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Article
Bond Strength of Resin Composite to Laser Treated Dentin Using Different Adhesive Systems (An in vitro study)

Authors: Zena A. Ahmed --- Makdad N. Chakmakchi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2015 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 405-411
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of three different adhesive systems on shear bond strength of composite resin to Er,Cr:YSGG lased dentin. Materials and methods: Twenty one sound third molars were used. Occlusal third of crowns was cut using minitom machine to expose flat dentin surface. Laser irradiation was performed on a circular test area demarcated on each dentin surface. Samples randomly assigned to three groups (n=7) according to the adhesive systems that used which were: total etch adhesive (Adper single bond, 3M ESPE), two step self etch adhesive (Clearfil SE bond, Kurary), and all in one adhesive (Adper easy one, 3M ESPE). Adhesives were applied to the lased dentin surface according to manufacture instruction. Composite rod was applied over the bonded area and cured. Samples were stored in distilled water at 370for 24 hours. The evaluation of shear bond strength was employed by the use of universal testing machine. Results: Statistical analysis of data by analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and Duncanes multiple range test revealed no significant difference in the shear bond strength between the adhesive systems (P≤ 0.05). Conclusions: The results show that all the tested adhesive systems have relatively the same effect on the shear bond strength of composite resin to lased dentin surface.

Keywords

Dentin --- Er --- Cr:YSGG laser --- adhesive system.


Article
In Vitro Comparative Assessment of Composite Nanoleakage Using Various Dentine Surface Treatments

Authors: Mohammed H. Abbood محمد عبود --- Raghad A. Al-Hashimi رغد الهاشمي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 4 Pages: 49-55
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The treatment of dental tissues proceeding to adhesive procedures is a crucial step in the bonding protocol and decides the clinical success ofrestorations. This study was conducted in vitro, with the aim of evaluating thenanoleakage on the interface between the adhesive system and the dentine treated by five surface modalities using scanning electron microscopy and energydispersiveX-ray spectrometry.Materials and methods: Twenty five extracted premolars teeth were selected in the study. Standardized class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces then the teeth divided into five main groups of (5 teeth in each group n=10) according to the type of dentine surface treatment that was used: Group (A): dentine was conditioning with Er, Cr: YSGG laser. Group (B): dentine was conditioning with (Er, Cr: YSGG laser + acid). Group (C): dentine was conditioning with (acid + Er, Cr: YSGG laser). Group (D): dentine was conditioning with acid etch. Group (E): dentine was conditioning with acid + 10% sodium hypochlorite. For All the teeth SBMP adhesive were used and restored with Z250 composite restoration then all specimens were subjected to thermocycling 500 cycles, at 5° to 55 °C. The teeth were soaked in silver nitrate suspension. Then the teeth sectioned bucco-lingually across the centre of the restorations. The specimens were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and the amount of nanoleakage was measured by EDX spectro-analysis to identify the existence of metallic silver particles.Results: Data were analysed statistically by one way ANOVA test and (LSD) Tests. The results showed that there were statistically highly significant differences among all groups of the present study.The resultshowed that the acid and laser (group III) exhibited the lowest mean value of nanoleakage at around (6.14 %), whereas the highest mean value of nanoleakage (12.83 %) was determined by the only acid (group IV).Conclusions: Treating the acid etched dentine with Er: Cr: YSGG laser showed promising results as it exhibits lowest amount of nanoleakage of the adhesive bonding system


Article
Tensile Bond Strength of Resin Composite to Er,Cr:YSGG Lased Dentin Bonded With Different Adhesive Systems

Authors: Ula A. Fathi --- Ma,an M. Nayif
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2015 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 456-462
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: Tensile bond is important for assessing the success of adhesive restorative materials. The aim of this study is to evaluate the tensile bond strength of resin composite restoration to Er,Cr:YSGG lased dentin bonded with three types of adhesive systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Occlusal enamel of eighteen molars samples was removed to expose the underlining dentine. Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation was performed to central dentin. Samples were assigned randomly to three groups (N = 6): Group Ι: dentin was treated total etch adhesive (Adper single bond, 3M ESPE); Group II: treated with all in one self—etch adhesive (Adper easy one, 3M ESPE); Group III: treated with two step self—etch adhesive (Clearfil SE bond, Kurary). A translucent plastic tube was fixed and filled incrementally with hybrid resin then small metal screw with ring head was embedded in last increment. Samples were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. Tensile bond strength was measuredd using universal testing machine (Digital Force Gauge IMADA CO., LTD, Japan), the failure mode was evaluated. Then statistical analysis was done include descriptive, one way analysis of variance test, and Post Hoc tests. RESULTS: A significant differences in tensile bond strength were observed among groups (p < 0.05). Total etch adhesive bonded demonstrate significantly higher tensile bond strength value than one step self–etch and two step self–etch adhesives (p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed between one step self–etch and two step self–etch adhesives (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The tensile bond strength of resin composite to Er,Cr:YSGG lased dentin was influenced by adhesive type. Total etch adhesive bonded had higher tensile bond strength than one step and two steps self–etch adhesives.


Article
The Bactericidal Effect Of Erbium, Chromium: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet Laser On Contaminated SandBlasted, Large Grit, Acid-Etched Dental

Authors: Abdul Hameed N. Aldabagh --- Mohammed K. Hassouni
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2016 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 67-76
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to estimate the bactericidal effect of erbium,chromium:yttrium scandium gallium garnet 2,780nm (Er, Cr:YSGG) on contaminated sand-blasted, large grit, acid-etched (SLA) dental implant and determine the parameter that effectively detoxify the surface of implant ailed with periimplantitis before regenerative therapy of the area. Material and Methods: Implants (3.4*10mm) with SLA surfaces fixed with Enterococcus faecalis and irradiated with Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. After laser treatments, the number of remaining colony-forming units (CFUs) counted. The entire implant surface exposed uniformly in constant time and different energies. six powers were used ( 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25, 1.5watt ) at 20 Hz, water 20%, air 40% with movable motions on each thread for 30 second and in non contact mode at 2 mm distance between MZ10 tip and target with H mode. Results: laser showed total bacteria reduction on the implants irradiated with 1.5W. Significant differences between measurements in the different groups at (P<0.05) were observed, depending on the used power. Conclusions: Er,Cr:YSGGlaser can be used at above parameter safelyon implant surface as disinfection tool in treatment of peri-implantitis


Article
Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Composite Resin to Dentin after Etching with Er,Cr:YSGG Laser And Conventional Acid Etch (An In Vitro Study

Author: Saif Nadhim Hassoon سيف نديم حسون
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2015 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-54
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate shear bond strength of composite to dentin after etching with conventional acid, Er,Cr:YSGG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser in conjunction with acid. Thirty recently extracted lower third molars were collected. Scaling and polishing of teeth were done. Roots of teeth were embedded inside self cured acrylic resin blocks to form acrylic base with occlusal surfaces parallel to base of blocks. Crowns of teeth were sectioned at one third of the crowns to obtain a flat dentin surfaces. Total number of samples were divided into 3 groups each of one contained (10) samples as following : Group 1- dentin surfaces were treated with 35% phosphoric acid only. Group 2- dentin surfaces were treated with Er,Cr:YSGG laser only. Group 3- dentin surfaces were initially treated with Er,Cr:YSGG laser, then with 35% phosphoric acid. Bonding agent was applied to dentin surfaces and composite was applied by using rubber mold then light cured. Composite posts were released from molds then shear bond strength was measured. Statistical analysis showed that there was significant difference among all groups and acid etching group showed significant highest Shear bond strength followed by group of laser & acid etching then group of laser etching showed the significant least shear bond strength. From this study it can be concluded that etching of dentin with Er,Cr:YSGG laser can produce shear bond strength weaker than that of conventional acid etching.


Article
Comparative Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Flowable Composite Bonded to Teeth Enamel with Laser Surface Treatment.

Authors: Abdulrahman K. Muhammed --- Makdad Chakmakchi
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-31
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background: Acid etching of enamel appears to improve retention by selectively eroding certain hydroxyapatiteformations and facilitating penetration by the development of resin tags. Aim of study: To evaluate shear bond strength(SBS) of flowable composite to non-lased and lased groups, compare the (SBS) of flowable composite between Totaland Self-etch in non-lased and lased groups, and failure mode analysis.Materials and Methods: Forty bovine incisorswere used, enamel surfaces was grounded by silicon carbide paper and samples were randomly assigned into twomain groups (Group A: Non lased n=20, Group B: lased prepared n=20). Each main group was subdivided randomlyaccording to the adhesive systems that used which are: total-etch adhesive and self-etch adhesive, which were appliedto the prepared enamel surface according to manufacture instruction. Composite rod applied over the bonded area andcured. Samples were stored in distilled water at 370 for 24 hours. The evaluation of shear bond strength was employedby the use of universal testing machine. Results: The results of Student’s t-test showed that there was no significantdifference between the lased and non-lased enamel groups (P= 0.311). One–way ANOVA test and Duncan's MultipleRange test that compare shear bond strength between total and self-etch adhesives showed no significant differencein both lased and non-lased enamel groups. Conclusion: The mean shear bond strength and enamel surface etchingobtained with an Er,Cr:YSGG laser was not comparable to that obtained with non- lased enamel surface.

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