research centers


Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by

Article
Lactic Acid 5% Mouthwash is an Effective Therapeutic and Prophylactic Agent in Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer (Single blind placebo controlled therapeutic study

Authors: Khalifa E. Sharquie --- Sabeeh A. Al Mashhadani --- Adil A. Noaimi --- Raafa K. Al-Hayani --- et al.
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 363-369
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) is a common oral disease. It is treated by a variety of agents. Lactic acid has been used in the treatment of many skin diseases.OBJECTIVE:To assess the therapeutic, prophylactic effectiveness and safety of 5% lactic acid mouthwash in management of patients with RAU.PATIENTS AND METHODS:This single blind placebo controlled therapeutic study where 40 patients with early onset RAU were recruited in Department of Dermatology -Baghdad Teaching Hospital from April 2005-April 2006. Patients ages ranged 20-60 (29.6 ±9.6) years and were divided randomly into 2 groups (20 patients for each one):Group A used 5% lactic acid mouthwash,5 ml twice daily. Group B was instructed to use distilled water as placebo in a similar way to Group A. Short term assessment of each patient of both groups was done to evaluate the therapeutic effect of drug by using oral clinical manifestation index (OCMI), mean size of largest diameter of ulcers. A long term assessment was done for each patient to evaluate the prophylactic effect of drug by using OCMI before, after 1, 2& 3 months of therapy.RESULTS:The mean of OCMI in group A started to decline directly after 4 days of therapy and to its lower level after 8 days, and it was statistically significant (P value <0.05).The change in mean of OCMI of group B after 4 and 8 days of therapy was also statistically significant (P value <0.05).The response rate after 4 days of therapy in Group A was 33.3% and in Group B was 6.44%, while the response rate after 8 days of therapy in Group A was 69.16% and in Group B was 44.98%. The difference in response rates after 4 and 8 days between groups A and B was statistically significant (P value <0.05).The mean size of ulcers in Group A started to decline directly after 4 days of therapy and to its lower level after 8 days of therapy. It was statistically significant (P value <0.05). The change in mean size of ulcers of group B after 4 and 8 days of therapy was also statistically significant (P value <0.05). The response rate after 4 days of therapy in group A was 44.92% and in Group B was 15.08%, while the response rate after 8 days of therapy in group A was 85.68% and in group B was 55.36%. The difference in response rates after 4 & 8 days between Groups A and B was statistically significant (P value <0.05). The therapeutic action of lactic acid mouth wash was statistically significant more effective than placebo. Lactic acid mouth wash showed statistically significant prophylactic effect in comparison to placebo after 1,2&3 months from starting therapy using oral clinical manifestation index, (P value <0.05).CONCLUSION:Lactic acid 5% mouthwash is a new, safe effective therapeutic and prophylactic remedy in management of RAU.

Keywords

lactic acid --- RAU --- mouthwash.


Article
Ions release from fixed orthodontic appliance in two different mouthwashes

Authors: Reem Atta Rafeeq ريم عطا رفيق --- Alan Issa Saleem الان عيسى سليم --- Layth M. K. Nissan ليث محمد كريم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 4 Pages: 152-155
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Metal ions can be released from metallic orthodontic appliances due to corrosion in the oral cavity;prophylactic mouthwashes may have an effect on ion release from orthodontic wires.Materials and Methods: Thirty six orthodontic sets of half maxillary fixed appliance with 2 types of arch wires SS andNiTi(Morelli) were constructed and immersed in 2 types of mouthwashes; Claradone (non-fluoridated) and Silver Care(fluoridated) for 28 days at 37°C, then the released Ni and Cr ionswere measured using atomic absorptionspectrophotometer and compared statistically.Results: Ni ion release was higher from NiTi wire group than SS wire group for both mouthwashes and also was higherfor Silver Care group than for Claradone group. While for Cr ion was higher for Silver Care group than for Claradonegroup, with significant differences for all the groups.Conclusion: Claradone non-fluoridated mouthwash cause less release of Ni and Cr ions release from the orthodonticappliance samples than Silver Care fluoridated mouthwash

Keywords

corrosion --- mouthwash --- Ni --- Cr


Article
Zinc Sulphate 5%Mouthwash is an Effective Therapeutic and Prophylactic Agent in Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer (Single blind placebo controlled therapeutic study)
محلول الزنك 5%غسل فموي عقار مؤثر علاجي ووقائي لتقرح الفم المتكرر دراسه احاديه معميه

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) is a common disease where its exact etiology and pathogenesis are not known. There is no uniformly effective therapy for this disease. Recent study showed that oral zinc sulphate has effective therapeutic and prophylactic role in management of this disease.Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic, prophylactic efficacy and safety of 5% zinc sulphate mouthwash in the management of patients with RAU.Patients and Methods: This is single blind placebo controlled therapeutic study where 40 patients with early onset oral aphthosis were recruited in this work those who attended Baghdad Teaching Hospital-Department of Dermatology between April 2005- April 2006. Patients were divided into two groups: Group A (20 patients) were instructed to use 5% zinc sulphate mouthwash, 5 ml twice daily for three months, while 20 patients in Group B used placebo in a form of distilled water mouthwash and in a similar way to zinc sulphate mouthwash. A short term assessment of each patient of both groups was done to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the drug by using oral clinical manifestation index (OCMI and the mean size of the largest diameter of ulcers. A long term assessment was done for each patient to evaluate the prophylactic effect of the drug by using (OCMI) before, after 1, 2 and 3 months of therapy. Results: The patient included in this study 19 males (47.5%) and 21 females (52.5%), female to male ratio was 1.1: 1. Their ages ranged between 20-60 (29.6 ± 9.6 ) years. The mean of OCMI in Group A started to decline directly after 4 days of therapy and went to its lower level after 8 days of therapy, and it was statistically significant (P value <0.05). The change in the mean of OCMI of Group B after 4 and 8 days of therapy was also statistically significant (P value <0.05). The response rate (percentage of change in the mean) after 4 days of therapy in Group A was 22.65% and in Group B was 6.44%, while the response rate after 8 days of therapy in Group A was 66.33% and in Group B was 44.98%. The difference in the response rates after 4 and 8 days between Group A and B was statistically significant (P value <0.05). The mean size of ulcers in Group A started to decline directly after 4 days of therapy and to its lower level after 8 days of therapy, and it was statistically significant (P value <0.05). The change in the mean size of ulcers of Group B after 4 and 8 days of therapy was also statistically significant (P value <0.05). The response rate after 4 days of therapy in Group A was 44.30% and in Group B was 15.08%, while the response rate after 8 days of therapy in Group A was 83.54% and in Group B was 55.36%. The difference in the response rates after 4 and 8 days between Group A and B was statistically significant (P-value <0.05). So the therapeutic effect of zinc sulphate mouth wash was statistically more significant than placebo effect. No significant side effects were noticed apart from mild irritation in two patients using zinc sulphate. Zinc sulphate mouth wash showed statistically significant prophylactic effect in comparison to placebo after 1, 2 & 3 months from starting therapy using the oral clinical manifestation index. Conclusions: Zinc sulphate 5% mouthwash is a new, safe effective therapeutic and prophylactic remedy in management of RAU. The mechanism of action could be related to its immunomodulatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant actions and effects on wound healing

Keywords

zinc sulphate --- RAU --- mouthwash.


Article
Color Stability of Different Aesthetic Arch-wires after Immersion into Different Types of Mouthwashes (In Vitro Study)

Authors: Lubna Maky Hussein لبنى مكي حسين --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 100-105
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Because of the demands for aesthetic orthodontic appliances have increased, aesthetic archwires have been widely used to meet patient's aesthetic needs. The color stability of aesthetic archwires is clinically important, any staining or discoloration will affect patient’s acceptance and satisfaction. This study was designed to evaluate the color stability of different types of aesthetic archwires after immersion into different types of mouth washes.Materials and methods: Four brands of nickel titanium coated aesthetic arch wires: Epoxy coated (Orthotechnology and G&H) and Teflon coated (Dany and Hubit) were evaluated after 1 week, 3 weeks and 6 weeks of immersion into two types of mouthwashes (Listerine with alcohol and Listerine without alcohol). Color change measurements were performed by using spectrophotometer VITA Easyshade Compact according to the commission Internationale de I’Eclairage L*a*b* color space system.Results: The results of this study showed that there were highly significant differences in color change values among all brands of aesthetic archwires at various immersion media. On the other hand, a significant difference was found between Dany and Orthotechnology aesthetic archwires at 1 week immersion in distilled water. Listerine with alcohol mouthwash produced more color changes of aesthetic archwires and color change value increases with the time of immersion.Conclusions: All brands of aesthetic archwires showed different degrees of color changes but most of these changes were not visible or clinically acceptable


Article
Antimicrobial activity of different types of mouthwashes against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans (In vitro study)

Author: Zainab A. Aldhaher زينب الظاهر
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 185-191
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Recently increasing number of people are using mouthwashes for general and oral care while theprimary appeal of a mouthwash is an aid to breath freshness and cleansing the mouth, the majority of mouthwashesalso claim to have antiseptic properties. The aim of this study is to determine the antimicrobial effectiveness of eighttypes of mouthwashes against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans in vitro.Materials and methods: Agar diffusion technique was used to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of eight types ofmouthwashes against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans isolated from the oralcavities of patients attending dental clinics at college of dentistry - Baghdad University.Results: Al-Mansour mouthwash emerged as the most effective mouthwash giving the maximum mean diameter ofinhibition zones against Staphylococcus aureus (26 mm), Candida albicans (25 mm) and Streptococcus mutans (20mm) followed by corsodyl mouthwash, emoform mouthwash and zac mouthwash all of them had excellent levels ofantimicrobial activity also Breath, close up, sensodyne and aquafresh had good antimicrobial activityConclusion: All the mouthwashes used revealed antimicrobial activity against the three microorganisms used evenwhen these mouthwashes were diluted but the concentrated mouthwash had the strongest antimicrobial activity.Al-Mansour mouthwash an Iraqi mouthwash was the best one according to the results of this study.


Article
Antibacterial Effect of Mastic Gum on Aerobic Oral Bacteria
التاثير البكتيري المضاد لعلكة المستك على بكتريا الفم الهوائية

Authors: Esra , H. Al –hashimy --- Nahidha R. AL- Zahid --- Talib , AL – Mofarji
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 136-140
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial effect of mastic gum against the most common aerobic oral bacteria and emphasized on oral streptococci.Methodology: In this study 10 persons (males and females of 18-60 years old) were randomly assigned to chew mastic gum (1.5 gm for 45 minutes). Mouth washes were collected before and after gum chewing .The two mouth washes were diluted (10-1 – 10-6) and cultivated aerobically for 24 hours at 37C0 on BHI agar for total bacterial count and on MSF agar for counting the oral streptococci.Results: The results showed that the total bacterial count for staphylococci, Neisseria and oral streptococci on BHI agar and MSF agar for oral streptococci after mastic chewing were highly reduced and arrived to more than 5 grades according to statistical analysis. Recommendations: To keep your mouth healthy we recommended the followings : Chewing of mastic gum daily , using oral mastic products such as toothpaste and mouthwash, and incorporation of mastic as powder with some type of foods.

المستخلص:الهدف:تعيين التاثير المضاد لعلكة المستك ضد بكتريا الفم الهوائية والتاكيد على مسبحيات الفم.المنهجية : في هذه الدراسه تم تعيين 10 أشخاص (رجال ونساء تتراوح اعمارهم مابين 18 – 60 سنه ) عشوائيآ لكي يمضغو علكة المستك (5 ‚1 غم لمدة 45 دقيقه) . جمعت غسول الفم قبل وبعد مضغ العلكه . خففت غسوليي الفم (10-1- 10-6) وزرعت هوائيآ على الوسط الغني الصلب BHI للعد البكتيري الكلي وعلى الوسط المختار الصلب MSF لعد مسبحيات الفم .النتائج : بينت النتائج بأن العد البكتيري الكلي لبكتريا المكورات العنقوديه ‚ الناسيريا ومسبحيات الفم على الوسط BHI ولمسبحيات الفم على الوسط MSF قبل وبعد مضغ العلكه قد اختزل بدرجه عاليه وصلت الى اكثر من خمس درجات طبقآ للتحاليل الاحصائيه . تمت ملاحظة وجود فروقات معنويه في العد لبكتيري قبل وبعد مضغ العلكه ا لمسبحيات الفم والنايسيريا (P <0.05) ‚ وفروقات غير معنويه للمكورات العنقوديه عند ( P> 0.05).التوصيات : اوصت الدراسه بمضغ علكة المستك يوميآ ولعدة ساعات واستعمال مسحوق العلكه مع بعض انواع الطعام للحفاظ على صحتك العامه وصحة فمك.


Article
Evaluation and Comparison of The Ef-fect of Artificial saliva and Mouthwash Solution on Force Degradation of Differ-ent Types of Orthodontic Traction Aids (Comparative in Vitro Study)

Authors: Abdulrahman I Ali --- Khudair A Al-Jumaili
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 21 Pages: 52-62
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aims: To determine the amount of force degradation of three types of orthodontic traction aid polyure-thane elastomeric chain (PEC), nickel titanium closed coil spring (NiTi CCS) and stainless steel closed coil spring (SS CCS). Material and methods: Samples were extended to a specific distance which was 18 mm in case of PEC and 20 mm in case of NiTi CCS and SS CCS. Each extended sample will then incubated in dry condition, artificial saliva, and mouthwash solution, for total incubation period of three weeks. Results: showed that samples in dry condition always showed minimum force degrada-tion percent than in wet conditions. It also showed that the increase of incubation time leads to increase in force degradation percent with major degradation percent located within first twenty four hours. Conclusions: in dry and two wet conditions, NiTi CCS reflects the lowest percent of force degradation, PEC showed highest percent, while SS CCS showed intermediate one


Article
Effect of Pomegranate Extract and Chlorhexidine Mouth Wash on Post-Operative Complications After Surgical Removal of Wisdom Teeth
تأثير مستخلص قشور الرمان وغسول الفم كلورهكسدين على مضاعفات ما بعد العملية الناتجة من إزالة سن العقل جراحياً

Authors: Jabber J. Kareem --- Hani Radhi --- Ahmad Fliah Hassan --- Haider Ali Rassul
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal for Pharmaceutical Sciences مجلة المستنصرية للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 18150993 Year: 2016 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 27-32
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of pomegranate mouth wash in comparison with chlorhexidine mouth wash on post-operative complications result from surgical removal of wisdom teeth.Forty Iraqi patients who underwent surgical removal of impacted wisdom teeth were divided into two equal groups, patients in first group were instructed to use pomegranate mouth wash while those in the second group used chlorhexidine mouth wash. Post operative complications as pain, swelling, trismus and oozing were examinated for both groups at second, fourth and seven days after operation. The data were statistically analyzes and compared between the groups.A significant difference was shown between the two groups of pomegranate and chlorhexidine mouth wash according to each parameters (first = pain, second= swelling, third= trismus, forth= oozing) depends on the days of post-surgical assessment (second days, forth days and seven days). In Conclusions the effectiveness of pomegranated mouth wash was better than chlorhexidine mouth wash on post operative complications following the surgical removal of third molars (wisdom).

تم إجراء مقارنة بين فعالية مستخلص محلول قشور الرمان وشحمه وإستخدامه كغرغرة معقمة بعد إجراء عمليات رفع سن العقل جراحياً كبديل للمستحضرات الكيميائية كغرغرة (الكلورهكسدين) وذلك لتجنب الاعراض الجانبية للمستحضرات الكيميائية.أجريت عمليات رفع سن العقل لـ 40 مريض تم تقسيمهم الى مجموعتين بالتساوي (20 مريض لكل مجموعة)، حيث ان المجموعة الاولى استخدمت مستخلص محلول قشور الرمان وشحمه والمجموعة الثانية استخدمت الكلورهكسدين كغرغرة بعد العملية وقد تم تقييم النتائج بين المجموعتين بالاعتماد على الملاحضات السريرية (الالم, الورم, تشنج عضلات الفك, نضوح الدم) خلال 2, 4 و7 أيام بعد اجراء العملية وبالاعتماد على مشاهدات المريض نفسه، بعد إستحصال موافقة المريض على استخدام المحلولين.أظهرت النتائج فعالية مستخلص محلول قشور وشحم الرمان كغرغرة بعد العملية فوق الكلورهكسدين من خلال النتائج السريرية التي حصل عليها

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (8)


Language

English (8)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (2)

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

More...