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Article
Anchorage loss and distal teeth movement

Author: Neam F Agha
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 78-83
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To develop the amount of canine retraction or space closure and the amount of mesial migration of anchorage. Materials and Methods: Data collected from treated patients attending College ofDentistry/ Mosul University and from private clinics, in which a standardized method used for treatment work. Sixty eight patients, 37 have Class I crowding and 31 have Class II malocclusion weredivided into two groups: Growing and non–growing patients. The data subjected to statistical analysis for description of variables. Results: There were what we can call them "primary factors" affectinganchorage loss which is represented by the type of malocclusion. In Class II malocclusion, greater anchorage loss than Class I crowding, and in the "secondary factors" effect of patients age, higheranchorage loss in growing subjects than non–growing patients was found. Conclusion: The type of malocclusion is important in affecting anchorage loss which is considered a primary factor. Also,higher anchorage loss in growing patients than non–growing patients was found.


Article
DERMATOPHYTOSIS IN SHEEP OF AL-SAFAT SHOW IN BASRAH, IRAQ
مرض فطار الجلد في الضان المعروضة في سوق في البصرة-العراق

Author: Abdul-Hafiz Al—Duboon* Fadhil J. Farhan عبد الحافظ الدبون فاضل جبار فرحان
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 54-62
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Out of 437 sheep inspected (1963 male and 2474 female), 242 (5.45%) sheep among 268specimens collected from suspected cases of dermatophytosis, which had clinical lesions ofdermatophytic infections, that confirmed by positive culture on(SDA+Chloramphenicol+Cycloheximide) supplemented with thiamine and yeast extract and /or bydirect microscopic examination using 10% KOH solution. The ringworm infections were variedfrom summer months (June— October, 2005) to those of winter months (November.2005 toMarch,2006) which were 59 (3.06%) and 183 (7.29%) respectively . The fungus affect both, the.outer layers of the skin as well as wool. It was spread centrally outward causing more or lesscircular areas of wool loss leaving scaly to powdery skin which was gray-white in color, measuring2-10 cm. in diameter. The head, ears, loin, and neck were the most areas had been affected. Theonly causative fungus isolated was Trichophyton verrucosum

Keywords

thiamine --- Ringworm --- wool loss


Article
Tooth loss, Prosthodontic Treatment need and Association Factors in A sample of Adults attending College of Dentistry,Al Mustansiriya University.
فقدان السن، الحاجة العلاجية للأستعاضات السنية والعوامل المقترنة في المرضى الحاضرين الى كلية طب الأسنان، الجامعة المستنصرية

Author: Mohammed F. Moutlak محمد فهد مطلك
Journal: Al-Rafidain University College For Sciences مجلة كلية الرافدين الجامعة للعلوم ISSN: 16816870 Year: 2013 Issue: 31 Pages: 125-136
Publisher: Rafidain University College كلية الرافدين الجامعة

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of tooth loss, the prosthetic treatment need and associated factors in a sample of the over 20-years old patients attending college of dentistry,AL Mustansiriya University. A sample of 584 individuals (306males and 278 females) was selected from prosthodontics department. The data were collected by means of an oral examination and interviewer questionnaire. The present study showed that the level of tooth loss more in male than female and increasing with age. A number of factors are involved in the decision to extract teeth, which are mainly dental caries and periodontal disease. Prevalence of denture wear is low and high need for prosthetic treatment especially in those with lower levels of education and lower income.Knowledge of factors that influence tooth loss and wearing dentures is important for the effective planning and provision of oral health services, particularly in prioritising prosthodontic care.

الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو لتقييم مستوى فقدان السن، الأحتياج العلاجي للأستعاضة السنية والعوامل المقترنة بذلك في عينة عمرية من عشرين عاما فما فوق حضروا الى كلية طب الأسنان الجامعة المستنصرية.هذه العينة تتكون من 584 شخص (306 رجال و 278 أناث) تم اختيارهم من قسم صناعة الأسنان.تم جمع المعلومات عن طريق الفحص الفموي والأسئلة خلال مقابلة المريض. الدراسة الحاضرة اظهرت ان مستوى فقدان السن في الرجال اعلى منه في الأناث ويزداد مع تقدم العمر. العديد من العوامل تدخلت في قرار قلع الأسنان، والتي هي بصورة رئيسية تسوس الأسنان وأمراض ما حول اللثة. وكان معدل أستعمال أطقم الأسنان منخفض بالمقارنة مع الحاجة المرتفعة الى علاج الأستعاضة السنية خصوصا مع هؤلاء الذين يكون مستوى ثقافتهم ومدخولهم قليل.المعرفة بالعوامل التي تؤثر على فقدان السن وأستعمال أطقم الأسنان مهم لتفعيا التخطيط وأمتلاك خدمات لصحة الفم وخصوصا التي تعطي عناية خاصة للأستعاضات السنية.


Article
Effect of Insulin Level on Recurrent Pregnancy Loss
تأثير مستوى الانسولين على فقدان الحمل المتكرر

Authors: Nada Al-Ibrahimi --- Bushra Abdulameer Ali Shabaa
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-55
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Aim of study; To find the relationship between rise plasma insulin level in women with recurrent pregnancy loss at different gestational age.Methodology :A case control study done in Al Zahraa teaching hospital in Al-Najaf city from the first of February to the first of October in 2014 of 160 women divided in two groups . We estimate fasting serum insulin hormone in samples of women with recurrent pregnancy loss at different trimester(as a case group) and healthy pregnant women at the end of 3rd trimester( as a control group ). The estimation of recurrent pregnancy loss in women at different trimester is associated with endocrine abnormalities where serum insulin level increase in a different way compared with normal healthy pregnant women.Results: We found the level of insulin hormone was high in women with recurrent pregnancy loss especially in the 1st trimester ,therefore there is significant difference in insulin level in 2nd trimester compared to the 1st trimester while it is not significant between 1st and 3rd trimester, the number of women who lost their pregnancy during the 1st trimester was higher than those lossing during other trimesters.Conclusion :Current study showed that, in women with recurrent pregnancy loss, fasting insulin level is high compared with normal healthy pregnant women. Recommendations: We recommend that measuring fasting insulin level is usefull in all women with recurrent pregnancy loss The use of insulin sensitizing agent (metformin) and decrease body weight with regular daily exercise before embarking in pregnancy

الهدف: ايجاد العلاقة بين ارتفاع مستوى الأنسولين في مصل الدم للنساء اللاتي لديهن إسقاطات متكررة في مراحل الحمل المختلفة.المنهجية: دراسة من نوع عينات السيطرة اجريت في مستشفى الزهراء التعليمي للنسائية والأطفال في محافظة النجف الاشرف للفترة من الأول من شباط وحتى الأول من تشرين الأول سنة2014 لمجموعه من النساء بلغن 160 أمرأه على مجموعتين. وتتضمن الدراسة سحب عينات دم من تلك النساء اللاتي لديهن إسقاطات متكررة (مجموعة الحالات) وعينات أخرى من نساء حوامل في الشهر الأخير ليس لديها أي إسقاطات متكررة سابقه ,بعد أخذ العينات خزنت بدرجة حرارة 20- درجة مئوية ثم بعد ذلك تم قياس نسبة الأنسولين بطريقة الأليزا. النتائج: وجد ان مستوى الانسولين عالي عند النساء اللاتي لديهن اسقاطات متكررة خاصة في الثلث الاول من الحمل: فهناك فرق معنوي في مستوى الانسولين في الثلث الثاني من الحمل بالمقارنة مع الثلث الاول منه بينما ليس هناك فرق معنوي بين الثلث الاول والثلث الثالث منه. عدد النساء اللاتي لديهن اسقاطات متكررة في الثلث الاول من الحمل اكثر من النساء اللاتي لديهن اسقاطات في غير مراحل من الحمل.الاستنتاج :لوحظ إرتفاع نسبة الأنسولين في الدم للنساء اللاتي لديهن إسقاطات متكررة سابقة بالمقارنة مع النساء اللاتي ليس لديهن إسقاطات متكرره سابقة .التوصيات :توصي الباحثتين بقياس مستوى الانسولين للنساء اللاتي لديهن اسقاطات متكررة , وتوصي ايضا باستخدام العوامل المحفزة للأنسولين وتقليل وزن الجسم والتمارين الرياضية اليومية قبل الحمل.

Keywords

insulin --- pregnancy loss


Article
Treatment of low serum ferritin in females with alopecia by oral iron.

Authors: Wisam Ali Ameen --- Hassanain H. Al-Charrakh
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2015 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 126-136
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Hair loss affects over 25% of women in developed countries. Three hairdisorders, androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium and alopecia areata which account formost cases of nonscarring alopecia in women. Iron deficiency has been reported in themajority of women presenting with diffuse hair loss. Iron has important function in oxidationreductionreactions, collagen synthesis, and as a co-factor for enzymes.Objectives: To assess the percentage of the low serum ferritin hair loss females and theirresponse to oral iron replacement therapy.Materials and methods: a prospective cohort study conducted in at Marjan teaching hospitalfrom August 2013 to January 2015. It included 72 female complained from diffuse hair losswere enrolled in this study. Full history was taken from all patients and physical examinationswere done both general examination and local examination of the scalp including pull test.Patients were sent to complete blood examinations, serum ferritin. Patients divided in to threegroups according to their response to treatment. Before the treatment the severity of hair losswas assess by VAS.Results: Fifty two patients met criteria of inclusion. Their serum ferritin levels range between(1.4-14.4) with mean 6.16±3.30 their hemoglobin levels were (8.3-13.4) with mean ±SD11.98±1.22. Group I patients included 27 patients (51.9%), their severity of hair loss beforetreatment was assess by VAS which was 9.18±0.84, after two week of treatment the scorebecome 7.33±1.03, P value is < 0.0001; confidence interval 95% = ( 1.477 to 2.277). in groupII patients which included 12 patients (23%), their severity of hair loss before treatment wasassess by VAS which was 9.33±0.49, after two week of treatment the score become 9.08±0.66,P value is 0.081 considered not significant; confidence interval 95% = (-0.037 to 0.537). Theother thirteen patients (25%) represented the third group. All the patients in this group didn’tshow any response to treatmentConclusion: Measurement of serum ferritin level should be done to all patients with chronictelogen effluvium before starting other anti-hair loss modalities. Iron replacement is a safedrug with a few side effects and indicated to all females with low serum ferritin level.

Keywords

ferritin --- female --- hair loss


Article
Tympanic Membrane Perforation`s Site affect the Degree of Hearing Difficulty
موق ثقب غشاء طبلة الأذن يؤثر على مدى ضعف السمع

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Abstract

Background:The effect of the site of perforation of tympanic membrane and amplitude of hearing difficulty is discussed in many authors with different results we try to estimate these relationships in our study.Method:A cross sectional analytic study off 55 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media.The tympanic membrane was divided into four segments according to the relation of each to handle of malleus, antero-superior, antero-inferior, postero-superior and postero-inferior.Hearing level of each patient was assessed in decibel with audiometer at frequencies from 250Hz to 8kHz in acoustically treated sound proof room.Results: in our study we found that the highest incidence of csom at age group (15-34) year and highest number and percentage of perforation were in anter-inferior segment of tympanic membrane (34),(66.6%) followed by postero-superior segment (7),(13.7%) then postero inferior (6),(11.7%) and antero-superior one (4),(7.8%).No significant sex difference.The conclusion was the clear effect of the site of perforation in relation to degree of hearing difficulty.

الخلفية:وتناقش العلاقة بين موقع ثقب الغشاء الطبلي ودرجة فقدان السمع في العديد من المؤلفين مع نتائج مختلفة نحاول تقدير هذه العلاقات في دراستنا.طريقة:دراسة مقطعية من 55 مريضا بثقب غشاء طبلة الأذن بسبب التهاب الأذن الوسطى .تم تقسيم الغشاء الطبلي إلى أربعة أجزاء وفقا لعلاقة كل منها مع عظيم المطرقة الى أمامي علوي وأمامي سفلي و خلفي علوي وخلفي سفلي ..تم قياس درجة الضعف السمعي لكل مريض بواسطة جهازيقيس درجة فقدان السمع لمختلف الترددات ابتداءاً من 250هيرز الى 8000هيرز في غرفة معزولة صوتياً .النتائج: وجدنا في دراستنا أن العدد الأقصى والنسبة المئوية للانثقاب كانت في الجزءالأمامي السفلي من الغشاء الطبلي (34)، (66.6%) يليه الجزء الخلفي العلوي (7)، (%13.7) ثم الخلفي السفلي ( 6 )(11.7%) و(7.8%) فقط للأمامي العلوي .ان معظم الضعف السمعي كان من النوع التوصيلي البسيط(15-40)وحدة سمعية ونستنتج أهمية موقع الثقب بالنسبة لدرجة فقدان السمع.قدان السمع


Article
Microwave losses of nanostructure Li-Ni ferritesin X-band and Ku-band
خسائر المايكروويف لفيررايت الليثيوم-نيكل ذوالتركيب النانوي في حزمةX- وحزمة-Ku

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Abstract

The molar ratio)x( of Li-Ni ferrites in the formula Li0.5-0.5xNixFe2.5-0.5xO4 was varied in range 0.1-1.0 by hydrothermal process. The XRD, SEM, and TEM tests were conducted to examine the samples crystalline phase and to characterize the particles shapes and sizes. Thehigh purity spinel structure was obtained atmed and high x values.SEM and TEMimages showed the existence of different ferrite particles shapes like nanospheres and nanorods.The maximum particle size is around (20nm). These size encourage occurrence of super paramagnetic state. The reflection loss and insertion loss as microwave losses of Li-Ni ferrite-epoxy composite of 1mm thickness and mixing ratio 39.4 wt was investigated. The minimum reflection loss in x-band and in Ku band was about -8dB around 10GHz and lower than -18dB respectively. The insertion loss exceeded -6dB in the two band for some samples.

تم تغيير النسبة المولارية(x) لفررايت الليثيوم-نيكل بالصيغة Li0.5-0.5xNixFe2.5-0.5xO4وضمن المدى 0.1-1.0 بالعملية المائية الحرارية hydrothermal. أُنجزت أختبارات XRD و SEM و TEM لفحص الطور البلوري وتشخيص اشكال الجسيمات و أحجامها. تم الحصول على طور السبنل النقي عند القيم القيم الوسطى والعليا لقيم x. أظهرت صور SEM و TEM أشكال جسيمات فيررات مختلفة مثل الكرات النانوية والقضبان النانوية. الحجم الجسيمي الأعظم كان بحدود (20nm). أن هذه الحجوم تعزز حصول حالة البارامغناطيسية الفائقة superparamagnetic. تم تحري خسائر الانعكاس و خسائر الأدخال كخسائر مايكروويف للمادة المركبة من فيررايت الليثيوم-نيكل والايبوكسي بسمك 1mm ونسبة خلط وزنية 39.4. أن أدنى خسائر أنعكاس في حزمة-x وحزمة-Ku كانت تقريبا -8dB عند حوالي 10GHz وأقل من -18dB على التوالي. تجاوزت خسائر الأدخال لبعض العينات -6dB في الحزمتين.


Article
High Expression of P53 protein in Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Could Play a Role in the Pathology!!

Authors: Thanaa Rasheed ثناء رشيد --- Asmaa’ B. Al-Obaidi اسماء العبيدي --- Nidhal Abdul-Mohaymen نضال عبد المهيمن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 2 Pages: 194-197
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Recent data provide evidence that p53 plays a critical role in mediating pregnancy by regulating steroid hormone activation
Objective: localization of semi quantitation tof por protein at the materno-fetal interface, in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss.
Methods: Immunohistochemistry analysis of p53 protein using paraffin embedded sections of curate samples obtained from 40 women, who where divided into three groups: 24 women with RPL, 10 women with abortion for the first time, and 6 women with induced abortion.
Results: The mean value of the expression of p53 protein in the RPL group was (65.8±2.16), which is significantly higher than that of the second group (48.0±2.81), and the third group (50.0±4.66), (p=0.000).
Conclusion: High expression of p53 protein in women with RPL may have a role in accelerating placental apoptosis leading to failure of pregnancy.


Article
Determination of Quality of Life for Adult Patients

Author: Hussein H. Atiyah
Journal: Iraqi National Journal of Nursing Specialties المجلة العراقية الوطنية للاختصاصات التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-12
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract:Objective: The study aimed to determine quality of life domains for adult patients with limbs loss and to identify the association between quality of life domains and demographic characteristics and medical information. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out at Baghdad artificial limb center, Al-Salam medical rehabilitation center, Al-Ghadeer medical rehabilitation center and the rheumatoid and medical rehabilitation center for the period from September 2007 to April 2008. A purposive ''non- probability'' sample of (200) patients with limbs loss. Questionnaire form was constructed for the purpose of the study. Data were collected through the application of the questionnaire and interview technique. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency, percentage and mean of score) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square, standard deviation and correlation coefficient).Results: The findings of the study have revealed that most of patients with limb loss are with mean age (46.15) years, mostly males, living in urban residence, married, living in nuclear family and primary school graduate with retired occupation, but insufficient monthly income in spite of living in owned house. Most of the patients with limb loss have changed their jobs and reduced the hours of working. Most of them have lost their limbs for (1- 5) years with unilateral lower limb and below-knee; walking with crutches and the trauma was the most common cause of limb loss. However, most of them visit rehabilitation centers and get benefits from rehabilitation. Recommendations: The study recommended that educational program for newly limb loss for physiotherapy and occupational therapy and further studies can be conducted on large sample size about adaptation of the patients with limbs loss.

الخلاصـة:الهدف: تهدف الدراسة إلى تحديد نوعية حياة المرضى البالغين فاقدي الأطراف وإيجاد العلاقة بين ميادين نوعية الحياة والمعلومات الشخصية الديموغرافية والطبية.المنهجية: أجريت دراسة وصفيّة في مركز بغداد للأطراف الصناعية, مركز السلام للتأهيل الطبي, مركز الغدير للتأهيل الطبي ومركز التأهيل الطبي وأمراض المفاصل للفترة من أيلول 2007 إلى نيسان 2008. شملت عينة البحث (200) مريضاً من فاقدي الأطراف اختيرت بطريقة غرضية (غير احتمالية). صُمّمت استمارة استبانة لغرض الدراسة وجُمعت المعلومات من خلالها بطريقة المقابلة. تمّ تحليل البيانات من خلال أسلوب الإحصاء الوصفي (التكرار, النسبة المئوية والوسط الحسابي الموزون) والأسلوب الإحصائي ألاستنتاجي (مربع كاي, الإنحراف المعياري ومعامل الارتباط).النتائج: وقد أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أنّ معدل عمر معظم فاقدي الأطراف (46.15) سنة وأغلبهم من الذكور الساكنين في المناطق الحضرية ومتزوجون يعيشون في عوائل مفردة وخريجي الدراسة الابتدائية من المتقاعدين ودخلهم الشهري لا يكفي رغم أنّهم يسكنون في منازل ملك. أنّ أغلب المرضى فاقدي الأطراف تغيرت وظيفتهم بعد فقدان الأطراف وقلّت ساعات عملهم وأغلبهم تمّ فقدان طرفه بمُدّة اقل من خمس سنوات ولطرف سفلي واحد وبمستوى تحت الركبة وأكثرهم يمشي بالعكاز وانّ الشدة الخارجية أهم سبب شائع في فقدان الأطراف. وعلى كل حال، فإنّ اغلبهم يزورون مراكز التأهيل الطبي ويحصلون على فائدة من العلاج الطبيعي. التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة بإجراء برنامج تثقيفي لفاقدي الأطراف حديثا حول العلاج الجسمي (البدني) والعلاج المهني (الحرفي) وكذلك إجراء دراسات تشتمل على عينة كبيرة الحجم حول تكيّف المرضى مع فقدان الأطراف.


Article
Treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia and pregnancy outcome in patients with recurrent miscarriage

Author: Esraa H. Humadi
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 9-13
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background; Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) means femoral head subluxation or dislocation and/or acetabular dysplasia. Management of neglected (DDH) in children after the walking age is challenging to the Back ground: During pregnancy hyperhomocysteinemia, can cause damage to the vascular system that support the placental function , and this damage might lead to miscarriage and other adverse pregnancy outcome. Objective: To investigate whether lowering homocysteine level in women with recurrent pregnancy loss and hyperhomocysteinemia can improve pregnancy outcome Patients and Method; this study ,initially include 80 women with history of three or more consecutive miscarriage between 8-20 weeks gestation Those with homocystein level >12μmol/l were include in this study (65women) ,they received folic acid 5mg per oral daily ,vitamin B6 40 mg per oral daily , vitamin B12 1000 μg per oral daily for two 2-3 months . After normalization of homocysteine 55 women completed the treatment course and same treatment was continued during pregnancy, 48 women get pregnancy and involved in this study .All participants were followed during pregnancy for any complications that might develop. Result: out of 80 women 48 women participated in this study, their age ranged from 18-42 years.Pregnancy outcome (alive birth) was significantly improved after normalization of homocysteine level and P value is 0.001. Despite that high incidence of complications still developed the most significantly frequent complications include : 16 patients delivered small for gestational age , 14 pregnancies complicated by pregnancy induced hypertension and preeclampsia, ,8 pregnancies ended with preterm labor ,placental abruption complicated around 6 pregnancies and no congenital abnormality neither still birth were reported in this study. Conclusion: Lowering homocysteine level would significantly improve pregnancy outcome (alive birth ) in women with recurrent pregnancy loss.

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