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Article
Investigation of Microstructure and Chemical Analysis Along Weldments AISI 410 MSS/ER Nicrmo-3

Author: Emad S. Al-Hassani
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 5 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 564-573
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In this research work the weldability of AISI 410 martensitic stainless steels (SS) LP-blades of steam turbine joined by GTAW (gas tungsten arc welding); inconel-3 filler wire was investigated. To study the mechanical performance and microstructural characteristics of the welded joint, the optical-microscopic and micro-hardness were applied along the cross-section of specimens, respectively. Line/Point and EDS technique were used to predict the chemical composition of welding joint. WDS MAP/ WDS LINK (Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy) used to know the movement of elements along the weldments. Results showed that micro-hardness along the HAZ regions increased. Microstructure photographs revealed γ-austenite as predominate phase along weld-metal. X-ray image with magnification 10μm showed two phases: dendritic (dark region) and interdendrite (light region) phases. Moreover, coarse grains appeared in HAZ zone of both weldments. In addition, chemical composition appeared carbon aggregated at interface.


Article
Welding procedures of Turbine Blades by Using ER 309L Austenitic Filler Wire

Authors: H. A. Olaa --- K.H. Abbas --- S. A. Emad --- A.H. Fadhil
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 68-75
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In the present work it has been investigated the repair of LP-blades steam turbine made of AISI 410 martensitic stainless steels (MSS) by GTAW welding, the repair welding carried out by using ER 309L as consumable filler wire. PWHT was carried out at 1100ᵒC for 1h. The structure-property relationships of the weldments were established based on the current modes employed by utilizing combined techniques of optical microscopy, line/point and EDS analysis. Results showed that Micro-hardness along the base and HAZ regions increased after PWHT as compared to in state of as-welded. After welding process, microstructure photographs of weld-metal region revealed two phase the vermicular δ-Ferrite and γ-austenite matrix. HAZ region consisted of tempered lath martensite with carbides. Line/Point analysis revealed the direction of segregation, whereas chromium was increased in core and depleted in boundary, while nickel was depleted in core and increased in boundary, this support the δ – ferrite was primarily solidified.

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