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Article
Chronological aِge estimation in adolescent and young adult subjects in relation to mandibular third molar development using digital panoramic image

Authors: Jaafar J. Attar جعفر العطار --- Jamal Ali AL-Taei جمال علي الطائي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-50
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Predicting chronological age in adolescents and young adults can be crucial in Medico legal contextsand the third molar is the only developing tooth during this period that used to determine chronological age.The purpose of this study was to estimate the chronological age based on the stages of mandibular third-molardevelopment following the eight stages (A–H) method of Demirjian et alMaterials and methods: The sample consisted of 436 Iraqi adolescents and young adults subjects have been chosenwith known chronologic age (range, 14–24 years) and sex (162 males and 274 female), digital panoramicradiograph had been taken for each examined subject, Demirjian’s grading has been used to assess third molardevelopmentResults: Statistically significant differences (P _ 0.05) in third-molar development between males and females wererevealed regarding the development stages D,E and F. Third-molar genesis was attained earlier in males than infemales. Statistical analysis showed a strong correlation between age and third-molar development for males (r 2 _0.91) and for females (r 2 _ 0.87).Conclusion: It was concluded that the use of mandibular third molar development stages using Demirjian methodcan be considered as good valuable chronological age indicators in adolescents and young adults


Article
Causes of Delay in Age Appropriate Vaccination

Author: Kholod Dhaher Al- Shemari
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 298-301
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The child vaccination status is influenced by factors such as the child’s health status , economic status ,parental health attitudes and family characteristics . The effects of these risk factors including the child’s age , poverty status , geographic location , race , ethnicity and education level of parents .We undertook this study to estimate the risk factors of children who had delay in age appropriate vaccination .METHODS :200 children with history of delay in their age appropriate vaccination were examined in their last visit to vaccination department in Fatema Al-Zahra teaching hospital . their mothers had been inquired about the real causes of delayed vaccination .RESULTS :Child sickness , poverty , large family size , low parental education level , terroristic explosion , one parent family , vaccine contamination rumor ,and displaced families , were significantly related causes of increased child vaccination delay .CONCLUSION :the study had concluded that large family size formed 30.5% of the demographic factors that influenced vaccination status of children .


Article
The Effect of Age on Clinical and Radiological Presentation in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Baghdad

Authors: Hashim M.Al-Kadhimi --- Haider Noori Dawood
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 125-129
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes the most common type of human tuberculosis worldwide .The most common mode of transmission is by inhalation of droplet nuclei from expectorated respiratory secretions.Active infection is diagnosed by documenting the presence of M tuberculosis in respiratory secretions or other body fluids or tissues.Age is an important determinant of the risk for the disease .The risk may increase in the elderlyOBJECTIVE:To compare the effect of age between elderly and younger on clinical and radiological presentation in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Iraq.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A prospective study was done for 251 patients with smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in outpatient's clinic in the Chest and Respiratory Disease Specialized Center in Baghdad.Collected from January to May 2009.The following parameters were assessed:Age, gender, symptoms, risk factors, radiological findings, and incidence of recurrent .The relation of these parameters between elderly and younger was evaluatedRESULTS:There were 174 young adult patients and 77 elderly patients .The elderly group age was between 60-80years ,and younger adult age was between 17-59 years. There was no significant difference in the symptoms between the two groups .Family history of pulmonary tuberculosis (p=0.009) was more common in young adult, while DM (p=0.001) was more common in elderly .Comparison of radiological findings in young adults vs. elderly patients shown a typical findings (p=0.036) which is more in elderly .There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups.CONCLUSION:There was no significant difference in the symptoms between elderly and younger age groups .Family history of PTB was more common in young adults, while DM was more common in elderly.A typical radiological findings were more in elderly.There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups

Keywords

tuberculosis --- age --- radiology


Article
Effect of histological parameters of appendicitis and related with age and sex
د ا رسة نسجیة لالتهاب ال ا زئدة الدودیة وعلاقتها بالجنس والعمر

Author: Samiea Mojbel Hamad سمیعة مجبل حمد
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2011 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 13-16
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Acute appendicitis is the most common acute surgical condition of the abdomen. The mostimportant step for appendicitis is the obstruction the eppeniceal lumen. Our study was aimed to studythe histological parameter associated with appendicitis. This study was included 55 of appendixspecimens, which were resects. These samples were collected from teaching Ramadi hospital. Grossexamination for diameter of lumen and thickness of mucosa was performed and then the samples werefixed in 10℅ formalin for histological examination. The relation of age and sex with appendicitis wasstudied in this work. This study was recorded increase in thickness of mucosa(Mean=1.4mm) anddecrease in diameter of lumen(Mean=1mm). increase incidence of appendicitis between males andfemales(50.9/49%).The age of the patients ranged from (8-45)years with mean (21.4).Histologicalstudy was revealed increase infiltration of white blood cell within muscularis mucosa. Congestion,destruction of mucosa, hyperplasia of lymph nodules, obstruction of lumen with found some of warmsuch as Enterobious vermicularis within lumen. From these results we found the ratio of incidence ofappendicitis increase in males than females and ensured that by increase the histological parametersand pathological changes compare with normal

الخلاصةتضمنت الد ا رسة جمع عینات ال ا زئدة الدودیة التي تم استئصالها من ٥٥ مریض دخلوا مستشفى الرمادي التعلیمي تت ا روح اعمارهم٤٩ )% ، تم قیاس قطر العینات وسمك الجدار عیانیا ثم - ٤٥ ) سنة بمعدل ٢١.٤ وكانت نسبة الذكور الى الاناث( ٥٠.٩ - بین( ٨حفظت العینات في محلول ١٠ % فورمالین ، بعدها تم تحضیر المقاطع النسجیة وصبغت بالایوسین والهیماتوكسلین . اظهر الفحصالمجهري تضیق في قطر العضو مع زیادة في سمك الجدار العضلي الداخلي و تهتك في الطبقة الظهاریة كما تبین تضخم وزیادة فيقطر العقیدات اللمفاویة بالاضافة الى تجمع كریات الدم البیض ضمن النسیج العضلي الداخلي وظهور اكیاس لبعض الدیدان فيالفسحة الداخلیة لل ا زئدة الدودیة وتعزى هذه التغی ا رت الى اصابات بكتیریة او فایروسیة او طفیلیة وبعض الاحیان تعزى الى السلوكالغذائي الخاطئ. ویعود قلة حدوث الالتهاب عند النساء الى الاختلاف الفسلجي وتأثیر بعض الهرمونات خاصة في فترة الحمل، كمایلاحظ غالبا ازدیاد حدوث الاصابة في الم ا رحل الاولیة (في عمر الم ا رهقة)لان الجسم یكون في م ا رحل النمو السریع وتط أ ر علیه تغی ا رتفسلجیة كثیرة

Keywords

Histology --- appendicitis --- sex --- age


Article
Age at Natural Menopause and Factors Influencing its Timing in a Sample of Iraqi Women In Baghdad
سن اليأس الطبيعي والعوامل المؤثرة في توقيته لدى عينة من النساء العراقيات في بغداد

Author: Lamia Dhia Al-Deen د. لمياء ضياء الدين بهاء الدين
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-8
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Aim of the study: This study was an attempt to determine the age at natural menopause and factors influencing its timing in a sample of Iraqi women in Baghdad.Subjects & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during the period extending from 12th of November 2006 to the 1st of April 2007. Five hundred women with age range of 46-57 years were included in the study. The data were collected by direct interview using a questionnaire which was constructed to collect information about some sociodemographic, reproductive and lifestyle variables, weight and height were measured for each woman and the body mass index was calculated. The study was carried out in Al-Sadder general hospital (Al-Qadisyia hospital), Fatema Al-Zahraa hospital (Al-Habibiya hospital) and Al- Rafidain bank/main branch in Baghdad.Results: The result of the study shows that the mean age at menopause was 47.96 years and the median was 48 years. Out of the 500 women who represent the whole sample, 210 (42%) of them were at natural menopause .About three quarters (79%) of the sample were either illiterate or had elementary education. Regarding the relation of socioeconomic status to the age at menopause, educational level and occupational status of both women and their husbands were significantly associated with age at menopause. Concerning the relation of some reproductive characteristics to the age at menopause, the study shows that the mean age at menopause for nullipara and grandmultipara were later than those women with 1- 4 children (47.4±3.7, 48.3± 4.0 and 45.7± 4.3 respectively) and these differences were statistically significant. All other variables (such as marital status, handedness, body mass index, age at menarche, and regularity of period, didn’t show significant relation with age at menopause. Conclusion: Average age of Menopause was 47.96 years. Socioeconomic status, educational level occupational status, and parity were statistically associated with age of MenopauseKey Words: Menopause, Average age

الهدف :هذه الدراسة هي محاولة لمعرفة سن اليأس الطبيعي والعوامل المؤثرة في توقيته لدى عينة من النساء العراقيات في بغداد.طريقة البحث :أجريت هذه الدراسة المقطعية خلال الفترة الممتدة من الثاني عشر من شهر تشرين الثاني 2006 ولغاية الاول من شهر نيسان 2007. تضمنت العينة خمسمائة أمراة تتراوح أعمارهن بين 46-57 سنة . جمعت المعلومات من خلال اجراء مقابلة مباشرة باستعمال استمارة استبيان والتي نظمت لجمع معلومات تخص بعض المتغيرات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية ،الانجابية ومتغيرات تخص نمط الحياة،تم قياس الوزن والطول واحتساب مؤشر كتلة الجسم.اجريت هذه الدراسة في مستشفى الصدر العام (مستشفى القادسية) ، مستشفى الزهراء ( مستشفى الحبيبية ) ومصرف الرافدين/ الفرع الرئيسي في بغداد.النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة أن العمر الوسطي لسن اليأس هو ( 47.96) سنة. من مجموع خمسمائة امراة واللواتي يمثلن كل العينة ، 210 امرأة (42%) منهن كن في سن اليأس الطبيعي. حوالي ثلاث أرباع النساء (79%) كن غير متعلمات أو لديهن تعليم اولي.أظهرت الدراسة وجود علاقة مؤثرة بين المستوى التعليمي ونوع المهنة)لكل من النساء وازواجهن) مع سن اليأس.فيما يخص علاقة بعض المتغيرات الانجابية وسن اليأس، أظهرت الدراسة أن العمر الوسطي لسن اليأس للنساء اللواتي لم ينجبن مطلقا والنساء اللواتي انجبن خمسة اطفال او اكثر ، كان متاخرا عن النساء اللواتي انجبن 1- 4 اطفال (47.4±3.7 , 48.3 ± 4 , 45.7 ± 4.3 سنة بالتعاقب ) وهذه الفروقات كانت مما يعتد به احصائيا . أما المتغيرات الاخرى مثل( الحالة الزوجية، كون المراة تستعمل يدها اليسرى او اليمنى، مؤشر كتلة الجسم، سن البلوغ وانتظام الطمث) لم تظهر علاقة مؤثرة مع سن اليأس. الاستنتاج:- معدل سن الياس هو (47.96) سنة وهناك علاقة معنوية بين الوضع الاقتصادي, المستوى التعلمي, نوع المهنة, وعدد الولادات مع معدل سن اليأس الطبيعي.

Keywords

Menopause --- Average age


Article
CLINICAL STUDY OF RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME IN AL-KADHIMIYA TEACHING HOSPITAL

Authors: Lamia AK Al-Saady لمياء عبد الكريم حمودي السعدي --- Hayder H Al-Musawi حيدر هادي الموسوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2012 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 396-401
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background :Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or hyaline membrane disease (HMD) is an acute lung disease of the newborn caused by surfactant deficiency. It is Seen primarily in neonates younger than 36-38 weeks of gestational age weighing less than 2500 gram.Objective:To find out the incidence, main risk factors of HMD, note the changes in serum calcium, potassium and sodium and to study the outcome of HMD during the period of the illness.Methods:A prospective study was performed on one hundred neonate admitted to the neonatal care unit in Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital. Sex, gestational age, weight, mode of delivery, maternal illnesses were studied as risk factors. Serum calcium, Na and K were measured.Results:The incidence of RDS was 0.75% of total live births, 98(98%) of them were below 2.499 kilograms and less than 37 weeks of gestational age. Risk factors of RDS are male sex accounted for 61% of total cases. Cesarean sections were 28% of the total. Maternal diabetes mellitus represented 25%. Perinatal asphyxia was 22%. Familial predisposition had an incidence of 8% and finally prolonged rupture of membranes stood for 5%. Hypocalcaemia and hypokalemia were common with serum sodium was within the lower normal limits. The time of improvement for most babies (about 40%) was by day 4 of life. Mortality was 30% with the major percentage of death (which was 90%) was between day 1 and day 4.Conclusion: RDS occurs predominantly in premature babies as a main risk factor with male sex and cesarean sections. In addition to other risk factors such as maternal diabetes mellitus and perinatal asphyxia. Associated changes in serum electrolytes and serum calcium including hypocalcaemia, hypokalemia and lower normal serum sodium are common. The 4th day of life was the time of improvement for most babies while most of them who died did so by the first 4 days of life. Among the admitted babies, about third of them (actually 30%) died because of RDS.Key words: RDS, Gestational age, Mortality.

Keywords

RDS --- Gestational age --- Mortality


Article
Age of Menarche in a Sample of Iraqi Girls and Associated Factors
سن البلوغ لدى عينة من الفتيات العراقيات وعلاقته مع بعض المتغيرات

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Abstract:Objectives: The present study is an attempt to determine the age at menarche in a sample of apparently healthy Iraqi girls, from 5th class of primary school to 3rd class of intermediate school in Al-Kharkh area of Baghdad Governorate. Methods: The study was conducted during the period from 1st of October 2001 to the 1st of April 2002. The sample was comprised of 2654 girls, which was selected as multistage random sample including 10% of primary and 10% of intermediate school in Al-Kharkh districts. The data were collected through direct interview, weight and height were measured for each girl, and body mass index was calculated.Results: The study showed that mean age at menarche of the adolescent girls was 12.61+1.74 year, it was found that there was a relationship between age of menarche and mothers and sisters age at menarche, family size, and body mass Index . Conclusion: Significant association between age of menarche and body mass Index.Key Word: Age of Menarche

الملخص:أجريت هذه الدراسة المقطعية لمعرفة سن البلوغ لدى عينة من الطالبات العراقيات من الصف الخامس الابتدائي إلى الصف الثالث في المدارس المتوسطة والثانوية في منطقة بغداد / الكرخ .جمعت هذه العينة للفترة من الأول من تشرين أول 2001ولغاية الأول من نيسان 2002.تضمنت العينة 2654 طالبة مختارة عشوائيا وعلى عدة مراحل وبنسبة 10% من المدارس الابتدائية و10% من المدارس المتوسطة والثانوية لقطاع الكرخ . ولقد تم جمع المعلومات عن طريق إجراء مقابلة مباشرة للطالبة وقياس الوزن والطول وتم احتساب مؤشر كتلة الجسم (BMI). أظهرت الدراسة إن معدل سن البلوغ للطالبات هو 12,61± 1,74 سنة كما أظهرت الدراسة وجود علاقة بين سن بلوغ الطالبة وسن بلوغ أمها أو أختها ، عدد إفراد الأسرة ومؤشر كتلة الجسم.نستنتج من هذه الدراسة وجود علاقة معنوية بين سن بلوغ الطالبة ومؤشر كتلة الجسم.وجود علاقه معنوية سالبه عند الإناث مع عدد الحفاضات المستعملة إثناء فتره الحيض.


Article
Is age -really- a risk factor in pregnancy?

Authors: Riyadh K. Lafta --- Sahar A ISSA
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 325-330
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract: Background: The risk approach fails signally to identify many of women who will need care for complications in childbirth. On the other hand, many women identified as “high risk” go on to have perfectly normal, uneventful births. Objectives: to see if there is a real risk of maternal age in the course and outcome of gestation for both mother and fetus. Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted in Baghdad during the period from March through October 2004, a sample of 200 women (with 642 pregnancies) was randomly chosen from women attending four primary health care centers, Outpatient and antenatal care clinics. Their ages ranged between 13–50 years. The cases were stratified according to age to 3 main groups: below 18 years, above 35 years and (18-35 years); the last was considered as a control group. Results: The young age group was found to have less infection rate, hospital admission, abortion, puerperal complications and neonatal complications compared to the controls and the old age group (that were almost equal in these aspects). Women of primary education level had less complication in all age groups. Women from the young age group were attending antenatal care more adequately than the controls. Conclusion: Young age pregnancies are at lower risk compared to other age groups.Key words: age, risk, pregnancy.

Keywords

age --- risk --- pregnancy.


Article
Age at Menarche among Iraqi Teenagers
العمر عند الطمث لدى المراهقات العراقيات

Authors: Aysin K. Noori ايسن نوري --- * Jawad K. Al-Diwan جليل الديوان --- Jalil I. Al-Mushhadani جلال المشهداني --- Abdul Hussain Al-Hadi عبدالحسن
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 295-297
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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AbstractObjective: To determine the age at menarche among teenagers in Baghdad Methods: A total of 658 adolescent girls were included in this study from Baghdad city. Full information including age, residential area, weight, height, date of menstruation, practicing sport (exercise), father's occupation and education, age at menarche of mother, and mother's occupation and education were collected. Multiple regression was used to examine the association between the age of menarche and independent variables.Results: The mean age at menarche was 12.1 ± 2.2 years. Age of menarche was associated with mother's age at menarche, socioeconomic status, BMI, and practicing exercise.Conclusion: Age at menarche was similar to that reported in other communities.

الملخص:الهدف : تحديد العمر عند الطمث لدى المراهقات في بغدادطرق البحث: تم مقابلة 638 مراهقة في بغداد حيث تم جمع معلومات عنالعمر ومنطقة السكن والوزن والطول وبداية الطمث وممارسة الرياضة وعمل الاب وتحصيله الدراسي وعمل الام وتحصيلها الدراسي وعمرها عند الطمث . تم استخدام الانحدار المتعدد لتحديد العوامل ذات الارتباط المعنوي بالطمث لدى المراهقات .النتائج : كان معدل العمر عند الطمث هو 12.1 ± 2.2 سنة . العمر عند الطمث لدى العراقيات معنويا مع العمر عند الطمث للام ومؤشر كتلة الجسم وممارسة الرياضة .الاستنتاج : العمر عند الطمث لدى العراقيات مماثل عند الطمث في المجتمعات الاخرى .

Keywords

Age --- Menarche --- Iraq


Article
Incidence of partial edentulism and its relation with age and gender
معدل الإصابة بالبدن الجزئي وعلاقته بالعمر والجنس

Authors: Mahabad Mahmud Saleh --- Chiman Dhahir Tahir --- Hoshang Khalid Abdel-Rahman
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 463-470
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study aimed to determine the incidence of various partial edentoulism according to Kennedy’s classification of edentulous arches, modification areas, types of removable partial dentures (RPDs), selection of major connectors for RPDs and patterns of tooth loss in relation to the gender and age.Methods: The study was conducted in Hawler Medical University, College of Dentistry, Dep. of Prosthodontics, Erbil/Iraq. The data were collected from 963 patients aged 17-80 years of both genders. The survey was based on visual examination for determining the incidence of Kennedy’s classification, modification areas in relation to the age and gender, determining the cause of tooth loss and types of major connectors for RPDs.Results: Kennedy’s class III in both dental arches was the most dominant pattern at a frequency of 49.84%, with class IV being the least in number. Mandibular RPDs were more common than maxillary RPDs. With an increase in age, there was an increase in the Class I and Class II dental arch and a decrease in Class III and class IV in both arches. Gender had no significant relationship with distributions of RPD classification.The majority of the constructed RPDs were acrylic resin 881(91.49%) and only 82 (8.51%) were metal.Conclusion: Kennedy’s class III is the most common RPD in both dental arches. Gender had no effect on the prevalence of various Kennedy classes, while age has a significant effect.

Keywords

Edentulism --- Age --- Gender

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