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Article
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NANO-BIOMIMICRY FOR SUSTAINABILITY IN ARCHITECTURE

Authors: Wijdan Deyaa Abdul Jalil --- Hussaen Ali Hasan Kahachi
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2019 Volume: 23 Issue: 3 Pages: 25-41
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Nanotechnology is one of the key technologies of the 21st century, which has a potentiality to offer sustainable solutions to contemporary architecture and lower building costs. It helps biomimicry (as a way of thinking which is going back to nature for inspiration) to be achieved at new levels, through producing (new materials, devices and robots), that function as the same way as organisms do. Both nanotechnology and biomimicry take their power from nature and could have extraordinary results if implemented in building design, systems and construction. This research is looking at the concept of nano-biomimicry (biomimicry on nano level) and its usage in architecture. The main concern of this research is to arrive to a better understanding of the levels of implementation of nano-biomimicry for sustainability in architecture. The research uses qualitative method and case study approach to analyze and evaluate the levels of implementation of nano-biomimicry in sustainable architecture. It leads to a new understanding of the levels of implementation for nano-biomimicry for achieving sustainability in architecture and considers an expansion of the old categorization into seven categories including form, materials, construction, function, system, computer modelling, and robotic strategies.


Article
The Application of Biomimicry in Kinetic Facades
تطبيقات تكنولوجيا محاكاة الفعاليات الاحيائية في الواجهات المتحركة

Author: Wijdan Deyaa Abdul Jalil وجدان ضياء عبد الجليل
Journal: Journal of Engineering مجلة الهندسة ISSN: 17264073 25203339 Year: 2016 Volume: 22 Issue: 10 Pages: 27-42
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Biomimicry, as a way of thinking to go back to nature for inspiration, has its impact on many contemporary technological achievements. Some of them are used to design and construct kinetic facades in architecture, because of the importance role of facades in reducing sun radiation, that enter the building through using shading systems and components. In light of this, research problem is determined: "Do technologies which are inspired by biomimicry effect shading in kinetic facades through its characteristics in materials and the mechanics. So the research identifies its goal as: "To identify the types of kinetic facades in buildings and their characteristics as materials and shading mechanism associated with the biomimicry. The research explains the basic types of kinetic facades depending on the technology and materials used to provide the possibility of reducing solar radiation that enters the building. It also compares the case studies which have been chosen in their inspiration concept from biological world, which reflect on the system used of protecting against sun and reducing energy consumption as the designer teams suggest. The research concluded that kinetic façade which is depending on smart materials is self-responding and don't need energy to operate, so it is better in reducing consumption of energy.

عدت محاكاة الفعاليات الاحيائية توجها في التفكير للعودة نحو الطبيعة كمصدر للإلهام, وأثرت في تطوير العديد من الانجازات التي حققتها التكنولوجيا المعاصرة. وقد تم استخدام بعضها في تصميم وانشاء الواجهات المتحركة في العمارة, لأهمية دور الواجهة في تقليل دخول الإشعاع الشمسي الى المبنى من خلال استخدام أنظمة ومركبات التظليل. تحددت في ضوء ذلك مشكلة البحث: "هل تلعب التكنولوجيا المستلهمة من الفعاليات الأحيائية دورا في تظليل الواجهات المتحركة في المباني تبعا لخصائصها في المواد المستخدمة والية التشغيل ؟", وتحدد هدف البحث في: " تحديد انواع الواجهات المتحركة في المباني وخصائصها كمواد والية تشغيل في التظليل المرتبط بمحاكاة الفعاليات الأحيائية ". يتناول البحث شرح الأنواع الأساسية للواجهات المتحركة اعتمادا على التكنولوجيا والمواد المستعملة لتوفير امكانية تقليل الاشعاع الشمسي الداخل للمبنى. كما يقارن الأمثلة التصميمية المنتخبة في فكرة استلهامها من العالم الاحيائي, والذي ينعكس على نظام الحماية المستعمل في الحماية من الشمس وتقليل استهلاك الطاقة كما يقترحه الفريق التصميمي. وتوصل البحث الى ان الواجهات المتحركة المعتمدة على خصائص المواد الذكية هي واجهات مستجيبة ذاتيا ولا تحتاج الى صرف طاقة تشغيلية للتحريك.

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