research centers


Search results: Found 112

Listing 1 - 10 of 112 << page
of 12
>>
Sort by

Article
Three-dimensional ultrasound in evaluation of fetal brain anomalies
الموجات فوق الصوتية ثلاثية الأبعاد في تقييم تشوهات دماغ الجنين

Author: Salwa Ahmed Amin AL-Najjar
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1490-1496
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Prenatal diagnosis of central nervous system anomalies by two-dimensional sonography is challenging because of difficulties in obtaining complete visualization of the fetal brain during routine examinations. Three-dimensional sonography has been introduced as a tool for studying the fetal central nervous system because of its ability to facilitate examinations of the fetal brain. This study aimed to visualize an intracranial structure of the fetal central nervous system anomaly using transabdominal three-dimensional sonography.Methods: A prospective cross–sectional (observational) study in which three-dimensional ultrasound examination was performed in 82 patients between 12 and 38 weeks of gestation suspected to have fetal brain malformation detected by conventional two-dimensional ultrasound. Each anomaly was reviewed again to determine whether three-dimensional ultrasound data were advantageous compared to two-dimensional ultrasound. Results: Three-dimensional images provided additional information in 43 (52.4%) of cases including extracerebral anomalies. The three-dimensional ultrasound was advantageous in evaluating the encephaloceles (10 of 43 cases) in that the exact location of the extracranial mass and the amount of extracranial tissue in the encephalocele was better defined with the simultaneous display of three orthogonal planes images that could not be obtained with two-dimensional ultrasound were seen with three-dimensional ultrasound.Conclusion: Three-dimensional ultrasound is an excellent adjunctive tool to two-dimensional ultrasound in the evaluation of fetal anomalies


Article
The use of brain lab navigator in the management of small deep seated brain tumors.

Author: Ali K. AL-Shalchy* MBChB FlCMS FlCNS MRCSI د. علي كامل الشالجي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 4 Pages: 376-377
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Summary:Background: A comparism study for management of deep seated small brain tumors less than 4 cm in the 3 diameters between cases managed by Brain lab navigator and those without it.Patients and methods: We took 20 patients from the retrospecture data before the use of Navigator in our country compared with the 20 patients managed after the use of navigator in our hospital (specialized surgical hospital) in the neuro-surgical. Unit since 2002 till now. From 1/8/2002 till 31/12/2007 the study included the type of tumor & surgery & the result of surgery & time & complications ((morbidity & mortality)).Results: There was a significant increase of the safety of surgery by using the navigator including morbidity & mortality. But it was a time consuming procedure. Conclusion: The brain lab navigator is very useful safe device in the surgical management of deep-seated small diameter less than 4mm. brain tumors.Keywords: Brain Tumor, Navigator.

Keywords

Brain Tumor --- Navigator


Article
PREVALENCE OF BRAIN LESIONS IN SHEEP SLAUGHTERED AT MOSUL AREA DURING 2012-2013.
حدوثية آفات الدماغ في الأغنام المجزورة في منطقة الموصل للفترة 2012-2013.

Author: M.D. kako ,TH.Y. Alhbiti مها داؤد ناصر، ذنون يونس ياسين
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 284-302
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The present study revealed the prevalence and pathology of sheep brain(male and female). One handred brain samples were obtained randomly from Mosul animal slaughter house and butcher shops since October 2012 to August 2013 from animals with and without nervous signs. The main gross lesions were edema which accounted 53% of the cases, congestion 51% , hemorrhage 20% and 3% cyst of coenurous cerebralis. The major lesions were observed by histopathological examination of three different areas of the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum and medulla oblongata)in each case. Lesions include vascular change, neuronal degeneration, necrosis, inflammatory change, gliosis, neuronophagia, amyloid deposition. Three cases revealed the presence of the coenurous cerebralis and two cases were abscesses and one case showed the presence of Sarcocystis SPP.

كشفت هذه الدراسة عن مدى اصابة الدماغ في الاغنام (ذكور واناث). حيث تم جمع 100 عينه دماغ عشوائيا من مجزرة الموصل ومحلات القصابة للفترة من تشرين الثاني 2012 ولغاية اب 2013 من الاغنام السليمة والاغنام التي كانت تعاني من العلامات العصبية ، تمثلت الافات العيانية بوجود الوذمة وبنسبة %53 من اجمالي الحالات المفحوصة يليه الاحتقان والنزف وبنسبة %20 وبلغت نسبة الاصابة بطفيلي الدودة المثانية %3. اما اهم التغيرات النسيجية في اقسام الدماغ المختلفة (المخ والمخيخ والنخاع المستطيل) لكل حالة ، تمثلت بوجود التغيرات الوعائية، تنكس ونخر الخلايا العصبية، التهاب السحايا والدماغ، ظاهرة الدباق والبلعمة العصبية وترسب المادة النشوانية. كما اظهرت 3 حالات وجود اكياس طفيلي الدودة المثانية وحالتين من الخراجات وحالة واحدة اوضحت وجود الحويصلات الصنوبرية في نسيج الدماغ.

Keywords

Sarcocystis --- Brain --- Edema


Article
Assessment of Fatigue in Brain Cancer Patients Treated with Chemotherapy

Author: Shatha Saadi Mohammed
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 923-929
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A descriptive study aimed to evaluate the extent of fatigue in brain cancer patients treated with chemotherapy treatment and factors associated with fatigue. To fulfill these study 100 patients were gathered from the outpatient clinic for chemotherapy administration from Ist of Nov 2013 to the end Feb2014 in Radiation and Nuclear Medicine hospital Fatigue Symptoms Inventory (FSI) scale was used for assessment of fatigue contains four subscales (severity, interference with daily activity, frequency and diurnal). The result of this study declared that the highest total mean score of fatigue subscale was (4.54 ±2.50) for frequency of fatigue in last week, followed by a high mean score of fatigue (4.42 ±2.86) for the subscale of fatigue interference with activity for the past week, while the lowest mean score was for the daily pattern of fatigue (2.93 ±1.33).Concerning the fatigue severity, the highest percentage (36%) of patients had moderate fatigue. In conclusion, fatigue is a significant problem for patients with brain cancer who had received chemotherapy although its severity is relatively different according to various variables.The study recommended for further research with large number of patients to investigate incidence, pattern and severity of symptoms and also examine the functional status impairment in those patients under chemotherapy treatment.


Article
Evaluation of Brain Computerized Tomography Scan in Patients with Acute Ischemic stroke
تقييم مشاهدات مفراس الدماغ في حالات الصدمة الدماغية الأحتشائية الحادة .

Authors: Hayder Kadhum Hassoun --- Haider Najim Aubaid --- Azhar Abdul-Latief Khalil
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2015 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 259-267
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Stroke remains one of the leading cause of the death in the world and despite the advance in neuroimaging, computerized tomography (CT) is still widely used in evaluation of patients with ischemic stroke in emergency unit which should be done before giving thrombolytic therapy in the first 3-4.5 hour of stroke onset .Aim of this study is to evaluate early brain CT findings among ischemic stroke which is of great help in deciding early stroke management. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was done at Middle Euphrates Neuroscience center; AL-Sadder Medical City at Annajaf city – Iraq, in the period from may 2012 to December 2014. A total of 108 patients whom clinically diagnosed as stroke were referred for CT scan of brain within 48 hours of the stroke onset. Twelve patients with intracranial hemorrhages were excluded and the remaining 96 patients were studied for early brain CT findings. Results: The prevalence of ischemic infarction was 85%, with slight male predominance (male: female ratio=1.25:1) and most affected patients with ischemic type were in range of 60-69 years. The sensitivity of CT scan in detection of the ischemic changes increased linearly with time from onset of stroke. The prevalence of the hyperacute signs of middle cerebral artery infarction (insular- ribbon sign and hypodense basal ganglia) in acute ischemic stroke were seen in 33.3%, no case reported to show hyper dense middle cerebral artery sign in our study. Conclusion: CT remains the initial imaging modality of choice for the early diagnosis and management of acute stroke especially in making the diagnosis within the therapeutic window for thrombolytic therapy where the time is crucial for detectability. Specific signs of hyperacute infarction should be carefully scrutinized for early detection.

ماتزال الجلطة الدماغية من الأسباب الرئيسية للموت في العالم وهو من الأمراض السريرية الشائعة التي يستخدم فيها فحص المفراس الدماغي بصورة كبيرة لغرض تقييم المرض بالرغم من التطور الكبير لأنواع الفحوص المستخدمة حديثا.َ الغاية من هذه الدراسة هو لتقييم الدور الذي يلعبه المفراس الدماغي في الكشف المبكر عن حالات الجلطة الدماغية الاحتشائية الحادة. المرضى و طريقة العمل : من بين 108 مريض ( 60 ذكر, 48 أنثى ), مشخصين بالجلطة الدماغية تشخيصاَ سريرياً, كانو قد أحيلو إلى شعبة المفراس في مركزالفرات للعلوم العصبية في مستشفى الصدر التعليمي في النجف خلال اليومين الأولى من تاريخ الإصابة بالجلطة الدماغية, تم استبعاد 12 مريض مصابين بالنزف الدماغي و تم اجراء الدراسة علي العدد المتبقي (96 مريض) .النتائج :بالنسبة للعمر,فإن أعلى فئة عمرية كانت متعرضة للإصابة بالاحتشاء الدماغي هو العقد السادس من العمر وزيادة طفيفة في الذكور على الاناث. تزايدت حساسية المفراس في الكشف عن الجلطة بشكل خطي مع زيادة المدة الزمنية من تاريخ الاصابة. العلامات الحادة لمرضى الجلطة الدماغية بسبب إصابة الشريان الدماغي الوسطي متمثلةً بعلامة الشريط الدماغي العازل و علامة قلة وضوح العقدة القاعدية للدماغ ( في المفراز الدماغي ) شكلت نسبة 33,3% بينما لم تظهر أي حالة في الدراسة علامة ازدياد كثافة الشريان الدماغي الوسطي.الإستنتاج : يبقى المفراس الدماغي وسيلة فعالة ومهمة للتشخيص الأولي للمرضى المصابين بالجلطة الدماغية الاحتشائية. بالرغم من ندرتها , فانه بالبحث الدقيق عن علامات الجلطة الحادة المعروفة بالمفراس يمكن الكشف المبكر عن الجلطة الاحتشائية


Article
The phenomenon of bleeding or Arab brain drain (Causes, implications, and remedies) Iraq Case Study For the period of (1980 - 2006)
ظاهرة نزيف أو هجرة العقول العربية ( أسبابها ,انعكاساتها ،وسبل معالجتها ) العراق حاله دراسية للمدة من ( 1980 – 2006)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The problem of migration in general and the brain drain of scientific competencies, in particular of the permanent problems, were numerous causes and motives, you may be in the form of individuals or groups, and may be internal or external, may be normal or security, political, or scientific or economic reasons. As brain drain scientific Arab abroad due causes often to the political, security, economic and lifestyle factors, and for whatever reasons and motives, the effects will be negative for the countries that have migrated ones and positive on the countries which have migrated to, and on the Arab governments to take all measures that will help stop the brain drain and competencies and stimulate immigrant them to return to their homelands in Arab countries to contribute to addressing the problems of the majority of Arab countries in all fields

تعتبر مشكلة الهجرة بشكل عام وهجرة العقول والكفاءات العلمية بشكل خاص من المشاكل الدائمة, وقد تعددت أسبابها ودوافعها, فقد تكون على شكل أفراد أو جماعات, وربما تكون داخلية أو خارجية وقد تكون أسبابها طبيعية أو أمنية أو سياسية أو علمية أو اقتصادية . أما هجرة العقول والكفاءات العلمية العربية الى الخارج فترجع أسبابها في أغلب الأحيان إلى العوامل السياسية والأمنية أو الاقتصادية والمعيشية, ومهما كانت أسبابها ودوافعها فإن آثارها ستكون سلبية على الدول التي هاجرت منها وإيجابية على الدول التي هاجرت إليها , وعلى الحكومات العربية أن تتخذ كافة الإجراءات التي تساعد في إيقاف هجرة العقول و الكفاءات وتحفيز المهاجر منها للعودة إلى أوطانها في الدول العربية لتساهم في معالجة المشاكل التي تعاني منها أغلب الدول العربية وفي كافة المجالات.

Keywords

brain drain --- Iraq --- migration.


Article
SUB THALAMIC NUCLEUS DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION: IRAQI CASE SERIES

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Sub thalamic nucleus (STN) Deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes are implanted into STN and programmed by external pulse generator. DBS alleviates the cardinal Parkinson disease symptoms and reduce the need for levodopa and related drugs and eventually reduces levodopa-related motor complications in advanced Parkinson's disease.Objective: To evaluate the STN DBS implantation in Parkinson disease patients.Methods: A retrospective evaluation of data base of the patients operated on for STN DBS between Jan. 2010 and Jan. 2011. The study involved 11 patients (10 males and 1 female) with an age range between 39 and 65. Surgical implantation was done in the Neurosciences Hospital in Baghdad. Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale was reported before surgery and 3 monthly after implantation. Paired t test was used to test the significance of difference between 2 means.Results: Highly significant differences (P < 0.0001) in the activities of daily living, Tremor, Rigidity, Bradykinesia and Gait parameter. There was no difference in Postural stability before and after. There was 65% of the patients reduced their levodopa medication dosage after STN DBS. One patient out of 11 (9%) developed intracerebral hemorrhage. Conclusions: STN DBS is very successful in managing motor clinical manifestations in advanced Parkinson disease and reducing levodopa medication. Key worlds: Parkinson, Deep brain stimulation, subthalamic


Article
Poststroke Depression In Relation To Different Brain Lesions
اكتئاب ما بعد السكته ( الصدمة الدماغية ) وعلاقتها بأضرار الدماغ المختلفة

Authors: Dr.Hayder . M.Ali, د. حيدر مخلف علي --- Dr.Hussein Hlail Wda"a AL-Sayyad د. حسين هليل وداعة
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 59-73
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACTObjectives: This study is aimed at the pathoanatomic correlates of depression in the postacute stage of patients with stroke. Methods: Of a consecutive series of 47 stroke patients, with single demarcated unilateral lesions was selected. Clinical examination, neuroradiological, CT scan examination, and psychiatric assessment were performed within a 2-month period after the acute stroke. Depression was assessed with the Beck Inventory Scale ( BIS ) and DSM-IV-R criteria. The neuroradiological examination of all patients was performed on the same scanner, lesion location, lesion volume, and ventricle-to-brain ratio were analyzed. Results : We found no significant differences in depression scores between patients with left and right hemisphere lesions and no correlation between the severity of depression and the anteriority and or the volume of lesion or brain atrophy. Major depressive disorders were only found in nine patients with left hemisphere lesions, all involving the basal ganglia, whereas none of the patients with right hemisphere stroke exhibited major depression. Conclusions: Lesions in the vicinity of the left hemisphere basal ganglia tend to play a crucial role in the development of major depression after the acute stage of stroke. The pathophysiological implications of this finding are discussed.

الملخص : الأهداف: تهدف الدراسة الى تحديد العلاقة بين الاضرار التشريحية المرضية والاكتئاب لمرضى السكتة ( الصدمة ) الدماغية الطرق: تم أنتخاب (47) مريض بصورة متوالية مصابين بضرر محدد أحادي الجانب . وأجري لهم الفحص السريري , الفحص الشعاعي بمفراس الدماغ , والتقويم النفسي ,خلال شهرين مابعد السكتة الدماغية . تم تقويم الاكتئاب بمقياس بيك , ومعايير الاكتئاب للمصنف الامريكي الرابع. علما أن الفحص الشعاعي العصبي ( مفراس الدماغ ) لجميع المرضى تم بنفس التقنية موقع الضرر , حجم الضرر ونسبة البطين – الى – الدماغ تم تحليلها جميعاًالنتائج: لم يتم أستخراج أختلاف واضح في معدل درجات الاكتئاب بين المرضى المصابين في الفص الايسر والمرضى المصابين في الفص الايمن , ولاتوجد علاقة بين شدة الاكتئاب وامامية (الفص الامامي ) او حجم الضرر او ضمور الدماغ .اضطرابات الاكتئاب العظمى موجودة لدى تسعة مرضى فقط كان لديهم ضرر الفص الايسر للدماغ . معظم المرضى كان لديهم ضرر في العقدة القاعدية , بينما لا يوجد أي مريض مصاب بضرر الفص الايمن للدماغ يعاني من نوبة اكتئاب عظمى . الأستنتاج: الاضرار المجاورة الى العقدة القاعدية للفص الايسر للدماغ تلعب دورا حاسما في نشوء نوبات الاكتئاب العظمى بعد السكتة (الصدمة ) الدماغية .


Article
Neurobrucellosis: Antimicrobial Treatment of Six Complicated Cases of Brucellosis

Author: Abdulridha Al-Abbasi
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 59-64
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Brucellosis is a classical zoonosis; it is a common disease in the Middle East countries. Involvement of the Central Nervous System by Brucella microorganisms might be not uncommon and is parallel to the prevalence rate of the disease among population. The work reported here is for six cases with brucella meningoencephalitis diagnosed by isolation of Brucella microorganisms from their blood and spinal fluid together, with high anti-brucella antibodies in their blood and Cerebro Spinal Fluid (CSF). Cases of PUO admitted to Fever Hospital and Neurological unit in the Medical City Teaching Hospital were evaluated clinically and neurologically. Six cases (three males and three females) suspected of neurological involvement by the disease all had fever, sweating +/- joint pains, all had meningeal irritation signs, abnormal CSF findings and all had history of raw milk &/or cheese consumption. They all were treated by different courses of many antibiotics for different times with skeptical responses. The general complaint was varying between fever, vomiting, weight loss, severe depression, headache and sweating, one case had change of sensorium, and hearing loss, one had cranial nerve palsy and three had peripheral weakness. All the cases had pleocytic CSF changes and Br. melitensis types 2 and 3 and Br. abortus type 4 isolated from their blood and all but one had same Brucellae isolated from their CSF. All cases had high titers of anti-brucella antibodies raised both in the serum and CSF though the Rose Bengal and ELISA tests. The treatment given was different of two or three combinations of Rifampin, Tetracycline, Cefotaxim, and Streptomycin for eight weeks up to four months for those with lumber osteomyelitis and epidural abscess cases. The outcome of cases was satisfying; four cases were cured without sequale, one case with cerebral abscesses was died and one case developed hearing loss and peripheral nerve weakness. It can be concluded neurobrucellosis is a treatable disease with a favorable outcomeexcept when there is a myelopathy or deafness and careful awareness of the disease as it is not an uncommon complication of common and treatable disease in our community is required.


Article
Diagnostic study for Listeria monocytogenes isolated from brain and meat of sheep in Mosul city
دراسة تشخيصية لجراثيم Listeria monocytogenes المعزولة من دماغ ولحوم الأغنام في مدينة الموصل

Author: S.Y. Al-Dabbagh sumayaaldabbagh2018@gmail.com
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894/20711255 Year: 2019 Volume: 33 Issue: 2 Pages: 51-55
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study included collect of 150 samples from brain and meat of sheep from the slaughterhouse and local butchers shop in Mosul city. 50 sample from each (brain, cutting meat, and minced meat) which used for detection of listeria monocytogenes. The International Standard Organization (ISO) methods were used for isolation. The isolated bacteria were diagnosed according to bacterial morphology, culture, and biochemical characteristics. 10 isolates were obtained, which included 2(4%) isolates from the brain of sheep, 3 (6%) isolates from cut meat and 5(10%) from minced meat. Virulence factors tests were used for bacterial isolates which include, lecithinase, lipase, protease, esterase, and hemolysin. Antibiotic sensitivity test for bacterial isolates was also used for some antibiotics. The results indicated that all isolates were sensitive to Ampicillin, Gentamycin, Chloramphenicol, and resistant to Nalidixic acid. However, they showed variant sensitivity to other antibiotics. In conclusion, this study documented that L monocytogenes can be isolated from brain and meat of sheep in Mosul city.

تضمنت الدراسة جمع 150 عينة من دماغ ولحوم الأغنام المذبوحة في المجزرة ومحلات القصابة المحلية في مدينة الموصل، وبواقع 50 عينة لكل من (دماغ، لحم مقطع، لحم مفروم) وذلك لغرض التحري عن جراثيم Listeria monocytogenes. تم العزل بالاعتماد على طريقةISO والتي تتضمن مرحلة الإغناء الأولي والثانوي لجراثيم اللستريا وتثبيط الأنواع الأخرى من الجراثيم، وشخصت الجراثيم المعزولة بالاعتماد على الصفات الشكلية والزرعية والكيموحيوية. تم الحصول على عشر عزلات تضمنت عزلتان 2 (4%) من دماغ الأغنام و 3 (6%) من اللحم المقطع و 5 (10%) من اللحم المفروم. كما وأجريت اختبارات فحص الضراوة للعزلات الجرثومية والتي تضمنت كل من اختبار اللسثنيز واللايبيز والبروتييز والاستريز والحال الدموي. بالإضافة الى ذلك فقد اجري اختبار فحص الحساسية للعزلات الجرثومية لبعض المضادات الحيوية وأظهرت النتائج حساسية جميع العزلات للمضاد الحيوي، امبيسيلين، جنتامايسين وكلورومفينكول فيما أبدت مقاومة مطلقة للمضاد الحيوي حامض الناليديكسيك وتباينت في حساسيتها للمضادات الحيوية الأخرى. وخلصت الدراسة الى إمكانية عزل جراثيم L. monocytogenes من دماغ ولحوم الأغنام في مدينة الموصل.

Listing 1 - 10 of 112 << page
of 12
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (112)


Language

English (71)

Arabic (24)

Arabic and English (13)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (7)

2018 (13)

2017 (16)

2016 (14)

2015 (11)

More...