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Article
A Prospective Study for Functional Outcome of Tension Band Wiring in Treatment of Proximal Humerus Fractures Neer’s Type III

Author: Ahmed Alkhuzai
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 180-186
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Many methods used for treatment of proximal humerus fractures, in this study used the tension band wiring in treatment of proximal humerus surgical neck as figure of 8 in treatment of these fractures.OBJECTIVE:To prove the advantages of tension band wiring in treatment of proximal humerus fractures.Patients& Methods:From December 2003- December 2006, 16 patients with closed two part surgical Neck proximal humerus fractures Neer’s type III were admitted to the department of orthopaedic surgery and traumatology in Alkarama General Hospital &Sulaimania Teaching Hospital. All patients were males mean age 32 years, all patients were treated by figure –of- 8 tension band wiring techniques with minimal osteosynthesis in fixation, surgical deltoid splitting approach without disturbing the Vascularity of the humeral head, but with a stable secure fixation.RESULTS:The out come of this method of treatment was reviewed monthly for 12 months. The results were evaluated according to the Neer’s criteria and scores. The final follow up 13 patients out of 16 (81.25%) achieved excellent and satisfactory results, 3 patients (18.75%) was rated as unsatisfactory result. So the final outcome according to Neer’s scores was good and excellent result.CONCLUSION:Two parts displaced proximal humerus fractures in young adults patients Treated by open reduction with fixation by tension band wiring has improved the functional outcome results of these type fractures


Article
Evaluation the interplay of T-helper 22 and T-helper17 in patients with breast cancer
تقييم تي المساعد 22 و T-helper17 في المرضى الذين يعانون من سرطان الثدي

Authors: Dina M.R. Alkhaf دينا رؤوف --- Raghda S. M. AlOmari رغد العمري --- Ziad M. Alkhozai زياد متعب الخزاعي
Journal: Al-Kufa University Journal for Biology مجلة جامعة الكوفة لعلوم الحياة ISSN: 20738854 23116544 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 273-283
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The interplay between Th-17 and Th-22 cells plays vital role in tumor immunity . Therefore, this study aimed to focus on these cells in patients with breast cancer. The results of this study showed that there were a highly significant increment in concentrations of IL-17A(139.5±17pg/ml) compared with control group which was (41.33±11.3pg/ml) and showed results were a highly significant elevation in concentration of IL-23P19 (192.73±22.3pg/ml) while control group was (121.41±14.7pg/ml). Also The results showed a highly significant increment in concentration of IL-22 (137.25±24.6pg/ml) compared to control group which was (77.67±13.7pg/ml) and also in TNF-α concentration was (200±23.7pg/ml) compared with control group which was (10.5±7.3pg/ml). Molecular findings recorded a significant elevation in the levels of AP-1 gene expression were Fos 18.76±7.8 in patients group and 9.05±1.12 control group, also the values of JunD gene 15.77±9.43 and 6.18±0.112, and lastly JunB 23.223±11.34 in comparison to control group7.33±3.76.Overall findings revealed considerable inflammatory response by Th-17 and Th-22 and remarkable AP-1 gene expression.

التفاعل بين الرابعة والثلاثون-17 و ث-22 خلايا يلعب دورا حيويا في مناعة الورم. وبالتالي، فإن هذه الدراسة تهدف إلى التركيز على هذه الخلايا في المرضى الذين يعانون من سرطان الثدي. وأظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة أن كانت هناك زيادة كبيرة جدا في تركيزات IL-17A (139.5 ± 17pg / مل) بالمقارنة مع مجموعة المراقبة التي كانت (41.33 ± 11.3pg / مل)، وأظهرت النتائج كانت على ارتفاع كبير جدا في تركيز من IL-23P19 (192.73 ± 22.3pg / مل)، في حين كانت المجموعة الضابطة (121.41 ± 14.7pg / مل). كما أظهرت النتائج وجود زيادة معنوية في تركيز IL-22 (137.25 ± 24.6pg / مل) مقارنة بالمجموعة الضابطة التي كانت (77.67 ± 13.7pg / مل)، وأيضا في تركيز TNF-α كان (200 ± 23.7pg / مل) بالمقارنة مع مجموعة المراقبة التي كانت (10.5 ± 7.3pg / مل). سجلت النتائج الجزيئية وارتفاع كبير في مستويات AP-1 التعبير الجيني كانت فوس 18.76 ± 7.8 في مجموعة المرضى و9.05 ± 1.12 المجموعة الضابطة، كما قيم الجينات جند 15.77 ± 9.43 و 6.18 ± 0.112، وأخيرا JunB 23،223 ± 11.34 في مقارنة للسيطرة على group7.33 ± كشفت 3.76.Overall النتائج الاستجابة الالتهابية الكبيرة التي الرابعة والثلاثون-17 و ث-22 وملحوظا التعبير الجيني AP-1.


Article
Adoption of multi – model Assignment Fuzzy to find Optimizing for the use of internet line in the Ministry of Science and Technlogy Abstract:
اعتماد نموذج التخصيص المضبب المتعدد لإيجاد امثلية استعمال خطوط الانترنت في وزارة العلوم والتكنولوجيا

Authors: زينب فليح حسن الزبيدي --- لميعة باقر جواد الجواد
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 84 Pages: 357-380
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

We have provided in this research model multi assignment with fuzzy function goal has been to build programming model is correct Integer Programming fogging after removing the case from the objective function data and convert it to real data .Pascal triangular graded mean using Pascal way to the center of the triangular. The data processing to get rid of the case fogging which is surrounded by using an Excel 2007 either model multi assignment has been used program LNDO to reach the optimal solution, which represents less than what can be from time to accomplish a number of tasks by the number of employees on the specific amount of the Internet, also included a search on some of the basic concepts in fuzzy logic and areas of use, as research has included three types of as models customization, assignment triple 3_dimension Assignment Problem (3AP), and assignment triple Almertb3_ dimension Planer Assignment Problem (3PAP), and assignment multi Multidimensional Assignmen Problem (MAP) and has been to apply this experience to get the data in the Information Technology Department at the Ministry of Science and Technology.

قدمنا في هذا البحث أنموذج التخصيص المتعدد بدالة هدف مضببة وقد تم بناء أنموذج برمجة صحيحة Integer Programming بعد أزالة حالة التضبيب من بيانات دالة الهدف وتحويلها الى بيانات حقيقية باستعمال طريقة باسكال للوسط المثلثي وكانت معالجة البيانات باستعمال برنامج أكسل 2007 للتخلص من حالة التضبيب التي تحيط بها اما أنموذج التخصيص المتعدد استعمل برنامج LNDO للوصول الى الحل الأمثل الذي يمثل اقل مايمكن من الوقت لانجاز عدد من المهام من قبل عدد من الموظفين على كمية محددة من الأنترنت , وقد تم تضمن البحث على بعض المفاهيم الأساسية في المنطق الضبابي ومجالات استخدامه , وتمت الاشارة ايضا الى ثلاثة أنواع من أنماذج التخصيص المتعدد , التخصيص الثلاثي (3AP) , التخصيص الثلاثي المرتب(3PAP) , التخصيص المتعدد (MAP) .وقد تم تطبيق هذه التجربة للحصول على البيانات في دائرة تكنلوجيا المعلومات في وزارة العلوم والتكنولوجيا .


Article
Entrance Surface Dose for patient`s undergoing X-ray examinations at Sebha medical center "Libya"

Authors: Y. A. Abdulla --- Osama B. Aljewaw
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 1C Pages: 489-493
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Diagnostic X-ray is one of the ionizing radiation that plays an important role in medical examination. Despite its great benefit, it is considered the largest source of artificial radiation exposure to public. The aim of the study is to measure the entrance surface dose (ESD) of patients undergoing chest, lumber spine and knee X-ray examination using TLD-100. The mean Entrance surface dose of chest (PA), lumber spine (AP, LAT) and knee (AP, LAT) are 1.3mGy, 8.57mGy, 21.5mGy and 0.49mGy, 0.48mGy respectively. The ESDs measured were found to be higher than the published work.

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