست الفعالية التثبيطيةلمستخلصات أوراق نبات الريحان بطريقة الانتشار بالحفر في بعض الأحياء المجهرية المرضية وهيAeromonas و Escherichia coli و Salmonella typhi و Staphylococcus aureusوخميرة Klebsiella pneumoniae و Vibrio cholerae و Serratia marcescens و hydrophilaأظهرت النتائج بأن الفعالية التثبيطية لمستخلصات أوراق نبات الريحان قد . Candida albicansتنوعت باختلاف مذيب الاستخلاص والكائن المجهري ، إذ كان للمستخلص بالمذيب العضوي (الايثر النفطي)فقد بلغ قطر منطقة التثبيط 21 A. hydrophila و S. marcescens أفضل تأثيراً تثبيطياً في نمو بكترياS. و 25 مليمتر على التوالي، في حين أعطى الطور المائي للمستخلص بالكلوروفورم تأثيراً تثبيطياً لبكترياإذ بلغ قطر منطقة التثبيط 19 و 22 مليمتر على التوالي. A. hydrophila و aureus


Article
Effectiveness of educational program on fixed orthodontic appliance treatment on patient’s oral hygiene

Authors: Afrah Kh Al–Hamdany --- Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ali R Al–Khatib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 5 Pages: 37-45
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate whethereducated dental patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatmentshowing better oral hygiene than dental patients who arenot educated.The sample is comprised of 16 orthodontic patients (3males and 13 females), 11–22 years old chosen randomly amongpatients at Department of Pedodontics, Orthodontics andPreventive Dentistry of College of Dentistry at Mosul University.The sample is divided equally into 2 groups; the first groupwas educated concerning fixed orthodontic treatment inrelation to oral hygiene and given education and instruction tokeep good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment. Thesecond group is not educated. Swabs were taken from supra–gingival plaque of facial surface of upper right and lower leftcentral incisors, and upper left and lower right first molar teeth;one before orthodontic treatment and another (4–6 weeks)later and subjected to bacteriological investigation. Qualitativedata about oral microorganisms were collected and subjectedto statistical analysis.The results indicated that during treatment records forboth educated and non–educated groups show significant differencefor certain types of microorganisms and at differentlocations with the educated group scores the least in comparisonwith non–educated group

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