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Article
Childhood mortality in Mosul city during the year 2007

Author: Amaema A. Al-Zubeer اميمة عبد الرزاق الزبير
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2009 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objectives: To calculate infant and under five mortality rates and to find out the most common causes of death among children.
Methods:
Study period: The study was done over a period of one month, during Dec. 2007.
Study design: Rapid epidemiological survey using UNICEF “last birth technique”.
Study setting: The study was done at Al-Hadbaa Primary Health Care Center in Mosul city.
Study population: Data was collected from 1046 mothers in child bearing age (15-49 years), who were attending at the antenatal clinic by direct interviewing using a questionnaire form based on the model formulated by UNICIF for childhood mortality survey.
Results: The present study showed that the estimated under five mortality rate is 107 /1000 of last live births which represents a rise of 2.5 fold since WHO Maternal and Child Mortality Survey was done at 1990 in Iraq. The Infant mortality rate was estimated to be 95.6 death / 1000 of last live births. The study also showed that the neonatal mortality (0-28 days) constitutes 40.9/1000 last live birth which accounts for 42% from all deaths that occur during 1st year of life. Other findings showed that more than a quarter of all causes of deaths among under five were related to respiratory problems and 15.5% of all causes were linked to congenital abnormalities. Diarrheal disease accounted for 8.6% of causes.
Conclusion: Results showed that under five mortality is still considered a major health problem and reflecting defect in health system of the community, needs to be re-evaluated and minimized to be as least as possible.

الخلاصةأهداف البحث: لحساب وفيات الأطفال دون السنة ودون الخامسة من العمر في مدينة الموصل ولاكتشاف سبب الوفاة الأكثر شيوعا بين الأطفال.طريقة إجراء البحث: تم إجراء مسح وبائي سريع باستخدام حساب تقنية الولادة الأخيرة التابع لليونيسيف في مركز الحدباء للرعاية الصحية الأولية في مدينة الموصل خلال مدة شهر في كانون الثاني 2007. جمعت العينات من 1046 أماً تتراوح أعمارهن من (15-49)، من النساء اللواتي يراجعن عيادة رعاية الحوامل بواسطة المقابلة المباشرة مستخدمين استمارة استبيان معتمدة على موديل مصاغ من اليونيسيف لمسح وفيات الأطفال. النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة الحالية أن المعدل المحسوب لوفيات الأطفال دون الخامسة هو 107 وفاة لكل 1000 أخر ولادة حية والتي تمثل ارتفاع بمقدار مرتين ونصف منذ مسح منظمة الصحة العالمية لوفيات الأمومة والطفولة الذي تم في 1990 في العراق. أن المعدل المحسوب لوفيات الرضع دون السنة من العمر هو 95,6 وفاة لكل 1000 أخر ولادة حية. كما وأظهرت الدراسة أن وفيات الخدج (0- 28 يوم) تشكل 40,9 لكل 1000 أخر ولادة حية والتي تمثل 42% من كل الوفيات الحاصلة خلال السنة الأولى من الحياة. نتائج أخرى أظهرت أنه أكثر من ربع أسباب وفيات الأطفال دون الخامسة لها علاقة بالمشاكل التنفسية و 15,5% من كل الأسباب مرتبطة بتشوهات خلقية بينما يشكل الإسهال 8,6 % من كل الأسباب.الاستنتاج: أظهرت النتائج أن وفيات الأطفال دون الخامسة من العمر ما تزال تعتبر مشكلة صحية مهمة وتعكس الخلل في النظام الصحي للمجتمع، و تحتاج إلى تقييم و تحسين.

Keywords

Childhood --- mortality


Article
Tooth mortality in relation with diabetics and non diabetic patients

Authors: Maha S. AL-Rubeye مها شكري الربيعي --- Noori D. AL-Moussawi نوري الموسوي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes can affect the health of the teeth and surrounding structures. The The purpose of the present study was to compare tooth mortality of diabetics & non diabetic patients considering mainly the degree of control & the duration of diabetes.Methods: Tooth mortality of 100 adult diabetics &100 non diabetic patients of the age groups 40 – 52 & 53 – 65 y. was examined . The diabetic group was further divided according to the control & duration of diabetic state. StudentT- test was used where indicated ,the level of significance was 0.01.Results: The results revealed a highly significant difference in the mean number of lost teeth between the poorly controlled diabetic patients & the control group & a non significant difference between the well control diabetics & the control group. Also revealed a non significant differences between the control group & both sub groups of patients of more than 10y. duration & less than 10y duration .Conclusion: The results indicates that tooth mortality was greater in poorly controlled diabetics than the well controlled diabetics & the control group, with a highly significant differences. Tooth mortality was smaller in patients of more than 10 years duration than in those of less than 10 years with a non significant difference


Article
Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction

Authors: Zaid Mohammed Ali Hamandi --- Khalid Abdulla Al-Khazraji
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-53
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction remains a major cause of adult mortality. A steady decline in the mortality rate appears to be due to a fall in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction, a fall in the case fatality rate, identifying those patients who are at increased risk, and more aggressive prophylactic cardiovascular treatments to prevent it from occurring.OBJECTIVE:To identify, patients who have higher risk of in-hospital mortality after the first acute myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The hospital mortality for the first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was evaluated for 112 patients who were admitted to the coronary care unit in Baghdad Teaching Hospital during a total period of six months duration, between March and Sept. 2001. For each patient, history, clinical examination, electrocardiograms, fasting venous plasma glucose were done. RESULTS: Total mortality was 16.1%. The following factors were associated with higher in-hospital mortality: advanced age (more than 65 years), females, diabetic, and clinically evident heart failure. Other variables were not associated with increase or decrease in mortality: hypertension, smoking, admission heart rate, bundle branch block, previous angina pectoris, and the site of the infarction. CONCLUSION: Certain groups of patients tend to have higher mortality; patients older than 60 years, females, diabetic and patients with clinical heart failure. Other factors didn’t affect survival; location of the AMI, the presence of bundle branch block, hypertension, angina pectoris, smoking and the high heart rate on admission.


Article
TOXICOLOGICAL AND SOME REPRODUCTIVE ASPECTS OF THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF COCONUT ON MALE ALBINO MICE
التأثير السمي والتناسلي للمستخلص الكحولي لثمرة جوز الهند على ذكور الفئران البيض

Author: Ala Al-Deen Hassan Jawad , Maissam Hassan Ali
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 71-77
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In this study, two experiments had been done: Experiment (1), was designed to determine the acute toxicity of alcoholic extract of coconut ( Cocos nucifera ) fruit to the laboratory mice. Eight groups (6 mice each) of male albino mice were used in this experiment. The first group was drenched (1ml) physiological saline (as control group), while the other seven groups were given orally ascending doses (0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3 g/kg B.W.) respectively. After (24hr), all groups of mice were inspected for the presence of dead mice. The results of this experiment showed no mortality in all groups of mice and the extract is not toxic. Experiment (2), this study was designed to investigate the effect of alcoholic extract of coconut fruit on the efficacy of reproductive system of male mice. For this purpose, (24) mature male mice were allocated equally and randomly into three groups. Group (1) was given physiological saline and was considered as control group. Group (2) and group (3) were given 125mg/kgB.W./day and 200 mg/kg B.W. /day of alcoholic extract of coconut fruit respectively. All mice in the three groups received orally the appropriate treatment for 15 days. Post treatment, two criteria were chosen as indicators for the efficacy of the extract. The first one was relative testicular weight to body weight. The other one was the concentration of sperm in caudal part of epidydemis. The results of this experiment revealed that there was a significant (P<0.01) increase in relative testicular weight/body weight in group that was treated with 125mg/kg/day compared with control group. However, the second group which was treated with 200 mg/kg B.W showed significant decrease in testis weight /body weight as compared to control group and first group. From the present study, one can conclude that the alcoholic extract of Cocos nucifera fruit does not toxic to the laboratory mice and the low dose (125mg/kg B.W.) causes enhancement in male fertility of mice, while higher dose (200mg/kg B.W.) causes reduction in sperm concentration and relative testicular weight/body weight compared with the first dose.

الخلاصة صممت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة تأثير المستخلص الكحولي (70%) لثمرة جوز الهند في الكفاءة التناسلية لذكور الفئران وفضلاً عن دراسة التأثير السمي لثمرة جوز الهند. وعلية شملت الدراسة على تجربتين.التجربة (1) تحديد السمية الحادة (LD50) للمستخلص الكحولي: استعملت في هذه التجربة ثمان مجاميع (كل مجموعة تحتوي ستة فئران ذكور). جرعت المجموعة الأولى عن طريق الفم (1مل) من المحلول الملحي الفسيولوجي , إما المجاميع السبعة الباقية جرعت فموياً ايضاً جرعاً متصاعدة من المستخلص الكحولي لثمرة جوز الهند (0,25 و 0,5 و 1,0 و 1,5 و 2,0 و2,5 و 3,0 غم/كغم من وزن الجسم) على التوالي. ثم فحصت الفئران بعد أربع و عشرين ساعة بحثا عن وجود وفيات. أظهرت نتائج هذه التجربة عدم وجود فئران نافقة في كل المجاميع التي استخدمت في التجربة. ويمكن اعتبار هذا المستخلص امن وغير سام.التجربة (2), تحديد الجرعة المؤثرة للمستخلص الكحولي في الجهاز التناسلي الذكري للفئران: استهدفت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة الجرعة المؤثرة. لهذا الغرض قسمت (24 فأرا) عشوائيا وبالتساوي إلى ثلاث مجاميع، جرعت المجموعة الأولى المحلول الملحي الفسيولوجي واعتبرت كمجموعة سيطرة أما المجموعة الثانية والثالثة فقد جرعت 125ملغم/كغم و200ملغم/كغم من وزن الجسم على التوالي يوميا ولمدة 15 يوما. ولغرض معرفة تأثير المستخلص على الجهاز التناسلي الذكري, اختيرت فئتان من الفحوصات كمؤشر لذلك. الأولى كانت نسبة وزن الخصية /وزن الجسم أما الفحص الثاني كان تركيز النطف في الجزء ألذيلي من البربخ. أشارت النتائج التجربة ان هناك زيادة معنوية عالية (P<0.01) في نسبة وزن الخصية /وزن الجسم ومعدل تركيز النطف البربخية في المجموعة التي عولجت بـ125ملم/كغم مقارنتا بمجموعة السيطرة، بينما المجموعة التي عولجت بـ200ملم/كغم أظهرت انخفاضاً معنوياً عالياً (P<0.01) في معدل تركيز الحيامن نسبة وزن الخصية /وزن الجسم ومعدل تركيز النطف البربخية مقارنة بمجموعة السيطرة والمجموعة الأولى.

Keywords

epidydemis --- coconut --- mortality


Article
MATERNAL MORTALITY IN BASRAH HOSPITALS; AN OVERVIEW OF THE LAST TWO DECADES

Authors: Salman K Ajlaan --- Edward Zaia --- Faiz A Alwaeely --- Fouad H Al-Dahhan
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2006 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 3-3
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the MMR in Basra hospitals for 20 years (1983-2002), to determine the main causes of maternal deaths with regards to direct, indirect & fortuitous causes & to verify the impact of major events including wars & sanction on the trend of maternal deaths. This is a retrospective study included all maternal deaths occurred in hospitals as well as deaths recorded in emergency departments, forensic medicine department & statistical units throughout the study period. Detailed information was taken to verify the cause of death in each woman. A total of 206 deaths occurred during the study period, MMR did not run a steady fashion, they showed gradual decline during 1980s. Following the second gulf war, there was considerable increase in MMR with the peak one observed in 1996. There after the ratio decline gradually to pre 2nd war levels. Direct obstetric causes remain the major causes of maternal death throughout the 20 years with, in a decreasing frequency, hemorrhage, sepsis & AFE were the major direct causes. However, indirect causes showed some, but noticeable increment during the sanction years. We concluded that the major political events, including wars that Iraq & Iraqi peoples exposed to had substantial adverse influence on the trends of maternal deaths. Although a direct maternal death outweigh indirect death, however, sanction years caused obvious increment in direct deaths.

Keywords

MATERNAL --- MORTALITY --- BASRAH


Article
THE EFFECT OF SOME PLANTS EXTRACTS AND ESSENTIOAL OILS ON THE WORKERS OF TERMITES LABORATORY
تأثير بعض المستخلصات النباتية والزيوت العطرية في نسب هلاك عاملات حشرة الارضه Microcerotermus gabrelis (Isoptera:termitidae) مختبريا

Author: Sanaa Jameel Thamer سناء جميل ثامر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 52-60
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The activity of water and ethanol extracts of Ruta graveolens and Cuminum and the essentioal oils of the groups A and H were evaluated on the termites workers of Microcerotermis gabriles in the laboratory with different concentrations. Result showed that ethanol extracts of R.graveolens , C. cyminum were the most effective in mortality significant differences from other extracts in filter paper treatment which cause 71.6%, 73% respectively in concentration 10% in 24 hour and increase to 100% after 72 hour of treatment Direct method contact showed that powder of C. cyminum was the most effective in mortality with rates 66.6 % for period 10 minutes and increase to 100% after 72 hour of the same period.All tested plants extracts was repellent to termites and the essential oil of C. cyminum was the effective once.

أختبرت فعالية المستخلصات المائيه والكحوليه للسذاب والكمون ومستخلصات الزيوت العطريه للمجموعتين A وH في عاملات حشرة الارضه مختبريا وبتراكيز مختلفه . وقد بينت النتائج وجود تأثير لهذه المستخلصات في هلاك عاملات الارضه , فقد تفوق المستخلص الكحولي لكل من السذاب والكمون وبفارق معنوي عن بقية المستخلصات في احداث الهلاكات العاليه للعاملات عن طريق معاملة اوراق الترشيح وبنسب هلاك 71.6% و 73 % على التوالي للتركيز 10% خلال 24 ساعه وارتفع التأثير الى 100 % بعد 72 ساعه من المعامله.ولطريقة معاملة تلويث العاملات بالمساحيق النباتيه فقد تفوق مسحوق الكمون في الهلاكات والتي بلغت 66.6 % للفتره 10 دقائق وارتفعت الى 100 % لنفس الفتره بعد 72 ساعه .واظهرت جميع النباتات المختبره تأثير طارد لعاملات الارضه وكان اكثرها فعاليه الزيت العطري ( الطيار) للكمون اذ لم تسجل اي نسبه لتواجد العاملات على الجزء المعامل.

Keywords

Plant Extract --- Mortality --- Oil.


Article
Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Renal Injury

Author: Emad Hassan AL-Jaff
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2006 Volume: 4 Issue: 4 Pages: 23-28
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Introduction: renal trauma is the most common urologic trauma and occurs in 3% of all admissions and as many as 10% of patients who sustained abdominal trauma.Patients and methods: 36 patients had renal injury, 28 patients injured during explosion due terrorist's attacks. 30 males and 6 females, age 11-50 years.All underwent emergency resuscitation then the patients either admitted to the ward for further evaluation or underwent emergency exploration if indicated.Results: The mechanism of injury was blunt trauma in 18 patients 50%, penetrating trauma in 14 patients 38.9% and combined in 6 patients 11.1%.The grades of injury were grades I & II in 16 patients 44.4%, grade III in 8 patients 22.1%, grade IV in 9 patients 25% and grade V in 3 patients 8.3%. Other organs involvement was found in 20 patients 55.5%, 4 patients 20% had blunt trauma, 15 patients 75% had penetrating trauma and one patient 5% had combined trauma.Death occurred in 9 patients 25%, 8 (44.4%) had penetrating trauma and one patient 5.5% had blunt trauma .The commonest causes of death were septicemia and renal failure.Conclusions: Type and severity of injury and other organs involvement are important factors in mortality of patients with renal injury

تمت دراسة أصابات الكليه في مستشفى الحله التعليمي وكان عدد المصابين( 36) مصابـــا" (28)مصاب كانت أصابتهم بسبب العمليات الارهابيه والباقي كانت أصابتهم نتيجة حوادث مدنيه أخرى تمت دراسة العوامل المؤثره على الوفاة حيث ان نوع الاصابه ودرجة الاصابه مع وجود أعضــاء أخرى مصابه في البطن من العوامل الاساسيه في تحديد الوفاة وكان من اهم أسباب الوفاة هو تسمم الدم الجرثومي وعجز الكليتين .

Keywords

renal --- injury --- complication --- mortality


Article
Swine Flu 2009, Morbidity and Mortality in

Author: *Dr Hamzah Qoneed Oleiwi MBChB CABM,*Dr Rushdi A.H. KubbaMBChB CABM,
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2012 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 126-130
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective; swine flu is known to be caused by influenza A subtypes H1N1,H1N2, H2N3, H3N1, and H3N2, was first proposed to be a disease related to human flu during the 1918 flu pandemic, Iraq face the epidemic of 2009, many patients admitted to the medical word of alkindy teaching hospital, the clinical features were observed and managed according to WHO protocols.The aim of the study; is to asses some features of morbidity and mortality of swine flu epidemic admitted patients in 2009 in alkindy teaching hospital.Methods; A total 131 patients with suspected influenzaadmitted to Alkindy Teaching Hospital all complain offever more than 38c, sore throat with or without cough.The admitted patients are of two maingroups;a)seventeen secondary school pupils on theirreturn from US,b)one hundred fourteen patientsadmitted from October till end of December 2009.History ,clinical examination and routine investigationsfor all patient in addition to blood samples and swabsfrom nose and throat were taken and sent to the centrallab to test for H1N1 by PCR(real time).Results; fifty three (42%) of our patients found to have swine flu by positive test (real time PCR). It show that there is no relation of age whether young or old to being infected with swine flu or non swine flu (p>0.05). Table 2 also show that gender had no relation to possibility of infection with both non swine flu and swine flu influenza (P <0.05). We found that there was no difference of mortality between swine flu and non swine flu types (p>0.05) and pneumonia are more commonly associate influenza of negative test for swine flu virus (p<0.001). headache is more common in swine flu while chill is more common in non swine flu (p<0.05) in addition diabetes is more commonly associate swine flu than other types of influenza (p<0.05).Conclusion; This study concluded that mortality inswine flu influenza is not different from mortality innon swine flu influenza. Also age and gender had norelation to possibility of having swine flu infection .Pneumonia found to be more in non swine flu,headache associate swine flu more than non swine fluand chills associate swine flu. Diabetes associate swineflu more than non swine flu but smoking had norelation.Key words; swineflu, alkindy, mortality

Keywords

swineflu --- alkindy --- mortality


Article
CLINICAL STUDY OF RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME IN AL-KADHIMIYA TEACHING HOSPITAL

Authors: Lamia AK Al-Saady لمياء عبد الكريم حمودي السعدي --- Hayder H Al-Musawi حيدر هادي الموسوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2012 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 396-401
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background :Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or hyaline membrane disease (HMD) is an acute lung disease of the newborn caused by surfactant deficiency. It is Seen primarily in neonates younger than 36-38 weeks of gestational age weighing less than 2500 gram.Objective:To find out the incidence, main risk factors of HMD, note the changes in serum calcium, potassium and sodium and to study the outcome of HMD during the period of the illness.Methods:A prospective study was performed on one hundred neonate admitted to the neonatal care unit in Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital. Sex, gestational age, weight, mode of delivery, maternal illnesses were studied as risk factors. Serum calcium, Na and K were measured.Results:The incidence of RDS was 0.75% of total live births, 98(98%) of them were below 2.499 kilograms and less than 37 weeks of gestational age. Risk factors of RDS are male sex accounted for 61% of total cases. Cesarean sections were 28% of the total. Maternal diabetes mellitus represented 25%. Perinatal asphyxia was 22%. Familial predisposition had an incidence of 8% and finally prolonged rupture of membranes stood for 5%. Hypocalcaemia and hypokalemia were common with serum sodium was within the lower normal limits. The time of improvement for most babies (about 40%) was by day 4 of life. Mortality was 30% with the major percentage of death (which was 90%) was between day 1 and day 4.Conclusion: RDS occurs predominantly in premature babies as a main risk factor with male sex and cesarean sections. In addition to other risk factors such as maternal diabetes mellitus and perinatal asphyxia. Associated changes in serum electrolytes and serum calcium including hypocalcaemia, hypokalemia and lower normal serum sodium are common. The 4th day of life was the time of improvement for most babies while most of them who died did so by the first 4 days of life. Among the admitted babies, about third of them (actually 30%) died because of RDS.Key words: RDS, Gestational age, Mortality.

Keywords

RDS --- Gestational age --- Mortality


Article
Swine Flu 2009, Morbidity and Mortality in

Author: *Dr Hamzah Qoneed Oleiwi MBChB CABM,*Dr Rushdi A.H. KubbaMBChB CABM,
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2012 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-131
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective; swine flu is known to be caused by influenza A subtypes H1N1,H1N2, H2N3, H3N1, and H3N2, was first proposed to be a disease related to human flu during the 1918 flu pandemic, Iraq face the epidemic of 2009, many patients admitted to the medical word of alkindy teaching hospital, the clinical features were observed and managed according to WHO protocols.The aim of the study; is to asses some features of morbidity and mortality of swine flu epidemic admitted patients in 2009 in alkindy teaching hospital.Methods; A total 131 patients with suspected influenza admitted to Alkindy Teaching Hospital all complain of fever more than 38c, sore throat with or without cough. The admitted patients are of two main groups;a)seventeen secondary school pupils on their return from US,b)one hundred fourteen patients admitted from October till end of December 2009. History ,clinical examination and routine investigations for all patient in addition to blood samples and swabs from nose and throat were taken and sent to the central lab to test for H1N1 by PCR(real time).Results; fifty three (42%) of our patients found to have swine flu by positive test (real time PCR). It show that there is no relation of age whether young or old to being infected with swine flu or non swine flu (p>0.05). Table 2 also show that gender had no relation to possibility of infection with both non swine flu and swine flu influenza (P <0.05). We found that there was no difference of mortality between swine flu and non swine flu types (p>0.05) and pneumonia are more commonly associate influenza of negative test for swine flu virus (p<0.001). headache is more common in swine flu while chill is more common in non swine flu (p<0.05) in addition diabetes is more commonly associate swine flu than other types of influenza (p<0.05). Conclusion; This study concluded that mortality in swine flu influenza is not different from mortality in non swine flu influenza. Also age and gender had no relation to possibility of having swine flu infection. Pneumonia found to be more in non swine flu, headache associate swine flu more than non swine flu and chills associate swine flu. Diabetes associate swine flu more than non swine flu but smoking had no relation.Key words; swineflu, alkindy, mortality

Keywords

swineflu --- alkindy --- mortality

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