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Article
Prevalence of upper gastro intestinal endoscopy findings in endoscopy referred patients at Mosul city, a ten years retrospective study

Author: Makkie A.K. AL-Youzbaki مكي اليوزبكي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2010 Volume: 36 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 8-11
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the findings of upper GI endoscopic examination carried out in order to assess the prevalence of upper GI disorders in the examined patients.
Design and setting: A retrospective clinical case series study done over a 10 years period from the 1st of October 1998 to the 1st of October 2008, at the Endoscopy Unit of Al Salam Teaching General Hospital during which a total of three thousand seven hundreds and nineteen upper GI endoscopic examinations were performed and analyzed.
Results: The mean age of our patients was 39.8 years and male to female ratio was 1.29:1 (males 56% and females 44%). Out of the total number of patients (3719), a sum of 1322 (35.5%) patients were typed as normal on endoscopic assessment while 2397 (64.5%) patient were found to retain abnormal findings with the duodenal lesions being the commonest 64%, followed by esophageal one 19%, then gastric lesions 17%. Duodenal ulcer was the most frequently recovered pathology [689 (29%) patients] followed by duodenitis [483 (20%) patients], then by gastroesophageal reflux disease [363 (15%) patients] that is followed by gastritis [312 (13%) patients].
Conclusions: Upper GI lesions are frequent in Mosul population. The upper GI endoscopy is a valuable mean in the assessment of upper GI symptomatology.

Keywords: GI, gastrointestinal.

الأهداف: لتحليل نتائج تنظير الجهاز الهضمي العلوي الذي تم إجراؤه في شعبة التنظير لتقييم أنواع انتشار أمراض الجهاز الهضمي العلوي للمرضى المحالين.التصميم والاعداد: تم إجراء دراسة لسلسلة من الحالات السريرية الاسترجاعية والتي امتدت لفترة عشر سنوات ابتداءا من شهر تشرين أول 1998 ولغاية الأول من شهر تشرين أول 2008 في شعبة التنظير التابعة لمستشفى السلام التعليمي العام حيث تم خلال هذه الفترة فحص وتحليل ثلاثة آلاف وسبعمائة وتسعة عشر حالة.النتائــج: كان متوسط عمر المرضى 39,8 سنة وبلغت نسبة الذكور الى الاناث 1,29:1 (الذكور 56% والإناث 44%) من المجموع الكلي لعدد المرضى البالغ (3719)، وتم تصنيف ما مجموعه منها 1322 (35,5%) كانت طبيعية أثناء الفحص، في حين وجد بان باقي المرضى البالغ عددهم 2397 (64,5%) كانت حالات مرضية كما يلي، أمراض ألاثني عشري كانت الأكثر شيوعا (64%) تليها أمراض المريء وكانت نسبتها (19%) وأخيرا أمراض المعدة وبلغت نسبتها (17%). قرحة ألاثني عشري كانت هي الأكثر انتشارا حيث كان عدد المرضى المصابين بها [689(29%)] يليها التهاب ألاثني عشري [483(20%)] ويليها المرضى المصابين برخاوة الفتحة الفؤادية [363(15%)] ويليها أخيرا أمراض التهاب المعدة حيث بلغ عددهم [312(13%)].الاستنتاجات: تعتبر أمراض الجهاز الهضمي العلوي شائعة ومنتشرة بين المرضى في مدينة الموصل. ويعتبر فحص تنظير الجهاز الهضمي العلوي أحد أهم الوسائل في تقييم مرضى الجهاز الهضمي العلوي.

Keywords

GI --- gastrointestinal


Article
Clinical Outcome of Azithromycin dehydrate used in treatment of acute apical periodontitis and severe chronic marginal gingivitis compared to other antibiotics

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Abstract

Ninety six patient aged between 12 – 50 years attending the college of dentistry ,Al- mustansyria university and the investigators clinics , they were divided into twoequal groups; 48 Patients suffering acute apical periodntitis ( painful ) weresubjected to different antibiotics after drainage and their prognosis towards nonpainfulchronic apical perioddontitis was observed and were as follows : 29.3% withAzithromycin, 20.8 % with ampicilline and 29.3% with ampicilline plusmetronidazole with a total of 79.4 % .The second group, were 48 students aged 12- 20 years suffering from severemarginal gingivitis ( GI-3 ) and were subjected to different antibiotics afterprophylaxis and some of them were kept on prophylaxis alone and their progress tomild marginal gingivitis ( G.I.1) was observed and were as follows :20.8 % withazithromycin , 16.7 % with ampicilline, 22.9 % with ampicilline plus metronidazoleand 20.8 % with prophylaxis and oral hygiene practice alone with a total of 81.2 %showing no significant difference between prophylaxis alone and those withprophylaxis and antibiotics .


Article
Gingival health status among students in AL-Mustansiria University – College of Dentistry

Authors: Dr. Mohammed K. Mahmoud. B.D.S., M. Sc. د.محمد قيس --- Dr. Rand S. AL-Ubaidi. B.D.S., M. Sc. د.رند العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 158-163
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Gingival health status survey was conducted concerning 19-23 years old studentsin Al- Mustansiria University / college of dentistry.The total sample composed of 150 students (75 males and 75 females).The clinical examination was conducted by using blunt mouth probe, followingthe (GI) described by Silness and Loe (1963).Results of this study have shown that mean of gingivitis decreases with advancingclass level with a high significant difference between all classes due to higherawareness regarding prevention of dental diseases among finished dental students.Results also show that gingivitis among males is higher than that among females forall classes because of having better oral hygiene practices than males.


Article
Measuring and Analyzing The Causal Relationship between Investing Government Expenditure non-oil GDP in Iraq For The Period (1990-2011)
قياس وتحليل العلاقة السببية بين الانفاق الحكومي الاستثماري والناتج المحلي الاجمالي غير النفطي في العراق للمدة (1990-2011)

Authors: محمد صالح سلمان الكبيسي --- نضال قادر حسن
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2014 Volume: 20 Issue: 78 Pages: 278-296
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The investment government expenditure is considered the fundamental of enhancing the economic activity as it has become a mean for achieving capital accumulation in all economic sectors, The Iraqi economy is characterized of being yield unilateral depending petroleum revenues as an essential resource of financing government expenditure , as the contribution of petroleum sector in GDP is large in proportions to other economic sectors contribution. The relationship between investing government expenditure, and non-oil GDP is about to be not existent during the period of the research on the long term, and the reason is the economic sanctions imposed which left negative effects on Iraq economic representing in the decrease of employment levels in the Iraqi sectors , the decrease of productive capacities in commodity sectors ( agricultural - industrial ) and other reasons , After U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003,new economic features have emerged representing in infrastructure collapse for the most economic and, the decrease of the investments presented to be sustained and expanded for the purpose of their fittnss with population increases and economic and social developments ,the continuity yield style of and non- productive of the economic policy trends which contributed in deterioration of commodity sectors , particularly agricultural and industrial , and the accumulation of yield service of Iraqi economy for the benefit of defense and security activities that brought a continuous increase in consumption expenditure at the expense of investing expenditure in productive and development fields ,in addition to that the prevalence of financial and administrative corruption in all economic, managerial and security government activities , and the lack of suitable investing environment that is of a direct role in the decrease of production and hence, the weakness of its contribution in non-oil GDP

يعد الانفاق الحكومي الاستثماري الركيزة الاساسية لتحريك النشاط الاقتصادي فقد اصبح وسيلة لتحقيق التراكم الرأسمالي في جميع القطاعات الاقتصادية , وان الاقتصاد العراقي يتصف بوصفه اقتصاد ريعي احادي الجانب يعتمد على ايرادات النفطية كمصدر اساسي لتمويل الانفاق الحكومي ,اذ تشكل مساهمة قطاع النفط في الناتج المحلي الاجمالي نسبة كبيرة مع تراجع نسبة مساهمة الاقطاعات الاقتصادية الاخرى.وان العلاقة بين الانفاق الحكومي الاستثماري والناتج المحلي الاجمالي غير النفطي تكاد تكون معدومة خلال مدة البحث على المدى الطويل جاءت نتيجة فرض العقوبات الاقتصادية على العراق مما له اثارسلبية على الاقتصاد العراقي تتمثل بانخفاض مستويات التشغيل في القطاعات الاقتصادية وكذلك انخفاض الطاقات الانتاجية في القطاعات السلعية (الزراعية – الصناعية) وغيرها من الاسباب ولكن بعد الاحتلال الامريكي للعراق عام 2003 برزت سمات اقتصادية جديدة تمثلت بانهيار البنى الارتكازية لمعظم القطاعات الاقتصادية وقلة الاستثمارات المقدمة لادامتها وتوسيعها لغرض ملائمتها مع الزيادات السكانية والتطورات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية , واستمرار الطابع الريعي وغير الانتاجي في توجيه السياسة الاقتصادية مما ساهم في تدهور القطاعات السلعية ولاسيما الزراعية والصناعية , وتكديس الطابع الريعي الخدمي للاقتصاد العراقي لصالح الانشطة العسكرية والامنية وترتب على هذا التوجة زيادة مستمرة في الانفاق الاستهلاكي على حساب الانفاق الاستثماري في المجالات الانتاجية والتنموية , فضلا عن شيوع مظاهر الفساد المالي والاداري في جميع انشطة الدولة الاقتصادية والادارية والامنية , وعدم وجود بيئة استثمارية ملائمة وكل هذا له دور مباشر في انخفاض حجم الانتاج وبالتالي ضعف مساهمتها في الناتج المحلي الاجمالي غير النفطي.


Article
The role of smoking with some salivary parameters, dental caries and gingivitis

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Abstract

Back ground: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of smoking on oral health including the caries rate and gingival conditions, and salivary parameters.Materials and Methods: This study done on 50 healthy volunteers, 25 smokers and 25-non-smokers. Dental caries was recorded using DMFS (Decayed, Missed, and Filled) surfaces index teeth and gingival parameter recorded by G.I (gingival index). Stimulated saliva was collected before clinical measurement then salivary pH estimated by using pH meter.Results: The statistical analysis for the DMFS in both smokers and non smokers groups showed no significant difference in mean 0.48 (P>0.05). This is corresponds with the salivary pH and flow rate in both smokers and non- smokers groups 0.75, 0.91 respectively (P>0.05) and similar to the result of GI between both groups 0.37 (P>0.05).Conclusion: the long term use of the tobacco smoking have not any effect on the dental caries and not cause any changes in the salivary flow rate and salivary pH, and not give rise to any remarkable gingival changes.


Article
The Relation of ABO Blood Groups with some Oral Diseases

Author: Sulafa K. Banoosh سلافة خير الدين بنوش
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 52-57
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The present study was designed to find the relation between the ABO blood groups and some oral diseases. Fifty healthy –looking students aged 18 to 23 years old were selected randomly included (18) female and (22) males. Blood samples were taken and examined for blood grouping by the slide method. Dental caries was recorded using DMFT (Decay. Missing and Filling) index teeth and periodontal parameters recorded by GI (gingival index) and PI (plaque index). All data were analyzed statistically using SPSS version 13. The statistical analysis for blood grouping and oral diseases including (dental caries and periodontal problems) showed no significant differences in mean 0.71, 0.57, 0.21 respectively (p>0.001). There are no relation between the ABO blood groups and some oral diseases.

Keywords

blood groups --- dental caries --- DMFT --- GI --- gingival index --- PI --- plaque index


Article
Spatial analysis of agricultural land erosion using the statistical model of Getis-Ord Gi * in Saladin Governorate
التحليل المكاني لتعرية الأراضي الزراعية باستخدام النموذج الإحصائي لــ Getis-Ord Gi* في محافظة صلاح الدين

Author: Dhafir Ibrahim Taha Al-Azzawi ظافر إبراهيم طه العزاوي
Journal: Journal Of Al-Frahedis Arts مجلة آداب الفراهيدي ISSN: 26638118 (Online) | 20749554 (Print) Year: 2018 Volume: I Issue: 34 Pages: 148-178
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This study investigates the spatial statistical analysis of erosion and its effect on agricultural land in the study area, in order to explain and explain the causes of erosion leading to the emergence of these effects and the resulting degradation of agricultural land, as well as the use of spatial statistical analysis using the model (Getis-Ord Gi The results were distributed mainly on the study area. These were two maps representing the values of the first and second models (GiZScor) e) and (GiPValue), and the researcher relied on research on the comparison between space visualizations for the years (1973-1995-2016). (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) in the study of this change, and the results of the analysis of the risk of erosion (water and wind) showed three risks to the agricultural lands. The results were low risk, medium risk and high risk, The most dangerous land was 71.2% of the total area of the study area. This means that it has acquired arable land. Most of the agricultural and pastoral use is concentrated in it, as well as surface water, such as river drains and irrigation channels.

تناول هذا البحث الكشف عن التحليل الاحصائي المكاني للتعرية وتأثيرها على الأراضي الزراعية في منطقة الدراسة, بغية تفسير وتوضيح أسباب التعرية المؤدية إلى ظهور هذه الأثار وما ينجم عنها من تدهور للأراضي الزراعية, فضلاً عن استخدام التَحليل الإحصائي المكاني باستخدام النموذج (لـــــ(Getis-Ord Gi* ومن أجل إجراء تحليل كمي على النمط المكاني للتعرية المائية والريحية, للمساحات الزراعية وفقاً للوحدات الادارية, تم استخدام الأداة Hot Spot Analysis: Getis-Ord Gi*)) وأظهرت النتائج التي وزعت بشكل رئيسي على منطقة الدراسة خارطتين تمثلان قيم النموذج الاول والثاني (GiZScore) و (GiPValue), واعتمد الباحث في البحث على المقارنة بين المرئيات الفضائية للسنوات (1973-1995-2016). من أجل التعرف على فترات تغير الأراضي الزراعية, باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية (GIS) والاستشعار عن بعد (RS) في دراسة هذا التغير، وأظهرت نتائج التحليل لمخاطر التعرية (المائية والريحية) ثلاثة مخاطر للأراضي الزراعية, وكانت النتائج قليلة الخطورة ومتوسطة الخطورة وشديدة الخطورة, وشكلت الأراضي المتوسط الخطورة أعلى نسبة بلغت (71.2%) من مجموع مساحة منطقة الدراسة, وهذا يعني أنها استحوذت على الأراضيِ الصالحة للزراعة, وإن أغلب الاستخدام الزراعي والرعوي يتركز فيها, كما تتوفر فيها مياه سطحية متمثلة بمجاري الانهار والقنوات الاروائية.


Article
الأطر النظرية و المناهج العلمية التقنية لعلم الجيومعلوماتية

Authors: خديجة عبد الزهرة حسين --- علي عبد الصمد
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Information Technology المجلة العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات ISSN: 19948638/26640600 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 اللغة العربية Pages: 1-24
Publisher: iraqi association of information الجمعية العراقية لتكنولوجيا المعلومات

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Abstract

The spatial analysis is a condition of the completion spatial research conditions. The Geoinformatics systems has been characterized by various means for processing and analysis of spatial data which represented by geographic data Geo-DB. Inasmuch, the efficiency of the Geoinformatics systems has been proved in many application and research fields in the level of present Geoinformatics’s services to users and decision-makers, it has contributed in developing of scientific methods and approaches to search spatial, that adopted as scientific program in Geocomputational processing by using different software applications in all spatial scientific fields, and that leading to give spatial science ability to compete with other sciences through assimilation and use of modern technologies. The research found that spatial research with an application dimension depends technical analytical methods as a way of technical research and not as an instrument result of technical integration in processing and spatial analysis which contributes in opening new horizons in the spatial research through creating a set of methodologies which related to the techniques in an optimum form. Therefore we can rely Geoinformatics systems as a science by itself due to its modern technics approaches and its varied in spatial processing techniques, furthermore, the possibility of integration with smart technologies models in the field of artificial intelligence to produce an objective systems and supportive of the resolution in various spatial specialties

يعد التحليل المكاني شرط من شروط اكتمال الابحاث المكانية . وقد تميزت النظم الجيومعلوماتية باساليب مختلفة للمعالجة والتحليل للبيانات المكانية المتمثلة بقواعد البيانات الجغرافية Geo-DB . ونظرا للكفاءة التي اثبتتها النظم الجيومعلوماتية في العديد من المجالات التطبيقية والبحثية في مستوى تقديم الخدمات المعلوماتية للمستفيدين واصحاب القرار، ساهم ذلك في تطوير الاساليب والمناهج العلمية المتبعة في البحث المكاني، التي أعتمدت كمناهج علمية في المعالجة المكانية المحوسبة Geo-computational processing وذلك باستخدام البرمجيات التطبيقية المختلفة في كافة المجالات العلمية المكانية ، مما ادى الى اعطاء علم المكان قدرة على منافسة العلوم الاخرى من خلال استيعاب واستخدام التقنيات الحديثة . توصل البحث الى ان البحث المكاني ذات البعد التطبيقي يعتمد الاساليب التحليلية التقنية كمنهج بحث وليس كأداة نتيجة التكامل التقني في مجالي المعالجة والتحليل المكاني الذي ساهم بفتح آفاق جديدة في الابحاث المكانية من خلال ابتكار مجموعة من المنهجيات المرتبطة بالتقنيات بالشكل الامثل . وعليه يمكن اعتماد النظم الجيومعلوماتية كعلم قائم بحد ذاته لما يتميز به من اساليب تقنية حديثة ومتنوعة في المعالجة المكانية ، فضلاً عن امكانية التكامل مع نماذج التقنيات الذكية في مجال الذكاء الاصطناعي (AI) لأنتاج نظم جيومعلوماتية خبيرة (هدفية) وداعمة للقرار في مختلف التخصصات المكانية .


Article
Evaluation of serum anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies level in rheumatoid patients with and without periodontitis

Author: Fatin M. Jarallah فاتن جار الله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 83-87
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis (PD) are widely prevalent diseases and are characterized bytissue destruction due to chronic inflammation. Recently, there is growing evidence that the two diseases sharemany pathological features. An association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis has been consideredmany years ago. The current study was established to evaluate the serum ACCP levels in rheumatoid arthritis patientswith and without periodontitis, in addition to study the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontalparameters.Subjects and methods: A total of 95 subjects were enrolled in this study, age ranged (35 – 55) years divided into 3groups: Group I consist of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients with periodontitis, while group II consist of 35 rheumatoidarthritis patients without periodontitis and group ÉÉÉ which consist of 15 apparently- healthy controls. . Periodontalparameters used in this study were plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinicalattachment level (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP). Blood samples were collected from each subject todetermine serum concentrations of ACCP by means of enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA).Results: present study revealed that serum ACCP levels were significantly higher in rheumatoid patients withperiodontitis (P<0.001) than that in other two groups. Regarding the correlation between serum ACCP levels andperiodontal parameters, the current study showed positive correlation between serum ACCP and each of plaqueindex, gingival index and probing pocket depth.Conclusion: The current results provide strong evidence of association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis,and suggested that periodontitis may play an important role in activation and triggering immune response

Keywords

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis --- RA and periodontitis --- PD are widely prevalent diseases and are characterized by tissue destruction due to chronic inflammation. Recently --- there is growing evidence that the two diseases share many pathological features. An association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis has been considered many years ago. The current study was established to evaluate the serum ACCP levels in rheumatoid arthritis patients with and without periodontitis --- in addition to study the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontal parameters. Subjects and methods: A total of 95 subjects were enrolled in this study --- age ranged --- 35 – 55 years divided into 3 groups: Group I consist of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients with periodontitis --- while group II consist of 35 rheumatoid arthritis patients without periodontitis and group ÉÉÉ which consist of 15 apparently- healthy controls. . Periodontal parameters used in this study were plaque index --- PI --- gingival index --- GI --- probing pocket depth --- PPD --- clinical attachment level --- CAL and bleeding on probing --- BOP. Blood samples were collected from each subject to determine serum concentrations of ACCP by means of enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay --- ELISA. Results: present study revealed that serum ACCP levels were significantly higher in rheumatoid patients with periodontitis --- P<0.001 than that in other two groups. Regarding the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontal parameters --- the current study showed positive correlation between serum ACCP and each of plaque index --- gingival index and probing pocket depth. Conclusion: The current results provide strong evidence of association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis --- and suggested that periodontitis may play an important role in activation and triggering immune response

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