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Article
Prevalence of Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms among Patients with Schizophrenia

Author: Saadoun Dawood Ahmed سعدون داود احمد
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2015 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 43-51
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Article
Traumatic Dental Injuries Among 6 – 13 – Year - Old - School Children in Tikrit City

Author: Dr. Azhar Ammash Hussien B.D.S., H. D. D., M.SC. د.ازهار عماش
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: An injury to both primary and permanent teeth and the supportingstructures is one of the most common dental problems seen in children. The extentof injury may vary from mild chipping of enamel to sever maxillofacial injury.The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of traumatized anterior teethamong primary school children.Materials and methods: This study is a cross-sectional survey was carried outthrough clinical examination of anterior teeth among 720, 6-13 year old childrenenrolled in primary public schools of tikrit city. The prevalence of traumatizedanterior teeth was studied in relation to age, gender, type of injury in addition tothe cause of fracture. Recording and diagnosis of dental fracture were assessedaccording to Garcia-Godoy classification.Results: Males were more affected than females with odds ratio was 2.53 andstatistically was significant. The higher prevalence of dental trauma was recordedamong the age 10-11 year old. The permanent maxillary central incisors were themost frequent injured tooth and the most frequent type of fracture was the Class IIEnamel-Dentine, fracture without pulp exposure. Fall and playing were the mostfrequent causes of dental injury.Conclusion: data of the present study clearly show the need for dental healtheducation of children and their parents, so prevention programs are needed toimprove the dental health of Iraqi children.


Article
The Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Pregnant Women in Ibn- Albaldy Hospital
إنتشار فقر الدم الناتج عن نقص الحديد بين النساء الحوامل في مستشفى إبن البلدي

Authors: Abeer A. Gatea --- Wafaa F. Tawfeeq --- Muna R. Hassan
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 71-79
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract Objectives: To study the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and to find out the degree of iron deficiency anemia and to find out any association this has been found between the socio- demographic characteristics and the degree of iron deficiency anemia. Methodology: A cross sectional study has been conducted in Ibn-Albaldy hospital in Baghdad among 258 pregnant women attending outpatient clinics during the period from the 1st of March 2011 to fifteenth of October 2011. Data collection was by using a previously designed questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, obstetrical history. A blood sample has been obtained to estimate the hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, serum iron and iron binding capacity.Results: The most frequent age group was 20-29 years 101(39.2%). Moderate degree anemia found in 100(38.8%), severe anemia in 55(21.3%), mean hemoglobin was 9.2 ±3.5 SD, mean corpuscular volume 109 ±26.1 SD, mean serum feritin 48.7 ± 46.6 SD, mean serum iron 104 ±62SD and total iron binding capacity 458 ± 91. Significant association has been found between degree of anemia and age and educational level. Recommendation: Interventions to enhance the intake of diet rich in iron and the intake of iron supplements for all pregnant women.

المستخلص: الهدف : دراسة مدى انتشار فقر الدم الناتج عن نقص الحديد لدى النساء الحوامل ومعرفة درجة فقر الدم ووجود اي ارتباط بين الخصائص الديموغرافية ودرجة فقر الدم.المنهجية : اجريت دراسة مقطعية في مستشفى ابن البلدي في بغداد على عينة بالغة 258 امرأة حامل ممن راجعن العيادات الخارجية للفترة من الاول من اذار 2011 ولغاية الخامس عشر من تشرين الاول 2011 0 جمع البيانات كان من خلال استبيان معد مسبقا" يتضمن المعلومات السكانية وتاريخ التولد0 تم اخذ عينه من الدم من كل مشاركة لقياس نسبة الهيموغلوبين ،معدل حجم كريات الدم الحمر ،نسبة الحديد وقابلية ارتباط الحديد الكلي.النتائج : الفئة العمرية الاكثر تكرارا" كانت 20-29 سنة 101 (3902%) 0 فقر الدم المعتدل موجود لدى 100 (3808%) من العينة والشديد لدى 55 (2103%). معدل نسبة الهيموغلوبين كان 9.2 ± 3.5، حجم الكريات الحمر 109± 26.1 معدل الفرتين في المصل 48.7 ±4606 ومعدل الحديد 104 ±62 ومعدل ارتباط الحديد الكلي 458 ±91. وجود علاقة ذات مغزى معنوي بين العمر والمستوى التعليمي من جهة ودرجة فقر الدم.التوصيات: اتخاذ الاجراءات التي تساعد على اخذ الامهات غذاء غني بالحديد وتناول ادوية الحديد الخاصة بالحوامل.


Article
Pattern of Malocclusion in Iraqi Patients Seeking Orthodontic Treatment

Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-48
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Malocclusion problems and orthodontic treatment demand is increasingover recent years. In most of the patients, malocclusion carry significantpsychological stigma to them and may cause many serious dental esthetic andfunctional problems. Thus, it is mandatory to assess the epidemiological figureson the pattern of malocclusion to plan and determine the resources needed forplanning the appropriate orthodontic treatment. This study aimed to assess thepattern and distribution of malocclusion based on Angle’s classification systemamong Iraqi orthodontic patients.Materials and methods: This study included 474 patients (230 males, 244 females)between the age 13 to 20 years attending the undergraduate Department ofOrthodontics at Al-Rafidain University College. Occlusal variables examinedwere molar relationship, crowding, spacing, buccally displaced canines, deep bite,open bite, anterior crossbite, and posterior crossbite. A descriptive statistics wasused to analyze the data and the relationship was studied utilizing “Chi square test(p<0.05) and Fisher’s exact probability test”.Results: The frequency of “Angle class I, II and III malocclusion” of first molars was89.66%, 8.22%, and 2.1% respectively. However, no significant differences werefound between the sexes in the prevalence of different types of malocclusionexcept for Class III malocclusion. The percentages of other occlusal traits werecrowding 72.23%, spacing 9.88%, deep bite 0.6%, open bite 0.6%, buccallydisplaced canines 6.82%, anterior crossbite 4%, and posterior crossbite wasreported in 3.06%.Conclusion: The Angle’s Class I malocclusion with crowding was the most prevalent,followed by Class II malocclusion while the least predominant was Class IIImalocclusion.

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