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Article
Integumental lips’ height and separation in different Angle’s classes of malocclu-sions

Author: Afrah Kh Al–Hamdany
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 13 Pages: 38-49
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To reveal the possible soft tissue difference in the upper and lower lip heights, separations and coverage of lower lip to upper incisors in different Angle’s classes of malocclusion, to determine any difference in the mean between males and females for each variable and to find any correlation among the variables. Materials and Methods: Nightly nigh students (52 males, 47 females), 20–23 years of age that was randomly selected from the college of dentistry, University of Mosul.The overall sample was classified depending on Angle’s classification of malocclusion into four groups (Class I, II.1, II.2 and III). For each group, four facial soft tissue variables were measured directly using electronic digital viernier caliper. Results: A major findings that emerged from the research is that the Class I subjects possessed higher values of upper lip length followed by Class II then Class III, this difference is significant between Class I,III and II,III and non significant between I,II. Where as Class III subjects possessed non significant higher values of lower lip length followed by Class II then Class I. The lip separation value is non significantly higher in Class II subjects followed by Class III then Class I. While Class III subjects possessed non significant higher values of lower lip to incisor superior followed Class I then Class II. Conclusions: For each specific Angle’s class of malocclusion, a specific facial soft tissue parameters. The upper lip length is greater in Class I subjects. Class III subjects have the greater lower lip length. The inter–labial gap is larger in Class II subjects.While the coverage of the lower lip to incisor superior is greater in Class III subjects. Most of the variables are higher in males than females. Complex correlations among the studied variables are found that varied between weak to high positive or negative with varying degree of significance.


Article
Accuracy and precision of a photographic system for the three-dimensional study of facial morphology

Authors: Shwan E Abdulkareem شوان عبد الكريم --- Nagham Al-Mothaffar نغم المظفر
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 138-145
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Facial analysis is vital for orthodontic treatment planning but traditional methods of facial analysis areincapable of fully capturing the three-dimensional complexity of the human face. The purpose of this study was todetermine the precision and accuracy of facial anthropometric measurements obtained through low-cost digitalthree-dimensional photogrammetry system.Materials and methods: Eighteen standard craniofacial measurements were obtained from faces of thirty youngadults using two methods: calipers and 3D photos (obtained with a Photomodeler system). After markinganthropometric landmarks on the faces of the sample, direct measurements were taken using calipers then fivephotographs were taken at different angles and 3D model constructed and the same measurement were takenusing Photomodeler. Differences between two methods were calculated. To test the precision of the newphotogrammetric system, measurements were repeated on the same photographs by the researcher and then byanother examiner and also a new set of photographs were taken for each individual and measurements were doneon them. Three different precision estimates were calculated to measure random error for the new method.Results: Systematic errors between the two methods were found for seven measurements but most mean differenceswere clinically insignificant (below 2 mm). In terms of measurement precision, no systematic biases were foundbetween repeated measurements on the same photographs or on different photographs and our precisionestimates showed a clinically acceptable level of repeatability for the Photomodeler system.Conclusion: It can be concluded that Photomodeler 3D photogrammetry system can provide accurate and reliablefacial measurements. It is relatively fast and requires only inexpensive equipment


Article
The Anthropometric Ratio of Index Finger to Ring Finger (2D:4D) Correlation with Some Seminal Fluid Analysis Parameters.

Authors: Anam Rasheed Al-Salihi --- *,Mohammad Oda Selman --- Hikmat Fakhri Wasif
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 244-248
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT :BACKGROUND:The 2D:4D ratio can be considered as a measure of prenatal androgen exposure, with the lower 2D:4D ratios pointing to higher androgen exposure. Moreover, common molecular signals (HOX genes) control the embryological development of the appendicular skeleton and the gonads.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the correlation between semen quality and an anthropometric measurement of digit ratio. To evaluate the relationship of spermatogenesis and body parts ratio which have a common embryological determinants.METHODS:The study was performed on individuals attending the Institute of Embryo Research and Infertility Treatment /Al-Nahrain University/ Baghdad / Iraq. They were allocated from random pool of individuals required to perform seminal fluid analysis. The total number was (161) males. The index finger to ring finger (2D:4D) ratio was calculated after measuring the fingers with vernier. The ratio was correlated with sperm concentration, percentage of actively motile sperms and the percentage of normal sperms in single ejaculate.RESULTS:sperm concentration was negatively correlated with 2D:4D ratio (P=0.004), while no statistical correlation was found between the digit ratio and percentage of actively motile sperm (P=0.82) and the percentage of normal sperms(P=0.84).CONCLUSION:The ration of (2D:4D) is an indicator of sperm concentration. The lower the ratio (indicating longer ring finger), the higher is the sperm concentration. While no significant statistical correlation was found between the digit ratio and the percentages of actively motile sperms and morphologically normal sperms seminal fluid analysis.


Article
Nutritional Assessment of Children 12-59 Months in Displaced Families in Baghdad

Authors: Jamal R Al-Rawi --- Samer Jasim
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 188-196
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition is one of the major public health problem in developing countries. In Iraq, more than 22% of children under five are stunted, and more than 8 % are underweight. The objectives of the study were to assess the nutritional status of children aged 12-59 months, of internally displaced families into Baghdad, Iraq and in order to establish and provide baseline information on the health and nutritional status of the target group. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Baghdad city, with a sample size 1009, selected through cluster sampling. Data were collected by using a pretested structured questionnaire, Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measurements of height, weight, and was compared with Iraq-WHO standards. Dietary assessment was based on past week consumption. Results: According to height for age Z-score, out of 1009 children studied, (66%) were normal while (34%) were stunted. According to weight for age Z score, (87.3%) children were normal, (12.7%) were underweight. According to weight for height Z-score, (91.7%) children were normal while (8.3%) were wasted. Conclusion: malnutrition prevalence in internally displaced families in Baghdad city is higher than the national malnutrition prevalence of under five children in Iraq. Malnutrition prevalence was higher in children having macronutrients and micronutrients deficiencies, absent father, newly displaced families and children suffering from severe, recurrent respiratory problems


Article
Variability of Vertical and Horizontal Facial Measurements Among the Population of Basrah

Author: Zuhair F Fathallah*, Nawal M Abdullah**, Nada H Al-jassim
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 419-428
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Anthropometry is the systematic quantitative representation of the human body, it is used to measure the absolute and relative variability in size and shape of the human body. Scientists were studying this knowledge in medicine for both diagnosis and treatment.The people of Basrah are a mixture of Semites, Arian, and there are the mixed group result from interracial marriages.OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively measure the human face in different ethnic groups of local population and to identify the differences between individuals of different races and sexes, also to identify the differences between the people of Iraq and other people worldwide. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This study is a cross sectional study conducted in Basrah governorate. The data was randomly collected for the period from February to July 2013, from 1000 Iraqi adults (526 females and 474 males) living throughout Basrah governorate. They were between the ages of 18- 40 years, and had to meet certain criteria. This sample was used to create a database for statistical analysis.RESULTS:The results show that the measurements of the three sections and four sections facial profile are unequal as stated by neoclassical canons. The ears are longer than the nose. There are slight differences between the intercanthal distance (ICD) and alar width. The palpebral fissure length is equal to the ICD. The mouth width is 1.4 times the nose width. The facial width (zy- zy) is 3.4 times the nose (alae) width.CONCLUSION:There are differences in facial measurements, although slight, between different ethnic groups in Iraq, and between Iraqi population in general and the population of other countries, therefore, aesthetic measurements applied to all races are inapplicable. These slight differences could be attributed to interracial marriages and or environmental effect.

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