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Article
Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior in Relation to Oral Hygiene and Gingival Condition among a Group of Industry Workers

Author: Muna Abdulla منى عبدالله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 76-81
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: In Iraqi communities, the workers considered the largest population groups, so increasing their dental education by increasing the care for their dental health knowledge and behavior is very important, the present study was aimed to evaluate the gingival health and oral hygiene in relation to knowledge and behavior among a group of a workers selected randomly from Al Fedaa company in Baghdad city.Materials and methods: A sample of 110 workers (65 men and 45 women) included in this study, a questionnaire used to evaluate their oral health knowledge and behavior. The gingival health condition of the workers was examined by using Loe and Silness index (1963), Silness and Loe index (1964) was used to asses plaque quantity, and Ramfjord index (1959) used to asses calculus quantity, SPSS version 18 was used to analyze the data of the study statistically.Results: This study showed that no significant differences between plaque, calculus, and gingival index with the education degree of the workers. About the knowledge the result showed no significant differences in questions asking about type and characteristic of dental caries, best type of tooth paste, brushing technique. There is a significant differences found in questions regarding gingival health and bleeding. The behavior of the workers showed no significant differences in questions regarding quantity of brushing teeth, using assistant aid, better time for eating sweet, while there is a significant difference in question about smoking and gingival health and duration of brushing time.Conclusion: Increasing the dental education by using the help of social media, schools, and national educational programs will improve the dental knowledge and behavior which affect positively on the oral hygiene

Keywords

Behavior --- oral hygiene --- knowledge


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population (21–80) years in Thamar– Yemen

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 7 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to find if there is any variation between sex and age groups among adults aged 21–80 years in Thamar–Yemen. A sample of 224 individuals aged 21– 80 years (177 males and 47 females) were examined using plaque index by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). The results showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 1.15; the plaque index was increasing with age significantly. Males reported higher means than females with statistical significant difference in the 3rd, and 5th age groups; while at the 4th age group the females reported significantly higher plaque scores than males. The mean gingival score for the total sample was low (0.84) and it was increasing with age significantly. The mean gingival score was slightly better in males than females with statistical significant difference in all age groups except the 5th age group where the females showed better gingival health. Therefore, the objective of dental health education to those adults is to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice by tooth brushing and interdental aids.


Article
The Effect of Oral Hygiene Status on the Bond Failure Rate of the Orthodontic Bracket

Author: Munad Jihad Ashij AL-Duliamy
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 2-12
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Bracket bond failure is one of the major clinical dilemmas in orthodontic specialty that directly affect the success of the orthodontic treatment. Objectives The objectives of the present study were to assess the effect of oral hygiene status of the patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances on the bond failure rate of thebracket. Materials and Methods Twenty-four patients (14 females, 10 males) with age range (14-25 years) were participants and fixed orthodontic appliances were placed for them. Oral hygiene status was assessed using Orthodontic Plaque Index (OPI) with a score from zero to four. The OPI was evaluated in each patient at follow up visit three-week apart during a six-month observation period. Each bond failure (other than due to trauma) was documented on a data collection sheet remarking the date and tooth type. The effect of OPI scores on the bond failure rate was evaluated. Any relation between the age of the patient, gender, dental arches, sides and tooth type with the deboning behavior was evaluated and the data were analyzed statistically. Results The highest percentage of bond failure rate was apparent with oral hygiene scores three and four. The male and younger patients showed a higher percentage of bond failure. The maxillary arch exhibited a higher percentage of bond failure. Regarding tooth type, both maxillary right lateral incisors and canines had higher percentage of bond failure. Conclusion Maintaining good oral hygiene during the course of orthodontic treatment has a crucial role in the success of bond strength. Bond failure rate varies according to age, gender, dental arch, and tooth type.


Article
Prevalence of Teeth Loss and Its Relation to The Oral Health Behaviors among Type 2 Diabetic and Non Diabetic Patients

Author: Hawraa Khalid Aziz
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2010 Volume: 3 no.3, 4 Issue: 7 Pages: 902-909
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes can affect the health of the teeth and the surrounding structures that are increased the risk of developing periodontal disease that resulting destruction of the bone and the periodontal tissues that lead to greater teeth loss than those without diabetes.
Objectives: The aim of this study to compare the teeth loss of the diabetic and non-diabetic patients considering the age, sex , duration of the disease and oral health behaviors.
Methods: Teeth loss of 67 adult diabetics and 67 non-diabetic patients of age 45-74 years old were examined also diabetic group was compared according to the duration of the disease. The oral health behavior including the frequency of the tooth brush per day, cleaning method, and tobacco use were compared among the diabetic and non-diabetic groups.
Results: There is highest significant difference in mean number of the teeth loss between the diabetics and non diabetics with non significant difference between the patients of more than 10 years and less than 10 years of the duration. The diabetics showed significantly higher frequency of the tooth brush and tobacco use than non-diabetic group and the teeth loss decreased with increased the frequency of the tooth brush.
Conclusions: The teeth loss was greater in diabetics than non-diabetics, when the duration of the disease was increased there was increased in teeth loss. The study indicated that diabetic subjects should improve their oral hygiene practices.
Keywords: Teeth loss, diabetic patients, oral hygiene.


Article
Effect of tooth brushing technique on oral hygiene in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Authors: Dheaa Hussein ضياء حسين --- Baydaa Hussein بيداء حسين --- Manhal Abdul-Rahman منهل عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to find whether the brushing technique (horizontal technique versus roll technique) would affect the oral hygiene of orthodontic patients or not.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on fifteen patients who were undergoing orthodontic treatment and were submitted to the clinical trial by changing the tooth brushing maneuver throughout the orthodontic treatment course from the patient’s own brushing maneuver to the horizontal and then to the roll brushing technique.Results: The results showed that the roll technique had a superior cleansing effect than the horizontal one, and the gender variation had no effect.Conclusion: Patients' instructions are considered as an important factor for planning good oral hygiene.


Article
The Impact of Thalassemia Major on Dental Integrity and Development

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Abstract

Thalassemia major is no longer a disease of childhood. Life expectancy of these patients has increased as a result of the dramatic change in medical management of thalassemia major in the past two decades. As patients with thalassemia major become older, their needs also are changed. Patients now face new issues, such as having families, obtaining higher education, and securing employment, which need more care and attention for their appearance in general and dental health in special.The aim of this study was to compare the dental maturity and integrity of a group of patients with β thalassaemia major with age and sex matched healthy controls in Baghdad.For this cross sectional study, a convenient sample of 100 (72 males and 28 females) thalassemic patients who were attending the thalassemia centers in AL-Karama and Ebin-AL Balady hospital was involved. The age of the patients ranged from 6 to15 years. A similar number, of healthy individuals matching with age and gender, was selected as control.Plaque, calculus, and gingival indices as well as decayed, missed and filled surfaces indicator are significantly different in thalaessaemic patients in comparison to control group. The thalaessaemic patients also demonstrated a delay in the development of their dentition.The thalassemic patients demonstrated a delay in the development of their dentition. The mean difference between chronologic and dental age was found to be statistically significant


Article
The knowledge and practices of oral hygiene methods in a sample of college students; Baghdad

Authors: Dr.Mohammed A. Hamid. B.D.S., M.Sc. ** د.محمد حامد --- Dr.Yousif A. Al-Rahim. MBCHB, FICM /CM * د.يوسف الرحيم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 88-92
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Back ground: Poor oral health can have a profound effect on general health and the quality of life, the experience of pain, endurance of dental abscesses, problems with eating, chewing, and missing, discolored or damaged teeth, has a major impact on people’s daily lives and wellbeing. All these problems can be prevented by good personal oral hygiene practices.Objectives: The aim of this study was to find out the knowledge and practices of oral hygiene methods and assess any association between these methods with the prevalence of dental caries among the students in different colleges in BaghdadMethods:-Study design: Cross sectional-Study period: The study was conducted from September, 1st to December, 31st 2005-Settings: Different colleges in Baghdad-Participants: A convenience sample of Four hundred and seventy students, male 236 (50.2%) and female 234 (48.8%).-Data collection: The data were collected by using a specially prepared questionnaire and oral examination.Results: 73.6% shows a poor and intermediate knowledge and practices methods of oral hygiene, the prevalence of dental caries reaches 66.4%. The proportion of dental carries among students with excellent score for the knowledge and practice methods of oral hygiene was 15.4 % (4 out of 26) only, while those with poor score showed 97.4% (76 out of 78).Conclusions: There is a need to enhance the knowledge of oral health and disease among our students, early detection and treatment of dental and oral diseases.


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health status among teenagers population lived in Al–Rashidiya, Ninevah

Author: May Gh Al–Ajrab
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 10 Pages: 121-126
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the oral hygiene andgingival health among teenagers aged 13 to 16 years old livingin Al–Rashidiya in Mosul City.The sample consisted of 633 students (345 males and288 females) examined in their schools using plane mirrorsand periodontal probes. Plaque index by Silness and Löe(1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963) were usedfor detecting plaque and gingival scores respectively.The results showed that 31.9% and 31.3% of the samplebrush their teeth for males and females respectively while25.1% and 11.7% of students did not. A very highly significantdifference has been found in mean plaque and gingival scoresbetween those brushed their teeth and those not in all agegroups.The study revealed that mean plaque score for total malesand females were 1.01, 1.00 for those brush their teeth and1.32, 1.46 for those not and there is no significant differenceby sex. While the mean gingival score for total males and femaleswere 1.28, 1.31 for those brush their teeth and 1.63,1.76 for those not, with no significant difference between sex.It has been obvious that mean plaque and gingival indicesincreased with increasing age of the individual.


Article
Effectiveness of educational program on fixed orthodontic appliance treatment on patient’s oral hygiene

Authors: Afrah Kh Al–Hamdany --- Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ali R Al–Khatib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 9 Pages: 37-45
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate whethereducated dental patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatmentshowing better oral hygiene than dental patients who arenot educated.The sample is comprised of 16 orthodontic patients (3males and 13 females), 11–22 years old chosen randomly amongpatients at Department of Pedodontics, Orthodontics andPreventive Dentistry of College of Dentistry at Mosul University.The sample is divided equally into 2 groups; the first groupwas educated concerning fixed orthodontic treatment inrelation to oral hygiene and given education and instruction tokeep good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment. Thesecond group is not educated. Swabs were taken from supra–gingival plaque of facial surface of upper right and lower leftcentral incisors, and upper left and lower right first molar teeth;one before orthodontic treatment and another (4–6 weeks)later and subjected to bacteriological investigation. Qualitativedata about oral microorganisms were collected and subjectedto statistical analysis.The results indicated that during treatment records forboth educated and non–educated groups show significant differencefor certain types of microorganisms and at differentlocations with the educated group scores the least in comparisonwith non–educated group


Article
Regulation of HbA1c of uncontrolled diabetic type II obese and normal weight patients by oral hygiene performance (Comparative study)

Authors: Sana F. Hadratie --- Abdullatif A.H. Al-Juboury عبد اللطيف الجبوري
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 102-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The association between periodontal diseases incidence and development and the metabolicdiseases as Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity are recently have attract great deal of researchers attention andinvestigation. The periodontal health proved to reduce the systemic inflammatory reactions and positively improvethe glycemic control of diabetes Type2 patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of oral hygienecontrol on the glycemic control of obese and normal weight moderately controlled Diabetic Type 2 patients, inaddition to study the association of obesity with the gingival inflammation.Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study of three months duration. Included 30 moderately controlled diabetictype2 patients who attend the Specialist Center for Endocrine and Diabetes diseases Baghdad Al-Russafaadministration / Iraqi Ministry of Health, were grouped into two groups, G1 of normal weight diabetics, and G2 obesediabetics according to their BMI level, the oral hygiene status measured by their PLI,GI,BBOP,PDI,CAL was conductedat each of the five visits of three weeks interval between each till the end of three months duration of the study andthe level of their glycemic control measured by HbA1c level was conducted at the first and the fifth visit of theresearch duration , BMI was measured at the first and the fifth visit also. Paired t-test, ANOVA, Qui-square andPearson correlation statistical analysis was used to investigate the significance of the improved glycemic controlafter oral hygiene control (OHC) of both G1 and G2.Results: periodontal parameters of both G1 and G2 were significantly improved after OHC with a significantreduction in HbA1c level of both normal weight and obese patients.Conclusion: The Oral Hygiene Control (OHC) is sufficient to improve reduction in Diabetes control level with or withoutoverweight.OHC home care and professional measures could improve the gain in periodontal health in normalweight diabetics and overweight diabetics Obesity has an association with the presence of bleeding on probing asan indicator of the gingival inflammation in diabetic Type2 patients

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