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Article
Improved Sand characterization of Mafe Field of Niger Delta by integrated well logs information and 3D seismic data

Authors: Okpogo Emele Uduma --- Atueyi Ifeyinwa Obiageli --- Abbey Chukwuemeka Patrick
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 2C Pages: 1065-1073
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Well log rock physics and seismic facies analysis was carried out with a view to enhancing reservoir sand characterization of Mafe Field of Niger Delta. Lithofacies were identified using suites of well logs and correlated across the block. Rock properties were estimated from wireline logs using empirical methods. Vp-porosity crossplot was used to characterize the delineated sandstone reservoirs by comparing observed clusters and trends with various rock physics models. Seismic attribute analysis was employed to detect lateral changes in lithology across the field. Reservoir A is a relatively clean sand, with low average volume of shale of 0.4, average thickness of 55m, good average porosity of 0.26 and average water saturation of 0.45. Reservoir B is also a relatively clean sand with low average volume of shale of 0.35, average thickness of 85m, high average porosity of 0.27 and average water saturation of 0.54. Reservoir C has an estimated volume of shale of 0.21 average total porosity of 0.23, and an average thickness of 70m with average water saturation of 0.65. Reservoir A conforms to the friable sand model while Vp-porosity crossplot cluster trend for both reservoir B and C show trend and properties imitating the contact cement model. The time slices extracted at different time intervals from the envelope and instantaneous frequency cubes show lateral variation in lithofacies across the delineated sandstones. Instantaneous frequency decreases from southwest to northeast which corresponds to decrease in shalines. Reservoir quality information can be predicted or even derived from the estimated petrophysical properties since these parameters such as porosity and volume of shale are sometimes closely associated with rock properties such as sorting, lithofacies and grain maturity.

Keywords

Niger Delta --- facies --- rock physics


Article
Integration of Seismic Facies and Seismic Sequence analysis for Depositional Environment Reconstruction of nandy Field, Niger Delta

Authors: Okpogo Emele Uduma --- Ayolabi Elijah Adebowale --- Atueyi Ifeyinwa Obiageli --- Abbey Chukwuemeka Patrick
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3A Pages: 1265-1276
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

An integrated seismic sequence stratigraphy and facies analysis has been carried out with a view to understanding the depositional environment and stratal stacking pattern of Nandy Field of Niger Delta. Well logs and biostratigraphic information were used to identify the lithologies, stratal stacking patterns, stratigraphic surfaces, system tracts and reservoir potentials of the field. Seismic sequence stratigraphy and seismic reflection patterns were used to identify the seismic facies. Facies-related attributes were employed to identify the continuity and amplitude of seismic events. Three seismic facies packages and three reservoir sands were identified. The environments of deposition of the area consist of marginal marine to continental depositional settings predominantly made of shoreface deposits with few channel sands. The depositional model of the area shows that the deposition went down the axis of fluvial depositional system, which transports sediments through channels down to the shelf into the base of the slope down the basin. The seismic reflection patterns in this field are parallel to divergent reflections, high-continuity and high-amplitude facies, low-amplitude facies, low-continuity and variable-amplitude reflections, chaotic reflections and wavy reflection patterns. The seismic stratigraphic analysis of this field revealed the presence of low stand system tract (LST), high stand system tract (HST) and transgressive system tract (TST). Sands 1 and 2 were delineated within high stand systems tract (HST) while sand 3 was within low stand systems tract (LST). The results of this study show that the Nandy Field was of high hydrocarbon potentials and highlight the importance of using seismic reflection parameters (reflection configuration, amplitude, frequency and continuity) in the division and classification of seismic facies.

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