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Article
Imam Ghazaly's contradictions to his fundamental opinions- command and prohibition
مخالفات الإمام الغزالي لأرائهِ الأصوليةِ - الأمر والنهي - أنموذجاً

Author: Qaisar Hamad Abid Alhalbusy قيصر حمد عبد الحلبوسي
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028 Year: 2011 Volume: 3 Issue: 10 Pages: 232-285
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

The present paper tackles the following issues:1- Whether the order requires repetition or not. His old opinion was to stop at giving clear cut answer, while his new opinion necessitates performing the command once, not to repeat it.2-Whether the order requires carrying it at once or not. His old opinion was to stop at giving clear cut answer. In his new opinion, orders require only obedience.3- Commanding after prohibition. His old opinion was to stop at giving clear cut answer. In his new opinion, this issue is detailed; if the imperative comes in the form of “Efal” and the prohibition was based on a cause, the order was to remove criticism. If prohibition was not based on a cause, it becomes desirable. On the other hand, if the imperative does not come in the form of “Efal”, it can carry both desirability and necessity.4-Commading without the ability to carryout that. In his old opinion, he prohibits it and in his new opinion he admits it.5-Whether prohibition necessitates invalidity or not. In his old opinion, it is invalid but in his new opinion it is valid.

البحث تطرق إلى المسائل الآتية:1.الأمر هل يقتضي التكرار أم لا؟قوله القديم التوقف فيه وقوله الجديد يقتضي المرة لا التكرار .2.الأمر هل يقتضي الفور أم لا؟فمذهبه القديم التوقف وفي الجديد لا يقتضي الأمر إلَّا الامتثال.3. الأمر بعد الحظر:فمذهبه القديم التوقف وفي الجديد التفصيل أي إذا علقت صيغة الأمر (بإفعل) فأن كان الحظر عارض بعله كان الأمر لرفع الذم وإذا لم يكن الحظر علقه بعله دله على الندب و أما إذا لم تعلق صيغة الأمر (بإفعل) فيحتمل الوجوب والندب .4. الأمر بالفعل قبل التمكن منه: فذهب في القديم إلى عدم جواز ذلك وذهب في الجديد إلى جواز ذلك .5. النهي هل يقتضي الفساد أم لا ؟فقوله القديم يقتضي الفساد وفي الجديد لا يقتضي . وأخيراً اسأل الله أن لا يحرمنا أجره ولا يفتنا بعده وأن يغفر لكل من يقرأه.


Article
Irregularity Index With Gender Differences Using (Exocad) System

Authors: Nidhal Hussein Ghaib --- Haraa Sabah Mohammed-Salih --- Hayder Saed Al-Atabi --- Ahmed Ismaiel Alali
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 885 -895
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This study was conducted to detect the greater amount of anterior crowding whether in the upper or lower dental arch in either male or female in different malocclusion using exocad system on digital model.Sample of 30 subjects (15 male, 15 female) with age range (14-18) years old, study model for each subject for upper and lower arch scanned by using MeditIdentica Blue Scanners after Exocad software used to measure intermolar (IMD), intercanine (ICD) and little's irregularity index (LII) in present study. Shows wide range of variation in IMD, ICD and LII, female sample shows wider arch in molar and canine region in cl III malocclusion at both upper and lower dental arches (49.45mm and 45.63mm respectively), whereas male data showed greater IMD found in CLI malocclusion (56.54mm) in the upper arch. Results indicating LII in female group with CLI malocclusion severe anterior crowding was found in the lower arch (13.13mm), whereas the least amount of anterior crowding was found in the upper arch of CLII malocclusion (3.59 mm), while in the lower arch well aligned anterior teeth with minimal crowding was found in CLIII malocclusion (3.14mm), with highly significant differences between groups for both dental arches (P> 0.01). In male group, the results of LII were different as the most anterior crowding was found in CLII malocclusion in both upper and lower dental arches (11.7mm and 9.36mm respectively), whereas the minimal anterior crowding was found in CLIII in the lower and upper dental arches (3.74mm and 8.57mm respectively), with significant differences (P> 0.01).Finding establish that the crooking of incisors its dominant character in female male group in the mandibular arch with the CL I malocclusion, while In male group severe crowding exist in the maxillary arch of CL II malocclusion patients.


Article
Ash'ari irregularities to the public on issues of fundamentalism
مخالفات الأشعري للجمهور في المسائل الأصولية

Author: D. Saadi Khalaf motalb Jumaili د. سعدي خلف مطلب الجميلي
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2006 Issue: 6 Pages: 179-228
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني


Article
Irregularities in matters Halawani Hanbali fundamentalism through the book to the manual Lahham son
مخالفات الحلواني اللحنابلة في المسائل الأصولية من خلال كتاب المختصر لأبن اللحام

Author: Dr. Saadi behind demand Jumaili الدكتور سعدي خلف مطلب الجميلي
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2005 Issue: 2 Pages: 147-176
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني

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