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Article
The Future Initiatives of Smart communities in Baghdad as a Smart City
المبادرات المستقبلية للمجتمعات الذكية في بغداد كمدينة ذكية

Authors: Noor Al-Kamoosi --- Mohammed Qasim Al-Ani
Journal: AL-NAHRAIN JOURNAL FOR ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة النهرين للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 25219154 / eISSN 25219162 Year: 2019 Volume: 22 Issue: 4 Pages: 259-276
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Today, our cities are facing a host of challenges to accomplish the quality of life or their inhabitants. On the one hand, city planners and architects seek to preserve heritage, habits, and city peculiarities. On the other hand, it is necessary that the city is kept abreast of the rapid changes in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and smart city concept. In Baghdad, it could be observed that there are several activities based on community initiatives, awareness campaigns, and initiatives which are self-funding from youth or funding from NGOs, and INGOs. How can we invest in such initiatives to achieve a smart city, emphasizing that the city is for the people, not a city of things? As we know that smart cities have six factors: smart (economy, governance, environment, people, mobility, and living).This paper assumes that smart communities are the seventh factor of smart cities factors which could play an essential role to apply the smartness in Baghdad. In this case, it will help to achieve making decisions and a feedback evaluation system will be subject to transparency, openness, vitality, and sustainability because it will stem from the community and ensure the sustainability in a smart city.

اليوم، تواجه مدننا العديد من التحديات في سبيل تحقيق جودة الحياة لساكنيها. من جانب، يسعى المخططين والمعماريين الى الحفاظ على التراث العمراني، هوية وخصوصية المدينة. ومن جانب اخر، لابد من ان يكون تخطيط وتطوير المدينة مواكب للتغيرات السريعة في تكنولوجيا المعلومات والاتصالات (ICT) ، إنترنت الأشياء (IoT) ، الذكاء الاصطناعي (AI) ومفهوم المدينة الذكية لتحقيق احتياجات الانسان. في بغداد، وبشكل ملحوظ، ظهور العديد من المبادرات المجتمعية وحملات التوعية والمشاريع الناشئة التي تمول نفسها بنفسها من الشباب أو تمويل ضخم من المنظمات غير الحكومية المحلية او الدولية.السؤال هنا، كيف نستطيع استثمار هذه المبادرات والمشاريع في المشاركة بتحقيق مفهموم الذكاء في المدينة والذي يؤكد على ان المدينة للناس وليس من الاشياء؟ فكما نعلم ان المدينة الذكية لها ست عوامل (الاقتصاد الذكي، الحوكمة الذكية، البيئة الذكية، الناس الاذكياء، التنقل الذكي، والعيش الذكي).يفترض البحث ان المجتمعات المحلية الذكية هي العامل السابع من عوامل المدن الذكية والتي تعلب دورا جوهريا في تطبيق مفهوم الذكاء في مدينة بغداد. في هذه الحالة، هذا يساعد في عملية اتخاذ القرارت، واخضاع نظام التقييم الى الشفافية، والانفتاح، والحيوية والاستدامة لانه سيكون نابع من المجتمع وهذا اهم ما يحقق الاستدامة في المدينة الذكية.


Article
Oral health status in Najaf City

Author: Raed Al-Huwaizi رائد الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 162-166
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed the oral hygiene status of teenagers.Materials and methods: Three hundred and two teenagers aged 13-16 years (151 boys and 151 girls) and 291 youngadults aged 20-23 years (150 males and 141 females) collected from secondary schools and the University of Kufa inNajaf city. Oral hygiene was assessed by three indices (plaque, gingival and calculus indices).Results: Plaque free subjects represented 22.3% of males and 44.2% of females with a mean PI of 0.717±0.742 formales and 0.444±0.619 for females. While, gingivitis was found in 68.1% of males and 46.6% of females with a meanGI of 0.436±0.526 for males and 0.255±0.447 for females. The majority of the sample was calculus free (91.1% offemales and 88.7% of males) with a mean CI of 0.020±0.081 for males and 0.014±0.056 for females.Conclusion: Males showed significantly higher mean PI, GI and CI scores than females. Teenagers were found tohave significantly higher mean PI and GI than young adults. This indicates that young adults are keener on keepinga good oral hygiene than teenagers and that males neglect their oral hygiene more than females


Article
Prevalence of skin diseases in rural Erbil: A community-based study
انتشار الأمراض الجلدية في ريف أربيل: دراسة سكانية

Author: Khalis Bilal Mohammed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-51
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Skin diseases in developing world have stimulated a lot of interest over the years because they are potentially preventable and controllable and because skin diseases also serve as an index of community development. The present study was designed to determine the burden of the skin diseases in rural areas of Erbil governorate.Methods: The study is a community based conducted in one of the rural areas of Erbil study, house to house survey method was applied and all the households were examined after explaining for them the process. Data regarding socio-demographic variables were collected from each family by a specially designed questionnaire. All the household members were clinically examined and the dermatological findings were recorded.Results: The study population composed of 542 persons, 262 (48.33%) male and 280 (51.67%) female with male to female ratio 0.94:1. The overall prevalence of skin diseases was 36.3%, 164 (30.2%) of them affected with one disease, and 33 (6.1%) affected with two diseases. Infectious dermatoses have the highest prevalence rate (20.1%), followed by eczematous skin diseases (10.2%). The overall prevalence of skin diseases was higher among females than males; the prevalence of skin diseases was increasing with rising crowding index.Conclusion: The study concluded that the prevalence of skin diseases in rural areas of Erbil governorate is one of the great public health problems that have a significant burden on the population. So, increased public and professional awareness of dermatological care might decrease the size of these disorders and its burden in the community.


Article
chlamydia pneumoniae unfection in - patients with community acquired pneumonia in Iraq

Author: hayfaa D. Salman هيفاء سلمان الحديثي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 488-490
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract


Article
Reforming the family and its role in reforming society in the first interpretation of what was said in the download verses of Sheikh Rashid Al-Khatib Al-Musalli
إصلاح الأسرة ودوره في إصلاح المجتمع في تفسير أولى ما قيل في آيات التنزيل للشيخ رشيد الخطيب الموصلي

Authors: Shaimaa' M. Mohammed شيماء مرتضى محمد --- Othman A. Ebrahem عثمان أحمد إبراهيم
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028/27068722 Year: 2018 Volume: 9 Issue: 35 Pages: 275-314
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

The study dealt with the reform of the family and its role in the reform of society in the first interpretation of what was said in the download verses of Sheikh Rashid al-Khatib al-Musalli (1400 AH). Sheikh al-Musulsi, one of the great scholars of Iraq and the leaders of Mosul al-Hadba in the thirteenth century of migration, In the interpretation, which is one of the most important interpretations composed at the end of the thirteenth century of migration, characterized by its characteristics, and characterized by the specifications, perhaps the most prominent of the modern enlightenment and reform trend called by Sheikh Rashid Khatib, God's mercy, and adopted in the interpretation, The pioneers of this school: Imam Muhammed Abdo (), Sheikh Rashid Al-Musli in this interpretation quoted many of the words of Sheikh Mohammed Abdo said: The professor said the Imam, it is an explanation full of science such as jurisprudence, doctrine, rhetoric and others, but I chose him regarding the reform of the family; The role of parents in reforming and raising children, good ethics that should be observed in raising children, and justice between wives and children, and the impact of divorce in family reform.

تناول البحث ( إصلاح الأسرة ودوره في إصلاح المجتمع في تفسير أولى ما قيل في آيات التنزيل للشيخ رشيد الخطيب الموصلي ت1400هــ)، والشيخ الموصلي من كبار علماء العراق، وأعيان الموصل الحدباء في القرن الثالث عشر للهجرة، ألَّفَ تفسيراً ماتعاً رائعاً جمع فيه بين مدرستي المأثور والمعقول في التفسير، وهو من أهمِّ التفاسير المؤلفة في نهايات القرن الثالث عشر للهجرة، بما تميَّز به من مميزات، واتصف به من مواصفات، لعل من أبرزها الاتجاه التنويري والإصلاحي الحديث الذي دعا إليه الشيخ رشيد الخطيب، رحمه الله تعالى، وتبناه في تفسيره، وكان من رواد هذه المدرسة: الأستاذ الإمام محمد عبده( )، وقد نقل الشيخ رشيد الموصلي في هذا التفسير كثيراً من أقوال الشيخ محمد عبده بقوله: وقال الأستاذ الإمام، فهو تفسير حافل بعلوم عديدة كالفقه والعقيدة والبلاغة وغيرها، لكني أخترت منه ما يتعلق بالإصلاح الأسري؛ لتأثر الشيخ الموصلي بهذا الاتجاه، فتناولت في البحث دعوة القرآن إلى إصلاح الأسرة، والهدف من انشاء الأسرة، واختيار الزوجة الصالحة والزوج الصالح، ودور الآباء والأمهات في إصلاح الأبناء وتربيتهم، والآداب الحسنة التي ينبغي مراعاتها في تربية الأبناء، والعدل بين الزوجات والأبناء، وأثر الطلاق في الإصلاح الأسري.


Article
The Role of the University in the Development of the Community Social scientific research is a model
دور الجامعة في تنمية المجتمع البحث الاجتماعي العلمي إنموذجاً

Author: Saleh Shabib Mohammed صالح شبيب محمد
Journal: Journal of the University of Anbar for Humanities مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: 19958463 Year: 2018 Issue: 2 Pages: 331-346
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Iraq has witnessed devastation and catastrophes on the human and the resources levels, as well as the infrastructures, and the progressive development have become dysfunctional for many years. Only one nationwide report has been issued which is dominated by the feature of complaint during the international sanctions (1995), and it was full of mistakes. Today in Iraq, there is a very great ambition even though it will remain an ambition unless there is resolution for self-dependency and the best exploitation of resources. The role of university in particular is ambitious as far as building humans culturally, educationally and ethically in a process to invest their human energy so as to enable them to bear his national responsibilities, and to enhance the state institutions first of which comes the university as a scientific monument that leads and supports the human thinking help in investing them in the building and the renaissance of the Iraq community and to prevent it. That cannot be achieve without science, knowledge and the eradication of illiteracy and the spread of knowledge and boosting university education as well as supporting its institutions in the scientific research and the postgraduate studies for the optimal use of the community sources. That will lead to the development in the economic, social and human sense of the word and the legislations of laws and regulations which enhance the role of university in development.

شهد العراق ما شهد من دمار وويلات على صعيد الانسان وعلى صعيد الموارد، والبنى التحتية، والذي تعطلت فيه عجلة التنمية لسنوات متواصلة، فلم يصدر سوى تقرير وطني واحد، غلب عليه طابع الشكوى في زمن العقوبات الدولية (1995)، وظهرت فيه أخطاء عديدة. وفي العراق اليوم طموح تنموي واسع كبير لكنه سيظل مجرد طموح إن لم تكن وراءه شجاعة الاعتماد على الذات والاستثمار الأمثل للموارد، وخصوصاً دور الجامعة الطموح في بناء الانسان علمياً وثقافياً وتربوياً وسلوكياً وأخلاقياً في عملية استثمارية لطاقاته الانسانية ، لتمكينه من تحمل مسؤوليته الوطنية، وتعزيز مؤسسات دولته وفي مقدمتها مؤسسة الجامعة باعتبارها الصرح العلمي الذي يقود الفكر الانساني ليساعد على استثماره في بناء ونهضة المجتمع العراقي بناءاً ووقاية وعلاجاً. وهذا لم يتم إلا بالعلم والمعرفة ومكافحة الامية ونشر التعليم وتدعيم التعليم الجامعي ودعم مؤسساته في البحث العلمي ودراساته العليا للاستعمال الأمثل لموارد المجتمع والذي يقود الى التنمية بمعانيها الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والبشرية وإصدار التشريعات والقوانين والأنظمة والتعليمات التي تعود دور الجامعة في التنمية.


Article
Models of social change in the state of prophecy
نماذج من التغيير الاجتماعي في دولة النبوة

Author: AbdulMalek M. Mohammed عبد الملك محمود محمد
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028/27068722 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 38 Pages: 325-362
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

I chose the topic of social change in the era of prophecy, to give the reader the importance of research on how the Prophet peace be upon him and his companions may Allah be pleased with them to benefit from the universal year and the guidance of the Lord in the development of noble principles and values in practice, to make the Muslim man the main engine of the law of change - And negative. This honor is the goal of honoring this human being, who made him a great civilized entity, ridiculed him to the universe, to implement the methodology of the Almighty in the representative.

اخترت موضوع التغيير الاجتماعي في عصر النبوة، لأقدم للقارئ أهمية البحث في كيفية استطاعة النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وصحابته الكرام رضي الله عنهم الاستفادة من السنة الكونية والتوجيهات الربانية في وضع المبادئ والقيم النبيلة موضع التطبيق العملي، لتجعل من الإنسان المسلم المحرك الرئيس لقانون التغيير -الإيجابي منه والسلبي-. وهذا الإكرام غايته تكريم لهذا الإنسان الذي جعله جل وعلا كائناً حضارياً، سخر له الكون، لتنفيذ منهجه جل وعلا في الاستخلاف.


Article
Ecopharmacovigillance aspect of unwanted and expired medications in Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
جانب Ecopharmacovigillance من الأدوية غير المرغوب فيها والتي انتهت صلاحيتها في السليمانية، إقليم كوردستان ، العراق

Author: Bushra Hassan Marouf
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 1897-1906
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Unwanted and expired medications are accumulated at the homes and the community Pharmacies due to many reasons. Improper disposal and its hazardous impact on the environment is one of the major issues. This study aimed to identify the currently followed methods of disposing expired/unused medications at the homes and the community pharmacies and to report the response of the pharmacists regarding disposal of medications in Sulaimani city.Methods: This study was carried out between July 2015 and February 2016. A total of 145 houses and 62 pharmacies were observed utilizing a self-administered questionnaire. All expired/unwanted drugs were quantitatively analyzed.Results: The results revealed that 95.2% of respondents throw away their unwanted pharmaceuticals in the garbage. Around 41% of respondents showed their awareness of the potential harm to the environment by improper disposal of medication while 59.3% were unaware. Most participants (91%) believed that returning expired/unused medications to a community pharmacy is a proper way for disposal of them. Around 39% of the community pharmacies throw away the expired medications in the garbage, while 46.8% of them returned them to the suppliers. Additionally, 58.1% of the community pharmacists agreed to use their workplace as a collection point for collecting expired/unused medications.Conclusion: High amount of expired/unused medications were kept in the households that necessitate establishing a procedure for disposal that ensures safety to human and environment. There was good interest in the collection of unused medications for proper disposal in the community pharmacies.


Article
Community and Hospital Acquired Infection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Erbil City
حصول المجتمع والمستشفى على العدوى من المكورات العنقودية الذهبية المقاومة للميثيسيلين في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Sabria M. Said Al-Salihi --- Aza Bahadeen Taha
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 52-60
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most frequently isolated pathogens in both community and hospitals, and associated with high morbidity and mortality rates with rapid development of resistance. The ethicillin-resistance occurs due to the presence of PBP2a of the bacterial cell wall, which has low affinity for β-lactam antibiotics. MRSA are often multi-resistant to both β-lactams and non-β-lactams antibiotics. The study was documented the occurrence of community and hospital acquired MRSA infections.Method: The clinical specimens were collected from patients at three teaching hospitals in Erbil city. All Staphylococcus aureus were identified as MRSA by detection of PBP2a.Results: Out of 377 Staphylococcus aureus isolated, 30.24% were MRSA. The wound was the most common infection site for both community and hospital acquired MRSA. Statistically the patients with hospital acquired MRSA were older than the community acquired MRSA.Conclusions: MRSA is one of the most common causes of serious infection in community and hospital settings. The most common site infected by MRSA is the surgical wound infection.

IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE
المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع

ISSN: 16845382
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Peer reviewed Medical Journal, Issued every four Months, Published by the Iraqi Community Medicine Society and Community Medicine Department Al-Mustansyriah College of Medicine.The Journal accept original works in the freldi of epidemiology & Communicable non communicable diseases, Primary health care , Social Medicine health administration, health economic, environmental Medicine in addition to basic and clinical sciences.

مجلة علمية طبية محكمة تصدرها جمعية طب المجتمع بالعاون مع كلية طب المستنصرية.تصدر 4 مرات بالسنة (فصلية) تهتم بالبحوث الطبية في مجال الوبائيات المعدية والمزمنة والامراض الغير انتقالية اضافة الى الرعاية الصحية الاولية والبحوث في العلوم الطبية السريرية او الاساسية كما تنشر بحوث تتعلق بالبيئة والطب المهني والاداره الصحية وعلم الاجتماع الطبي

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