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Article
An Efficient Image Thresholding Method for Arabic Handwriting Recognition System
طريقة صورة مستوى العتبة كفوءة لنظام التعرف على الكتابة اليدوية للغة العربية

Authors: Alia Karim Abdul Hassan --- Mustafa Salam Kadhm
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 1 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 26-34
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Image preprocessinghas assumed an essential part ofhandwriting recognition system. The main primary stage of the image preprocessing is thresholding.Aneffectivethresholdingmethodis based on Fuzzy C-Means clustering (FCM) for Arabic Handwriting Recognition system (AHR) has been proposed in this paper. Since thresholding stage in AHR isimperative to reduce the dimensionality of image to remove the undesirableinformation (noise)then increase the processing speed of the AHR system. The algorithm is performing by feedingthe intensity of the pixel value of the image pixels into the FCM clustering algorithm. Exploratory results with artificial and real life images show thatthe proposed method gives better accuracy and good efficiency than the current methods.


Article
A Proposed Method for Achieving the Confidentiality of Arabic Texts
طريقة مقترحة لتحقيق سرية النصوص العربية

Author: Yaseen Hikmat Ismaiel ياسين حكمت إسماعيل
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2018 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 49-56
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Due to the rapid development of distributed computing systems, the use of local networks, and the huge expansion of the Internet, the process of maintaining the confidentiality of information becomes important and necessary. Encryption is one of the most important ways to keep information confidential and to prevent unauthorized people from disclosing this information. Many cryptographic algorithms have appeared in different ways and methods. But most of these algorithms have been devoted for encrypting texts in the English language. Because of the increasing important and sensitive information exchange in the Arabic language by users on the Internet, an urgent need has appeared to build dedicated encryption systems for the Arabic language. The aim of this research is to provide a proposed encryption method that uses the idea of combining the methods of transposition and substitution cipher for the purpose of Arabic texts confidentiality. This research depends on using diacritics in the Arabic language to perform the process of substitution cipher. The efficiency of the proposed method has been tested on different texts; the method provides high speed execution, the length of the encrypted texts is almost close to the clear text length, and the confidentiality of the resulting encrypted texts is high.

نظرًا للتطور السريع لنظم الحوسبة الموزعة ، استخدام الشبكات المحلية ، والتوسع الهائل في الإنترنت، أصبحت عملية الحفاظ على سرية المعلومات مهمة وضرورية . يعد التشفير أحد أهم الطرائق للحفاظ على سرية المعلومات ومنع الأشخاص غير المصرح لهم من الكشف عنها . ظهرت العديد من خوارزميات التشفير بأساليب وطرائق مختلفة. ولكن تم تخصيص معظم هذه الخوارزميات لتشفير النصوص في اللغة الإنجليزية. بسبب تزايد تبادل المعلومات الهامة والحساسة في اللغة العربية من قبل المستخدمين على الإنترنت، ظهرت حاجة ملحة لبناء أنظمة تشفير مخصصة للغة العربية. الهدف من هذا البحث هو تقديم طريقة تشفير مقترحة تستخدم فكرة دمج طرائق التشفير الإبدالية والتعويضية لتحقيق السرية للنص العربي. يعتمد هذا البحث على استخدام علامات التشكيل في اللغة العربية لأداء عملية التشفير التعويضية. تم اختبار كفاءة الطريقة المقترحة على نصوص مختلفة ؛ وفرت الطريقة سرعة تنفيذ عالية ، عدم زيادة في طول النصوص المشفرة مقارنة بالنصوص الواضحة ، وكذلك سرية عالية للنصوص المشفرة الناتجة.


Article
Comprehensive collection for Arabic characters and numbers written by hand

Author: S.A. Ahmed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 204-210
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

An Optical Character Recognition system for Arabic language should recognize Arabic handwritten words. However, it is difficult to find a freely accessible and comprehensive database of all Arabic words that can be employed for this purpose. Therefore, it is more efficient to divide the Arabic words into sub-words or characters. As there is no comprehensive Arabic handwritten character database that is accessible free of charge, interested researchers can utilize the database developed as a part of this work in recognition system training and output testing.In the present paper, a database is presented containing scanned images of 700 Arabic handwritten characters, Hindi numbers used in Arabic countries, and some special characters utilized in Arabic alphabet, along with their different positions (e.g., standalone, initial, medial and terminal), different sizes, styles and font colors. The aim is to provide sufficient samples for all character shapes for software training, resulting in greater accuracy in the recognition phase.These forms were filled by students of the Applied Sciences College, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq and were scanned at the 200, 300, and 600 dpi resolution. A graphical user interface (GUI) software environment is employed to make the manipulation of the created database easier, and provide many image processing functions that are allowed to be built the database easier


Article
An Efficient Preprocessing Framework for Arabic Handwriting Recognition System
تجهيز إطار عمل كفوء لنظام التعرف على الكتابة اليدوية للغة العربية

Authors: Alia Karim Abdul Hassan علياء كريم عبد الحسن --- Mustafa S. Kadhm مصطفى سلام كاظم
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 - part 2 Pages: 147-163
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Image preprocessing has assumed an essential part in Arabic Handwriting Recognition System (AHRS). It has several stages which affect the accuracy of the recognition system. An efficient preprocessing framework for Arabic handwriting recognition system has been proposed in this paper. Since preprocessing stage in AHRS is imperative to reduce the dimensionality of image to remove the undesirable information then increase the processing speed of the AHRS. Besides, it provide correction process for the dataset elements to make it work probably through several processes that will discuss in this paper. Exploratory results with artificial and real life images shows that, the proposed method gives an efficient results that help to get a high recognition rate in the AHRS.

مرحلة تجهيز الصورة لها دور اساسي في نظام التعرف على النص المكتوب يدويا للغة العربية (AHRS). حيث لديها العديد من المراحل التي تؤثر على دقة نظام التعرف. تم اقترح إطار تجهيزها كفاءة في اللغة العربية نظام التعرف على الكتابة اليدوية في هذا البحث. حيث ان مرحلة التجهيز AHRS أمر لا بد منه للحد من بعدية الصورة لإزالة المعلومات غير المرغوب فيها ثم زيادة سرعة تجهيز AHRS . الى جانب ذلك، فإنه يوفر عملية تصحيح للعناصر مجموعة البيانات والعمل على انجاحه وربما من خلال العديد من العمليات التي ستناقش في هذا البحث. نتائج استكشافية مع صور الحياة الاصطناعية وحقيقية تبين أن الطريقة المقترحة يعطي نتائج فعالة من شأنها أن تساعد على الحصول على معدل تعرف عالي في AHRS.


Article
Finding the Similarity between Two Arabic Texts
ايجاد نسبة التشابة مابين نصين عربيين

Authors: Suhad Malallah kadhem سهاد مال الله كاظم --- Aseel Qassim Abd Alameer اسيل قاسم عبد الامير
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 1A Pages: 152-162
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Calculating similarities between texts that have been written in one language or multiple languages still one of the most important challenges facing the natural language processing. This work offers many approaches that used for the texts similarity. The proposed system will find the similarity between two Arabic texts by using hybrid similarity measures techniques: Semantic similarity measure, Cosine similarity measure and N-gram ( using the Dice similarity measure). In our proposed system we will design Arabic SemanticNet that store the keywords for a specific field(computer science), by this network we can find semantic similarity between words according to specific equations. Cosine and N-gram similarity measures are used in order to find the similar characters sequences. The proposed system was executed by using Visual Basic 2012, and after testing it, it proved to be a worthy for finding the similarity between two Arabic texts (From the viewpoint of accuracy and search time).

ايجاد نسبة تشابه بين نصوص مكتوبة بلغة واحدة أو عدة لغات تعتبر من أهم التحديات التي تواجه معالجة اللغة الطبيعية .هذا العمل يقدم عدة طرق لتشابه النصوص. وفي هذه البحث سوف نقوم بايجاد نسبة التشابه بين نصين عربيين من خلال دمج عدة طرق لقياس التشابه : مقياس التشابة المعنوي ومقياس تشابهة Cosine وتقنية N-gram )باستخدام مقياس تشابهة .(Dice في نظامنا المقترح تم تصميم SemanticNet لخزن الكلمات المفتاحية لمجال معين )علوم الحاسوب ( ومن خلال هذة الشبكة نستطيع ايجاد التشابة المعنوي بين الكلمات وفق معادلات معينة. استخدام مقياس التشابهة Cosine وتقنية N-gram لغرض ايجاد سلسلة الحروف المتشابهة. ولقد تم تنفيذ النظام المقترح باستخدام اللغة البرمجية فيجول بيسك .2012 بعد ان اثبت اختبار النظام المقترح بانة قيم في ايجاد نسبة التشابة مابين نصين عربيين(من وجة نظر الدقة ووقت البحث(


Article
Arabic Language Text Steganography Based on Singular Value Decomposition (SVD)

Authors: Hanaa M. Ahmed --- Maisa'a A. A. Khohder
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 5 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 629-637
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

With the fast development of internet innocent over communication in the network environment has become an important research direction. Steganography means that secret information is embedded into cover data imperceptibly for transmission. Linguistic Steganography covers all the techniques that deal with using written natural language to hide the secret message. This paper, presents a linguistic steganography for Arabic language texts, using Kashida and Fast Fourier Transform on the basis of using a new technique entitled Random Singular Value Decomposition Image as a location to hide a secret message. The proposed approach is an attempt to present a transform linguistic steganography using levels for hiding to improve implementation of kashida, and improve the security of the secret message by using Random Singular Value Decomposition Image. The proposed algorithm achieves typical steganography properties such as capacity, security, transparency, and robustness.


Article
Linguistic system (Arabic text) as a sample
أنسنة النص القرآني عند الحداثيين النظام اللغوي (عربية النص) أنموذجا

Authors: Hakeem Salman Al-Sulttani حاكم حبيب الكريطي --- Hakeem Salman Al-Sulttani حكيم سلمان السلطاني
Journal: The Arabic Language and Literature مجلة اللغة العربية وادابها ISSN: 20724756 Year: 2017 Volume: 1 Issue: 26 Pages: 11-32
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The reading modernist proceed from the need to include language - any language Alouha-, culture, and history in every attempt to understand and Modath in the historical and human context, religious texts is not the paradox of linguistic and cultural structure, which was formed in which the according to what you are saying by reading this. And can be traced suit modernists by highlighting the Qur'anic miracles, Valaajaz his idea is based on the word of God and that came on the Arab rule and its system, which could be called a b (human dimension), but I can not Arabs Bnzation and methods of a (divine) dimension.The research found that the argument modernists that religious texts are not the paradox of linguistic and cultural structure, which was formed in which - in the sense that the sacred words become in our grasp when Eetmoda in human language beginning from the moment the Prophet pronounce revelation (humanized text) - unfounded, through Miracles characteristic which quoted the text of a divine being in the transcendent beyond to being in Ajazia beyond reflected. And that the text of the Quran through likeness not Eetmah with the prevailing Arab system, and as elaborated cultural patterns of laws and rules, but the foundations for its uniqueness and Odbeth that made him an example of the former is not. Starting from Arabs puzzled to find his naturalization, to approach Albaqlani which has superiority over the texts which reached the top of the peak of eloquence and rhetoric to prove after what the defect and the lack of, and then approach Jerjani based on who organized strange advantage over the rest of the creative texts.

The reading modernist proceed from the need to include language - any language Alouha-, culture, and history in every attempt to understand and Modath in the historical and human context, religious texts is not the paradox of linguistic and cultural structure, which was formed in which the according to what you are saying by reading this. And can be traced suit modernists by highlighting the Qur'anic miracles, Valaajaz his idea is based on the word of God and that came on the Arab rule and its system, which could be called a b (human dimension), but I can not Arabs Bnzation and methods of a (divine) dimension.The research found that the argument modernists that religious texts are not the paradox of linguistic and cultural structure, which was formed in which - in the sense that the sacred words become in our grasp when Eetmoda in human language beginning from the moment the Prophet pronounce revelation (humanized text) - unfounded, through Miracles characteristic which quoted the text of a divine being in the transcendent beyond to being in Ajazia beyond reflected. And that the text of the Quran through likeness not Eetmah with the prevailing Arab system, and as elaborated cultural patterns of laws and rules, but the foundations for its uniqueness and Odbeth that made him an example of the former is not. Starting from Arabs puzzled to find his naturalization, to approach Albaqlani which has superiority over the texts which reached the top of the peak of eloquence and rhetoric to prove after what the defect and the lack of, and then approach Jerjani based on who organized strange advantage over the rest of the creative texts.


Article
English Realization of Syntactic Problems in an Arabic Text (A contrastive study)
الإعمال اللغة الإنجليزية من المشاكل النحوية في النص العربي (دراسة تقابلية)

Author: Hashim Sa'doon Saleem هاشم سعدون سالم
Journal: Journal Of Al-Frahedis Arts مجلة آداب الفراهيدي ISSN: 20749554 / 26638118 Year: 2014 Volume: I Issue: 19 Pages: 315-332
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The current Study is an effort to investigate the syntactic problems that may be encountered by translators who convey meaning from Arabic into English. The researcher, within the available linguistic devices, attempts to overcome the syntactic barriers behind such Arabic-English contrastive analyses; furthermore adopts a systematic approach, which relies on certain modern linguistic concepts to explain the grammatical variations selected when translating from Arabic into English. The approach to achieve this purpose is by choosing ample sentences and phrases extracted from the Arabic political text heading: (الاستراتيجية الامريكية تجاه الخليج العربي : مصالح ثابتة وسياسات متغيرة )(The American Strategy towards the Arab Gulf: fixed interests and changeable policies). This text is written by Usama Al-Ghazali Harb (Al-Mustaqbal Al-Arabi, year-4, no. 38, April, 1982, pp. 33-45). The researcher hopes that this contrastively handled analysis will cover all the aspects in question.

تهدف الدراسة الحالية بطريقة التحليل المقارن الى محاولة حل المشكلات النحوية التي تواجه المترجمين من العربية الى الانكليزية. يحاول الباحث وضمن حدود الوسائل اللغوية المتيسرة التغلب على العقبات النحوية في تحليلات مقارنة من العربية الى الانكليزية . فهو يتبنى بالاضافة الى ذلك طريقة نحوية تعتمد على مفاهيم نحوية حديثة معينة لتوضيح النماذج النحوية المنتخبة عند الترجمة من العربية الى الانكليزية. وسيلة الوصول لهذا الغرض تتحقق من خلال اختيار جمل وعبارات مقتطعة من النص السياسي العربي تحت عنوان:"الاستراتيجية الامريكية تجاه الخليج العربي: مصالح ثابتة وسياسات متغيرة". هذا المقال كان قد كتب بقلم الكاتب اسامة الغزالي حرب في مجلة المستقبل العربي في نيسان سنة 1982. يأمل الباحث من هذا التحليل المقارن ان يلم بجوانبه المختلفة.


Article
Arabic Language text Steganography Besed on Microsoft Word documents
اخفاء النصوص العربية بأسخدام وثائق المايكروا سوفت ورد

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Abstract

The fast evolution of internet innocent over communication in the net environment become an important research trend. Steganography is meaning that secure information is embedded into cover data unnoticeably for transmitted. Linguistic steganography is covering all the techniques that deal with using written natural language to hide secret message. This paper, it presents a linguistic steganography in arabic texts, using single quotation mark and double quotation mark that transform on the bases of using new technique entitled RSVD Image as allocation to hide secret message. The proposed that approach is an attempt to present a transform linguistic steganography using levels for hiding to improve implementation of quotation mark, and improve the security of the secret message using RSVD Image. The proposed algorithm is achieved perfect steganography properties such as capacity, security, transparency, and robustness.

ان تطورات السريعة في الانترنت والاتصالات في بيئة الشبكات اصبحت مهمة في اتجاه البحوث . اخفاء المعلومات بمعنى سرية المعلومات وتضمينها داخل غطاء البيانات بدون ملاحظة اثناء النقل . اخفاء المعلومات اللغوية يغطي كل التقنيات التي تتعامل معها واستخدام كتابتها باللغات الطبيعية لإخفاء الرسالة السرية . في هذا البحث , استخدم اخفاء المعلومات اللغوية داخل النصوص العربية ونستخدم علامة quotation الفردية والمزدوجة في التحويل وتستخدم هذه الطريقة تقنية جديدة بعنوان فك القيم الفردية العشوائية للصورة كما في تحديد مواقع اخفاء الرسالة السرية . الطريقة المقترحة هي محاولة تحويل اخفاء المعلومات اللغوية الموجودة باستخدام مستويين للإخفاء وأهميتها بارتقاء في تنفيذ علامة quotation والارتقاء في امنية الرسالة السرية بواسطة استخدام فك القيم الفردية العشوائية للصورة . وان هذه الخوارزمية المقترحة هي اساسية وممتازة في خصائص اخفاء المعلومات مثل السعة والأمنية , الشفافية , والقوة .

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