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Article
Overview for Internet of Things: Basics, Components and Applications
نظرة عن أنترنيت الأشياء و أسسه و مكوناته و تطبيقاته

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Abstract

There are significant developments in the field of remote sensing, communications, and control in the world today. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the result of cooperation between them. It is a system of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, and things that are capable of sensing and are able to communicate with each other and with machines linked to a network intelligently to take advantage of the data collected through the sensors imbedded into devices. The resulting data can be collected and analyzed in order to reveal insights and propose measures that will produce cost savings, increase efficiency or improve products and services. As IoT is expected to grow and spread rapidly in the coming years, this will improve the quality of consumers' lives and productivity of enterprises. The future is the IoT, which will change the real world objects to smart virtual entities. It is one of the platforms of smart modern cities and intelligent power management systems. This research aims to provide a comprehensive review of the IoT, its main components, and architecture, along with its applications, features and challenges.

إنترنت الأشياء هو نظام من الأجهزة المترابطة الحوسبة، والآلات الميكانيكية والرقمية، والأشياء التي هي قادرة على الاستشعار وقادرة على التواصل مع بعضها البعض والاستفادة من البيانات التي تم جمعها وتحليلها من أجل الكشف عن رؤى واقتراح الإجراءات التي سوف تنتج وفورات في التكاليف، وزيادة الكفاءة أو تحسين المنتجات والخدمات.من المتوقع نموه بسرعة مستقبلا ، وهذا سوف يطلق العنان لبعد جديد من الخدمات التي من شأنها تحسين نوعية حياة المستهلكين وإنتاجية المؤسسات.أن المستقبل هو إنترنت الأشياء، والذي سيغير العالم الحقيقي للاشياء إلى أشياء افتراضية ذكية. مما يتيح لنا مراقبة الأشياء من حولنا،. أن أنترنيت الأشياء هي واحدة من منصات من المدن الذكية اليوم، وأنظمة إدارة الطاقة الذكية. الهدف الرئيسي من هذه الورقة هو تقديم لمحة عامة عن إنترنت الأشياء و فهمه، و هيكليته و مكوناته أضافة الى التطبيقات و الخصائص والتحديات .


Article
Internet of Things Security using New Chaotic System and Lightweight AES

Authors: Jolan Rokan Naif --- Ghassan H. Abdul-majeed --- Alaa K. Farhan
Journal: Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Computer Science and Mathematics مجلة القادسية لعلوم الحاسوب والرياضيات ISSN: 20740204 / 25213504 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: Comp Page 45-52
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT)services and application were increasing during the last years in several life fields causes need to provide a secure identifier for protecting sensing data passing between IoT sensors/devices and embedded-subsystem connected by networks. This paper was proposed an algorithm for helping in IoT communication security can used in different IOT entities used in unofficial industrial machine to machine (M2M) communications, smart energy-grids, home or buildings and other computing devices. This paper proposed a secure system using new proposed 4D chaotic system combined with the modified lightweight Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). The proposed 4-dimension (4D) chaos system Lyapunov was tested and pass for many initial periods and get a super chaos system (4 positive Lyapunov). Generated chaos keys (used JORN) were used in the lightweight AES and the Secure Hash Algorithm version 3 (SHA3-256). The Lightweight AES was design in case to reduce CPU computation cycles and complexity of AES. Results show that computation time for proposed system decreased (has 145% speedup more). The output of modified lightweight AES encryption System has the good statistical tests near to original AES that can avoid many attacks.

Keywords

IoT --- IoT security --- AES --- chaos and AES.


Article
Survey: Internet of Thing Using FPGA

Author: Noor Kareem Jumaa
Journal: Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكهربائية والالكترونية ISSN: 18145892 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 38-45
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Everything in its way to be computerized and most of the objects are coming to be smart in present days.Modern Internet of Thing (IoT) allows these objects to be on the network by using IoT platforms. IoT is a smartinformation society that consists of smart devices; these devices can communicate with each other without human'sintervention. IoT systems require flexible platforms. Through the use of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA),IoT devices can interface with the outside world easily with low power consumption, low latency, and bestdeterminism. FPGAs provide System on Chip (SoC) technique due to FPGAs scalability which enables the designerto implement and integrate large number of hardware clocks at single chip. FPGA can be deemed as a specialpurpose reprogrammable processor since it can process signals at its input pins, manipulate them, and give offsignals on the output pins. In this paper, using FPGA for IoT is the limelight.

Keywords

FPGA --- IoT --- Altera --- Xilinx.


Article
Wireless Controlled Smart Home System

Authors: Bilal Naji Alhasnawi --- Basil H.Jasim
Journal: Iraqi Journal for Electrical And Electronic Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة الكهربائية والالكترونية ISSN: 18145892 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 123-137
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

in recent years popularity of smart Home has been increasing due to low price and simplicity through tablet and Smartphone connectivity. It is an automation of house or home activity. Raspberry Pi3 is a small computer with digital input output capability and it was introduced in 2016; input/output ability besides the availability of all computer features make this system very suitable to be central unit can for smart home. Smart Home may contain centralize controller which control heating, lightning, ventilation in the home, HAVC( Heating, Ventilation and air conditioning),Safety locks of gates, doors and other system to provide improve comfort, better energy efficiency and security. The aim of this Paper is to develop a smart home application using RPi3, wemose-d1 and GSM. Programming has been developed in C++ in wemose-d1 and Python environment for RPi3 operation. The MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport protocol) technologic used to connect between raspberry pi3 and nodes.

Keywords

RPi3 --- GSM SIM900A --- ESP8266 --- Smart home --- IOT.


Article
LT10 a Lightweight Proposed Encryption Algorithm for IOT

Author: Alaa Q. Raheema
Journal: Iraqi Journal for Computers and Informatics ijci المجلة العراقية للحاسبات والمعلوماتية ISSN: 2313190X 25204912 Year: 2018 Volume: 44 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: University Of Informatics Technology And Communications جامعة تكنولوجيا المعلومات و الاتصالات

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Abstract

In this paper, algorithm (LT10) which is originally consist of four kasumi elements is proposed as a lightweight encryption algorithm, the proposed algorithm take into account that the IOT devices have a limit computation abilities and the sensitivity of smart homes and IOT network information that need to be exchanged the key length is 128 bit and the block length is 128 bit.


Article
Proposed Lightweight Protocol for IoT Authentication

Author: Hiba A. Taresh
Journal: Iraqi Journal for Computers and Informatics ijci المجلة العراقية للحاسبات والمعلوماتية ISSN: 2313190X 25204912 Year: 2018 Volume: 44 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-33
Publisher: University Of Informatics Technology And Communications جامعة تكنولوجيا المعلومات و الاتصالات

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Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) alludes to interestingly identifiable items (things) which can communicate with different questions through the worldwide framework of remote/wired Internet. The correspondence system among an expansive number of asset obliged gadgets that produce substantial volumes of information affects the security and protection of the included items. In this paper, we propose a lightweight protocol for IoT authentication which based on two algorithms LA1 and RA1 which is used for authentication and generating session key that is used for encryption.


Article
A Comparative Analysis for Congestion Mechanism in COAP and COCOA

Authors: Hamid M. Hasan --- Ahmed I. Ahmed
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 8 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 867-877
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Internet of things (IoT) is the paradigm for internetworking devices for data exchange and control. One of the important problems facing the IoT networks is the congestion; many researchers have discussed this problem. In this research, a comparison between two congestion control mechanisms used for internet of things the (CoAP and CoCoA) is presented. The cooja simulator was used for simulating different topologies and scenarios and the packets transmitted was captured using wireshak utility program. The captured packets were analyzed using MATLAB tools. The analysis showed that the CoCoA outperform CoAP in terms of goodput, number of dropped packets and bandwidth utilization.

Keywords

CoAP --- CoCoA --- congestion control --- Cooja --- IoT --- Wireshark.


Article
Proposed Collision Avoidance System in Driverless Cars

Authors: Hiba A. Tarish --- Alaa Q. Rahima --- Tanya A. Jaber
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2019 Volume: 37 Issue: 1 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1-5
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Avoiding collisions is an important matter in the majority of transport systems and in many other applications in driverless cars it is very important to have an active collision avoidance system since only the car to take an action and no driver to help. The goals of collision avoidance systems are tracking objects of possible collision risks and decide any action to avoid or mitigate a collision with the help of sensors and radars. Car accidents have become quite common nowadays. After investigations, conclusions have stated that a great deal of those accidents happened because drivers fail to stop the car at the right time. Sometimes, the pedestrians are not crossing the road at the right time. Researchers discovered that about 35 percent of people die due to accidents, 98 percent of which die because of fatal road accidents. Many car industries have proposed an AI system in the vehicles for the aim of reducing accidents and this is considered as the backbone of the auto-driven car. However, this system is complex and expansive. That is why; ordinary people are still under the risk of accidents . The system proposed to driverless cars is simulated and modeled via small Miniatures and in Matlab and assembled in Arduino.


Article
IoT Based Intelligent Greenhouse Monitoring and Control System

Authors: Zaidon Faisal Shenan زيدون فيصل شنان --- Ali Fadhil Marhoon علي فاضل مرهون --- Abbas A. Jasim عباس عبدالامير جاسم
Journal: Basrah Journal for Engineering Science مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385 Year: 2017 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-69
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Recently, the Internet of Thing technology has been usedto develop numerous applications, this paper compromisingdesign and implementation of greenhouse prototype thatintegrated with the IoT to adjust the system’s parameters andmonitor the system status from any place in this world.This system involves three intelligent controllers that designedto stabilize the temperature degree, the water level in the soil, andlight intensity inside the greenhouse prototype structure. Thesesystems have been built by two important parts: the hardwareand software.The hardware part could be achieved by designing andimplementing the control circuits, actuators, and install thesensors as well as the devices. The second one is the softwarethe part which is involves implementing Fuzzy Inference Enginethat represent the system’s brain that monitor and manage theentire process in the system to ensure the best performance.This system has been built to contain three control systems thatmeans there are three different Fuzzy controllers. In order tokeep the system practicality, the fuzzy controllers should beaggregated in single code that resides in single microcontrollerchip with additional codes that perform the IoT duties.The proposed IoT system provides the ability for specificpeople to monitor and manage their systems remotely, using aweb application with cloud technology.The major contributions of the proposed system are started bydownloading the controller’s set-points (the desiredenvironmental conditions) from the web page, transfer the setpoints to the controllers, and upload data that read fromsensors to the same web page.)


Article
A Group Authentication Protocol on Multilayer Structure for Privacy-Preserving IoT Environment

Authors: Maytham Azhar --- Amin H. Seno
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2019 Volume: 37 Issue: 5part (A) Engineering Pages: 172-180
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In the Internet of Things (IoT) systems, large amounts of data areaccumulated from anywhere at any time, which may attack individuals' privacy,especially when systems are utilized in medical and everyday environments. With thepromise of IoT's proactive systems, the integration of smart things into standardInternet creates several security challenges, because most Internet technologies,communication protocols and sensors are not designed to support IoT. Recentresearch studies have shown that launching security / privacy attacks against IoTactive systems, in particular, Wearable Medical Sensor (WMS) systems, may lead tocatastrophic situations and life-threatening conditions. Therefore, security threatsand privacy concerns in the IoT area should be actively studied. This causes us inthis paper to create a privacy authentication protocol for IoT end-devices on a fourlayer structure that does not have the ability to accurately identify the device ofrequest's sender so that some attacks can be minimized. We used the Blakley Sharingscheme to design a key generation and distribution system for secure communicationsbetween edge devices and end devices and examined the security properties of theprotocol for the five common attacks in the IoT. The results of the experiments showthat the proposed authentication protocol by the Blakley method is more efficient withincreasing number of instructions in both fog structures and in a without fogstructure, which shows a higher flexibility of the Blakley method than the Schemerbecause of the increasing number of instructions indicating increasing the number ofnodes in the network. The proposed method has better performance.

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