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Article
ضوء البدر في إحياء ليلة عرفة والعيدين والنصف من شعبان وليلة القدر

Author: محيي هلال سرحان
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028 Year: 2012 Volume: 4 Issue: 13 Pages: 2664-2694
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

تحقيق مخطوط ضوء البدر في إحياء ليلة عرفة والعيدين والنصف من شعبان وليلة القدر


Article
Validity and Reliability of Full Cup Test in Pain Evaluation after Dental Surgery: A Comparison with Four Pain-Rating Scales in a Sample of Iraqi Patients

Authors: Huda A. Othman --- Omar S. Al-Nuaime --- Abdurrahman A. Al-Samman
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2016 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 2-7
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Objectives: Pain assessment by clinicians can be difficult as it is subjective and depends on the patient›s self-report.The aims of this study were to evaluate the validity and reliability of a pain-rating scale; the full cup test (FCT), and tocompare its performance to other scales in assessing pain following dental surgery. The ease of using these pain scaleswere compared.Study design: Forty-three patients who have had different dental surgeries were included. All patients asked to completefive pain scales: Faces pain scale, numeric rating scale, visual analog scale, verbal rating scale, and FCT for sevenconsecutive days starting on the day of the surgery. The analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA test), correlation betweendifferent scales (Pearson correlation), and reliability (Cronbach alpha) of FCT were evaluated.Results: The scales correlated highly with each other (P < 0.001). The FCT was highly reliable (Cronbach›s Alpha=.970) and was found to be the easiest scale to use.Conclusion: The FCT is valid, reliable and relatively easy to use pain scale in this group of patients. It can be used toassess pain intensity interchangeably with other pain rating scales.


Article
PLACENTAS CHANGES IN GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSIVE WOMEN IN DUHOK
تغييرات المشايم في النساء المصابات بفرط ضغط الدم الحملي في دهوك

Authors: SAADI SALEH MOHAMMED BARWARI سعدي صالج محمد البرواري --- GHAZAL HUSSEIN KHALEEL غزال حسين خليل
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2019 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-111
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background: Placentas impact by hypertensive disorders and contribute significantly to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to investigate the gross and histological changes in the placentas of gestational hypertensive women.Patients and Methods: The samples of this cross sectional study were collected from Duhok Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Duhok city, Kurdistan region, Iraq. Total 73 placentas were collected from 20-40 years old women with full-term singleton pregnancies, 25 placentas from normo-tensive mothers having no hypertension before as control group and 48 from gestational hypertension women as gestational hypertension group. The maternal and neonatal data were recorded. Immediately after delivery, the placenta was washed, dried, photographed then weighted and dimensions were measured. Morphological features were recorded. Central biopsies were taken for qualitative and quantitative histopathological examination which included: terminal villi, stromal fibrosis, fibrinoid necrosis, calcification, syncytial knots, hyalinization, medial coat proliferation of medium sized blood vessel, avascular villi, congestion, chorangiosisandvasculosyncytial membrane. Statistical analyses were done by using student t-test and chi- square test.Results: In the gestational hypertension, macroscopically, there was no statistical difference. Microscopic finding revealed a significant increase in calcification, fibrinoid necrosis, stromal fibrosesand congestion; whereas vasculosyncytial membrane and avascular villi increased insignificantly and chorangiosiswas not impacted. The gross and histological qualitative results coincided with the quantitative results.Conclusions: The placentas were significantly and adversely affected by the gestational hypertension.

الخلفية وأهدف البحث: تتأثر المشايم بفرط ضغط الدم الحملي ويسهم بشكل كبير في إمراضية وحدوث الوفيات الأمومية والجنينية. تم تصميم هذه الدراسة لبحث التغيرات العيانية لمشايم اضطراب فرط الضغط.طرق البحث: تم جمع عينات هذه الدراسة من مستشفى دهوك لأمراض التوليد والنسائية في مدينة دهوك. إقليم كوردستان العراق. لقد تم جمع 73 مشيمة من النساء اللواتي تتراوح أعمارهن بين 20-40 سنة ذوات الحمل الكامل المفرد, 25 مشيمة من امهات ضغط الدم السوي لم يصبن سابقا بفرط الضغط كمجموعة تحكم و48 مشيمة من نساء مصاباتبفرطالضغطكمجموعةفرط الضغط الحملي. لقدتم تسجيل بيانات الأمومة والوليدية . بعد الولادة مباشرة ، تمغسل المشيمة بماء الصنبور وجففت وصورت ثم وزنت وقيست الأبعاد. وتم تسجيل الخصائص المورفولوجية . أخذت الخزعات المركزية لفحص النسيج كميا ونوعيا, والكمي يشمل: الزغابات الطرفية ، منطقة التليف السدوي ، منطقة النخر الليفانيني ، منطقة التكلس ، العقد المخلوية ، منطقة التحول الزجاجي ، تكاثر طبقة الإنسي من الأوعية الدموية المتوسطة الحجم ، الزغابات اللاوعائية ، الاحتقان، زيادة تكون الأوعية الشعرية الدمويةchorangiosis والغشاء الوعائي المخلوي vasculosyncytial. لقد تم إجراء التحليلات الإحصائية باستخدام اختبار t , واختبار chi-square.النتائج: في مجموعة فرط ضغط الدم الحملي ، أظهرت النتائج العيانية أنه لا يوجد فرق إحصائي بين مجموعة ارتفاع ضغط الدم ومجموعة التحكم. لقد كشف الفحص المجهري عن حدوث زيادة معنوية في التكلس والنخر الليفانيني ، والتليف السدوى ؛ و الأحتقان . في حين أزداد الغشاء الوعائي المخلوي والزغابات اللاوعائية بشكل غير معنوي ولم يتأثر تكون الأوعية الشعرية الدموية. في مجموعةفرطضغط الدم الحملي ، تطابقت النتائج النوعية العيانية والنسيجية مع النتائج الكمية.الأستنتاجات: تتأثر المشايم بشكل معنوي وعكسي بفرط ضغط الدم الحملي.


Article
Development of an Inverted Optical Tweezers with Full Motional Control

Author: H. Sridar
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 19-25
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

A working optical tweezers setup was created and optimized by maximizing the gradient force. Yeast cells were successfully trapped and manipulated three-dimensionally. The trap’s radius of control was approximately 5μm and the stability of the trap lasted greater than an hour. Thirty percent power efficiency was achieved by careful alignment procedures. The tweezers exerted a 0.9pN force when manipulating particles on the xy-plane and a 0.4pN force when manipulating particles up the z-axis. Both forces were within the required range for optical manipulation techniques in the biological field


Article
Experimental Investigations of Hole - EDM to Optimize Electrode Wear through Full Factorial of Design of Experiment
دراسة تجریبیة لإنتاج الثقوب بالتشغیل بالتفریغ الكھربائي للحصول على امثل قیمة لبلى الألكترود من خلال استخدام طریقة تصمیم التجربة كامل التحلیل

Authors: Shukry H. Aghdeab --- Laith A. Mohammed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 13 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 2572-2579
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is a process where the material removal of theworkpiece is achieved through high frequency sparks between the tool (electrode) and theworkpiece immersed into the dielectric solution. It is commonly used to produce mouldsand dies, to drill small, burr free holes and to make prototypes for the aerospace andelectronics markets. In this work, micro-holeswere fabricated on copper alloys by usingEDM. The output responses investigated was electrode wear weight (EWW). Fullfactorial of Design of Experiment (DOE) module in Minitab was used as a principalmethodology to examine the effects of current and machining time over output responses.Experimental results indicate that the EWW was mainly affected by current, and can bereduced by increasing the current parameter. Minimum EWW (0.12gm) obtained at 10A.


Article
The benefit of Ramfjord teeth to represent the full-mouth clinical attachment level in epidemiological study

Authors: Omar Husham Ali عمر هشام علي --- Hadeel Mazin هديل مازن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 122-124
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Since the periodontal disease Index of Ramfjord (Ramfjord index) can potentially shorten theexamination time by almost half, many studies evaluated Ramfjord teeth in predicting full-mouth periodontal statusof an adult population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of Ramfjord teeth in predicting the fullmouthclinical attachment level of an adult population in patients attending the college of dentistry- BaghdadUniversity.Materials and methods: The study participants were 100 patients with age range from 30-60 years old whichrepresent group zero. The patients were divided into three main groups according to the age of the patients. Group Iand group II each of them composed of 30 patients while group III composed of 40 patients. In the first time clinicalattachment level (CAL) was measured from the full mouth (FM) and then from the Ramfjord teeth (RT) (teethnumber: 16, 21, 24, 36, 41, 44) in all groups. Clinical attachment level (CAL) was measured in millimeters usingperiodontal probe.Results: The difference in the mean clinical attachment level measured from the full mouth (FM) and Ramfjord teeth(RT) by using paired t - test was non significant in all the groups. Also in all groups the correlation coefficient as well asbeta coefficient was high.Conclusion: The high agreement between Ramfjord teeth and full mouth CAL confirm the epidemiological validity ofRamfjord teeth to represent the full mouth

مؤشر رامفورد لامراضاللثة یمكن ان یقلل وقت الفحصالى النصف تقریبا، لذا الكثیر من الدراسات قیمت اسنان رامفورد في توقع الحالة الصحیة للثة لكامل الفم في السكان البالغین.ھدف ھذه الدراسة كان لتقییم اسنان رامفورد في توقع مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لكامل الفم لدى السكان البالغیین من المرضى الذین یراجعون كلیة طب الاسنان- جامعة بغداد.60 سنة ویمثلون مجموعة الصفر. تم تقسیم المشاركین في ھذه الدراسة الى ثلاث مجموعات رئیسیة وفقا للعمر. - المشاركین في ھذه الدراسة كانوا مائة مریض، تتراوح اعمارھم من 30المجموعة الاولى والثانیة تتكون كل منھما من 30 مشارك بینما المجموعة الرابعة تتكون من 40 مشارك.اسنان رامفورد: 16،21،24،36،41،44 ) في كل ) (RF) ومن ثم قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد (FM) تم اولا قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لجمیع الاسنان في الفمالمجموعات. تم قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة باستخدام مسبار اللثة.كان غیر مھم في كل المجموعات، قیاسات معامل t باختبار (RF) ومستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد (FM) الفرق بین معدل مستوى الانسجة الرابطة المقاس لكامل الفمالارتباط ومعامل بیتا في كل المجموعات كانت عالیة.الموافقة العالیة بین مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد ولكامل الفم یؤكد صحة استخدام اسنان رامفورد لتمثیل كامل الفم في الدراسات الوبائیة


Article
Experimental Investigations of Hole - EDM to Optimize ElectrodeWear through Full Factorial of Design of Experiment
دراسة تجريبية لإنتاج الثقوب بالتشغيل بالتفريغ الكهربائي للحصول على امثل قيمة لبلى الألكترود من خلال استخدام طريقة تصميم التجربة كامل التحليل

Authors: Shukry H. Aghdeab --- Laith A. Mohammed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2015 Volume: 33 Issue: 2 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 372-379
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is a process where the material removal of the workpiece is achieved through high frequency sparks between the tool (electrode) and the workpiece immersed into the dielectric solution. It is commonly used to produce moulds and dies, to drill small, burr free holes and to make prototypes for the aerospace and electronics markets. In this work, micro-holes were fabricated on copper alloys by using EDM. The output responses investigated was electrode wear weight (EWW). Full factorial of Design of Experiment (DOE) module in Minitab was used as a principal methodology to examine the effects of current and machining time over output responses. Experimental results indicate that the EWW was mainly affected by current, and can be reduced by increasing the current parameter. Minimum EWW (0.12gm) obtained at 10A.

يعد التشغيل بالتفريغ الكهربائي من العلميات التي يتم فيها ازالة المعدن من المشغولة من خلال حصول شرارت عالية التردد بين الأداة (الألكترود) والمشغولة المغمورة في محلول. تستخدم هذه العمليات عادة لإنتاج القوالب والثقوب الصغيرة الخالية من الحافات الخشنة وعمل النماذج المستخدمة في الصناعات الفضائية والإلكترونية. في هذا العمل، تم تصنيع ثقوب مايكروية في سبائك النحاس باستخدام التفريغ الكهربائي. تم دراسة وزن البلى في الألكترود كمؤثر فاعل. تم استخدام نموذج تصميم التجربة كامل التحليل في برنامج (Minitab) كطريقة عمل رئيسية لدراسة تأثير التيار وزمن التشغيل على البلى في الألكترود. اظهرت النتائج العملية إن البلى في الألكترود يتأثر بشكل أساسي بالتيار ، ويمكن تقليل تأثيره بزيادة عامل التيار. تم الحصول على اقل بلى الألكترود (0.12gm) عند قيمة تيار 10 أمبير.


Article
Role of Ultrasonography in Diagnosis of Rotator Cuff Disease
دور كوي محيط الرضفه في تحجيم الام مقدمة الركبة في عمليات زراعة مفصل الركبة الكامله

Authors: Yasir Yousif Ali ياسر يوسف علي --- Shakir Hamad Zghair شاكر حمد صغير --- Abdul Jabbar Rashid Abed عبدالجبار رشيد
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2017 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-51
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Back ground: The shoulder joint is an elegant and complex piece of machinery. The rotator cuff tendons are keys to the healthy function of the shoulder and rotator-cuff tear is an especially painful injury and can happen at any age.Objectives; to evaluate the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tear.Patients and method; From March 2013 to September 2015 forty eight patients were enrolled in a prospective comparative study and divided into full thickness, partial thickness tear or intact tendons according to clinical and ultrasonographic criteria and these results were assessed by surgery and results compared. Results: Sensitivity of clinical diagnosis was 95.3%., specifity 20% and predictive value 33.3% and sensitivity of ultrasonography was 100%, Specifity 37.5% and Predictive value of 100 %.Conclusions; Ultrasonography is well tolerated and cost-effective and useful test in diagnosis and detection of rotator cuff tear.


Article
Design of n-Bit Adder without Applying Binary to Quaternary Conversion

Authors: Walaa MH. Khalaf --- Dhafer Zaghar --- Kadhum Al-majdi
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2019 Volume: 37 Issue: 3 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 106-111
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Abstract- Microprocessor has been considered as most important part inICs manufacturing and making progress since more than 50 years, soincreasing microprocessor speed is paid attention in all technologies. ALUis known as the slowest part in microprocessor because of the ripple carry,nowadays microprocessor uses 8-uints as pipeline, each one has 8-bits forimplementing 64-bit, working in this form has been captured themicroprocessor development and limited its speed for all its computations.Parallel processing and high speed ICs always trying to increase this speedbut unfortunately it remains limited. The contemporary solution forincreasing microprocessors speed is the Multiple Valued Logic (MVL)technology that will reduce the 8-bits to 4-qbits, this paper proposes a newdesign of a 2-qbit full adder (FA) as a basic unit to implement MVL ALU(AMLU) that has 8-units as pipeline, each one consists of 4-qbits toimplement 32-qbit which is equivalent to 64-bit, without applying binary toquaternary conversion and vice versa. The proposed design increasesmicroprocessors speed up to 1.65 times, but also a little increase ofimplementation


Article
Openness Management by Figures as a Model ofIntegrity and Transparency
الادارة المفتوحة

Authors: مصطفى منير اسماعيل --- سعد علي حمود العنزي
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2010 Volume: 16 Issue: 60 Pages: 1-16
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Introduction to the topic
Competitive advantage is a substantial strategic objective for organizations. It requires high levels in the quality of products and services provided to customers, continuous improvement of costing , care for creativity and innovative employees, and speed unique to the marketing and financial engineering, and business re-engineering processes. The situation in this area, requires actors to attract and develop human resources, including help in proper implementation of the strategic tasks that targeted by those institutions. According to the opinions and viewpoints of management scholars, the competitive advantage resource is the most important issue for organizations in the third millennium, which can be achieved through the construction of organizational knowledge, human capital, and their development to serve in transforming them into the learning and expert organizations, to know how to accelerate to be more efficient and flexible in the market.

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