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Article
Effects of low-energy laser in the treatment of myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome of the temporo-mandibular joint

Author: Ali H. Abbas علي عباس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 82-86
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study to evaluate the effectiveness of low-energy 904nm gallium-arsenide laser therapyin myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome of the temporo-mandibular joint.Materials and methods: Twenty six patients included in this study who complain from myofascial pain dysfunctionsyndrome of the temporo-mandibular joints. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 consistedof 13 patients who received non steroidal anti inflammatory drug and muscle relaxant for three weeks, and group 2consisted of 13 patients who received low-energy laser for three weeks.Results: The study reveals significant early improvement in laser group in reducing pain severity and muscletenderness from first week up to the end of the observation period.Conclusion: Low-energy laser had an effect at the trigger points and significantly reducing the pain and muscletenderness


Article
Prevalence of myofascial pain in students of selected secondary schools in Baghdad city

Authors: Toka T. Alnesary --- Rafil H. Rasheed رافل رشيد --- Raja H. AL-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 2 Pages: 84-87
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Myofascial face pain (MFP) is painful disorder of masticatory muscles thought to be the most commontype of temporomandibular disorder (TMD).This study was done to evaluate the prevalence of MFP in students ofsecondary schools of Baghdad cityMaterials and methods: The sample comprised 242 females' students and 222 males' students of secondary schools,aged 17-18 years. The MFP evaluated according to the specific screening questionnaire of research diagnosticcriteria of temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) axis I with clinical examination.Results: the study revealed that (50.8%) of the students had history of pain where females reported higherpercentage than males with statistical significant difference. The history of pain in muscles of mastication was higherthan joint pain in both genders. After clinical examination this study also showed that (25.4%) of students with historyof pain had MFP. The differences between both genders regarding the diagnosis of MFP were higher in females thanmales but statistically not significant.Conclusion: high percentage of students reported a history of pain which could be attributed to MFP in (25.4%) ofthe students. The prevalence of pain history and MFP was higher in females’ than males

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