research centers


Search results: Found 15

Listing 1 - 10 of 15 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by

Article
Etiology of infertility in couples attending maternity hospital in Erbil
مسببات العقم عند الأزواج الذين يذهبون إلى مستشفى الولادة في أربيل

Authors: Khanzad Hadi Rashid --- Aza Bahadeen Taha
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 322-330
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Infertility remains a global health challenge with devastating psycho-social consequences in many communities and an underlying long-term risk for separation of the couple, also remains a major clinical and social problem. Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive naturally after one year of intercourse. An understanding of the medical causes of infertility is crucial in order to reduce incidences of infertility and for improving the clinical management of infertility. The aim of the study was to determine the causes of infertility in couples. Methods: A retrospective study was done in IVF Unit at Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil. Data of infertile couples were collected from already prepared patient’s files. Results: The frequency of primary and secondary infertility among women was 62.97% and 37.03%, respectively. Among 370 couples, 35.68% had female factor, 29.46% had both male and female factors, and 19.73% had male factor, while 15.14% of the couples had unexplained infertility. Conclusion: Primary infertility was common health problem in couples, also the causes of infertility in women is noticed more than men.

Keywords

Infertility --- Etiology --- Hormones --- Semen


Article
Clinical types and possible etiologies of neonatal seizures:A hospital based study

Authors: Meisloon J. Kadum محجوب النداوي --- Numan N.Hameed --- Mahjoob N.AL-Naddawi محجوب النداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Seizures in the neonatal period are common. They can present asfocal clonic, focal tonic, myoclonic, generalized tonic and subtle seizures.They can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from benign self-limited illnesses to severe life-threatening disorders.Patients and methods: A prospective study included 75 neonates with seizures in the first 28 days of life were admitted to neonatal care unit in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital from January 15th 2009 to August 15th 2009.A Full history was obtained and patients were examined by a specialist in the neonatal care unit and the researcher. Laboratory investigations and neuroimaging studies were done for all patients.Results:Out of 75 neonates,(55%) were males and (45%) were females with a male: female ratio of 1.2:1, (76%) of them was delivered at term. The onset of seizures was reported in the first 72 hours of life in(42.6%) of neonates. The most common type of seizure was tonic type (48%) followed by subtle type (24%), focal clonic 16% and multifocal clonic(12%).Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) was the commonest etiology (25.34%) then sepsis (24%), hypocalcaemia (14.67%), pyogenic meningitis (13.33%), hypoglycemia (9.33%),Kernicetrus(8%), IVH 4%and TORCH (1.33%).The consanguinity was detected in (26.7%) of patients. A response to Phenobarbitone alone was found in (42.1%) and to a combination of bothphenobarbitone and phenytoin in(19.1%).The case fatality was (8%), (50%)of themwere due to IVH.Conclusions: Neonatal seizures occurred mainly in full term neonates with male sex preponderance with the majority reported in their first 72 hours of life and the tonic seizures were the commonest pattern. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is the main etiologic factor of neonatal seizures followed by sepsis. Intraventricular hemorrhage occurs mainly in preterm infants and it was a major cause of death.Keywords: Neonatal seizures, etiology, clinical types.


Article
The etiology of temporomandibular joint problem in Iraqi patients

Author: Wajnaa F. Qassim وجناء قاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 66-69
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: In the last decade, dramatic advances have been made in understanding the causes of facial pain related to temporomandibular disorders. The aim of this study was to identify the most possible causes that provoke temporomandibular disorders in Iraqi patients.Materials and Method: This study was conducted with 289 patients (110 males & 188 females), the mean age was 35.5 years range from (1-70) years, were seeking treatment for their Temporomandibular joint problems.Results: Stress was the most frequent etiological factor (43.3%) followed in descending manner by occlusal disharmony (30.5%), altered chewing pattern (16.5%), dental irritation (5.7%), dislocation (2%) degenerative arthritis (1%), trauma (0.7%) and rheumatoid arthritis (0.3%).Females were more frequently affected, with the total male to female ratio equal to 3:5 and predominant age for both sexes was (21-30) years.Conclusion: all the above contributory factors resulted in muscular dysfunction which in turn forms the primary factor responsible for signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint problem


Article
Epistaxis; Evaluation parameters of the etiology and management in Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital

Author: Alaa Mtashar Al-Mansoury
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 123-128
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Epistaxis is one of the common problems in Otolaryngology and it forms a burden on the patient.Study design: Randomized prospective study.Objective: To evaluate the percentage of etiological causes of epistaxis and the efficacy of methods of treatment. Patients & Methods: One hundred and twenty patients involved suffering from epistaxis, who had consulted the otolaryngology department at Al Yarmouk teaching hospital, for the period from December 2011 to December 2012. All patients were seen either at the outpatient department or at the reception room of the ENT ward were full history and examination had been done.Results: 43.3% of patients presented with active bleeding and 56.6% with inactive bleeding.Regarding etiology, idiopathic cause found to be the most frequent followed by traumatic and inflammatory. 75.83% were anterior epistaxis, while the posterior epistaxis was 24.16%, higher frequency of anterior bleeding found in patients with age <40 years, while the higher frequency of posterior bleeding found in patients with age >40 years. The most common way of treatment was the direct therapy followed by the indirect and surgical therapies. Conclusion: Epistaxis is one of the commonest ENT emergencies; most common etiology was idiopathic or related to secondary causes. Most of patients have anterior epistaxis and can be treated with conservative measures and only few patients needed a surgical intervention


Article
Etiology of Bloody Diarrhea among Children Admitted to Maternity and Children’s Hospital-Erbil

Authors: Nazdar Ezzaddin Rasheed --- Abbass A. Rabatti
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 19-24
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Bloody diarrhea plays a major role in morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries, it is usually a sign of invasive enteric infection, there is a thought that amoebic dysentery is more common than bacillary dysentery in Iraq, and from 1989 to 1997 amoebic dysentery increase from 20000to 550000 patients.
Objectives: This study aims to:
1.Outline the incidence of various infectious causes of bloody diarrhea in Erbil district.
2.Assess the effect of multiple factors like age, sex, source of water supply, etc... On the incidence of amebic and bacillary dysentery.
3.To provide baseline data for making strategic plan to reduce the diarrhoeal mortality and morbidity.
Methods: A prospective case- series study was conducted on 116 infants and children aged 2 month –12 years admitted to hospital complaining of bloody diarrhea. Information was taken from their mothers regarding (age, sex, geographical area, feeding pattern and source of water supply) , their stool have been examined for the presence of RBC, leukocyte, parasitic cyst and trophozoit, however blood examination was conducted for the presence of band.
Results: The results reveal 77.5% of patients were in the younger age group (<2 year). Entamoeba histolytica was the most common enteropathogen isolated in 60.3% of patients, other enteropathogens identified were Shigella 3.5%, E.coli2.6%, Salmonella2.6%, mixed infection were reported in 1.72%, 28.5%of patients have non isolated pathogen.
On the other hand, source of water supply and type of feeding have significant effect on incidence of enteropathogens. The presence of fever, vomiting, convulsion and band in peripheral blood mostly indicates bacterial etiology.
Conclusion: Entamoeba histolytica was the commonest enteropathogen isolated; the incidence of bloody diarrhea was more in younger age group. There was significant effect of source of water supply on the incidence of bloody diarrhea with most enteropathogen isolated from patients who have well water supply. Breastfeeding was protective against enteropathogen especially bacterial agents in infants under 6 month of age. Presence of band in the peripheral blood indicates most probably bacterial agents.
Key words: Bloody diarrhea, etiology, Entamoeba histolytica


Article
Zygomatic complex fractures: a 5-year retrospective study

Authors: Dr.Jamal A. Mohammed B.D.S., M.Sc.* د.جمال محمد --- Dr. Thair Abdul Lateef B.D.S., H.D.D., F.I.B.M.S .* د. ثائر عبد الطيف
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 304-309
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of this descriptive analytic retrospective study was to evaluate theetiology, clinical features and treatment data of patients with zygomatic complexfractures at our program during a 5-year period.From March 1998 until February 2003. 69 patients presented with zygomaticcomplex fractures were treated by the department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery atBaghdad College of Dentistry and private clinic in Iraq. Patient's information wascollected using a specifically designed form.The patient age ranged from 5-68 years with a mean age of 30.5 years, 51 of themwere males and 18 were females. Road traffic accidents (43.5%) was the major causefor fractures (P<0.05). regarding clinical features subconjunctival ecchymosis (61%)and circumorbital ecchymosis (53.6%) were most common observed. The Gilliesapproach (26%) was the commonest method of reduction.This study has shown that road traffic accidents are responsible for mostzygomatic complex fractures in our environment. It also showed a low utilization of technological advances in the imaging and treatment of these fractures.


Article
The interrelation of medical history and temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) in Iraqi patients

Author: Wajnaa F. Qassim وجناء قاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 49-52
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Patients with a temporomandibular joint disorder generally are not subjected to an extensive examination of the entire body, but certain observations which are related mainly to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and nervous system should be taken into consideration. This study is to clear the relation of systemic medical status with temporomandibular disorders progression and vise versa.Materials and Method: this study was applied on 58 patients, 30 females and 28 males. The mean age was 35 years (range 19-63) years. All patients were complaining from temporomandibular disorder.Results: were recorded that most of temporomandibular disorder patients were clinically normal (48.4%), whereas patients subjected to stress form (34.3%) and only (17.3%) had different medical problems. The total male to female ratio nearly equal 1:1 with predominant age for both sexes was (20-29) years.Conclusion: temporomandibular joint was more prone to be affected by local factors, especially the stress relieving habit, than the systemic factors, but this will not preclude more comprehensive and sophisticated diagnostic process, to identify more hidden systemic causes of stress.


Article
Etiology and Risk Factors of Bacteremia in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Authors: Ahmed Adil Ali --- Raad Jasem Abdul-Mahdi --- Jawad Kadhum Tarrad AL-Khafaji
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2007 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 286-293
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Over the study period from the first of January to the end of December 2006 a total of 102 patients were admitted to intensive care unit(ICU) in Babylon hospital for maternity and children .These patients were complaining from pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal tract infection and sepsis. Seventy two (70.5%) patients had positive blood culture and they are diagnosed as bacteremia cases. The study showed that gram negative bacteria caused over than 52.8% of bacteremia cases, whereas gram positive cause 47.1% of total bacteremia cases. The most gram positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus cause 16.7%, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae in 12.5%, While the most gram negative bacteria , Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli representing the major isolates, 13.9% for each one, and followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 11.1%. Other bacterial isolates were identified and less percentage in an incidence of bacteremia. Bacteremia was identified in 67.5% with bottle milk and in mixed feeding more than in breast milk feeding (32.4%).The incidence of bacteremia occurred in the second year of age groups in 34.7%.This study showed that the isolates in males were higher than those in females .The study revealed significant differences in the incidence of bacteremia among infants with low birth body weight as compared to infants with normal birth weight. The most infections among patients who have mothers with primary education.

خلال مدة الدراسة الممتدة من اول شهر كانون الثاني الى نهاية شهركانون الاول لسنة 2006 تم ادخال 102 طفل الى وحدة العناية المركزة في مستشفى بابل للولادة والاطفال. المرضى كانوا مصابين بعلامات خمجية مثل التهاب ذات الرئة ، التهاب السحايا، التهاب شغاف القلب، التهاب العظام، اخماج المجاري البولية، اخماج الامعاء والمعدة والانتان الدموي. اثنان وسبعون من المرضى 70.5% كانت نتيجة زرع الدم موجبة والتي مثلت نسبة تجرثم الدم لدى الاطفال .سببت البكتريا السالبة لصبغة كرام 52.8% من حالات تجرثم الدم، في حين البكتريا الموجبة لصبغة كرام سببت حوالي47.1%. شكلت بكتريا العنقوديات نسبة16.7% والمسبحيات الرئوية12.5% ، اما البكتريا السالبة كانت الكلبسيلا الرئوية و الاشريشيا القولون هما السائدتان 13.9% ثم تلتهما الزوائف الزنجارية 11.1% وشملت الدراسة عوامل الخطورة ، فكانت نسبة تجرثم الدم بين الرضع من حليب الام32.4% ومن الحليب الاصطناعي والمختلط 67.5% . اكثر حالات الاصابة34.7% بين الاطفال بعمر سنتين، والذكوراكثر عرضة للاصابة من الاناث، وتوجد فروق معنوية لعامل وزن الطفل حديث الولادة في حدوث الاصابة .وان اغلب الاصابات كانت بين الاطفال الذين امهاتهم لديهن تحصيل دراسي ابتدائى.


Article
Etiological factors of temporomandibular joint disorders

Author: Hajer Ibrahem B.D.S., M.Sc د.هاجر ابراهيم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 290-297
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The temporomandibular joint disorders are defined as a collective term embracinga number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory muscles, the TMJ andassociated structures. Myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) is the most common.functional disorder of TMJMany etiological factors have been blamed to produce pain and dysfunction of.TMJ such as stress, malocclusion and parafunctional habitsStress is thought to be responsible for hyperactivity of the muscles of mastication.which leads to muscle fatigue then muscle spasm and painThe purpose of this study was to determine the role of stress as an ctiological.)factor in (MPDSOne hundred dental students were used in this study and evaluated for havingMPDS. Another sample of one hundred persons from the general population were.evaluated in the same manner to be used as controlThe results of this study indicated that (55%) of participating students haveMPDS) because of the great amotmts of stress they are going through. While in control group there was only (7%).


Article
Chronic diarrhea in under 2 year aged children,

Author: Hala S. Arif.(C.A.B.P) هالة عارف
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 2 Pages: 205-210
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Summary:Background: Diarrheal diseases are still a major public health problem especially in developing countries, due to their high morbidity & mortality rates, moreover the lagest number of deaths with diarrheal diseases are due to persistent diarrheal states.We attemted to evaluate the size of the problem in our infants, and assess risk factors & outcome.Methods: A retrospective study was performed in Al-Kadhemya teaching hospital, to evaluate diarrheal cases in under 2 years of age children , admitted to hospital during the period (Dec. 1991- Dec. 2001), from a total of 863, chronic diarrheal cases formed 286 (33.14%) that were evaluated for certain variables; epidemiology & risk factors etiology ,complications and the final outcome .Results & Conclusion:We concluded that: chronic diarrhea formed more than 33% of admitted diarrheal cases to the hospital, of the important risk factors for diarrhea both acute & chronic types were bottle feeding , young age. Lactose intolerance,parasitic infestations and UTI were the common etiologies. Malnutrition was common in cases of chronic diarrhea together with multiple clincal and lab derrangements.The mortality rate was -4%.Key words: chronic diarrhea, risk factors, etiology, complications, mortality.

Listing 1 - 10 of 15 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (15)


Language

English (15)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2018 (1)

2016 (1)

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

More...