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Article
Female Pattern Alopecia and Lipoproteins

Authors: Khalifa E. Sharquie --- Adil A. Noaimi --- Husam Ali Salman --- Nibras A. Hindy
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 120-122
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The meaningful association of androgenetic alopecia and coronary heart disease had been well documented, but few studies had been focused on the importance of lipid parameters in patients with androgenetic alopecia.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the lipid profile and its relation to female pattern alopecia.PATIENTS & METHODS:This is a case controlled study conducted at the Department of Dermatology & Venereology- Baghdad Teaching Hospital, between January 2001 and April 2002. Sixty female patients with androgenetic alopecia were enrolled in this work. From each patient a detailed history and full clinical examination were performed regarding all demographic points relative to the disease, grading of alopecia and measurement of serum lipoproteins was done. Female pattern alopecia was classified according to Sharquei’s classificationSixty age and weight matched females with normal hair status were considered as a control group. Measurement of serum lipoproteins also performed for them.RESULT:Sixty patients, their ages ranged between 20-60 years with mean + SD of 30.3 + 9.4 years. Twenty (33.3%) patients were having grade I, 20 (33.3%) patients grade II and another 20 (33.3%) patients grade III.. The mean levels of total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein in all patients and those with grade II and III separately were significantly higher when compared to the control group. On the other hand, the mean levels of high density lipoprotein in all patients and those with grade I and III separately were lower in comparison to the control.CONCLUSION:The atherogenic index or risk ratio was found to be significantly high in patients with female patteren alopecia and this goes parallel with the severity of baldness.


Article
Influence of Primary Hypothyroidism on Serum Leptin Level

Authors: Aras A. Abdullah --- Abdul Hussein A. Farage --- Maryam S. Mohammad
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 120-124
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Leptin is the protein product of the ob gene, secreted by adipocytes. It has been suggested that it may plays an important role in regulating appetite and energy expenditure, but beside that, little is known about the physiological actions of leptin in humans. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a possible influence of primary hypothyroidism on serum leptin levels. METHODS: Fifty-six newly diagnosed patients with primary hypothyroidism (40 females and 16 males) and 32 normal controls matched for age, ethnic status and body mass index (BMI) were studied. Body mass index (BMI; kg/m2), thyroid function(using enzyme-linked immunoflourescent assay) and serum levels of leptin, thyroid autoantibodies (measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay) and lipid profile(measured by enzymatic colourimeteric assays) were assessed in all studied subjects. RESULTS: No significant difference in serum leptin levels was recorded between hypothyroid patients and controls (16.3±14.9; 14.8 ± 12.9, P> 0.05), but women in each group had significant higher leptin concentrations than men (patients: 19.6 ±16.3 vs. 8.3 ±5.0; controls: 19.0 ±14.4 vs. 7.7 ±4.1; P< 0.05). Serum levels of cholesterol (p<0.002), LDL-cholesterol (p<0.004) and atherogenic ratio (p<0.03) were generally higher in patients than controls. The serum leptin concentration correlated positively with BMI within both patients (r=0.32; p<0.016) and controls (r=0.28; p<0.024). However, no association was demonstrated between values of serum T3, T4, TSH, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol and thyroid auto antibodies. CONCLUSION: Circulating thyroid hormones do not appear to play any significant effect on leptin levels in patients with primary hypothyroidism.


Article
Lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients in Mosul

Author: Samir B. Al-Mukhtar سمير المختار
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmacy المجلة العراقية للصيدلة ISSN: 16802594 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-52
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Objectives: (a)To examine the effects of diabetes and its duration on lipid profile. (b)To determine the prevalence of dyslipidaemia on lipid profile. Design: Case-control study. Setting: The study was conducted in Al-Zahrawi private Hospital in Mosul from January to December 2004.Participants: Three hundred and fifty six type 2 diabetic patients who attended outpatient department and 384 apparently healthy controls. Main outcome measures: Plasma glucose and serum lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients were compared with controls. The collected data were analyzed by chi-square, Z, one-way ANOVA and Duncan tests.Results: Serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and serum triglycerides (TG) were increased significantly (P<0.001); however, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was decreased significantly (P<0.001) in diabetic patients as compared with controls. No significant difference was noticed between males and females for lipid profile. The lipid profile was increased with advancement of disease. There was a significant difference between patients in fasting plasma glucose and fasting serum lipid concentrations according to advancement of disease in duration. The prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyper-LDL-cholesterolaemia and low HDL cholestrolaemia among the studied patients according to the recommendation of British Hyperlipidaemia Association (1998) was 69.6%, 36.2%, 68.8% and 64% respectively. Duration of disease was associated with higher incidence of dyslipidaemia. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is associated with lipid abnormalities. Periodic check up of lipid profile is recommended for diabetic patients. There is positive relationship between duration of diabetes and lipid profile.

أهداف البحث: أ – دراسة تأثير مرض السكري على واجهة شحوم مصل الدم وتأثير تقدم المرض على واجهة شحوم مصل الدم .ب – دراسة نمط اضطراب شحمانية الدم في مرض السكري نمط 2 .التصميم : متابعة الحالات المرضية ومقارنتها مع عينات ضابطة . مكان إجراء الدراسة والإطار الزمني لها : نفذت الدراسة في مستشفى الزهراوي الأهلي في الموصل أثناء الفترة من كانون الثاني ولغاية نهاية شهر كانون الأول سنة 2004 .وتم جمع نماذج الدم في حالة الصوم لكافة القياسات.المشاركون : تكونت عينات الحالات المرضية من 356 من مرضى السكر نمط 2 مع 384 من الأصحاء تتراوح أعمارهم بين 37 – 75 سنة اختيرت عشوائيا بين مراجعي العيادة الخارجية .القياسات المستخرجة : تمت دراسة مقارنة التغيرات الكيمياوية الحيوية بواسطة اختبار Z بعد قياس المعدل والانحدار المعياري للكلوكوز والشحوم والبروتينات الشحمية. أما مقارنة التغيرات الكيمياوية الحيوية بين المجموعات فتم بواسطة اختباري جدول تحليل التباين وفحص دنكان فيما تمت دراسة نمط اضطراب شحمانية الدم بواسطة فحص مربع كاي.النتائج : لوحظ ان هنالك ارتفاع معتد احصائيا في مستويات الكولسترول الكلي والشحوم الثلاثية والبروتين الشحمي خفيض الكثافة والبروتين الشحمي وضيع الكثافة لمرضى السكر بمقارنتهم مع الاصحاء ( ب> 0.001 ) مع انخفاض معتد احصائيا في البروتين الشحمي رفيع الكثافة ( ب < 1 00 و 0 ) . كما لوحظ عدم وجود فروقات ملحوضة بين المرضى الذكور والأناث. كذلك لوحظ وجود ارتفاع تدريجي ملحوظ في معدلات الكلوكوز وفي معظم الشحوم والبروتينات الشحمية بتقدم المرض وقد نوقشت الآليات الفيزيولوجية المرضية المحتملة والمتعلقة بهذه التغيرات . صنف ارتفاع شحوم مصل الدم حسب توصيات الجمعية البريطانية لفرط شحوم الدم لعام 1998 حيث لوحظ في مرضى السكر ارتفاع مستوى الكولسترول الكلي بنسبة 69.6% وارتفاع مستوى الشحوم الثلاثيه بنسبة 2.36% وارتفاع مستوى البروتين الشحمي خفيض الكثافة بنسبه 68.8 % مع نقصان في مستوى البروتين الشحمي رفيع الكثافة بنسبة 64% . إن مرضى السكر امتازوا بانخفاض ملحوظ في البروتين الشحمي رفيع الكثافة مع زيادة في الكولسترول الكلي والشحوم الثلاثية والبروتين الشحمي خفيض الكثافة والبروتين الشحمي وضيع الكثافة.الاستنتاج : مرض السكري يؤثر بشكلي سلبي على واجهة شحوم مصل الدم . يجب أن يكون هناك فحص دوري لواجهة شحوم مصل الدم لمرضى السكر. كما أن هنالك علاقة سلبية بين تقدم مرض السكري وواجهة شحوم مصل الدم .


Article
SERUM HDL IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC STROKE - A CASE CONTROL STUDY

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Background:Elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels have been shown to be protective against cardiovascular disease. However, the association of specific lipoprotein classes and ischemic stroke has not been well defined.Objectives:To evaluate the association between HDL-C and ischemic stroke in men and women, and to compare the results with a control sample of the same age group.Methods:A hospital based case-control study was done comparing serum HDL-C levels in 48 ischemic stroke patients to 50 controls recruited from Al-Imamain Al-Kadhemain Medical City, all patients and control had negative past medical history, negative history for smoking and alcohol. Serum lipid profile was determined in all of them.Results :This study showed that regarding the serum HDL-C levels, 41 (85.4%) patients were found to have low levels (less than 40 mg/dl) while among the control group, only 19 (38%) have shown low serum HDL-C level.Conclusion:The study showed that there is a significant association between the low level of serum HDL-C cholesterol and the risk of ischemic stroke in this population.Keywords: cholesterol, lipoproteins, HDL-cholesterol, ischemic stroke


Article
Beta-Carotene, Glycemic Control And DyslipidemiaIn Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors: Hashim M. Hashim --- Ghassan A.Al-Shamma --- Hayder Ali Mohammed
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 435-441
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background : Diabetes mellitus is a stressful condition in which the increased production of free radicals impairs the generation of naturally occurring antioxidants like vitamins and carotenoids .
Aim :The present study deals with the changes in serum ß-carotene in type 2 diabetes mellitus, as modulated by glycemic control and oxidative stress .
Subjects & methods : Multiple biochemical parameters were obtained from plasma of 57 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus ( 25 males and 32 females ) , on oral hypoglycemic with a disease duration of 1- 15 years and 37 healthy normal subject s of matching age and sex to serve as controls .
The biochemical parameters measured in the present study included the glycated Hb (HbA1c ), serum lipids ( total cholesterol TC, triglycerides TG , high and low density lipoprotein cholesterols , HDL-C & LDL-C ) , lipid peroxides and serum ß-carotene.
results revealed a marked reduction of ß- carotene in the diabetics in a pattern proportional to that of the glycemic control ,dyslipidemia and oxidative stress .
Possible causes , mechanisms and suggestions underlining these changes are discussed.


Article
The Significance of Lipid Abnormalities in Children with Insulin-Dependant Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Salem Rahma
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 289-294
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:To evaluate serum lipids in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and its relation to glycemic control, in comparison with sex and age matched non-diabetic children.METHODS:Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and lipid profile were estimated in 45 children (20 males and 25 females) with type 1 diabetes attending diabetic clinic at Sulaymani children hospital from the period of November 2005 till Jully 2006. Fifty health children (23 males and 27 females) admitted to the same hospital with acute illnesses like respiratory tract infections were randomly selected as controls.RESULTS:Mean total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C, VLDL-C, and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio were significantly higher in diabetic children compared to the control. However, there was no significant difference in the levels of HDL-C in both groups .In addition to that, diabetic patients with poor control have a significantly higher levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio as compared to those with good control. A significant correlation between most lipid variables and HbA1c was observed in diabetic patients.CONCLUSION:Children with type 1 diabetes should be screened for serum lipids as significant lipid abnormalities are related to glycemic control. Both can be improved with dietary guidelines and insulin therapy.


Article
EFFECT OF 1% HYDROGEN PEROXIDE (H2O2) IN DRINKING WATER ON SOME PARAMETERS IN ِِADULT MALE RABBITS
تأثير1% بيروكسيد الهيدروجين في ماء الشرب على بعض المعايير الكيموحيويه في ذكور الارانب البالغة

Author: خالصـــة كـاظــم خــضـيـر
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 202-210
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of 1% of H2O2 on some biochemical markers related to oxidative stress,cardiac, hepatic and thyroid functions in adult male rabbit's.Twenty adult male rabbits were divided randomly into two groups (10/group), the first (control) group and the second (T) group: animals were received 1% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)in drinking water for one month.At the end of the experiment, fasting blood samples were drawn by cardiac puncture technique from all experimental animals for measuring : a- serum concentration of total cholesterol(TC);triacylglycerol( TAG);low density lipoprotein –cholesterol( LDL-C) ;very low density lipoprotein –cholesterol (VLDL-C) and high density lipoprotein –cholesterol (HDL-C) b- serum alanine transaminase (ALT) ;aspartate transaminase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) activities c- albumin and globulin concentrations. d-Platelets count and prothrombin time e-serum glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations. F-serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothronine (T3),tetraiodothyronine(T4) and glucose concentrations. The results revealed that male rabbits receiving 1% H2O2 in drinking water for one month showed a significant increase(p<0.01) in serum TC, TAG, LDL-C, VLDL-C and MDA concentrations, ALT, AST and LD activities and platelets count, and a significant decrease (p<0.05) in serum HDL-C, GSH, albumin, globulin concentrations and prothrombin time comparing to control, besides significant decrease (p<0.05) in serum T3 & T4 and significant increase (p<0.05) in serum TSH, and glucose concentration were observed. On conclusion, it has been found that exposure to1% H2O2 of exerts deleterious effect on cardiac and hepatic functions, hypothyroidism and state of oxidative stress.

صممت هذه التجربة لمعرفة تأثير 1% من بيروكسيد الهيدروجين على بعض المعايير الكيموحيويه ذات العلاقة بالاجهاد التأكسدي، وظيفة القلب، الكبد والغدة الدرقيه في ذكور الارانب البالغة. تم تقسيم عشرون ارنباً بالغاً بصورة عشوائية الى مجموعتين متساويتين (10/مجموعة)، أعطيت المجموعة الاولى ماء الشرب العادي وعدت مجموعة سيطرة( مجموعة C). في حين أعطيت المجموعة الثانية ماء الشرب العادي الحاوي على 1% من بيروكسيد الهيدروجين لمدة شهر( مجموعة T). في نهاية التجربة تم سحب الدم من القلب مباشرةً من جميع حيوانات التجربة لغرض قياس أ- تراكيز الكولستيرول الكلي (TC)، ثلاثي أسيل الكليسيرول(TAG)،الكولستيرول في الشحوم البروتينيه ذات الكثافة الواطئة(LDL-C)، الواطئة جداً(VLDL-C) والعالية(HDL-C) في مصل الدم؛ ب- فعالية الانزيمات الناقلة للأمين (ALT,AST) وانزيم اللاكتيت ديهايدروجينيز(LD) في مصل الدم، ت- تركيز الالبومين والكلوبيولين في مصل الدم ؛ث- قياس أعداد الصفائح الدموية وزمن تخثر البروثرومبين ؛ج- تركيز الكلوتاثايون (GSH) والمالوندايالديهايد(MDA) ح- قياس تركيز هرمونات الغدة الدرقية (T3,T4) والهرمون المحفز للدرقية (TSH) وتركيز الكلوكوز في مصل الدم.لقد أظهرت النتائج حدوث أرتفاع معنوي(P<0.05) في تركيز الكولستيرول الكلي، ثلاثي أسيل الكليسيرول، الكولستيرول في الشحوم البروتينيه ذات الكثافة الواطئة، الواطئة جداً والمالوندايالديهايد في مصل الدم فضلاً عن الارتفاع الحاصل في أعداد الصفائح الدموية وفعالية الانزيمات الناقلة للأمين (ALT,AST) وانزيم اللاكتيت ديهايدروجينيز(LD) في مصل دم ذكور الارانب البالغة بعد تعرضها ل 1% من بيروكسيد الهيدروجين في ماء الشرب لمدة شهر. كما أظهرت النتائج حدوث أنخفاض معنوي (P<0.05) في تركيز الكوليستيرول في الشحوم البروتينيه ذات الكثافة العالية، الكلوتاثايون، الألبومين والكلوبيولين في مصل الدم مع حدوث أرتفاع معنوي في زمن تخثر البروثومبين مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة.بالأضافة الى ذلك أدى التعرض لبيروكسيد الهيدروجين الى حدوث أنخفاض معنوي (P<0.05)في تركيز هرموني T3 و T4 وارتفاع معنوي في تركيز هرمون ال TSH والكلوكوز في مصل الدم. يستنتج من نتائج التجربة إن التعرض لبيروكسيد الهيدروجين بتركيز 1% قد تسبب في إحداث تأثيرات ضارة على وظيفة القلب والكبد،حالة نقص الدرقية بالأضافة الى الأجهاد التأكسدي.


Article
Relationship between Serum Lipoprotein Ratios and Insulin Resistance in Iraqi Women with Type II DM

Authors: Maha Fadhil Smaism --- Najla,a Jawad Hassani
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 1137 -1145
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Type 2 diabetes confers an increased morbidity and mortality dueto macrovascular complicationssuch as CVDfor which dyslipidemia is themajor contributor. This study was designed toexplore the role of non-HDLcandlipoprotein ratios as CVD riskmarker in diabetic population. It was acase –control study , 68 female uncontrolled (HbA1c ≥ 6.5) diabetic were selected, 34 were diabetic who were treatment(Goup A) and 34 werediabetic without treatment (Group B)and 34 were non-diabetic subjects as control group . The lipidprofile including TC, TG and HDLc were measured and calculation of lipoprotein ratios.Lipoprotein ratios were significantly higher in group A, Non-HDL(P<0.001), TC/HDL and TG/HDL(P<0.01), LDL/HDL(P<0.05) In group B; Non-HDLc(P<0.01), TC/HDL, TG/HDL and LDL/HDL(P<0.05) in contrast tocontrols. There is significantly positive correlation of TG/HDLc, TC/HDLc, LDL/HDLc and Non-HDLc with HOMA-IR in group A and in group B. Lipoprotein ratio provide a simple means of identifying insulin resistance which could be used as a possible risk factor ofCVD in uncontrolledtype 2 diabetic.


Article
Study of some blood parameters, liver function indicator and lipoproteins level in smoking sportsmen
دراسة بعض معايير الدم و مؤشرات وظيفة الكبد ومستوى البروتينات الدهنية للمدخنين الرياضيين

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The present study aims to find out some blood parameters, indicators of liver function and lipoproteins level in athletes smokers. Research sample included 81 person divided into four groups: Smoker Sportsmen SS (15) , Smoker ordinary SO (25) , No Smoker Sportsmen NSS (20) , No Smoker Ordinary NSO (21). The blood samples were taken for checking RBC and WBC, PCV, Hb, liver enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP),blood proteins (total protein, albumin), lipoproteins (Total cholesterol, Triglycerides TG, High and Low density lipoprotein HDL &LDL). The statistical analysis showed that RBCs, WBCs count , Hb level , PCV and ALP enzyme have elevated levels in smokers group (SS, SO), while Total Protein and albumin were decreased, but the enzyme AST and ALT were rised in SS group compared to the remaining groups (P˂0.05). TC level was high for the (SS, SO) groups, while TG and LDL level was more increased in group SO. The level of HDL was decreased in smokers group (SS, SO) (P˂0.05). We conclude from the foregoing that smoking possessed harmful effects on the human body and sports may reduce the harmful effect of smoking, as that of the resolve to cut smoking advised them(smokers) to perform moderate training to remove the accumulated effect of smoking on the various organs of their body.

تهدف الدراسة الحالية الى معرفة بعض معايير الدم ومستوى مؤشرات الكبد والبروتينات الدهنية للرياضيين المدخنين. اذ تضمنت عينة البحث (81 ) شخصا قسمت الى اربع مجاميع: رياضيين مدخنين (15) (Smoking Sportsmen SS) , مدخنين غير رياضيين (25) (Smoking ordinary SO) , غير مدخنين رياضيين (20) (No Smoking Sportsmen NSS) , غير مدخنين غير رياضيين (21) (No Smoking Ordinary NSO) . وتم سحب عينات الدم وحساب العد الكلي لـكريات الدم الحمر والبيض RBC , WBC ومستوى هيموغلوبين الدم Hb وحجم الدم المضغوط PCV , كما تم قياس مستوى انزيمات الكبد (ALT,AST,ALP) والبروتين الكلي T.P. والالبومين Alb. والبروتينات الدهنية (T.cholesterol, T.G, HDL, LDL) . وتبين من التحليل الاحصائي ان RBC و WBC و Hb و PCV وانزيم ALP مرتفعه مستوياتها لمجموعة المدخنين الرياضيين وغير الرياضيين (SS,SO) بينما T.P. و Alb. انخفض مستواهما للمجموعتين الآنف ذكرهما, اما انزيمي AST و ALT فقد كان مستواهما اكثر ارتفاعا لمجموعة SS مقارنة بالمجاميع المتبقية عند مستوى احتمال (P˂0.05) . وقد كان مستوى TC مرتفع لمجموعتي (SS,SO) اما مستوى TG و LDL كان اكثر ارتفاعا لمجموعة SO بينما انخفض مستوى HDL في مجموعة المدخنين (SS,SO) عند مستوى احتمال(P˂0.05) . نستنتج مما سبق ان التدخين له اثار ضاره على جسم الانسان والرياضه قد تقلل من ضرر التدخين , كما ان من يعزم على قطع التدخين ينصح له بتادية تمارين رياضية متوسطة الشدة كي يستطيع ازالة الاثر المتراكم للتدخين على اعضاء جسمه المختلفة.


Article
Effect study of buffalo and goat milk on the level of lipids uoO Upoptoteins in the blood serum offemale rats treated with PhosPhoric acid

Authors: Rasha J. Tuama --- MuhammadA.Awda
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 95-104
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

AbstractThe cunent study included estimating the lipicls and lipoproteins level in theblood serum of laboratory rats' females those treated with phosphoric acid and notingbuflalo and goat milk inlluence in these parameters' This study was conducted on aherd of buffalo and another of goat in Dhi-Qar province-south of Iraq' The results ofthisstudyshowedsignificantincreaseinthelevelofcholesetrole'triglyceridesTG'low density lipoproteins LDL, very low density lipoproteins VLDL and level ofatherogenic index for the second group(phosphoric acid group) compared with thefirst group(control group).While the results showed signifrcant decrease in the levelof"t-ot"r.tot", TG, LDL,WDL and lovel of atherogenic index for the groups third(buffalo milk group), fourth (goat milk group) 'fifttr(phosphoric acid + buffalo milkgroup)and sixth(phosphoric acid + goat milk group) oompared with the secondioopipno.pt ori" aciJ group) and increase significantly in high density lipoproteinsffOi i". rft" groups third and sixth compared with the second group'

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