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Article
Smoking as a Cause of Skin Aging
التدخين كعامل مسبب لشيخوخة الجلد

Authors: د. خليفة عبيد الشرقي --- د. جمال رشيد الراوي --- د. عباس فاضل الشمري
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-3
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Article
Periodontal health status and salivary enzymes level in smokers and non-smokers (comparative, cross sectional study)

Authors: Ban Karem --- Leka'a M. Ibrahim
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 91-96
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Smoking is considering a major risk factor for development and progression of periodontal disease.Investigations regarding the association between smoking and periodontal disease have consistently demonstratednegative periodontal effects and greater probabilities of established periodontal disease among smokers incomparison with non smokers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of smoking on periodontalhealth status and on the salivary levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatinekinase (CK), and to correlate the clinical parameters of periodontal health with the biochemical findings in smokersand non-smokers.Materials and methods: Unstimulated saliva sample was collected from 25 smokers and 25 non-smokers forbiochemical analysis of salivary enzymes. Periodontal parameters including: plaque index, gingival index, bleedingon probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were recorded.Results: statistical analysis revealed that ALP in saliva was significantly higher in smoker than the non smoker groupand there was a highly significant difference in the salivary LDH and CK levels between smokers and non-smokersgroups. Plaque index (PLI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were higher in smokerscompared with non smokers, while there was decrease in the number of bleeding sites.Conclusions: smokers group revealed more periodontal tissue destruction than non-smokers group represented bydeeper pockets and more clinical attachment level. Salivary enzymes (ALP, LDH and CK) are considered as goodbiochemical markers of periodontal tissue destruction and can be used to evaluate the effect of smoking onperiodontal health status


Article
The effect of age on pulmonary performance using (FEV1/FVC) % as indicator

Authors: Ramaq G. W. Al-Kadi رمق الكادي --- Nadiya Y. Mohammed نادية يوسف --- Taghreed A. Hussain تغريد احمد حسن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 459-461
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: pulmonary function can change with age for normal individual's .Spirometric measurement for the ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), the forced vital capacity and the ratio (FEV1/FVC) can reveal airway obstruction and the consequence change in pulmonary performance. These parameters can be different for different race /ethnic and gender.Methods: Pulmonary function test were carried out on 29normal male and 37 normal female the test parameters were FEV1 and FVC from which the ratio of FEV1/FVC %was calculated in relation to age. Iraqi average for FEV1 and FVC and FEV1/FVC % has also been obtainedResults: results of these tests reveled that the ratio of FEV1/FVC % is almost the same for individual's ages between 20-60 and a significant depression in the value of the ratio FEV1/FVC % for ages > 60 years.Conclusion: the effect may be linked with some changes in the airways in addition to the increased weakness in the muscles in the old age people. Keyword: spirometry, FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC and non-smokers healthy subjects


Article
Correlation between Periodontal Health Status and Salivary Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Levels in Smoker and Non-Smoker Chronic Periodontitis Patients (A Comparative Study)

Authors: Sura D. Jassim سرى جاسم --- Lekaa M. Ibrahim لقاء ابراهيم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 4 Pages: 128-133
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases affecting the supporting tissues of the teeth. One of the leading environmental factors that are closely related not only to the risk but also to the prognosis of periodontitis is smoking. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of smoking on periodontal health status and to measure the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in smokers and nonsmokers chronic periodontitis patients, also it aimed to test the correlation between the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and the clinical periodontal parameters.Materials and Methods: Five milliliters samples of un-stimulated whole saliva and full-mouth clinical periodontal recordings (plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level) were obtained from forty patients of two groups (non smokers with chronic periodontitis and smokers with chronic periodontitis). All subjects were systemically healthy males, with age range (35-50) years. Salivary matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels were analyzed by using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays.Results: Statistical analysis revealed that probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were higher in smokers than non smokers, while there were decreases in the numbers of bleeding sites in smoker when compared with non smoker subjects. Salivary matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels were significantly higher in smoker with chronic periodontitis patients than their non smoker counterparts.Conclusion: Salivary matrix metalloproteinase-9, as a biomarker, could reflect the increased periodontal tissue destruction due to the smoking


Article
Prospective Study of Upper Gastro Intestinal Tract Endoscopy Finding and its Relation to Smoking in Baquba Teaching Hospital
دراسة مستقبلية حول منظار القناة المعدية المعوية العليا وعلاقتها مع التدخين في مستشفى بعقوبة التعليمي

Authors: Shukr Mahmood Yaseen ا.م. شكر محمود ياسين --- Shahad Kareem Ahmed شهد كريم أحمد
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 46-54
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: The associations of smoking with endoscopic finding abnormalities were established especially in peptic ulcer that found of clear relation between smoking and peptic ulcer. Objective: The aims of this study were to understand the relation and association of ulcers with smoking, in addition to disorders finding like inflammations (esophagitis, doudenitis, gastritis), cancer and other cases .Patients and Methods: This study comprised of 1231 out patients admitted to Baquba teaching hospital in endoscopic finding unit of Baquba city-Iraq during the period between January 2014 to January 2015, 643 patients were males and 588 were females, ranging in age from 7 to 87 years, According to smoking habits, the patients were divided into three categories: non-smokers, current smokers, ex-smokers. The diagnostic endoscopic findings were concentrated only of the disorders lesions in GIT of ulcerations, inflammations, cancers, and other cases. In addition to normal findings who were established endoscopy without diagnoses of disorders. Results: The result showed increased of percentage (31.6%) of duodenal ulcer in male smokers and Gastritis in female (25.8%) of smokers. The frequency of duodenal, gastric ulcers and gastric cancer that showed high level in smoker's male ulcer and non-smokers female ulcer compared with another disorders value of smokers, non- smokers and ex-smokers. Duodenitis, gastritis, esophagitis was high percentage in female non- smokers recorded (p<0.05) between smokers with non-smokers. Gastric cancer showed high percentage in male smokers (n=7) and female non- smokers (n=7) recorded (p<0.05) between smokers with ex-smokers and non- smokers. Other cases, showed high percentage (n=69) in non-smokersConclusion: Significance relationships between smoking with ulcer and gastritis, especially by duodenal ulcer in male smokers and gastritis in female smokers, the reasons is effecting of smoking.

خلفية الدراسة: ارتباط التدخين مع تشوهات خاصة في القرحة الهضمية باستخدام المناظير كشفت عن وجود علاقة واضحة بين التدخين والقرحة الهضمية.الهدف من الدراسة: لفهم العلاقة بين القرحة و التدخين، بالإضافة إلى اضطرابات الجهاز الهضمي (كالتهاب المريء، التهاب الاثنى عشر و التهاب المعدة) والسرطان وحالات أخرى. المرضى وطرائق العمل: شملت الدراسة الحالية من 1231 من المرضى الذين تم إدخالهم إلى المستشفى بعقوبة التعليمي - وحدة المنظار - مدينة بعقوبة - العراق ,خلال الفترة ما بين كانون الثاني 2014 إلى كانون الثاني 2015، 643 مريضا كانو من الذكور و 588 من الإناث، تتراوح أعمارهم من 7 - 87 سنة ، وفقا لعادات التدخين، تم تقسيم المرضى إلى ثلاث فئات: غير المدخنين، المدخنين الحاليين، والمدخنين السابقين. وتم التشخيص باعتماد المنظار, من اضطرابات في الجهاز الهضمي من تقرحات، والتهابات وأمراض السرطان، وغيرها من الحالات. بالإضافة إلى الحالات العادية التيلم يكشفالتنظير عن وجود اضطرابات.النتائج: اوضحت النتائج ارتفاع في معدلات عدد المصابين بالقرحة خاصة قرحة الاثني عشر (31.6٪) لدى المدخنين من الذكور والإناث غير المدخنات وارتفاع في نسبة التهاب المعدة (25.8٪) من المدخنين. كشفت الدراسة الحالية ان التهاب الاثني عشر، وقرحة المعدة وسرطان المعدة كانت بمستوى عال في الذكور المدخنين و الاناث غير المدخنات مقارنة مع الحالات الأخرى.بخصوص التهابات الاثنى عشر والتهاب المرئ والمعدة ضمن مجموعة الدراسة (غير المدخنين, المدخنين الحاليين والمدخنين السابقين). نسبة عالية سجلت لدى المدخنين الذكور وغير المسجلة للإناث وبفرق ذو دلالة احصائية ,وبين المدخنين مع غير المدخنين. أظهر سرطان المعدة نسبة عالية لدى المدخنين الذكور (7) والإناث غير المدخنات (7) و بين المدخنين مع المدخنين السابقين وغير المدخنين. حالات أخرى، أظهرت نسبة عالية (69) في غير المدخنينالاستنتاجات: علاقة ذو دلالة احصائية وجدت بين التدخين مع القرحة , والتهاب المعدة ولاسيما من جانب قرحة الاثني عشر لدى المدخنين من الذكور والتهاب المعدة في المدخنات، والأسباب هو ممارسة التدخين

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