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Article
Smoking and its relation to caries experience and salivary lactobacilli count

Author: Athra M. Al-Weheb عذراء الوهب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 92-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Smoking has many harmful effects on the body. The aim of this studyis to investigate the effect of cigarettes smoking on count of lactobacilli ,the dental caries, and salivary factors.Subjects and Methods: 15 male smokers and 15 male non-smokers aged(24-29) years were chosen from post graduate students in College of Dentistry, they were interviewed about smoking behavior.Stimulated salivary sample was analyzed for lactobacilli count ,salivary flow rate and salivary pH was determined.Results: Measurment of dental caries was expressed by DMFT/DMFS.Results There was a significant relation between lactobacilli and DMFT/DMFS in smokers group with no significant differences concerning salivary flow rate and salivary pH between the two groups .Conclusion: Long term use of tobacco smoking affect the dental caries but not the salivary flow rate or salivary pH


Article
Prevalence of dental caries in relation to residential factor among (6-9) years old children in Baghdad

Author: Dr. Maha Abdul-kareem Al-Mashhadaney, B.D.S., M.Sc.* د. مها عبد الكريم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 237-241
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

dental caries survey was conducted concerning 6-9 years old children in two different social areas in the city of Baghdad.The total sample composed of 180 (90 males and 90 females). Purpose of this study included the estimation of the prevalence of dental caries and its association with the socioeconomic background of children.Results showed that for the primary dentition dmfs and dmft values were higher for males aged 6-7 and 7-8 years in high socioeconomic class (7.8 & 4.2 , 9.7 & 4.7) than in low socioeconomic class (6.7 & 3.9 ,7.2 & 3.2) with statistically no significant differences ( p> 0.05). For children aged 8-9 years in low socioeconomic area the values were higher compared with those in high socioeconomic area for both sexes.For the permanent dentition the high social class showed higher prevalence of dental caries compared with their lower social class counter parts except females aged 8-9 years with low socioeconomic status recorded higher DMFS and DMFT values ( 2.66 & 2.6) compared to those in high socioeconomic (2.6 & 1.8), while the relation was not significant ( p>0.05).Generally the present study showed that the prevalence of dental caries for primary teeth was higher among children with low social class (dmfs & dmft) than those with high social class, while the results were reversed for the permanent teeth.


Article
Concentration of salivary magnesium in relation to dental caries among a group of adults

Author: Wesal A. Al-Obaidi B.D.S., M.Sc. * د. وصال العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 145-149
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Magnesium is one of the major cations in plant and animal tissues and is anessential constituent of the bone and tissue, as well as the body fluids. Concentrationsof most electrolytes in saliva are subjected to considerable alteration. The aim of thisstudy was to investigate the salivary magnesium in relation to dental caries. A sampleof 46 adults was involved with age range of 20-45 years. Samples of stimulated salivawere collected and prepared to be analyzed for magnesium estimation using atomicabsorption spectrophotometer. Clinical examination was done for dental caries usingWHO criteria. The salivary magnesium concentration was 0.38mg/dl. Neither the sex,nor the age influenced the concentration of magnesium in supernatant stimulatedsaliva. Negative correlations were found between salivary magnesium and age,salivary flow rate, while, a positive correlation was recorded with dental caries. Allthese associations were not proved to be significant (P<0.05). Further investigationshould be done on whole saliva to clarify the association between magnesium anddental caries. The magnesium relation with the other elements must be considered.


Article
nutritional status and dental caries in five years old kidergarten children of Baghdad city

Author: zayed S.Hassan زيد حسن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 2 Pages: 172-176
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract


Article
Caries experience and salivary physicochemical characteristics among overweight intermediate school females aged 13-15 years in Babylon – Iraq

Authors: Aseel I. Mohammed --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 130-133
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a serious public health concern that has reached epidemic proportions; the prevalence, aswell as the severity of obesity in adolescents is increasing at an alarming rate. A close relationship was foundbetween weight status and dental caries. Thus this research aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of dentalcaries among overweight adolescent females in relation to physicochemical characteristics of stimulated wholesaliva in comparison with normal weight adolescent females.Materials and methods: The total sample involved for nutritional status assessment is composed of 2678 females aged13-15 years. This was performed using Body Mass Index specific for age and gender according to CDC growth chart(2000). The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was by using Decay, Missing, Filled surface index (DMFs); andaccording to the criteria of Manji et al (1989). Salivary samples were collected from 30 overweight females and theircontrol under standardized conditions and then analyzed for measuring salivary flow rate and viscosity, in addition toestimation essential elements (zinc, copper, calcium, iron, and total protein).Results: The caries experience among the overweight females was lower than that among the normal weight withnon significant difference. Salivary analysis demonstrated that the salivary flow rate was non significantly higheramong overweight females. The viscosity of saliva was having an equal value among both groups. The data analysisof salivary elements found that the zinc and copper concentrations were highly significant higher among theoverweight females than that among the normal weight. The opposite result found concerning salivary calcium levelwith also highly significant difference; while the iron and total protein were non significantly lower among theoverweight females. DMFs and its grades correlated negatively weak with salivary flow rate among overweightfemales; while concerning salivary viscosity, the correlation was direct weak with DMFs. Salivary copper, calcium andtotal protein showed an inverse correlation with dental caries.Conclusion: The results of the current research revealed that overweight affect the caries experience. Several ofsalivary factors that found to be higher among the overweight females might play a role in protection of teeth fromdental caries


Article
Dentition status in relation to nutritional condition among a group of intermediate school students in Al-Najaf city / Iraq

Authors: Noor M. Hadi Laith --- Nadia A. Al-Rawi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 89-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Nutrition can affect the development and integrity of the oral cavity as well as the progression of oral diseases such as dental caries which was the most predominant and wide spread not life threatening human diseases especially in developing countries as in Iraq. This study was conducted to assess the occurrence, prevalence and severity of dental caries condition and their relations to nutritional status among intermediate schools females in Al-Najaf city in Iraq.Materials and methods: This study was conducted among intermediate schools females aged 13, 14 and15 years old and the total sample consisted of 754 students. The assessment of nutritional status was performed using body mass index (BMI) following Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth chart (2000). Diagnosis and recording of dental caries was according to the criteria of WHO 1987.Results: The percentage of well-nutrition was (96.2%) while the prevalence of malnutrition was (3.8%). Result showed that only 5.17% of the total sample was caries-free. The mean dmft for deciduous teeth was equal to (1.77±0.15) and dmfs (3.92±0.39), while concerning permanent teeth the mean DMFT was equal to (4.68±0.10) and DMFS (6.22±0.16), significant differences were seen between DMFT, DMFS and age while opposite was found with nutritional status, and no significant differences were seen between caries experience of primary teeth and age and this similar was found with nutritional statusConclusion: This study revealed that a higher prevalence of dental caries among well-nourished females students aged 13-15 years. Therefore, there is need for an improving public and school preventive programs, and encouraged to orient health knowledge in a positive direction

Keywords

Dental caries --- nutrition


Article
Caries experience and treatment needs among footballers in Baghdad city

Authors: Yasir Basim Abd Ali ياسر باسم عبد علي --- Eman Kadum Chaloob ايمان كاظم جلوب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 86-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: footballers may have poor oral health like elevated levels of dental caries. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in Iraqi footballers and to measure dental treatments needs.Materials and methods: 403 Iraqi males footballers aged from 18-32 years were included in the study. The cases were recruited from 18 clubs in Baghdad city.Results: the results of present study showed increased percent of caries experience according to age increase and decreased dental caries percent as education level increased among Iraqi footballers. Decayed component was found to be the largest of DMFS value compared to MS and FS among all age groups, Caries experience was found to be increased as age increase and differences were statistically significant between the three age groups except at DS. The difference was found significant between education level and DS and FS. Our results showed that all footballers are in need to dental treatment.Conclusion: in Iraqi footballers the percent of caries experience decreased as education level increased

Keywords

Dental caries --- footballer


Article
Measuring fluoride in human saliva and water

Authors: Kwestan Muhammad --- Salim K. Mohammed --- Kamaran Y. Mohammadamin --- Victor Kuri
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2019 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 242-246
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Fluoride is used to prevent dental caries, and it has been one of the most effective and widespread agents. Fluoride level has been shown in saliva, plaque, and oral soft tissues after use of fluoridated toothpaste that persists at potentially active concentrations for hours. This study aimed to evaluate how fluoride in toothpaste intake can affect the salivary fluoride and test fluoride in tap water in the different places of Erbil city.Methods: Forty five volunteers were examined. In the morning after overnight fasting before brushing teeth, the saliva of the subjects (healthy non-smoker adults) was taken before brushing teeth, which was a baseline. After 10 and 20 minutes of washing mouth with water (after brushing), saliva was taken and then the cotton pad was held under the tongue for 5 min. Saliva samples were frozen at -20 Co for later analysis. Tap water samples in different places in Erbil city were analyzed.Results: Toothpaste significantly (P = 0.002) increased salivary fluoride after brushing teeth. The fluoride concentration of tap water in Erbil city was very low at the places that use groundwater. Conclusion: This research indicates that salivary fluoride significantly increases after brushing teeth. The fluoride concentration naturally occurring levels in the tap water in the places where the source is groundwater are not enough.

Keywords

Fluoride --- Dental caries --- Saliva


Article
Dental caries and treatment needs of primary and permanent dentition for children attending pedodontics clinic.

Author: Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 13 Pages: 80-87
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition (dmft, DMFT) and to investigate the reason for seeking dental treatment and the type of treatment carried out for children. Material and Method: The study includes (1178) case sheets which represent the total number of children attending the Pedodontics Department during the academic year of (2004 – 2005). The WHO methodology was used to assess the individual tooth status. Results: Indicated that the highest percentage group of attends was 11–12 years group, and the children attended to clinic seeking treatment for painful condition had higher percentage (60.10 %). The DMFT for the total sample was 2.68% and increased with increasing age with a statistically significant age differences, the percentage of caries free children for total sample was 10.3 %, while mean dmft for primary dentition was 3.05% and increasing from the first age group till the third age group and then decreased till the last age with no gender variation. Conclusions: The priority of dental health services for children attending Pedodontic clinic is primary prevention (fluoride application, scaling and polishing) followed by tertiary prevention (extraction) and then secondary prevention as a totally (amalgum, light cure and root canal filling).


Article
Impact of an Oral Educational Program on Secondary School Female Student's Knowledge and Practices Regarding Dental Caries in Erbil City

Authors: Hana O. Sadi --- Kareema A. Hussien
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-134
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Dental Caries is common disease of the oral cavity with a high prevalence and most common health problem . This study aims to identify the impact of an Oral educational program on female secondary schoosl students toward dental caries. Methods: A quasi-experimental quantitative study designed was carried out at Akhxtar and Shoxan female secondary schools in Erbil city, from first of July 2009 to end of September 2010. The sample consists of (600) females students in pre test and (300) in post test. Results: According to the result there was significant differences between student's knowledge and practices, with their No. of Grade but no significant differences with ( age, crowding house, father's occupation, and mothers occupation) . Conclusion: The present study shows the student's knowledge and practice were improved after implementation the oral educational program .Depending on the results it's recommended that the program could be implemented to all the students in secondary schools to improve their knowledge and practices toward dental caries.

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