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Article
SEASONAL VARIATION OF TYPHOID FEVER IN KIRKUK CITY
انتشار حمى التايفوئيد في مختلف فصول السنة في مدينة كركوك

Author: Raeeda Mahmoud Ebrahim
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 5 Pages: 94-98
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

A retrospective study was carried in Kirkuk city for period from 2001 – 2004, to show the prevalence of typhoid fever among patients attended Kirkuk Hospitals (General Hospital , Azady Hospital and Primary Health Centers) . It was found that the distribution of the disease was highest in 2003 followed by 2002, 2001 and 2004. The rate of the disease was highest in female than male. The highest rate of infection was in autumn ( 39.3% ) followed by summer ( 38.6 % ),winter ( 35.8 % ) and spring ( 34.5 % ). It is concluded that the rate of Typhoid fever was high in Kirkuk city( 38.57 % ).

اجريت هذه الدراسة الرجعية في مستشفيات كركوك( كركوك العام , ازادي , والمراكز الصحية ) للفترة من سنة 2001 لغاية 2004 وذلك لمعرفة مدى انتشار حمى التايفوئيد بين المراجعين لمستشفيات كركوك . ووجد أن أعلى نسبة للمرض كانت في عام 2003 (%44.02) , ويتبعها 2002 (%41.06), 2001 (%37.07) ثم 2004 (%34.63)وكذلك نسبة الإصابة في الإناث كانت أعلى من الذكور . أما بالنسبة الى فصول السنة حيث ان المرض كان أكثر انتشاراً في فصل االخريف (39.3%) ثم يتبعها الصيف(38.6%) ثم الشتاء (35.8% تم الربيع (34.5%) . نستنتج من هذه الدراسة ان نسبة انتشار المرض كانت عالية في مدينة كركوك(38.57%).

Keywords

Kirkuk --- Typhoid fever


Article
15- BREAST CANCER IN KIRKUK, IRAQ. A REVIEW OF 170 BREAST CANCER FEMALES...

Author: NAHRAIN JOHN AZIZ
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2009 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 86-88
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Iraq as well as other parts of the world. InWestern world, the progress in public education and screening program had led to earlydetection of the disease which led to good prognosis. Appearance of late stages of breastcancer reflects the need for active screening and public education programs. The aim of thisretrospective study is to report the pattern of breast cancer in 170 women in Kirkuk province inrelation to age, stage of disease at first presentation and histopathology during nine yearsperiod (Jan.1994 – Jan.2003).This is a prospective and retrospective study underwent at Breast Clinic, Azadi GeneralHospital, Kirkuk, Iraq.Patients were 170 women with histopathological diagnosis of breast cancer. Out of the 170women with breast cancer (61.7%) presented between ages 20-50 years and (38.1%) betweenages 51-80 years. Regarding stage of disease on first presentation, (62.3%) of the patients hadlate stages of the disease (stage III and stage IV) while only (37.6%) presented at early stages(stage I and stage II). No stage 0 detected in this study. The commonest histopathology wasinfiltrating duct carcinoma (74.1%).In conclusion, breast cancer in Kirkuk is detected in young women and in late stages on firstpresentation. These results highlight the need for increased community awareness about breastcancer and the need for early detection.


Article
A serological study of brucellosis in camels south of Kirkuk, Iraq
دراسة مصلية لمرض البروسيلا في الجمال جنوب كركوك، العراق

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Abstract

A study of the prevalence of antibodies to camel brucellosis has been carried out in the south of Kirkuk city during March 2011. A total of 66 camels (6 male, 60 female) involved in this study with age between 6 months to 22 years. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein and the sera samples were screened by using Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT). The sera that were positive by using RBPT have been tested again by using the 2-Mercaptoethanol (2ME) test. The results of this study revealed that two camels from 66 camels (3.03%) were seropositive for brucella antibodies in South of Kirkuk city.

تمت دراسة انتشار اضداد مرض البروسسيلا في الجمال في جنوب مدينة كركوك خلال شهر اذار من سنة 2011. شملت هذه الدراسة 66 جملا (6 ذكور و 60 أنثى) باعمار تراوحت بين 6 شهور الى 22سنة. أخذت عينات الدم من الوريد الوداجي للحيوانات. تم فحص المصول التي اعطت نتائج موجبة باستخدام اختبار وردية البنكال. المصول التي اعطت نتائج موجبة باستخدام اختبار وردية البنكال تم فحصها مرة اخرى باستخدام اختبار 2- مركبتوايثانول. نتائج هذه الدراسة أظهرت ان اثنتين من مجموع 66 جملا (3,03%) الموجودة في جنوب مدينة كركوك كانتا موجبتين لتواجد اضداد البروسيلا.

Keywords

Brucellosis --- Camel --- Kirkuk --- Serology


Article
Ancient architectural landmarks in Kirkuk Castle
المعالم العمرانية القديمة في قلعة كركوك

Author: Dr. Saadi Ibrahim Al Daraji أ.م. د. سعدي إبراهيم الدراجي
Journal: journal of arabian sciences heritage مجلة التراث العلمي العربي ISSN: 22215808 Year: 2018 Volume: 2 Issue: 37 Pages: 331-356
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study examines the remaining architectural features in Kirkuk Castle,which does not include the heritage buildings outside it. The castle's fortifications are limited about military samples of the city during the Ottoman era ,concentrating on the importance remains of the walls that held on the edge of the hill leads to the interior, As well as some religious buildings such as mosques, shrines and churches, and the service buildings with most important caesarean dating back to the Seljuk era and a range of housing The importance of the subject lies in the study of these buildings , documentation, and knowledge of the designs and models of building to make it a link in the series of the late Islamic architecture.

تبحث هذه الورقة بالمعالم العمرانية الباقية في قلعة كركوك، ولا تشمل الابنية التراثية القائمة خارج القلعة. وتنحصر المعالم في القلعة بالتحصينات العسكرية التي شهدتها المدينة إبان العصر العثماني، وأهمها بقايا الأسوار القائمة على حافة التل، والمداخل الرئيسة التي كانت تقود الى الداخل. وكذلك شملت بعض الأبنية الدينية مثل المساجد والأضرحة والكنائس، ثم الأبنية الخدمية وأهمها قيصرية تعود إلى العصر السلجوقي ومجموعة من بيوت السكن. إن أهمية الموضوع تكمن بدراسة هذه الأبنية وتوثيقها، ومعرفة مخططاتها وطراز بنائها لجعلها حلقة في سلسلة العمارة الإسلامية المتاخرة، ومن فوائد البحث هو تأكيد هوية المعمار العراقي الذي أسهم في تشييد الأمثلة التي قامت عليها الدراسة .


Article
Epidemiological and clinical study of leishmaniasis in Kirkuk city, Iraq

Authors: Hiro M. Obaid --- Hager A. Shareef
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3A Pages: 1195-1204
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

leishmaniasis is a disease of global concern, Leishmania types and distribution rates vary from country to another. For visceral leishmaniasis serum samples were examined by the kala-azar dipstick rapid test. Meanwhile smears were taken from lesions, air dried, fixed and Leishman stained then microscopically examined for amstigote stage in cutaneous leishmaniasis. From April 2014 to April 2015, 150 samples for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and 108 serum sample for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) from in and out patients in Pediatric, Azadi Teaching and Kirkuk General Hospitals were examined. The incidence of visceral leishmaniasis was very low (2.7%) comparing to that in cutaneous leishmaniasis (64.6%). No significant differences had appeared between the cutaneous leishmaniasis incidence in male or female. The most age group infected with cutaneous leishmaniasis in both genders was 5 ≤ years old, with rate of 26.1% in male and a rate of 15.8% in female. Significantly high frequency of the patients were presented with only one or two lesions with rate of 39.17, 25.7 % for each type of lesions respectively. The most location that infected with CL was hand (27.7%) and high rate of them being moist type (71.13%). In Kirkuk city CL is more prevalent than VL. High rate of CL is moist type locating in the limbs and face. The infection is more frequent in children than in adult. For CL a smear taken from the lesion is much worthy than a lesion blood sample or re aspirated saline injected to the lesion.


Article
Distribution of Giardia lamblia Among local and Displaced Children in Kirkuk City
انتشار الخمج بطفيلي الجيارديا لامبليا بين الأطفال المحليين وأطفال النازحين في مدينة كركوك

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to show the distribution of Giardia lamblia infection among local and displaced children in Kirkuk city, and its effect on some hematological parameters Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed cell volum (PCV) White Blood Cell Counts (WBCc). The stool samples were examined by direct wet mounts techniques, concentration and ELISA techniques. Blood sample were collected from each child and some hematological parameters were estimated for them. The overall rate of Giardia lamblia infection in displaced children 21.5% was higher than local ones 10.53% . The prevalence of infection males 15.64% was higher than females 12.01% in both local and displaced children . The hemoglobin value among local children was significantly lower than displaced children. while the PCV value among local children was significantly higher than displaced ones. The rate of WBC in local and displaced children was increased slightly, its value in local children 10.13% and in displaced children10.30%. Its concluded that the distribution of Giardia lamblia was high in both local and displaced children. The rate of infection in displaced children was higher than local children.

جمعت 684 عينة دم وغائط من الاطفال المراجعين لمستشفى الاطفال ومستشفى ازادي التعليمي في كركوك وبعدد 484 عينة لاطفال المدينة و200 عينة من الاطفال النازحين للفترة من تشرين الاول 2015 ولغاية تشرين الاول 2016. وكان الهدف من الدراسة هو بيان انتشار الخمج بطفيلي الجيارديا لامبليا بين الاطفال المحليين والنازحين في مدينة كركوك وتأثير ذلك على بعض المعايير الدموية مثل خضاب الدم وحجم خلايا الدم المرصوص, تعداد خلايا الدم البيضاء الكلي. فحصت عينات الغائط عن طريق تقنيات الفحص المباشر والتركيز وتقنية الاليزا. سجلت نسبة الإصابة لدى اطفال النازحين وهي اعلى من نسبة الإصابة لدى أطفال المدينة والتي بلغت 21,5% وكانت معدلات الإصابة بين الذكور أعلى منه في الإناث في كل من الاطفال المحليين والنازحين. وكانت قيمة خضاب الدم او الهيموغلوبين بين الاطفال النازحين اقل منه في الاطفال المحليين في حين ان قيمة حجم خلايا الدم المضغوط لدى الاطفال المحليين كانت اعلى من قيمته عند النازحين. وكان معدل تعداد خلايا الدم البيضاء الكلي في اطفال النازحين اعلى من معدل تعداد خلايا الدم البيضاء الكلي في الأطفال المحليين.

Keywords

: Giardia --- lamblia --- children --- Kirkuk


Article
Distribution Of T.B. Among Women And Pediatric Age Group

Authors: Sharmin Mindan Mawlood --- Suheila Shams-El-Den Tahir --- Suheila Shams-El-Den Tahir
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 17-21
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Bakground: A prospective study was designed to find out the prevalence of different types of T.B.among women and children.Methods: A total of 390 patients aged from less than one year up to more than 65 years who attendedT.B. center in Kirkuk city from beginning to end of 2005, were included in the study. A detail clinicaland laboratory examination were carried out to confirm the diagnosis.Results: The rate of infection in females (46.15%) was lower than males (53.84%).In pediatric age groups, the highest rate was among the age 12-14 (2.05%) and the lowest was among>1-2 years and 9-11 years (0.76%). Inactive pulmonary T.B. was highest among the pediatric agegroup.Conclusion: It is concluded that the rate of T.B. was high in both females and pediatric age group inKirkuk province. Inactive T.B. was highest among pediatric age group from 12-14 years.

Keywords

T.B. --- women --- children --- Kirkuk


Article
Knowledge of Secondary School Students on HIV/AIDS in Kirkuk Province / Iraq.

Authors: Hussein S. Akbar*** PHD --- Mohammed A. Kadir** PHD --- Suhella S. Tahir * MBCHB, DIM
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 2 Pages: 174-177
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disorders caused by cellular and humoral immune dysfunction from infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1 and HIV 2).Patients and Methods: The study was carried out in Kirkuk governorate on 5090 secondary school students from different localities of the city, for the period from the beginning of October 2005 to the end of March 2006. A special questionnaire was applied for each student containing age, sex, class, parent’s education, mode of transmission & methods of prevention.Results: There was no significant difference between male and female regarding the etiology of AIDS.The knowledge of secondary school students was not related to parent's education.Conclusions: It is concluded that educational lectures increased the knowledge of students.


Article
Delay – Cost Analysis For a Section Of Baghdad – Kirkuk Highway
تحليل الكلفة لطريق بغداد كركوك

Authors: Atheer N. Hameed اثير ناجي حميد --- Ali J. Kadhim علي جبار كاظم
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 227-240
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study aims to analyzing the delay – cost for a section of Baghdad - Kirkuk highway; this section (16 km length) has a lane width of 10 ft and shoulder width of 4 ft in each direction. The study results show that the average traffic delay for the studied section is (3 minute). The cost resulting from this delay for passengers and freights which had a negative effect on the Gross National Product [G.N.P] is (390,003,982 I.D./year).

تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تحليل كلفة التأخير لمقطع من طريق بغداد – كركوك، هذا المقطع (16 km) له ممر واحد بعرض (10) قدم وأكتاف بعرض (4) قدم في كل اتجاه. أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن معدل التأخير المروري للمقطع المدروس هو (3 دقائق). الكلفة الناتجة عن هذا التأخير للمسافرين والبضائع والتي لها تأثير سلبي على الناتج الإجمالي القومي تبلغ (390,003,982 دينار عراقي).


Article
Pattern of Breast Lesions in A Breast Clinic in Kirkuk, Iraq
نمط أمراض الثدي في عيادة الثدي في كركوك، العراق

Author: Nahrain John Aziz د0 نهرين جون عزيز
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 212-215
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: The pathology profile of breast lesions is still not well defined in Kirkuk province and the rest of IRAQ. Breast diseases constitute a heterogeneous group, in which benign neoplasm is the leading lesion. Knowledge of the pattern of such lesions can provide better understanding of its causes natural history and preventive strategies. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the pattern of breast lesions in patients who consulted the breast clinic in Kirkuk, during a nine years period (Jan 1994 – Jan 2003) in order to assist initiation of further studies to highlight the natural history of breast diseases mainly breast cancer.Methods & patients: The study consists of (2000) patients, with breast problems who consulted the breast clinic in Kirkuk. The outline of the breast lesions are tabulated and classified as inflammatory, benign and malignant, in addition to other lesions like congenital, functional, and developmental ones. Results: Inflammatory lesions are the commonest in this study (30.7%) followed by benign neoplasm (22.25%), malignant (6.9%) and other benign conditions (40.15%). Conclusion: The rate for breast lesions varied in different studies where benign neoplasm constituted the most common one followed by malignant lesions, inflammatory and other lesions. In this study inflammatory disease is the commonest breast lesion followed by benign and then by malignant neoplasm. Key words: Breast lesion, breast clinic, Kirkuk

الخلفية: ان اللمحة الباثولوجية لأمراض الثدي ما زالَتْ غير مححدة في محافظةِ كركوك وبقيّة انحاء العراق. ان أمراض الثدي تُشكّلُ مجموعة متباينة، تقودها في الصدارة الاورام الحميدة. ان معرفة نمطِ هذه الأمراض يُمْكِنُ أَنْ يُزيّد منَ معرفة أفضلَ لأسبابِها وطبيعتهاِ وإستراتيجياتِها الوقائيةِ.الهدف: إنّ هدفَ هذه الدراسةِ هو تقييمَ نمطَ أمراض الثدي في المرضى الذين إستشاروا عيادةَ الثدي في كركوك، أثناء فترةِ تسعة سَنَواتِ (كانون الثّاني 1994 - كانون الثّاني 2003) وهذا يُساعدَ في انجاز دراساتِ أخرى لإبْراز التأريخِ الطبيعيِ لأمراضِ الثدي وبشكل رئيسي سرطان الثدي.طرق العمل والمرضى: إنّ الدراسة َشملت 2000 مريضة إستشارتْ عيادةَ الثدي في كركوك تشكو من مرض في ثديها. إنّ خلاصةَ أمراض الثدي اوجزت بجدول وصنّفُت كالتهابية او حميدة او خبيثة بالاضافة الى آامراض الثدي الاخرى الولادية والوظيفية والتطويرية. النتائج: شكلت أمراض الثدي الالتهابية في هذه الدراسةِ (30.7 %) وتلت من بعدها الاورام الحميدة (22.25 %)، ثم الاورام الخبيثة (6.9 %) وتليها الحالات الحميدة الآخرى (40.15 %).الخاتمة: ان نسبة أمراض الثدي تَفاوتتْ في الدِراساتِ المختلفةِ حيث شكّلَت الاورام الحميدة أكثر شيوعاً تلتها الاورام الخبيثة ِ، ثم الامراض الالتهابية والحالات الاخرى. اما في هذه الدراسة فقد شكلت أمراض الثدي الالتهابية الاكثرية تلتها الاورام الحميدة ومن ثم الاورام الخبيثة.

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