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Article
NUTRITION IN GASTROINTESTINAL SURGICAL PATIENTS

Author: Majeed H Alwan
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2009 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 10-15
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Despite important advances in surgical care and minimized surgical trauma, postoperativecomplications are still of great concern. Nutritional depletion has been demonstrated to be amajor determinant in the development of postoperative complications. Nutritional status ofgastrointestinal surgical patients is an important issue, which need to be attended in particularlyduring the perioperative period.Fears of postoperative ileus and the integrity of the newly constructed anastomosis have led tothe adoption of starvation with administration of intravenous fluids until the return of normalbowel sounds and passage of flatus. However, it has been shown that early postoperativeenteral feeding is both beneficial and well-tolerated.Meta-analysis has shown that enteral feeding compared with parenteral nutrition is associatedwith fewer complications, reduced costs and a shorter hospital stay. Therefore it should be thepreferred option whenever possible.Evidence to support preoperative nutrition is limited, but malnourished individuals fed for 7-10days preoperatively may have improved surgical outcome.Prolong preoperative starvation is not essential, and the administration of preoperativecarbohydrates is safe without the fear of increasing the risk of aspiration.Initially nutritional support was aimed at meeting the energy needs and providing proteins andother essential micronutrients, while now it is more directed at modulation of the immunefunctions, the so called immunonutrition.Multimodal strategies including minimal invasive surgery, adequate postoperative analgesia,nutritional care, and enforced mobilization resulted in reduction in postoperative complicationsand length of hospital stay.


Article
Dentition status in relation to nutritional condition among a group of intermediate school students in Al-Najaf city / Iraq

Authors: Noor M. Hadi Laith --- Nadia A. Al-Rawi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 89-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Nutrition can affect the development and integrity of the oral cavity as well as the progression of oral diseases such as dental caries which was the most predominant and wide spread not life threatening human diseases especially in developing countries as in Iraq. This study was conducted to assess the occurrence, prevalence and severity of dental caries condition and their relations to nutritional status among intermediate schools females in Al-Najaf city in Iraq.Materials and methods: This study was conducted among intermediate schools females aged 13, 14 and15 years old and the total sample consisted of 754 students. The assessment of nutritional status was performed using body mass index (BMI) following Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth chart (2000). Diagnosis and recording of dental caries was according to the criteria of WHO 1987.Results: The percentage of well-nutrition was (96.2%) while the prevalence of malnutrition was (3.8%). Result showed that only 5.17% of the total sample was caries-free. The mean dmft for deciduous teeth was equal to (1.77±0.15) and dmfs (3.92±0.39), while concerning permanent teeth the mean DMFT was equal to (4.68±0.10) and DMFS (6.22±0.16), significant differences were seen between DMFT, DMFS and age while opposite was found with nutritional status, and no significant differences were seen between caries experience of primary teeth and age and this similar was found with nutritional statusConclusion: This study revealed that a higher prevalence of dental caries among well-nourished females students aged 13-15 years. Therefore, there is need for an improving public and school preventive programs, and encouraged to orient health knowledge in a positive direction

Keywords

Dental caries --- nutrition


Article
Organic manure (horses stool) affects the green alga Chlorella vulgaris Beijernick growth
تأثير إستخدام الفضلات العضوية( براز الحصان ) Chlorella vulgaris Beijernick على نمو الطحلب الاخضر

Authors: Kadija. K. Hreeb خديجة كاظم حريب --- Mouhamad. S. AL-Asadi محمد شريف الاسدي --- Abid Al Majeed Talal عبد المجيد طلال
Journal: Journal of Misan Researches مجلة ابحاث ميسان ISSN: 66221815 Year: 2007 Volume: 3 Issue: 6 Pages: 15-28
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

The green alga Chlorella vulgaris was inoculated with culture media of Chu-10 with or without different concentrations (0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 gm l-1 dry weight) animal stools (manures) as an organic source of nutrient, for (12 days) at the laboratory conditions. The green alga utilized for growth, the phosphates and nitrates from organic sources rather than the phosphate and nitrate of the Chu 10 culture media. The culture media contains of 2 gm l-1 organic manure gave more Chlorophyll a contents (6.72 μg l-1) after 12 days of the inoculation and more growth (71.5 X 103 cells.ml-1) was detected after 4 days of inoculation than that of other treatments., which it means that media had more ability to survive. Horse stool as an organic sources, found to be a good and cheap media for food nutrition.

غذي الطحلب الاخضر Chlorella vulgaris بوسط زرعي يتكون من وسط (CHU 10) مضافاً اليه عدة تراكيز( 1.50, 1.00, 0.5و2.00 غم وزن جاف باللتر) من فضلات الخيول المجففة والمعقمة ولمدة 12 يوماً في ظروف مختبرية. وقد لوحظ ان الطحلب الاخضريعتمد على المادة العضوية) فضلات الحيوان) في امتصاص الفسفور والنتروجين واستهلاكها في نموه وتكاثره أكثرمما يعتمد على الوسط الزرعي(Chu 10) . نمو الطحلب بقياس كمية الكلوروفيل (المادة الخضراء) يكون عالي جداً بالوسط الذي يحتوي الوسط الزرعي (Chu 10) مضافاً اليه المادة العضوية (فضلات الحيوان 2.00غرام مادة جافة للتر الواحد) حيث يستمر نموه الى نهاية التجربة قيس نمو الطحلب بحساب عدد الخلايا الطحلبية في بداية التجربة وبعد اربعة ايام من الزراعة فوجد ان نفس الوسط الزرعي (Chu 10) مضافاً اليه المادة العضوية (فضلات الحيوان 2.00غرام مادة جافة للتر الواحد) يحتوي على اكثر عدداً من بقية الاوساط المزروعة خلال التجربة.


Article
Assessment of Elderly’s Nutritional status in Geriatric Homes at Al-Furat Al-Awusat Governorates
تقييم الحالة التغذويه للمسنين في دور المسنين في محافظات الفرات الأوسط

Authors: Mona Abdul Wahab Khaleel --- Ali H. Mohammed
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2016 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 112-118
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objective:Assess the elderly’s nutritional status through the dietary habits and anthropometric measures.Methodology: A descriptive (cross-sectional) study is carried out from Nov 1st,2014 to July9th-2015 to assess elderly’s nutritional status at geriatric homes in Al-Furat Al-Awusat governorates through a simple random sample of (120) elderly people aged 65 and above who live in geriatric homes. Data were collected through the use of the questionnaire and interview method, and analyzed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis.Results The study demonstrated that the majority of the sample at age group(76-80) years old (28.3%), more than half of the sample (58.3%) is males and the remaining is female. Relative subjects level of education, the greater number of them are within middle and high level of education and they accounted for (28.3%). the majority of them did not use dentures use (83.3%),majority of them are not smokers (70%),while (63.3%) of them were using medication. More than half of BMI and MUAC accounted for overweight (53.3%) and (55.8%) respectively.Conclusions: majority of them have signs and symptoms including easy hair loss and bleaching nails. Most of the old residents do not customarily take vitamins andMinerals intake.Recommendations: The study recommended the following: promotion of nutritional system to be implemented for old age residents and routine annual nutritional assessment and evaluation can be done to old age individuals in geriatric homes and a nutritional educational program can be used as a means for nutritional health awareness. Nutritional specialized nurses, nutritionists can make regular visits to provide supervision on the quality of the food introduced to elderly residents. A comparative study should be conducted between elderly geriatric home residents and community elderly nutritional status.

الهدف: تقيم الحالة التغذويه للمسنين من خلال النمط الغذائي ومؤشر كتلة الجسم.المنهجية:أجريت دراسة وصفية ومقطعية من الفترة 1/11 /2014 الى 9 / 7 /2015 لتقييم الحالة التغذويه للمسنين في دور المسنين في محافظات الفرات الأوسط, واختيرت عينة عشوائية احتماليه (120) مسن من 65 فما فوق من الذين يقيمون في دور المسنين . و جمع البيانات باستخدام أداة الاستبيان والمقابلة و تحليلها من خلال تطبيق التحليل الإحصائي الوصفي والاستدلالي.النتائج:اوضحت الدراسة ان الغالبية العظمى من العينة ضمن الفئة العمرية (76-80)سنة وبنسبة (28.3%) وكان اكثر من نصف العينة ذكور(58.3 ٪) والباقي من الاناث, اما مستوى التعليم فكانت الغالبية العظمى خريجي الدراسة المتوسطة والدراسات العليا وبنسبة (28.3%).الغالبية منهم لا يستخدم طقم اسنان (83.3%),كما ان غالبيتهم كانوا غير مدخنين (70%),بينما(63.3%) منهم كانوا يستخدمون الدواء, أما بالنسبة لمؤشر كتلة الجسم ومقياس محيط منتصف اعلى الذراع فقد وجدت ان اكثر من نصفهم لديهم زيادة في الوزن (58.3%) و(55.8%) على التوالي وتشير العلامات السريرية في الاغلبية منهم كانت لتساقط الشعر وابيضاض الاظافر (26.7%).الاستنتاج: استنتجت الدراسة. ان الاغلبية منهم يعانون من مشاكل تساقط الشعر وابيضاض الاظافر وزيادة في الوزن. وكذلك ان اغلب كبار السن لا يتناولون الفيتامينات والمعادن. التوصيات:اوصت الدراسة بتعزيز النظام الغذائي وتنفيذه لكبار السن المقيمين في دور المسنين, وأجراء التقييم والتقويم الغذائي الدوري للأفراد كبار السن, كذلك توفير غذاء صحي في دور المسنين والرقابة الدورية على دور المسنين.


Article
Nutritional potentiality of earthworm (Perionyx excavatus) for substituting fishmeal used in local feed company in Bangladesh.

Authors: A.F.Md. Hasanuzzaman --- Sk.Z. Hossian --- M. Das
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2010 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 134-139
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract - Nutritional composition of wild earthworm (Perionyx excavatus) and fishmeal used by local fish-feed industry in Bangladesh was determined to evaluate the nutritionally replacement potentiality of this earthworm species for fishmeal mostly used in feed for aquaculture and other animal production. Except for moisture content, the proximate chemical values in P. excavatus did not differ significantly (P≥0.05) from that in fishmeal. On an average, the earthworm had lower protein content (46.57  0.97%) than fishmeal had (54.97  7.49 %). On the other hand, the mean lipid content (8.03  0.44 %) in this earthworm was found to be higher compared to fishmeal (7.97  1.60 %). The average ash content in the earthworm and fishmeal were 24.26  0.68 % and 24.13  8.44 %, respectively. The results of the present study indicate that this earthworm species had almost similar nutritional values to the fishmeal, and thus would be a potential source of animal protein in supplementing fishmeal. In an implication, year-round production of this earthworm species through standard mass culture system, and its radical use could play a pivotal role in sustainable fisheries and aquaculture production.


Article
Effect of Starvation Stress on Organ Structure in Mugll Fish LIZA ABU
تأثير التجويع على تركيب العضو في سمكة الخشني Liza abu

Author: B.M. Jasim باسم محمد جاسم
Journal: basrah journal of science البصرة للعلوم ISSN: 18140343 Year: 2006 Volume: 24 Issue: 1B english Pages: 86-102
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study examined the organ tissue response as well as morphological alterations with relation to stress, induced by food deprivation regimes in Liza abu. It is concluded that starvation stress could be observed through organs structure, as is shown in kidney, liver, spleen, gills, skeletal muscles and stomach wall which underwent a damage in different degrees which represents a dysfunction in these organs. The thyroid tissue invaded the neighboring muscles. The ovary showed another response

درس تأثير الاجهاد نتيجة التجويع على نسيج العضو والتغيرات المظهرية له في سمكة الخشني Liza abu . لوحظ تأثير هذا الاجهاد على تركيب الاعضاء ، كما في الكلية والكبد والطحال والغلاصم والعضلات الهيكلية وجدار المعدة ، حيث اظهرت درجات متفاوته من التلف والذي يمثل نوعا من الخلل الوظيفي في أداء هذه الاعضاء . اما النسيج الدرقي فقد وجد إنه يغزو العضلات المجاورة ، في حين أظهرت المبايض شكلا آخر من الإستجابة

Keywords

Starvation --- Stress --- Food --- Nutrition --- L. abu


Article
Destructive periodontitis, its prevalence among chronic periodontitis patients, with cohort incentive conditions

Author: Abdullatif Al-Juboury, B.D.S., Ph.D. * د. عبد اللطيف الجبوري
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 107-116
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Sixty-six patients have been diagnosed and distinguished as having destructive periodentitis out of one thousand slowly growing chronic periodontitis (S.G.Ch.P.), constituted 6.6%, females was 68.18%, male was 31.81%, a significant difference was found between male and female.Possible activating and inverting factors was studied, restraint stress and depression appear having a significant relationship, nutritional factor as well showed a significant influence on inversion of S.G.Ch.P. into DP.High gingival index, sever bone destruction; deep packet and an eventual tooth mobility with generalized distribution pattern were the characteristic clinical feature of the disease.In conclusion local bacterial and systemic conditions either psychic or somatic may interfere in the activation and inversion of the adult periodentitis into destructive periodontitis under the basis of systemic and psychological factors .


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs in relation to nutritional status among 9-10 year-old school children in Nassiryia City/Iraq

Authors: Sanaa N. Al-Ghalebi سناء الجلبي --- Sulafa K. El-Samarrai سلافة خالد السامرائي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 133-137
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dental caries and periodontal disease are the most common and widely spread disease affectinghumans at different ages. Nutrition was reported to be one of the factors affecting the severity of oral diseases. Theaims of this study included the investigation of the prevalence and severity of dental caries, gingivitis, dental plaque,dental calculus, in addition to dental treatment needs. Furthermore oral diseases were studies in relation to nutritionalstatus.Materials and methods: The total sample composed of 1350 (696 males and 654 females) selected randomly fromdifferent school in Nassiryia city. Diagnosis and recording of dental caries and treatment needs were according tothe criteria described by WHO (1987). Plaque index of Silness and Loe (1964) was used for plaque assessment,Ramfjord index (1959) was applied for the assessment of calculus, gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963) wasfollowed for recording gingival health condition. Ramfjord index teeth (1959) were examined to assess oralcleanliness and gingival condition. Nutritional status was assessed according to body mass index (BMI) indicator byusing anthropometric measurement (height and weight)Results: Results showed that 8.96% of the total sample was caries-free. The dmfs value was higher among femalescompared to males with statistically highly significant difference (P<0.001). In permanent dentition, the DMFS value ofthe total children also was higher among females compared to males, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). Of the total sample 75.7% was found to be in need of one surface restoration, No statistically significantdifferences were recorded between the two genders concerning plaque, gingival and calculus indices (P>0.05). Theprevalence of malnutrition described by the BMI indicator was 5.9%. For the total sample, no significant differenceswere recorded in mean dmfs/ DMFS and different grades of nutritional status indicator.Conclusion: A high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis were recorded indicating the need of a public healthprograms.


Article
تقدير بعض العناصر الثقيلة في نبات الحنطة والترب المزروع فيها لمنطقة معامل الطابوق الأهلية ( الكور) في مدينة بابل

Authors: داخل ناصر طه --- صالح هادي كاظم --- يحيى فاهم عبيد --- علاء خضير --- et al.
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2013 Volume: 21 Issue: 8 Pages: 2806-2810
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

In the present study, the determination of the heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Mn, Cu and Fe) which considered the main source of pollution in plants and soils, was carried out. (20) Samples are collected from different soils (depth 10 cm) and plant (roots and leaves of Wheat) from the northern, eastern and the southern sites to the illegal Bricks Factories. The metals accumulated by wheat plants were mostly distributed in root tissues , which grown near the illegal Bricks Factories which built close to environs of Babylon city (near to Babylon University) , and also (10) samples from plants and soils were collected from the region far from the illegal Bricks Factories as a control samples, it was found that the concentrations of these metals are very high compared with the control samples. The average concentration of metals in samples of plant was Pb (0.49; 0.32ppm) , Zn (0.63; 0.44 ppm) , Mn (5.6; 3.38 ppm) , Cu(0.56; 0.3 ppm) , and Fe (0.3; 0.21 ppm) (Root; Leave ) consequently. The average concentration of metals in samples of soils was Pb (0.74 ppm) , Zn (0.915 ppm) , Mn (9.38 ppm) , Cu 0.68 ppm) , and Fe (9.33 ppm).

تم في هذه الدراسة تقدير العناصر الثقيلة( الرصاص و الخارصين و المنغنيز والنحاس والحديد ) التي تعتبر المصدر الرئيسي لتلوث النباتات والترب ، إذ تم جمع 20 عينة من ترب مختلفة ( بعمق 10 سم )، ومن نبات الحنطة ( جذور وأوراق ) من المواقع الشمالية والغربية والجنوبية من معامل الطابوق الاهليه. العناصر المتجمعة في نباتات الحنطة تتوزع في الغالب في أنسجة الجذور لتلك التي نمت بالقرب من معامل الطابوق الأهلية التي بنيت في المناطق القريبة من ضواحي مدينة بابل(بالقرب من جامعة بابل). جمعت كذلك عشرة عينات من نباتات الحنطة والترب من مناطق بعيدة عن مصدر التلوث لاستخدامها كعينات سيطرة(قياسية) للمقارنة.وجد بان تراكيز هذه العناصر عالية جدا في النماذج القريبة من مصدر التلوث مقارنة بعينات السيطرة. معدل تركيز العناصر في نماذج النبات كانت (ppm 0.49;0.32),(0.63;0.44 ppm), (ppm 0.63;0.33 ), (ppm5.6;3.38 ) , ( ppm 0.56;0.3) و(ppm0.3;0.21 )(أوراق;جذور) لعناصر الرصاص والخارصين والمنغنيز والنحاس والحديد على التوالي.معدل تركيز العناصر في نماذج الترب كان 0.7 , 0.915 ,9.38 , 0.68 و 9.33 جزء بالمليون للعناصر المذكورة على التوالي.


Article
Nutritional risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infection among infants and children 2-‎‎60 months old in Basra, Southern Iraq
عوامل الخطورة التغذوية المؤدية إلى عدوى المجاري التنفسية السفلى ألحاد عند الأطفال ‏ من عمر 2-60 شهر في البصرة- جنوب العراق

Author: Nehad Kadhim Al- Jaferi, Mea`ad Kadhum Hassan د.نهاد كاظم، د.ميعاد كاظم
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-36
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Objectives: A case-control study was carried out to identify nutritional risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infections among infants and children ‎under 5 years.‎Methods: Children who have been admitted to the pediatric wards at Basra Maternity and Children Hospital and those who have visited Al-Razie Primary ‎Health Center over the period from the 4th of November 2007 till the end of May 2008 were recruited. A total of 110 patients with pneumonia according to the ‎WHO criteria and 207 apparently healthy infants and children, their age ranged from 2 months-5 years were included. ‎Results: The study has revealed that formula feeding in early life, duration of breast feeding of less than 6 months, time of introduction of weaning foods ‎before 6 months, anemia, rickets and malnutrition are significant risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract infection. In addition, a significant correlation ‎was found between the severity of the acute lower respiratory tract infection and rickets, malnutrition, serum calcium level, and hemoglobin levelConclusion: Presence of anemia, rickets and malnutrition are significant risk factors for acute lower respiratory tract ‎infections and also for a more severe disease.‎

الاهداف: أجريت هذه الدراسة المقارنة باستخدام العينة الضابطة لتحديد عوامل الخطورة التغذوية المسببة لعدوى المجاري التنفسية السفلى ‏للأطفال دون سن الخامسة . ‏طريقة البحث:شملت الدراسة الاطفال الذين تم ادخالهم إلى ردهات الأطفال في مستشفى البصرة للنسائية والأطفال وكذلك ممن راجعوا مركز ‏الرازي للرعاية الصحية الأولية للفترة من الرابع من شهر تشرين الأول 2007 ولغاية نهاية شهر أيار 2008.‏تضمنت الدراسة مئة وعشرة مرضى مصابا بعدوى المجاري التنفسية السفلى اعتمادا على مبادئ منظمة الصحة العالمية وكذلك مائتان وسبع من غير ‏المصابين تراوحت أعمارهم ما بين شهرين إلى خمس سنوات.‏النتــائج: أثبتت هذه الدراسة ان الرضاعة الاصطناعية في الأشهر الأولى من العمر, قصر مدة الرضاعة الطبيعية لفترة اقل من ستة أشهر ووقت بداية ‏إطعام الطفل قبل الستة أشهر, فقر الدم, الكساح و سوء التغذية كلها عوامل خطورة للإصابة بعدوى المجاري التنفسية السفلى عند الأطفال دون ‏سن الخامسة.كما بينت الدراسة وجود ترابط معتد إحصائيا بين شدة المرض والإصابة بالكساح وسوء التغذية وفقر الدم, نسبة الكالسيوم في الدم ‏ونسبة الهيموغلوبين. ‏الاستنتاجات:الاصابة بفقر الدم, الكساح, و سوء التغذية هي عوامل خطورة مهمة للإصابة بعدوى المجاري التنفسية السفلى عند الأطفال دون سن ‏الخامسة وكذلك لشدة المرض.‏

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