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Article
Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior in Relation to Oral Hygiene and Gingival Condition among a Group of Industry Workers

Author: Muna Abdulla منى عبدالله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 76-81
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: In Iraqi communities, the workers considered the largest population groups, so increasing their dental education by increasing the care for their dental health knowledge and behavior is very important, the present study was aimed to evaluate the gingival health and oral hygiene in relation to knowledge and behavior among a group of a workers selected randomly from Al Fedaa company in Baghdad city.Materials and methods: A sample of 110 workers (65 men and 45 women) included in this study, a questionnaire used to evaluate their oral health knowledge and behavior. The gingival health condition of the workers was examined by using Loe and Silness index (1963), Silness and Loe index (1964) was used to asses plaque quantity, and Ramfjord index (1959) used to asses calculus quantity, SPSS version 18 was used to analyze the data of the study statistically.Results: This study showed that no significant differences between plaque, calculus, and gingival index with the education degree of the workers. About the knowledge the result showed no significant differences in questions asking about type and characteristic of dental caries, best type of tooth paste, brushing technique. There is a significant differences found in questions regarding gingival health and bleeding. The behavior of the workers showed no significant differences in questions regarding quantity of brushing teeth, using assistant aid, better time for eating sweet, while there is a significant difference in question about smoking and gingival health and duration of brushing time.Conclusion: Increasing the dental education by using the help of social media, schools, and national educational programs will improve the dental knowledge and behavior which affect positively on the oral hygiene

Keywords

Behavior --- oral hygiene --- knowledge


Article
An evaluation of mercury hygiene level for dentists in Mosul City

Author: Nawfal A ZAKARIA
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-73
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The present study was carried out to observe the level of mercury hygiene for the dentists in Mosul city via a questionnaire given to the 98 dentists selected randomly. The data was collected and percentages were calculated. The results revealed that the dentists had some of good hygienic methods, for example, (80% of dentists were ventilate their clinic, 100% of dentists were use water cooling System during removal of old amalgam restorations), and some of unhygienic methods, for example, (33% of dentists only were uses amalgam capsules, 93% of dentists work without rubber gloves) which increase the possibility of dentists exposure to mercury toxicity. According to this results the dentists should change they manner form unhygienice type to minimize as much as possible the mercury toxicity. Seminars & lectures of continuos education are very important in this field

Keywords

Mercury hygiene --- toxicity --- amalgam


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population (21–80) years in Thamar– Yemen

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to find if there is any variation between sex and age groups among adults aged 21–80 years in Thamar–Yemen. A sample of 224 individuals aged 21– 80 years (177 males and 47 females) were examined using plaque index by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). The results showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 1.15; the plaque index was increasing with age significantly. Males reported higher means than females with statistical significant difference in the 3rd, and 5th age groups; while at the 4th age group the females reported significantly higher plaque scores than males. The mean gingival score for the total sample was low (0.84) and it was increasing with age significantly. The mean gingival score was slightly better in males than females with statistical significant difference in all age groups except the 5th age group where the females showed better gingival health. Therefore, the objective of dental health education to those adults is to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice by tooth brushing and interdental aids.


Article
Assessment of Personal Hygiene for Adults with Diabetic Foot

Author: Hussein H. Atia
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the personal hygiene of adult patients with diabetic foot.Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in Baghdad teaching hospital, Al-Karama teaching hospital and Al-Kindey teaching hospital for the period of 10/1/2006 to 1/9/2006. A purposive "non probability" sample of (100) patient.Questionnaire was constructed for achieving the purpose of the study. Data were collected through the application of the questionnaire and interview technique. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency & percentage) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square & correlation) by using of SPSS.Results: The study results indicated that the range of age was between (56-60) year and most of them was male, married, read and write and the majority was smoking since (15) year ago and there is effect from personal hygiene on diabetic foot.Recommendation: The study recommended that educational programs should be constructed or designed for personal hygiene of patient newly diagnosed with diabetes, need for specialized nurses in the diabetic center and quit or reduce smoking.

الخلاصــة الهـدف: تهدف الدراسة لتقييم النظافة الشخصية للبالغين المصابين بالقدم السكرية. المنهجيـة: دراسة وصفية أقيمت في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي مستشفى الكرامة التعليمي ومستشفى الكندي التعليمي واستغرقت الدراسة الفترة من 10/1/2006 إلى 1/9/2006 وشملت عينة البحث (100) مريضاً، أختيرت بطريقة غرضية (غير احتمالية). صممت استبانة البحث لغرض تحقيق أهداف الدراسة، وجمعت المعلومات من خلال هذه الاستبانة وبطريقة المقابلة وتمّ تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق أسلوب الإحصاء الوصفي (التكرار، النسبة المئوية) والأسلوب الإحصائي الاستنتاجي (معامل الارتباط ومربع كاي) باستخدام حقيبة التحليل الإحصائي ( (SPSS 10.0. النتائـج: أظهرت الدراسة أنّ معدل العمر يتراوح بين (56-60) سنة وأغلبهم من الذكور المتزوجين، يقرؤون ويكتبون ويدخنون منذ (15) سنة وهناك تأثير للنظافة الشخصية على مرضى سكر القدم.التوصيـات: أوصت الدراسة بتصميم أو بناء برامج تثقيفية في النظافة الشخصية للمرضى المشخصين حديثاً بالسكري والحاجة إلى ممرض/ ممرضة اختصاص في مراكز مرضى السكري والإقلاع عن أو تقليل التدخين إن أمكن.


Article
Prevalence of Tinea capitis among Primary School Children in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
انتشار داء القرع للراس بين تلاميذ المدارس في بغداد العراق

Author: Khalid A. Khlifa د خالد احمد خليفه
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-11
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Tinea capitis is most common of all cutaneous mycoses in children in developed and undeveloped regionsObjectives: to describe the prevalence of Tinea capitis among primary school children in Baghdad governorate in relation to certain socio-demographic characteristicsMethods: A total of 2160 school children were randomly selected from 30 primary schools in both urban and rural areas of Baghdad. Data collection was extended from 10th of Feb. to the 26th of April, 2004. A self administered questionnaire form was distributed to each selected student to be filled by his parents. Wood’s light was used confirm the diagnosis of Tinea capitis.Results: The prevalence of Tinea capitis 0.1%. Cases of Tinea capitis were diagnosed among male children only, living in rural areas, among children living in crowded conditions. Their families with low educational level of fathers and mothersConclusion: prevalence rate reflect the improvement in hygienic and socio- economic status in Baghdad, Iraq. Keywords: Tinea capitis, Hygiene, Baghdad, school

Keywords

Tinea capitis --- Hygiene --- Baghdad --- school


Article
The Effect of Oral Hygiene Status on the Bond Failure Rate of the Orthodontic Bracket

Author: Munad Jihad Ashij AL-Duliamy
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 2-12
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Bracket bond failure is one of the major clinical dilemmas in orthodontic specialty that directly affect the success of the orthodontic treatment. Objectives The objectives of the present study were to assess the effect of oral hygiene status of the patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances on the bond failure rate of thebracket. Materials and Methods Twenty-four patients (14 females, 10 males) with age range (14-25 years) were participants and fixed orthodontic appliances were placed for them. Oral hygiene status was assessed using Orthodontic Plaque Index (OPI) with a score from zero to four. The OPI was evaluated in each patient at follow up visit three-week apart during a six-month observation period. Each bond failure (other than due to trauma) was documented on a data collection sheet remarking the date and tooth type. The effect of OPI scores on the bond failure rate was evaluated. Any relation between the age of the patient, gender, dental arches, sides and tooth type with the deboning behavior was evaluated and the data were analyzed statistically. Results The highest percentage of bond failure rate was apparent with oral hygiene scores three and four. The male and younger patients showed a higher percentage of bond failure. The maxillary arch exhibited a higher percentage of bond failure. Regarding tooth type, both maxillary right lateral incisors and canines had higher percentage of bond failure. Conclusion Maintaining good oral hygiene during the course of orthodontic treatment has a crucial role in the success of bond strength. Bond failure rate varies according to age, gender, dental arch, and tooth type.


Article
Prevalence of Teeth Loss and Its Relation to The Oral Health Behaviors among Type 2 Diabetic and Non Diabetic Patients

Author: Hawraa Khalid Aziz
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2010 Volume: 3 no.3, 4 Issue: 7 Pages: 902-909
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes can affect the health of the teeth and the surrounding structures that are increased the risk of developing periodontal disease that resulting destruction of the bone and the periodontal tissues that lead to greater teeth loss than those without diabetes.
Objectives: The aim of this study to compare the teeth loss of the diabetic and non-diabetic patients considering the age, sex , duration of the disease and oral health behaviors.
Methods: Teeth loss of 67 adult diabetics and 67 non-diabetic patients of age 45-74 years old were examined also diabetic group was compared according to the duration of the disease. The oral health behavior including the frequency of the tooth brush per day, cleaning method, and tobacco use were compared among the diabetic and non-diabetic groups.
Results: There is highest significant difference in mean number of the teeth loss between the diabetics and non diabetics with non significant difference between the patients of more than 10 years and less than 10 years of the duration. The diabetics showed significantly higher frequency of the tooth brush and tobacco use than non-diabetic group and the teeth loss decreased with increased the frequency of the tooth brush.
Conclusions: The teeth loss was greater in diabetics than non-diabetics, when the duration of the disease was increased there was increased in teeth loss. The study indicated that diabetic subjects should improve their oral hygiene practices.
Keywords: Teeth loss, diabetic patients, oral hygiene.


Article
Effect of tooth brushing technique on oral hygiene in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Authors: Dheaa Hussein ضياء حسين --- Baydaa Hussein بيداء حسين --- Manhal Abdul-Rahman منهل عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to find whether the brushing technique (horizontal technique versus roll technique) would affect the oral hygiene of orthodontic patients or not.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on fifteen patients who were undergoing orthodontic treatment and were submitted to the clinical trial by changing the tooth brushing maneuver throughout the orthodontic treatment course from the patient’s own brushing maneuver to the horizontal and then to the roll brushing technique.Results: The results showed that the roll technique had a superior cleansing effect than the horizontal one, and the gender variation had no effect.Conclusion: Patients' instructions are considered as an important factor for planning good oral hygiene.


Article
The Impact of Thalassemia Major on Dental Integrity and Development

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Abstract

Thalassemia major is no longer a disease of childhood. Life expectancy of these patients has increased as a result of the dramatic change in medical management of thalassemia major in the past two decades. As patients with thalassemia major become older, their needs also are changed. Patients now face new issues, such as having families, obtaining higher education, and securing employment, which need more care and attention for their appearance in general and dental health in special.The aim of this study was to compare the dental maturity and integrity of a group of patients with β thalassaemia major with age and sex matched healthy controls in Baghdad.For this cross sectional study, a convenient sample of 100 (72 males and 28 females) thalassemic patients who were attending the thalassemia centers in AL-Karama and Ebin-AL Balady hospital was involved. The age of the patients ranged from 6 to15 years. A similar number, of healthy individuals matching with age and gender, was selected as control.Plaque, calculus, and gingival indices as well as decayed, missed and filled surfaces indicator are significantly different in thalaessaemic patients in comparison to control group. The thalaessaemic patients also demonstrated a delay in the development of their dentition.The thalassemic patients demonstrated a delay in the development of their dentition. The mean difference between chronologic and dental age was found to be statistically significant


Article
The knowledge and practices of oral hygiene methods in a sample of college students; Baghdad

Authors: Dr.Mohammed A. Hamid. B.D.S., M.Sc. ** د.محمد حامد --- Dr.Yousif A. Al-Rahim. MBCHB, FICM /CM * د.يوسف الرحيم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 88-92
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Back ground: Poor oral health can have a profound effect on general health and the quality of life, the experience of pain, endurance of dental abscesses, problems with eating, chewing, and missing, discolored or damaged teeth, has a major impact on people’s daily lives and wellbeing. All these problems can be prevented by good personal oral hygiene practices.Objectives: The aim of this study was to find out the knowledge and practices of oral hygiene methods and assess any association between these methods with the prevalence of dental caries among the students in different colleges in BaghdadMethods:-Study design: Cross sectional-Study period: The study was conducted from September, 1st to December, 31st 2005-Settings: Different colleges in Baghdad-Participants: A convenience sample of Four hundred and seventy students, male 236 (50.2%) and female 234 (48.8%).-Data collection: The data were collected by using a specially prepared questionnaire and oral examination.Results: 73.6% shows a poor and intermediate knowledge and practices methods of oral hygiene, the prevalence of dental caries reaches 66.4%. The proportion of dental carries among students with excellent score for the knowledge and practice methods of oral hygiene was 15.4 % (4 out of 26) only, while those with poor score showed 97.4% (76 out of 78).Conclusions: There is a need to enhance the knowledge of oral health and disease among our students, early detection and treatment of dental and oral diseases.

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