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Article
Mudharaba in Islamic Legislation
المضاربة في الشريعة الإسلامية

Author: Sahra M. hasan ساهرة محمد حسن
Journal: Al-Ma'mon College Journal مجلة كلية المامون ISSN: 19924453 Year: 2010 Issue: 16 Pages: 99-122
Publisher: AlMamon University College كلية المامون الجامعة

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Abstract

The concept "Mudharaba" is linguistically taken from the notion "hitting on the ground"; to roam for living. As a term, the concept is simply a contract of partnership between the money owner, on the one hand, and the money investor, on the other. Obviously, there is a difference between "Mudhraba" in the Islamic economy and conventional one; it is an alternative for usurious transactions to depend on legal investments in Islamic economy. In conventional economy, however, it is a transaction in which contracts and buyers without delivering the content of the contract, it is rather to make profit out of the difference between prices of today and yesterday. Hence, Islamic economy is the only solution to handle economic problems which countries face _these countries make use of usurious transactions as a way of dealing.

ان مفهوم المضاربة لغة ماخوذا من ضرب في الارض اي مشى في الارض ابتغاء الرزق . اما مفهومها اصطلاحا هي عقد شراكة بين صاحب رأس المال من جانب وعمل من جانب اخر والربح بينهما اي بين العامل وصاحب راس المال . ومن الملاحظ بأن هنالك فرق بين المضاربة في الاقتصاد الاسلامي عنها في الاقتصاد الوضعي , حيث انها في الاقتصاد الاسلامي جاءت كبديل للمعاملات الربوية اعتماد الاستثمارات المشروعة . اما في الاقتصاد الوضعي هي عبارة عن عملية بيع وشراء تنتقل معها العقود والاوراق المالية من يد الى يد اخرى دون ان تكون في نية البائع او المشتري ان يسلم موضوع العقد وانما الاستفادة من فرق السعر بين ما اشتراه بالامس وباعه اليوم . ومن هنا نبين بان الاقتصاد الاسلامي هو الحل الاول والاخير في معالجة المشاكل الاقتصادية التي تواجهها دول العالم التي تتخذ من المعاملات الربوية منهاجا لها .


Article
Abortion and its judgement in the Islamic legislation
الاجهاض وحكمه في الشريعة الإسلامية

Authors: Abdel-Hamid Abdel-Khalek عبد الحميد عبد الخالق --- Mustafa Mohammad Amin مصطفى محمد امين
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2009 Issue: 17 Pages: 223-241
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني

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Abstract

The research shows the abortion and its judgement in the Islamic legislation and divided it into two groups : 1- spontaneous abortion 2- optional abortion The spontaneous is without the ability of human being and explain its reasons . the elective is with the ability of human being . there is aremar; that are two views about the soul in the embryo and that without the soul . they also explained the proof from holy Koran and Al- suna. The research spoke about definition of embryo and the reasons of abortion.


Article
The rights for the accused in Islamic legislation
حقوق المتهم في الشريعة الإسلامية

Author: a .m dr abul jabber abul Wahed al – ubaydi عبدالجبار عبدالواحد العبيدي
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2010 Issue: 21 Pages: 225-262
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات /ديوان الوقف السني

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Abstract

All legislations in judgement and ethic and producers for punishment and specialized courts and conditions for judges and their responsibilities and morals for cases all these considered guarantees for accused protected him from cruel procedures and keep his honesty apart and his humanity . it helps him not to come back to bad deeds and be like others in behaviors.

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