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Article
Oral health status in Najaf City

Author: Raed Al-Huwaizi رائد الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 162-166
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed the oral hygiene status of teenagers.Materials and methods: Three hundred and two teenagers aged 13-16 years (151 boys and 151 girls) and 291 youngadults aged 20-23 years (150 males and 141 females) collected from secondary schools and the University of Kufa inNajaf city. Oral hygiene was assessed by three indices (plaque, gingival and calculus indices).Results: Plaque free subjects represented 22.3% of males and 44.2% of females with a mean PI of 0.717±0.742 formales and 0.444±0.619 for females. While, gingivitis was found in 68.1% of males and 46.6% of females with a meanGI of 0.436±0.526 for males and 0.255±0.447 for females. The majority of the sample was calculus free (91.1% offemales and 88.7% of males) with a mean CI of 0.020±0.081 for males and 0.014±0.056 for females.Conclusion: Males showed significantly higher mean PI, GI and CI scores than females. Teenagers were found tohave significantly higher mean PI and GI than young adults. This indicates that young adults are keener on keepinga good oral hygiene than teenagers and that males neglect their oral hygiene more than females


Article
The pH of stimulated saliva in relation to the oral health status among children and adults

Authors: Ahlam T. Al-Mashhadani احلام طه المشهداني --- Wesal A. AL-Obaidi وصال العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: To determine the pH of stimulated saliva and its relation to the oral health status.Materials and methods: A sample of (96) children with an age of 4-5 years old and (96) adults with an age of 23-25 years old in Baghdad city was examined using plaque and gingival indices, dental caries and salivary flow rate were estimated.Results: The salivary pH reduced by increasing PII score while, it was elevated by increasing the severity of gingivitis in both groups. Mean of caries experience was found to decrease by increasing salivary pH and the latter was reported to increase with enhancement of flow rate in both groups.Conclusion: Increasing pH increased GI and flow rate and decreased PII and dental caries


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students (A comparative study)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Aisha A Qasim --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 9 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare oral health status(dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) of Iraqiand Yemeni dental students.The sample included 100 Iraqi dental students and 90Yemeni dental students of fourth grade, age ranged between22–23 years old of both sexes. The study revealed that therewas a significant difference in the DMFT between Iraqi andYemeni dental students for the total sample at p < 0.05 level,with significant difference between Iraqi and Yemeni dentalstudents for both sexes at p < 0.01 level.The results also revealed that there was no significant differencein the type of treatment required for the total samplebetween females of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students, butwith significant difference in the treatment need between malesof Iraqi and Yemeni dental students. Highest percentageof treatment need for Iraqi and Yemeni students were for 1surface restoration.The highest CPITN code percentage for Iraqi studentswas for code 2 (calculus) followed by code 1 with a significantdifference between Iraqi males and females students atp<0.01 level, while for Yemeni dental students the highestCPITN code percentage was for code 1 followed by code 2.There was a significant difference in the total sample betweenIraqi and Yemeni dental students at p<0.01 level; i.e., Iraqi studentsrequire scaling while Yemenis require oral health instruction.


Article
Evaluation of oral health status in a sample of autistic male children

Authors: Mayyadah H. Rashid ميادة رشيد --- Raja H. Al-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 62-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder, presents in early childhood, characterized by severeimpairments in socialization, communication and behavior. Autism is considered a multi-factorial disorder that isinfluenced by genetic, environmental, and immunological factors with oxidative stress as a mechanism linking thesefactors. Assessment of any oral manifestations has to be discovered, evaluated and measured in autistics to be usedas a potential diagnostic.Materials and methods: Oral health status:(DMFT) for permanent teeth, (dmft)for deciduous teeth and gingivalindices were estimated for 58 individuals aged (2-13) years, twenty nine of them were autistics and twenty nine weresex and age matched healthy controls.Results: The results of this study showed that Iraqi autistic children sample was more likely to be caries-free comparedwith healthy sample.Conclusion: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were more likely to be caries-free, had lower DMFT dmftand GI scores than did their unaffected peer and can be used in autism spectrum disorder prediction to a limitedextent.


Article
Oral health status, dental knowledge and behaviors among children and adolescents (8-15) years old in the cities of Baghdad and Thamar

Author: Eman K. Chaloob ايمان جلوب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 100-103
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Investigating dental health knowledge among children is important. Knowing what behaviors are rightin relation to dental health does not guarantee that children will practice those behaviors. However, lack ofknowledge and misconceptions about dental health may lead to behaviors that are harmful to teeth and gum.Baseline data on knowledge levels are required to determine which particular areas of dental health education arein need of improvement for high-risk children living in different geographical areas. This research was conducted tostudy the oral health status, dental knowledge and behavior in relation to two different cities, among children inBaghdad and Thamar (republic of Yemen) governorate.Materials and Methods: The sample collected was composed of two geographically different groups, first group fromBaghdad city: composed of 144 children and adolescents and the second group collected from the city of Thamar(republic of Yemen) composed of 108 of an age range 8-15 years old children. Dental plaque and Gingival healthcondition was assessed by using plaque index of Silness and Loe (1964),and gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963),Ramfjord index teeth were examined to represent the whole dentition. Oral examination was performed by a singleexaminer using mouth mirror and dental explorer for each child. Ten questions were fabricated to evaluate thedental health knowledge and behavior of the two groups.Results: This study was recorded that the age group 12-15 years old the significant difference was found in relation togingival health condition, the dental Knowledge and behaviors was the highly significant difference was foundbetween Baghdad and Thamar group. As well as highly scores of dental knowledge and behavior was significantlyrelated to the dental plaque for both Baghdad and Thamar group.Conclusion: The difference in the geographical location could affect on oral hygiene, dental health knowledge andbehavior of the children and adolescent


Article
An Oral Health Status and Treatment Needed in Relation to Dental Knowledge, Among a Group of Children Attending Preventive Department, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad

Author: Shahba'a Munther Al-Jorrani شهباء منذر الجوراني
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 4 Pages: 138-142
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral health represents an important base for human well-being; the heath of the body begins from oralcavity. Great deal has been applied to increase knowledge in the field of oral health in order to developappropriate preventive program. This study was conducted in order to estimate the percentage and severity ofdental caries and gingivitis among children attending Preventive Department in Collage of Dentistry, University ofBaghdad and to determine dental treatment need for those patients, further more to study the relation of thesevariables with dental knowledge.Materials and Methods: The study group consists of 163 children with an age ranged from 6 to 14 years, whoattended the preventive clinic for the first time to be involved in preventive program. Plaque index and gingivalindex were applied for examination of dental plaque and gingivitis, dental caries and treatment need was recordedaccording to criteria described by WHO. Dental knowledge of each child was evaluated by ten questions preparedfor this reason.Results: The results showed that caries-experience among permanent teeth represented by DS and DMFS were (3.22± 0.31 and 4.09 ± 0.35) respectively, while caries-experience among deciduouse teeth represented by ds and dmfswere (6.79 ± 0.61 and 9.03 ± 0.81) respectively. Analysis of variance (one way ANOVA test-) showed that cariesexperience among permanent teeth increased with age (P < 0.001), while caries-experience among deciduousteeth decreased with age (P 0.001). The majority of studied sample were in need for one surface filling (93%)followed by two or more surface filling (66%). High percentage of children involved in this study had mildaccumulation of plaque and mild gingivitis (69.93% and 83.43%) respectively. Evaluation of dental knowledgeamong those children showed that 67% of them had good dental knowledge (scores 5), but weak correlationswere recorded between good dental knowledge and caries experience for deciduous teeth(r=0.12, P > 0.05) and forpermanent teeth (r=0.22, P<0.05).The same correlation was recorded between dental plaque and dental knowledge(r=0.05, P> 0.05).Conclusion: those children need further motivation and instructions to improve their dental knowledge and toimprove their attitude to change their behavior towards further improvement of oral hygiene and oral health


Article
Mobile phone reminder as a tool in maintaining good oral health status of Iraqi students

Author: Dr. Kadhim Jawad B.D.S MSc. Periodontology* د. كاظم جواد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-48
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Improving the oral health status through out a group directed periodontal health educational programs was and still as one of the most applied strategies in field of dental and periodontal disease prevention. Eighty systemically fit undergraduate dental students were randomly chosen and allocated into two groups (control and experimental). A two-lecture educational program was carried out for both groups, but Students in the experimental group were instructed to use their mobile phone reminder to remind them the time of performing oral hygiene practice. Results of this research clearly reflect the proposed positive effect of the educational program on the oral health status of the participant and highly significant improvement was recorded for those who use the mobile reminder.


Article
Nutritional status in relation to oral health status among patients attending dental hospital

Authors: Eman K. Chaloob ايمان جلوب --- Alhan A. Qasim الحان قاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 114-119
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Good Nutrition is essential for oral and dental health in children. Good eating habits and foodpreferences are established early in childhood. Oral health problems can effect dietary quality and nutrient intake inanother side increase the risk of several systemic diseases., The aim of the present study was to investigate therelation or the effect the of nutritional status in children at age of 5 to16 on the oral health status and dental caries .Materials and Methods: the total sample composed of 153 patients attending the Pedodontic and PreventiveDepartment/College of Dentistry/University of Baghdad, the assessment of nutritional status was performed by usingBody Mass Index specific for age and gender according to Chronic Disease and Prevention Center (CDC) growthchart (2000). Ramfjord index teeth were applied to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition, Dental plaque andGingival health condition was assessed by using plaque index of Silness and Loe(1964),and gingival index of Loe andSilness( 1963), Calculus index assessment was according to Ramfjord criteria (1959). Dental caries measurement wasaccording to World Health Organization criteria (1997).Results: this study showed no significance in the nutritional status (BMI) of children at 5-16 years of age and plaqueindex, gingival index, and calculus index, as well as the correlation of significant differences was not found betweenthe nutritional status (BMI) and caries experience.Conclusion: this study reflected that the oral hygiene, gingival health and dental caries were not affected bynutritional status of children at age of 5-16years.


Article
Salivary antioxidants in relation to dental caries among a group of lead-acid batteries factory workers

Authors: Ban T. Al-Souz --- Wesal A. Al-Obaidi وصال العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 1 Pages: 159-163
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Lead-acid battery workers are at higher risk for systemic diseases as well as oral diseases like dentalcaries. The aim of this study was to assess selected salivary antioxidants and their relation with dental caries amonglead acid battery factory workers in comparison with non-exposed group.Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 35 subjects aged 35-45 year-old who worked in Babylon lead acidbattery factory in Baghdad city and matching group that not exposed to lead were selected as a control. Dentalcaries severity was recorded by using DMFS index, stimulated salivary samples were collected and analyzed for themeasurement of salivary antioxidants (uric acid, total protein, catalase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes).Results: The antioxidants levels (uric acid, catalase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes) were higher among thestudy group than the control group with non-significant difference for uric acid, highly significant difference forcatalaseenzyme and significant for glutathione peroxidaseenzymes, whereas total protein level was significantlylower among the study group than the control. Regarding dental cariesseverity, DMFS values were significantlyhigher among study group compared to that among control group. All the correlations between salivaryantioxidants and dental carries found to be weak non-significant for both groups.Conclusions: Selected salivary antioxidants were found to have little effects dental caries of the study group,although dental caries revealed higher percentage of occurrence among lead exposed workers. Therefore, specialoral health preventive and educational programs are needed for them


Article
Oral Health Status, Salivary MMP-8& Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor (SLPI) Among Uncontrolled Type-I Diabetes Mellitus In Iraqi Patients

Authors: Rehab Faisal Ahmed رحاب فيصل احمد --- Raja H. Al-Jubouri
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Pages: 65-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Back ground: diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia that results in deficiency or absenceof insulin production. The dental caries and gingivitis/periodontitis are widespread chronic diseases in diabetes. Theaim of the present study was determined the salivary matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-8), Secretory LeukocytePeptidase Inhibitor (SLPI) and oral health status among uncontrolled diabetic group in comparison with healthycontrol group.Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 90 adults aged (18-35) years. Divided into 60 uncontrolleddiabetic patients (HbA1c >7%) and 30 healthy control group. Unstimulated saliva was collected from each subjectwith type-I DM, BMI, duration of diabetes, HbA1c%, DMFT, gingival index (GI) and periodontal disease index wererecorded during clinical visit. Level of salivary MMP-8 and SLPI was measured by using ELISA immunoassay analysis.Results: The DMFT was highly significant higher among type-I DM group than control group (p<0.001),GI and pocketdepthwas significant difference (p=0.002, p<0.001 respectively) between two groups except the attachment losswith no significant difference (p=0.06). The Salivary MMP-8 was elevated, whereas SLPI was lowered in individuals withtype I diabetes mellitus in comparison to the healthy controls, but statistically was non-significant. Analysis amonguncontrolled diabetic patients revealed that the HbA1c% correlate positively significant with salivary MMP-8 (r=0.321,p=0.012), SLPI (r=0.276, P=0.033) andattachment loss (r=0.353, p=0.006); however the correlation between MMP-8 &SLPIwas a significant in negative direction (r=-0.395, p=0.002).Conclusion:The DMFT, pocket depth and gingival index was higher in uncontrolled diabetes group. HbA1c% waspositively correlation withMMP-8, SLPI and attachment loss in uncontrolled diabetic group. Salivary SLPI associatedinversely with significant correlation with salivary MMP-8

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