research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
Investigating the Gap between Simultaneous Interpreter Training and Iraqi Market Needs
دراسة الفجوة بين تدريب المترجمين الفوريين واحتياجات السوق العراقية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

After the war in 2003, interpreting became one of the most prominent professions in Iraq. Huge numbers of interpreters were recruited to facilitate communication between military troops and reconstruction international corporations on the one hand and the Iraqi public on the other. Moreover, there was a gradual high demand for interpreters in the market to cater for the needs of the rapidly increasing foreign direct investment in many fields such as the oil industry. However, interpreter training programmes offered by Iraqi universities and several independent institutions remain as poorly designed as they have always been: they fail to meet the requirements of such social and global changes. The present study evaluates simultaneous interpreting training in Iraq. It calls for the revision, renewal, and continuous update of curricula and teaching methodology to suit the critical challenges posed by the digital modern market. It also suggests a number of possible workable solutions to improve interpreter training such as devoting well-trained teaching staff, offering specialized training programmes for the would-be interpreters, raise programme standards and the integration of technology into teaching.


Article
Crude Oil Price in its Global Market
سعر النفط في سوقه الدولي في ظل فائض العرض واستمرار الركود

Author: أحمد إبريهي علي
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2016 Volume: 22 Issue: 87 Pages: 319-351
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper addresses the factors responsible for changes in crude oil prices, in real market and financial sector. In order to prepare the analytical background for further investigation, it highlights the patterns of correlations of the real oil price and the most related prices of assets, exchange rate and government bond yield. The paper reviews the statistical behavior of oil price, quantities and the global macroeconomic environment. Topics discussed include the theory of differential rent and scarcity effect ,the role of future market and speculation, strategies of energy of the major economies to investigate the prospects of oil market and the potential demand for OPEC's oil. The paper explores the interrelationship between spot and future prices using daily data , explanatory power of real effective exchange rate in addition to conventional demand and supply functions. Although, The paper finds regularities consistent with the predictions of economic theory, it concludes that the changes in real price of oil have historically tended to be difficult to predict. Further research works are recommended particularly in the areas of storage arbitrage and financial future contracts.

تناولت هذه الدراسة العوامل المسؤولة عن تغيرات سعر النفط الخام في السوق الحقيقية والقطاع المالي. وفي سبيل تهيئة الخلفية التحليلية لمزيد من البحث ، بينت انماط الارتباط بين السعر الحقيقي للنفط واسعار الأصول الأوثق صلة وسعر الصرف والعائد على السند الحكومي. واستعرضت الدراسة السلوك الإحصائي لسعر النفط، والكميات، وبيئة الاقتصاد الكلي الدولي. وتشمل المسائل المدروسة نظرية الريع التفاضلي وأثر الندرة، ودور اسواق المستقبل والمضاربة، واستراتيجيات الطاقة في الاقتصادات الكبرى للتحقيق في آفاق سوق النفط والطلب المحتمل على نفط أوبك. وكشفت الدراسة عن العلاقات المتبادلة بين الأسعار الفورية والمستقبلية باستخدام البيانات اليومية، والقوة التفسيرية لسعر الصرف الحقيقي الفعال فضلا عن دوال الطلب والعرض التقليدية. وعلى الرغم من توصل الدراسة إلى علاقات منتظمة متسقة مع مدلولات النظرية الاقتصادية استنتجت أن تغيرات سعر النفط الحقيقي ، تاريخيا، ذات نزعة تجعل من الصعب التكهن بها. ومن المطلوب إجراء المزيد من الأبحاث ولاسيما في مجالات المتاجرة بالخزين والعقود المالية المستقبلية.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

Arabic and English (1)

English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2016 (1)