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Article
Longitudinal study of dental caries experience and pattern among a group of children in Baghdad

Author: Dr. Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 302-307
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The most dramatic increase in dental decay is thought to have occurred during thelast part of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The aim of this study wasto investigate the caries experience and pattern in primary and permanent teeth in alongitudinal study. Dental caries of 166 kindergarten children of 4-5 years old wasrecorded. Only 122 of the children were re-examined when their ages became 10-11.The third examination of 118 children was done when their ages became 13-14.Dental caries registration was done following the criteria of WHO (1987). Dentalprevalence was increased by age reaching 94.9 percent at 13-14 years old. No sexdifferences were observed among the three examinations except in DMFT. TheDMFT incidence after 6 years was 4.3 and after 3 years was 1.8, while DMFSincidence was 6.4 and 2.2 respectively. The D/d component was the highest meanvalue. Although dental caries was significantly higher in posterior than in anteriorteeth, there were no jaw differences. Occlusal and proximal surfaces were thepredominate surfaces affected among permanent and primary teeth respectively.Coinciding with the incline in caries experience observed among children, changes inthe distribution and progression rate of the disease have been found.


Article
Caries experience in relation to salivary physicochemical and immunological changes among asthmatic patients in Mosul city / Iraq

Authors: Mohammed S. Younus --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 86-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is a pulmonary disorder characterized by reversible stenosis of the peripheral bronchi. Thisdisease could affect the oral health; as a result asthmatic patients may have a higher risk of developing dentaldiseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the caries experience and salivary elements among asthmaticpatients using Ventoline inhaler.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 30 male asthmatic patients with an age range 20-24years(under Ventoline inhaler). The control group includes 30 subjects matching with study group in age and gender.Plaque and DMFS index were used for recording caries experience. Stimulated salivary samples were collected andthen salivary flow rate, S-IgA and salivary elements concentrations (Ca, Na, K and PO4) were determined.Results: The mean value of dental caries (DMFS) and plaque index (Pl I) were found to be higher among study groupcompared to control group with statistically significant difference for Pl I (P<0.05), while not significant difference wasobserved for DMFS (P>0.05). The mean value of salivary flow rate, Ca, PO4 , Na and K ions concentrations were foundto be lower among study group compared to the control group with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05),except for Ca and K ions the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). S-IgA in the study group was higherthan the control group and the difference was not significant (P>0.05).Conclusions: Individuals with asthma have a higher caries prevalence, worse oral cleanliness and lower salivaryelements compared to the control group, so a special preventive programs need to be designed for those patients


Article
Oral health status among patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliance at different time intervals.

Authors: Dr. Elaf AbdulKareem Alidan B.D.S د. ايلاف عبد الكريم --- Dr. Nadia A. AlRawi B.D.S, M.Sc, PhD د. نادية الراوي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-37
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Fixed orthodontic appliance considered a risk factor that effect oralhealth status. Aims of this study were evaluation of oral hygiene, gingival healthand caries experience among patients with fixed orthodontic appliance atdifferent time intervals of treatment.Material & Methods:- 32 patients (24 female and 8 male) included in this study andthey underwent clinical examination plaque, calculus, gingival health and cariesexperience by using Loe, 1967, Green and vermillion, 1960 and WHO, 1987indices at four time intervals: 2-3 weeks after appliance insertion, 2 months, 4months, 6 months. The statistical analysis of data was by using statisticalPackage for social Sciences (SPSS version 18).Results:- The means of all variables examined increased during six months oforthodontic treatment with high significant difference during visits. 49.6% ofpatients developed new caries lesions after six months of treatment.Conclusion:- Patients underwent orthodontic treatment at high risk for developingoral health problems.


Article
The impact of depression status on dental caries severity among internally displaced people in Baghdad/Iraq

Authors: Sama Mowafaq Mohammed --- Ban Sahib Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-13
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: changing in lifestyle like displacing place could cause depression which is a common mental disorder that change general health that affect dental caries incidence and severity. The aims of this study were to assess the relation of depression status on prevalence and severity of dental caries among internally displaced people.Material and Method: The sample include 121 internally displaced people aged from 13-17 years. Method for depression measuring is by using Children Depression Inventory (CDI2) questionnaire. Dental caries is measured by using caries experience (DMFs) and caries severity D1-4.Result: the mean value for decayed and missing surfaces were higher in high depression grade as compering with low and medium depression grade, while filled surfaces were with higher mean value in low grade than high grade of depression and absent in medium grade. While when measuring caries severity (D 1-4), the highest mean value for D1, D3 were in medium depressed group while D2, D4 were with highest value in high depressed group.Conclusion: depression among internally displaced people had an effect on caries severity


Article
Experience of Dental Caries of Adult Patients in Relation To The Characteristic of Dental Visit and Brushing Behavior In Tikrit City

Author: Dr.Huda Abbas Abduallah, B.D.S. M.Sc.* د. هدى عباس عبد الله
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 17-27
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Aim: Dental decay is a process in which the hard mineral structure of teeth isdissolved. The process produces a cavity on the crown of the tooth or a softeningof the root surface. Without regular dental care people are often unaware of thecondition, whereas those who usually seek dental care for a check-up are morelikely to have dental decay treated in a timely manner The aim of the presentstudy was to determine the caries experience of public dental patients by age, sexwith the type of dental visit and brushing behavior in adults in Tikrit city, Iraq.Subjects and methods: A sample of 1284 individuals(580 males and 704females)with an age range of (18-60 years) attending the teaching dental hospitalof collage of dentistry of Tikrit university and the specialized dental center , wereexamined according to WHO guidelines using DMFT index. Questionnaires wereused to assess the level of dental health attitude among the individuals.Results: The distribution of patients was high at younger age for both sexes.Emergency visit had a higher percentage of patients (82.2%). 63.6% of thepatients brush their teeth two or more. The mean DMFT scores were 7.5 (8.3 forfemale and 6.7 for male). Mean DMFT for both sex increases with age. Thepercentage of decayed teeth (D/DMFT%) was the highest among younger agegroup (60.7% for female and 63.1% for male). There was statistically a highlysignificant difference between age, sex, dental visit type and brushing behaviorand DMFT. Emergency patient did show higher level of decayed and missingteeth while general patient did show higher level of filled teeth. Emergencydental visit had higher percentage of decayed teeth (57.3%) than general dentalvisit (42.5%). One or less brushing patient had higher level of decayed andmissing teeth, while two or more brushing patient show higher level of filledteeth. The percentage of decayed teeth for one or less brushing patients was(62.9%) higher than two or more brushing patients (50.1%).Conclusion: It was concluded that the present study findings for DMFT scores washigher than the global standers according to the world health organization(WHO). Therefore, there is a great need to combine restorative-oriented dentalservices with preventive- oriented dental services in order to improve the oralhealth status of this population.

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