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Article
Facial soft tissue convexity changes

Authors: Hussain A Obaidi --- Manar Y Abdul–Qadir
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 88-95
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To find the soft tissue changes of the total facial convexity, facial convexity and nasolabial convexity among four age groups. Materials and Methods: The studying sample subjects included 48, 41, 50 and 44 individuals of age 11, 12, 13 and 14 years respectively. The subjects were Iraqi individ-uals of class I normal occlusion, who lived in center of Mosul City. All subjects were radiographed with lateral cephalometric films, these films were traced, the tracing included the total facial convexity (Gl–Prn–Pgs angle), facial convexity (Gl–Sn–Pgs angle) and nasolabial convexity (Cm–Sn–Ls angle). Results: Displayed that the total facial convexity angle in both sexes appeared that no significant change among the four age groups, the facial convexity appeared insignificant differences among the four age groups in males, while in females showed significant increase between the 14 years age group as compared with 11 years age groups, and the nasolabial convexity demonstrated no significant changes among the four age groups for males, whereas in females showed no significant di-fference between 11 and 12 years age group and between 13 and 14 years groups, meanwhile, the 13 and 14 years age group explained significant decrease as compared with 11 and 12 years age groups. The sex variation showed the only significant increase in females than males at 11 years age group for the nasolabial angle. Whereas no significant change between males and females in all the angles at the 12 and 13 years age group. In 14 years age group, the facial convexity angle only showed a significant increase in females as compared with males. Conclusion: No significant change in total facial con-vexity, facial convexity and nasolabial convexity angles among the four age groups in males. Whereas, in females there were a significant increase at 14 years age group, than 11 years age groups for facial convexity and nasolabial convexity angles.


Article
The correlation between certain facial and dental measurements that influence dental aesthetics “Cephalometric study”

Author: Nadia H Hasan
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 6-14
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to assess and determineif the correlation between certain facial measurementswas significant to recommend their use as reliable aestheticfactors for selection of suitable tooth moulds for anterior teethrestoration.The materials for this study included 50 cephalometricradiographs for selected undergraduate students of DentistryCollage, Mosul University; 25 males and 25 females. The ageranged from 18–25 years old with normal occlusion.The data were analyzed by using Minitab system and theresult confirmed that certain facial measurements considereddirectly to determine the outline form to restore anterior teethsuch as tooth width at the incisor edge, incisor tooth length,intercanine distance, the ratio of incisor tooth length and toothwidth at the incisor edge, bi–incisors width, and bi–orbitalwidth, while the others, bi–zygomatic width, intermolar distance,anterior facial height, and the ratio of anterior facial heightand bi–zygomatic width, were indirectly indicated. Alsothere was a significant difference between male and femalegroups with different facial measurements. The ratio of theanterior facial height to bi–zygomatic width for the total samplewas 0.93 mm, while that for the tooth length to tooth widthwas 0.81 mm. It could be concluded that certain facial measurementsrecommended as reliable aesthetic factors for selectionof suitable tooth moulds for anterior teeth restoration.


Article
Inconsistencies in evaluation of different facial profiles by dental professionals and lay Iraqi sample for attractiveness
التناقضات في تقييم ملامح الوجه المختلفة من قبل أطباء الأسنان ووضع عينة عراقية لجاذبية

Author: Anfal Abdul- Majeed AL-Ani
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 456-462
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Facial appearance is fundamental for communication and interaction with the environment. Attractiveness nowadays reported increasing interest and attention among different ethnicities and varying education level groups. Aim: To study the perception of facial profile attractiveness among Iraqi Orthodontists and Maxillofacial surgeons (as concerned dental professionals) compared to Iraqi lay-individuals.Methods: Digital facial profile images were taken for a young male and female, altered in 2 degrees of prognathism and retrognathism in 4, 8 mm for each jaw, and combinations, collecting 12 images each, which were “E-mailed”to a sample of 80 Iraqis (from the pool of Baghdad society): 40 dental professionals (20 orthodontists, 20 maxillofacial surgeons), and 40 lay individuals, with equally distributed genders. Ratting was carried out for 24 images, scoring each on a numerical scale of 1-10 as the least to the most attractive profile.Results: Significant difference in perception facial profile was found between genders (P<0.05) and among the groups with different dental education (P<0.001). General agreement was established in all the sample groups on average facial profile to be the most attractive and on the most retrognathicmandibular profile to be the least attractive.


Article
The effect of basicranial flexure on facial divergence of Iraqi adults (18-25 years) in Mosul City

Author: Afrah KH AL-HAMDANY
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 249-262
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The present study was carried out to detect the possible effect of cranial base angulation on facial divergence in a sample of young Iraqi adults in Mosul City, to investigate the pattern of facial divergence of the sample and to reveal the sex difference in facial divergence.Sixty-four Iraqi adults (18-25 years),(32) males and (32) females, were collected according to certain criteria. Lateral cephalometric radiograph was taken for each subject. Eighteen variables were recorded and analyzed using SPSS system loaded on Pentium II computer.The results indicated that: 1) Flexure of basicranium has a detectable effect on facial divergence; 2) The most frequent facial pattern is posterior divergent with convex profile; and 3) There is a significant sex difference in facial divergence.


Article
Construction of Nasal Prosthesis for a Patient with Rhino Cerebral Mucormycosis (A clinical Report).

Authors: Mohammad A Mohi Al–Deen --- Munther N Kazanji --- Nadira A Hatim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 110-113
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To construct a nasal prosthesis for a patient with Rhino cerebral mucormycosis disease and of
near total Rhinectomy. Materials and method: a permanent soft lining material was adapted over
frame work of nose made from visible light cure denture base material, then cured, finished and
polished. Results the finished nose was retained by engaging undercut and by the use of eye glass.
Conclusion: A custom sculpted prosthesis combined with soft lining material gives a natural texture of
the nose was accomplished within 24 hour.


Article
Association between Facial Skin Tumors and Wrinkling
العلاقة بين سرطان جلد الوجه وتجعداته

Authors: Khalifa E. Sharquie د خليفة عبيد الشرقي --- Jamal R. Al-Rawi د جمال رشيد الراوي --- Anwar S. Al-Rawi د. انوار ساجد الراوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 147-151
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: There are many risk factors that accentuate wrinkling like age, sex, occupation and smoking. From our clinical observation we noticed that, patient with skin malignancy are less liable to wrinkling.Objectives: To test the assumption whether skin wrinkling is protective against skin cancer or not? Patients & Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Department of Dermatology and Venereology in Baghdad teaching hospital in period from April 2002 through March 2003 on 54 patients with various skin tumors, and 108 patients as a control group, Socio-demographic information and full dermatological examination was done. Facial wrinkles were examined and measured according to wrinkles score in the group. Then we simplify these score into: superficial, (I, II), medium (III, IV) and deep wrinkles (V, VI). Result: The frequency of skin tumors were as follow; basal cell carcinoma (74.07%), squamous cell carcinoma (11.11%), baso-squamous cell carcinoma, (5.5%) kerato-acanthoma (5.5%) and solar keratosis (3.7%). The commonest age group affected by skin tumors were from 50-79 years and the commonest skin type in cases and controls were skin type III (P>0.05). All skin tumors were more common in males than females (P>0.05). Outdoor activity was more in patients with tumor, while control group had nearly equal outdoor and indoor activity (P<0.05).Patients with superficial wrinkles more commonly affected with skin tumors than those with deep wrinkles, while comparison group had more medium and deep wrinkles. So whenever there was increase in severity of wrinkle, there was decrease in frequency of malignancy. Conclusion: The present work had confirmed a negative association between wrinkling score and the frequency of skin tumors. Smoking might indirectly protect against basal cell carcinoma. Key words: Facial wrinkling, tumors, smoking.

Keywords

Facial wrinkling --- tumors --- smoking.


Article
Association between smoking and facial wrinkling in relation with age and sex

Authors: Khalifa E. Sharquie --- Jamal R. Al-Rawi --- Maqsood M. aljumaily
Journal: Tikret Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 18172716 Year: 2013 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 195-203
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

There are many risk factors that accentuate wrinkling like age, sex, occupation. Smoking is a preventable risk factor of facial wrinkles formation. To test the assumption whether skin wrinkling is significantly associated with age, sex and smoking or not? A cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of Dermatology and Venereology in Baghdad teaching hospital in period from April 2011 through March 2012 on (106) respondents, Socio-demographic information and full dermatological examination was done. Facial wrinkles were examined and measured according to wrinkles score in the group. Then we simplify these score into: superficial, (I, II), medium (III, IV) and deep wrinkles (V, VI). Smoking habit was more frequent in males than females which was ststistically highly significant (P=0.001). Middle and deep wrinkles are more frequent among males while shallow wrinkles are more among females which was highly significant (P<0.001). Shallow wrinkles only appeared in second and third decades of life while middle and deep wrinkles been more frequent in forth decade of life and above which also highly significant (P<0.001). Shallow wrinkles are mostly among non smokers while middle and deep wrinkles more among smokers and ex-smokers (P<0.001). The present work had confirmed a positive association between wrinkling score and the frequency of smoking habit.

Keywords

Facial wrinkling --- smoking


Article
Evaluation of Cutaneous Approaches to The Orbital Skeleton Inmanagement of Facial Injuries

Author: Majeed Abd Al-Razzaq Baheer
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 836-848
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the cutaneous approaches to the orbital skeleton & making a comparison among various types of these approaches into each aspects of the orbit with consideration of intraoperative visibility, functional & esthetic results. 24 patients requiring 47 incisions for repairing their orbital fractures, had been reviewed,and distributed as following; 10 eyebrow incisions (21.2%),7 temporal incisions (14.9%), 7subciliary incisions (14.9%),6 inferior rim incisions (12.7%), 5 subtarsal incisions (10.6%),4 lacerated wounds or previous scars (8.5%),2 crow's foot incisions (4.2%), 3superolateral incisions (6.4%), 2 lynchincisions (4.2%) and 1 bicoronal incision (2.1 %). These approaches were evaluated according to their visual field, functional, cosmetic&post-operative complications depending on type and position of the incision, intraoperative time consuming and period of tissue manipulation. Scar appearance for each incision was graded as invisible,barely visible & visible.¬ The study recorded two cases of transient scleral show (16.6%) and one case of transient moderate ectropion (8.3%).The surgical access to various parts of the orbit, operating time, potential damage to adjacent anatomical structures, and acceptability of the scar and the development of postoperative complications are important factors which have to be considered when choosing the approach to the orbit.

Keywords

orbital --- Facial --- Injury --- Cutaneous


Article
Facial Nerve Palsy as Frequent Presentation in Patient with Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

Author: Suha N. Aloosi
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 55-69
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Early recognition of rhinocerebral mucormycosis is critical for initiation of treatment. The clinical presentation of the disease shares the same clinical picture with many other diseases, which might lead to misdiagnosis. Features of neural involvement, such as facial nerve palsy, headache and mental state alteration, are important in presentation of mucormycosis; however, they are commonly overlooked.Objectives This study was done to highlight facial nerve palsy as an early feature of Rhinocerebral mucormycosis, which may improve the quality of the clinical recognition and encourage further related investigation and managements steps.Materials and Methods Thirteen patients with variable signs and symptoms of Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis were diagnosed and treated in The Maxillofacial Unit in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital, Kurdistan / Iraq. Their clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively analyzed. Results Neurological features of facial nerve palsy were reported in a signifcant percent of the included patients (61.5%) p=0.001. It was signifcantly associated with misdiagnosis as Cerebro-Vascular Accident (CVA) (P=0.047) and with bad prognosis of the disease (p=0.042). Conclusion Facial nerve weakness is a signifcant sign in presentation of mucormycosis. A signifcant proportion of such patients could be misdiagnosed as CVA patients, with subsequent delay in treatment. Increasing the suspicion index for mucormycosis in diabetic patients presenting withfacial palsy helps in reaching an accurate and early diagnosis.


Article
An extra oral prosthesis for extensive maxillofacial defect: A clinical report

Authors: BasharA.Tawfeeq --- Mohammed A. Abdulla
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 12-16
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

AIMS: Prosthetic rehabilitation of the patient by extraoral appliance, restoring the losing eye, part of the nose, cheek, roof of the palate (left side), and improving esthetic, phonetic and mastication of the patient. METHODS: Impression and making of the working cast, Sculpture of the wax pattern, artificial eye made from acrylic resin, body of prosthesis made from acrylic resin lined with soft lining material, silicon elastomers of maxillofacial applied to the prosthesis for life like skin appearance, and delivery of the prosthesis to the patient. CONCLUSIONS: Many methods of retaining the maxillofacial prosthesis have been used like tissue under cuts,magnets, medical adhesives, osseointegrated implants or combination of them. The prognosis was poor for the prosthetic treatment because of the extensive defect size, radiation applied all around the defect area make a challenge to get benefit from implant fixed in the surrounding bony area to enhance the retention of the prosthesis, and little bony support. For the case which describe in this report, retention obtained from hard and soft tissue under cut

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