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Prevalence of Mental Illnesses among Adults Attending Primary Health Care Centers in Baghdad

Author: Tha’er Saleem Salman *, Faris Hasan Al-Lami **, Shalan Joodah Rhemah **
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 228-233
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: It is gradually becoming recognized that mental disorders are a public health problem throughout the world. Psychiatric epidemiological studies are therefore crucial for the planning and development of psychiatric services. OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence and determinants of mental illness among adults attending Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs) in Baghdad, Iraq. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted in two primary health care centers in Baghdad governorate. Participants were interviewed and data filled using a questionnaire for socio-demographic variables, Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), and WHO guide to mental health in primary care. RESULTS: A total of 527 PHCCs attendees were approached. The prevalence of mental illness was 36.8%. Depression (49.48%) and anxiety (20.62%) were the major categories of mental illness. The highest proportion of mental illnesses was seen among the older age groups (80%), females (37.9%), widows (84.6%), higher education level (96.7%), and retired (77.8%). CONCLUSION: In accordance with other studies, about one third of adult attending PHCCs had mental disorders. The study emphasized strengthening mental health services in PHCCs through establishing metal health care units.

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