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Experimental and Finite Elements Analysis Study of Warming Effect on Deboned Force for Embedded NiTinol Wire into Linear Low Density Polyethylene
دراسة عملية وتحليل العناصر المحددة لتاثير التسخين على قوة الانسلاخ لسلك النيتينول مغمور داخل بولي اثيلين خطي منخفض الكثافة

Authors: Ali Yasser Hassan علي ياسر حسن --- Samir Ali Amin سمير أمين علي
Journal: Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal مجلة الخوارزمي الهندسية ISSN: 18181171 23120789 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-8
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study presents the debonding propagation in single NiTi wire shape memory alloy into linear low-density polyethylene matrix composite the study of using the pull-out test. The aim of this study is to investigate the pull-out tests to check the interfacial strength of the polymer composite in two cases, with activation NiTinol wire and without activation. In this study, shape memory alloy NiTinol wire 2 mm diameter and linear fully annealed straight shape were used. The study involved experimental and finite element analysis and eventually comparison between them. This pull-out test is considered a substantial test because its results have a relation with behavior of smart composite materials. The pull-out test was carried out by a universal tensile test machine type (Laryee), load capacity (50 kN), and a test speed of 1mm/min. The finite elements modeling was performed by ANSYS V.15. The results of pull-out test showed that in the activation of NiTinol wire embedded in host matrix linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), the deboned force was about 74 N, but for the case without activation, it was about 106 N. Deboned shear stress for the case with activation was about 0.73 MPa, but for the case of without activation, it was about 1.05 MPa. ANSYS result for deboned shear stress in case with activation was about 0.8 MPa. As for the case of without activation, deboned shear stress was about 0.99 MPa. The activation of the ratio of deboned shear stress and deboned force decreased by 30.47% and 30.13%, respectively. The error ratio between experimental and ANSYS results was equal to 8% for the case with activation and 5.7% for the case without activation.

هذا البحث يقدم دراسة نشوء الانسلاخ لسلك نيتينول مفرد سبيكة ذاكرة الشكل داخل بولي اثيلين خطي منخفض الكثافة مصفوفة مركبة دراسة باستخدام فحص السحب. الهدف من هذا البحث دراسة فحص السحب لتحقق من قوة التداخل لمركب بوليميري في حالتين, مع تنشيط سلك النيتينول وبدون تنشيط . في هذا البحث سيكة ذاكرة الشكل سلك نيتينول قطر 2 مليمتر شكل مستقيم كامل التصليب قد استخدم. الدراسة شملت العملي وتحليل العناصر المحددة واخيرا المقارنة بينهم. يعد فحص السحب فحصاً اساسياً بسبب نتائجه لها علاقة بسلوك المواد المركبة الذكية. فحص السحب قد نفذه بواسطة آلة اختبار الشد العالمي نوع (لاري) , ذو سعة حمل 50 كيلو نيوتن, سرعة الفحص 1 ملم/دقيقة قد استخدمت. نفذت نمذجة العناصرالمحدد بوساطة انسيز الاصدار 15. نتائج فحص السحب اثبتت عند تنشيط سلك النيتينول المغمورداخل مصفوفة المضيف بولي اثيلين خطي منخفض الكثافة, قوة الانسلاخ حوالي 74 نيوتن, لكن في حالة بدون تنشيط حوالي 106 نيوتن. اجهاد قص الانسلاخ في التنشيط حوالي 0.73 ميكا باسكال, لكن بدون تنشيط حوالي 0.99 ميكا باسكال. خلال التنشيط النسبة لاجهاد قص الانسلاخ تقل بي 30.47% و 30.13%, على التوالي. نسبة الخطأ بين النتائج العملية والانسزز 8% في حالة التنشيط و 5.7% في حالة بدون تنشيط.


Article
NUMERICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SHAPE EFFECT BEHAVIOR OF NITINOL WIRE

Authors: Samir Ali Amin --- Ali Yasser Hassan
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2019 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-11
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of this research, returned NiTinol wire to original length by activation. The experimental test and ANSYS v15 software were conducted to study the shape memory effect behavior for NiTinol wire has high temperature about 80°C±10°C. Full annealing of NiTinol wire was employed with a straight shape, this alloy it consists of (Ni-55%, H-0.001%, O-0.05%, N-0.001%, C-0.05% and Ti-Balance). In this research, a NiTinol wire was implemented (2 mm diameter) and (100 mm length). The experimental results and ANSYS software were almost near. Shape memory effect data constants used in ANSYS software were extracted from the experimental test by applying linear interpolation. These data were hardening parameter (C1) about 900 MPa and elastic limit (C3) about 30 MPa. These data were temperature scaling parameter C4=0.89, maximum transformation strain C5=0.074%, martensite modulus C6=20000 MPa and dependency parameter C7=0. The amount of strain (7 %) applied in this test returned to zero after activation NiTinol wire, and that gives an indication that the permanent deformation is decline. The start austenite temperature (As) was about 58°C±2℃ and finish austenite temperature (Af) was about 70°C±2℃. ANSYS software provided good results when compared with the experimental work.

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