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Article
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF RUSAFA WATER PROJECT IN BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Author: Saja Hashim Salim
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (Part-4) Pages: 50-62
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study dealt with the assessment of the environmental impact resulting from the construction of the Rusafa water project in Baghdad city, where the evaluation process is one of the necessary steps in the decision-making for the establishment of development projects.This study aims to evaluating the performance of project, the main points will be mentioned by conduct laboratory analyzes of samples of raw water and produced of the project and measurement of some air pollutants dispersion inside and outside the project included measurements of the quality of effluent water which included variables (water temperature, pH, EC, turbidity, TDS, suspended solids TSS, total hardness TH, dissolved oxygen DO, residual chlorine, chlorine, nitrate NO3, Sulphate SO4, calcium Ca, magnesium Mg, sodium Na and potassium K) and some variables of air such as (NO2, CO, CO2, SO2, O3, temperature, relative humidity and wind speed) inside and outside the site, The results of the study showed when compared with Iraqi Standards and the World Health Organization (WHO) that some of them were in the range of limits and the other are outside that range. The study recommended based on the provisions of the Law for the Protection and Improvement of the Environment No. 27 of 2009 in Article 10, the project owner must comply with the preparation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study prior to its establishment.


Article
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN OF THE PROPOSED WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN AL-NAHRWAN REGION/ BAGHDAD

Authors: Salih Abdul-Ridha Al-Bakri --- Alaa Rasheed Hamdan Al-Obaidi2
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (Part-4) Pages: 182-194
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Based on the provisions of the Law for the Protection and Improvement of the Environment No. 27 of 2009 in Article 10, the project owner must comply with the preparation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study prior to its establishment. This study offers an appropriate and effective Environmental Management Plan (EMP) for the proposed Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) of Al-Nahrwan project during the construction and operation stages as one of the most important stages of EIA process. This plan includes mitigation and monitoring measures to enhance the positive impacts of the treatment plant, and to minimize or eliminate its negative effects on the environment.


Article
The role of environmental impact assessment tool in achieving sustainable urban development and its challenges in Iraq

Author: Zaynab R. Abaas
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2016 Issue: Special Issue A Pages: 138-148
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This research will concentrate on an environmental impact assessment tool as one of the tools which has the capability to achievesustainable urban development, andthe kinks which lead to incapableapplying it in Iraq. This is done by focusing on the most important principles, objectives, and criteria to evaluate the impact of urban projects on our local environment, as well as the mechanisms to achieve best environmental assessment practices to reduce the adverse environmental effects.From above,and in this research there will be two parts, one of them will concentrate on building an environmental impact assessment matrix for urban projects, depending on the most important environmental factors affecting urban projects in the local Iraqi environmentand their actions. While the other part will extract briefly in a developed modeldepending on the sustainability indicators,the obstacles that face the planner and urban designer in achieving sustainable urban development in Iraq. As aresult, the research emphasizesthe importance of considering this matrix (after developing it)one of the main elements of the planning process in Iraq and an active factor to take the necessary precautions to reduce the negative environmental effects and thus achieve the goals of sustainable development.

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