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Observations on the ultrastructure of a rat mammary gland treated with harmal and borage

Authors: Salim R. Hamoudi ** --- Shatha M. Al-Faisaly*** --- Wasan Al- Saidi * --- Malak A. Al- Yawer **Ph.D
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 151-156
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background : It had been indentified by histological, histochemical and morphometrical studies that peganum harmala is a mammogenic herb and borage officinalis is a lactogenic one . To complete our investigation about these two herbs , we performed electron microscopical study . Materials and methods : Rats were grouped according to their physiological status into three groups . Each group was subdivided in to three subgroups : one control and two experimental . The two experimental group were treated daily; the 1st one with an aqueous extract of peganum harmala seeds and the 2nd with an aqueous extract of borage officinalis flowers . After two weeks of treatment , mammary glands were employed for electron microscopical study . Results : In virgin rats , the epithelial and myoepithelial cells were partially differentiated when harmal was given and completely differentiated when borage was given . In pregnant rats , harmal and borage optimize mammary parenchymal growth and induce lactation when these herbs were given. In lactating rats ,these herbs exhibited a picture similar to control lactating group but the budding of lipid droplets and the swelling of secretary vesicles were markedly increased . Conclusion: Both harmal and borage stimulate the release of prolactin and induce galactogenesis during pregnancy and promote it during lactation . Key Words : Mammary gland , Electron microscope , Harmal , Borage


Article
EFFECT OF ARAK AND HARMAL PLANT EXTRACTS ON GROWTH INHIBITION OF Mauginiella scaettae Cav
دراسة تاثير مستخلصات نباتي الاراك والحرمل في تبيط نمو الفطر Mauginiella scaettae Cav. مختبريا

Author: Ramiz Mahdi Salih رامز مهدي صالح
Journal: Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research البصرة لابحاث نخلة التمر ISSN: 18160379 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-40
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

A study was conducted at Plant Pathology Lab. ,Date PalmResearch center , Univ. of Basrah to evaluate the activity ofarak Salvadora sp. and harmal Peganum harmala plantextracts in their effect on the radial growth of M. scaettaewhich caused inflorencet rot of date palm .The results showed that water , alcoholic and hexaneextracts of arak plant have no any antifungal activityagainst M. scaettae , the inhibition percentage of radialgrowth was (0.69, 0.86 and 0 )% respectively .The water and alcoholic plant extracts of harmal causedinhibition to the radial growth of the same fungus (24.07and 24.3 %) respectively .

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