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Article
Anorectal Abscesses Bacteriology and the Antibiotics Susceptibility Testing

Authors: Maha K. Ali --- Hussein A. Al- Aljasmawy;
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2009 Volume: 2 no.8, 9 Issue: 5 Pages: 710-715
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Anorectal abscesses are a common surgical problem, and themost common disease of the anorectum.Objectives: to identify the microorganisms commonly causing the anorectalabscess and the drugs of chioce for treating these infections.Materials and Methods: the patients who were admitted in Hilla Teaching GeneralHospital during a period of one year from December 2001 to December 2002 wereprospectively studied. The aspirated pus was cultivated aerobically and the isolatedmicroorganisms were tested for their sensitivity to commonly prescribed antibiotics.Results: fifty two patients 42 males and 10 females were studied. The most frequentlyisolated micro-organisms were Proteus vulgaris (30.76%), Esch.Coli (13.46%) andKlbesiella spp. (9.61%). The sensitivity pattern was that the cephalosporin's andaminoglycosides (Gentamycin) were the most potent antibacterial against Proteus andStaph aureus.Conclusion: Anorectal abscesses are most commonly caused by Proteus vulgaris andStaph aureus which mainly respond to cephalexin and gentamycin.


Article
The Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Predisposing Factors

Authors: Mohemid M. Al- Jebouri. --- Hadeel M. Younis
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-80
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Periodontitis is an inflammatory lesion mediated by host-bacterial interactions which results in a non-resolving inflammation that leads to local connective tissue attachment loss from the tooth surface, loss of alveolar bone and ultimately tooth loss Indeed, periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the western world and developing countries. The aims of this study was to estimate the relationships between periodontal disease and predisposing factors. One hundred eighty samples (paper point inserted into periodontal pocket) were examined in the present study . Patients were of both sexes(140 males and 40 females).Their ages ranged from 16-69 years old. Clinical measurements of periodontal parameters used included dental plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss . The results showed that periodontal disease was the most common in age group 20-29 years old and only a case reported with periodontal disease in 65 years old patients. According to sex distribution of patients, periodontal disease was mostly found in males than females. The periodontitis was more common in non-educated,treated ,smoking patients they living in rural area than educated,non treated ,non-smoking patients . they living in urban area.The most common anaerobic periodontal bacteria isolated from patients were peptostreptococcus prevotii which represented 15(8.3%) isolates, while prevotella intermedia, prevotella melani, prevotella disiens, Bifidobacterium sp., Fusibacterium mortiferum peptostreptococcus tetradius ,and Wolinella sp. represented only 1 (0.5%) of anaerobic isolates .Also another anaerobic subgingival bacteria isolated from inflamed sites in patients were fusibacterium varium, vellionella sp., campylobacter gracilis, capnocytophaga sp., peptostreptococcus magnus, peptostreptococcus micros, peptostreptococcus niger,peptostreptococcus anaerobius, staphylococcus saccharolyticus, streptococcus consellatus, and gemella morbillorum.


Article
Microbiological Quality of Wheat Cultivated in Many Different Regions of Iraq

Authors: Abeer Salh Alhendi --- Hiba Ezzat Mohammed
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 2A Pages: 654-659
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Microbiological quality (total plate count, yeast and molds, coliform, and E. coli) of wheat cultivated in seven provinces of Iraqi were determined and compared to Standard Quality of Iraq (IQS) and to the standardization of Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The samples were collected from fields, and some samples taken from near of a street (reachable by people) and far of a street as well as rural fields. The regulation has two limits, which are good and acceptable limits, and the samples within the acceptable limit should be two samples of five. The results showed that all analyzed samples were within the acceptable limit that approved by IQS and FDA. There was one field exceed IQS regulation and there were several fields exceed the FDA regulations related to the number of samples within the good limit. The main reason for exceeding was total plate count (APC) followed by yeast and molds. Enhancing the microbiological quality of wheat cultivated in Iraq should be truly considered to be within IQS and FDA regulations.

Keywords

Wheat --- Microbiology --- E. coli.


Article
Post-Tonsillectomy Associated Bacteremia
تجرثم الدم بعـد عملية استئصال اللوزتين

Authors: Ahmed N. AL-Juboori د.أحمـد نصـرت ألجبوري --- Sura K. AL-Alusi د.سـرى خميس الالوسي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2005 Volume: 18 Issue: 2 Pages: 177-180
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: to identify the causative microorganisms of tonsil surface and core in patients with chronic tonsillitis, and whether these microorganisms carry the risk of bacteremia during tonsillectomy.Patients & methods: thirty five patients admitted to Al-Ramadi General Hospital from September 2002-March 2003, they suffered from chronic tonsillitis and they prepared for tonsillectomy. Tonsil surface and core swabs were taken for culture at the time of operation, and venous blood samples were taken for culture before and one hour after the procedure provided no antibiotics were taken two weeks before the operation. The cultures were performed under aerobic, facultative anaerobic and anaerobic conditions. All isolated organisms were well bacteriologically identified and confirmed by using biochemical tests.Results: surface and core cultures of the thirty five case represented multiple microorganisms. Gram positive cocci were the commonest organisms from the surface 28(70%) and core 18(85.8%), while Gram negative bacilli represented the remaining organisms. Among those Gram positive cocci, Streptococcus pyogenes were the commonest organisms isolated from the surface 15(37.5%) and core 14(66.8%). No reproduction was observed regarding the blood cultures taken before the procedure. Bacteremia was found in blood samples of seven patients(20%) taken after tonsillectomy. The commonest organisms were streptococcus Pyogenes 3(42.8%), followed by pseudomonas aeruginosa 2(28.6%).Conclusion: the study suggested that aerobic and anaerobic organisms were present among tonsil surface and core cultures and bacteremia may developed after tonsillectomy. Therefore, to avoid the possible dramatic outcomes after tonsillectomy the required measures during the preoperative period should be taken into consideration, especially in patients that have chronic tonsillitis with cardiovascular disease. Key Words: Tonsil surface and core microbiology, Bacteremia, tonsillectomy.

ملخص أجريت ألدراسة في مستشفى الرمادي العام على خمسة و ثلاثون مريضاَُ كانوا يعانون من ألتهاب اللوزتين المزمن, حيث تم اجراء مسحات للوزتين من السطح و ألانسجة الداخلية خلآل عملية استئصال اللوزتين, ثم سحب عينة دم قبل العملية و عينة أخرى ساعة بعد العملية لغرض زرعها في أوساط زرعية تحت ألظروف ألهوائية, اللاهوائية ألاختيارية وأللاهوائية. أثبتت ألنتائج أن ألمكورات ألموجبة لصبغة كرام كانت ألاغلب من سطح اللوزتين 28(70%) و ألانسجة ألداخلية 18(85.8%), و من هده المكورات الموجبة لصبغة كرام, كانت ألمسبحات القيحية ألاغلب من سطح أللوزتين 15(37.5%) و ألانسجة ألداخلية 14(66.8%). لم يلاحظ تجرثم للـدم قبل أستئصال أللوزتين, بالمقابل تم تشخيص تجرثم ألدم في سبعة مرضى(20%) بعد استئصال أللوزتين, وكانت ألمسبحات ألقيحية ألاغلب3(42.8%) وألزوائف الزنجارية 2(28.6%) بالدرجة ألثانية.تستنتج من هدة ألدراسة أن أنواع مختلفة من ألبكتريا متواجدة على السطح و ألانسجة ألداخلية للوزتين المصابة بالتهابات مزمنة, وأن تجرثم ألدم من ألممكن أن يحدث بعد أستئصال أللوزتين, لذلك يجب أن يؤخذ بنظر ألاعتبار ألاحتياطات ما قبل العملية لتلافي حدوث مضاعفات تخص ألمرضى ألمصابون بامراض ألقلب بعد عملية أستئصال اللوزتين.


Article
Prevalence of Listeria in ice creams in Baghdad province
التحري عن اللستيريا في المثلجات اللبنية في مدينة بغداد

Author: Ali Hassan Ahmed AL-Shamary علي حسن أحمد الشمري
Journal: The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine المجلة الطبية البيطرية العراقية ISSN: 16095693 Year: 2010 Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Pages: 39-44
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The aim of this study was concerned on the prevalence of Listeria spp.in the ice cream samples collected from the different pastry shops and downtown stores of Baghdad province during December 2009 till April 2010. A total of 50 ice cream samples (25 locally produced samples from raw and imported powdered milk and 25 imported samples from different origins) were analyzed and processed according to the standard protocols of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) with some modifications. Growth of Listeria spp. was determined in 7 (14%) of total samples as 4 (16%) isolates from locally produced ice creams , from which one isolate was confirmed as Listeria monocytogenes, and 3 (12%) isolates from imported ice creams. The findings of this study suggest that Listeriacontaminates some dairy products and Listeria infections are not a potential risk in Baghdad province, but it is strongly recommended that these products are monitored carefully.


Article
peritoneal dialysis associated peritonitis caused by gram- negaTIVE BACTERIA

Author: aida .H.Ibrahim ايمان شاكر العبيدي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-186
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Article
Review Article Blastocystosis

Author: Dr. Israa Mohammad Abd AL-Khaliq
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2019 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Blastocystosis is symptomatic infection caused by the protozoal parasite Blastocystis , which resides in the intestinal tract of its hosts and it is one of the most common parasites reported in humans. It’s prevalence ranges between (30 - 50%) of the population in developing countries. This genus has a worldwide distribution and often the most commonly reported human intestinal protozoan in children and adults, even infect infants.

Al-Kindy College Medical Journal
مجلة كلية الطب الكندي

ISSN: 18109543
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد
Subject: Medicine (General)

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Abstract

Al-Kindy College Medical Journal ((Al-Kindy Col.Med.J)), a periodic peer reviewed scientific journal published biannually by Al-Kindy College of Medicine –University of Baghdad. specialisedin research of medical and related subject ISNN 1810-9543 The articles and research studies published in the journal are carefully selected and reviewed by a high standard advisory board from doctors who are most seniors and experts in their medical fields according to the subjects submitted to the journal. Al-Kindy Col.Med.J is well recognized by Baghdad ,Mustansiriya and Nahrain universities for promotion of their teaching staff. Three hundred articles ,research papers, case reports and studies have been published ourn medical journal since 2003 till now and the journal has been distributed to all medical collages of Iraq and most counties in the Middle East.

مجلة كلية طب الكندي هي مجلة محكمة تصدر مرتين سنويا من قبل كلية طب الكندي جامعة بغداد وتعنى بنشر البحوث الطبية العلمية المختلفة الاختصاصات وصدر العدد الاول منها بتاريخ كانون الثاني 2003والرمزالعالمي للمجله هو ISSN 1810-9543 البحوث والمقالات والدراسات المنشورة في المجلة يتم انتقاؤها بدقة وكما يتم مراجعتها من قبل لجنة استشارية ذوي اختصاص وخبرة علمية عليا في مجال اختصاصاتهم .ان المجلة معتمدة للترقيات العلمية للهيأة التدريسية في الجامعات العراقية في بغداد والمحافظات لقد تم نشر حوالي 300 موضوع بين مقالة ،بحث،حالة مرضية ودراسة في المجلة منذ تاسيسها في 2003كما يتم توزيع المجلة عند صدورها الى كل كليات الطب في العراق واغلب دول منطقة الشرق الاوسط .ٍ

iraqi journal of soil science
المجلة العراقية لعلوم التربة

ISSN: 18175872
Publisher: the iraqi society of soil scince الجمعية العراقية لعلوم التربة

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Abstract

The Iraqi Journal of soil sciences is published under the authority of the Iraqi society of soil sciences in annual volumes each appears in two issues. Accepted researches belong to soil sciences branches and all directly related sciences. they are accepted in Arabic and English.

تصدر عن الجمعية العراقية لعلوم التربة وتنشر بمجلدات سنوية وبواقع عدديم لكل مجلد. تقبل المجلة البحوث الرصينة من كافة فروع علوم التربة وما يمت بصلة مباشرة بها، كما تقبل البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية.


Article
Optimization of the growth conditions for maximum production of the peroxidase by Bacillus subtilis
ظروف النمو المثالية لاقصى انتاج لانزيم البيروكسيديز من بكتريا Bacillus subtilis

Author: Baydaa A. Hassan بيداء عبود حسن
Journal: journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly) مجلة القادسية للعلوم الصرفة (فصلية). ISSN: 19972490 Year: 2015 Volume: 3 Issue: 20 Pages: 7-17
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This working was achived in Section of Biology,faculty of Science, Kufa university which contain peroxidase separation and classically of route parameters to work greatest defer of peroxidase through Bacillus subtilis . Fermentation of solid-state of Bacillus subtilis was accepted for improved production of peroxidase using hydrogen peroxide as the substrate of enzyme , greatest activity of the enzyme was achieved in best growth environment , the best conditions were the isolated of Bacillus subtilis from soil and growth in synthetic medium , it gave elevated titer of peroxidase activity , the lactose as carbon source , yeast extract as nitrogen source , after 18 hr of incubation, incubation temperature 30 °C and pH = 7 .

الخلاصة : تضمنت الدراسة التي اجريت في مختبرات قسم علوم الحياة – كلية العلوم- جامعة الكوفة عزل انزيم البيروكسيديز وتحديد المعايير المثالية للانتاج من بكتريا Bacillus subtilisالمعزولة من التربة بطريقة التخمر وباستخدام بيروكسيد الهيدروجين كمادة اساس ، اعلى انتاج للانزيم كان باستخدام الوسط التركيبي واللاكتوز كمصدر كاربوني وخلاصة الخميرة كمصدر نتروجيني وعند درجة حرارة 30 م والاس الهيدروجيني 7 وبعد فترة حضانة 18 ساعة .

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