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Article
Oral malignant lesions in a sample of patients in the north of Iraq (Retrospective study)

Author: Ali I Al–Niaimi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-180
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the frequency of occurrence and the distribution of different oral malignant lesions in a sample of patients in the north of Iraq. Materials and Methods: This study including the reviewof 6603 patients’ files with different types of malignant tumors of the body between the years 1995– 1999 and the cases affecting the oral cavity were isolated and undergo descriptive statistical analysis.Results: From the 6603 patients’ files reviewed, only 119 cases (2%) had malignant lesions of the oral cavity with age range between 2.5–90 years and the mean of age was 58.3 years. Male:female ratio was 1.2:1. Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant tumor of the oral cavity. Lower lip was the most commonly affected site by the oral cancer. Conclusion: Oral cancer included many types of tumors but the predominant type is the squamous cell carcinoma that takes many forms. Although it show high occurrence over the age of 40 years but it may occur at any age and sex. The other types of cancer although they are rare in the oral cavity but they should be taken in consideration during diagnosis oforal cancer.


Article
Prevalence of developmental oral anomalies among school children in two areas of Baghdad district

Authors: Wajnaa F. Qassim وجناء قاسم --- Zaheda J. Muhammad زاهدة محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 51-53
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This research was conducted to determine the prevalence of some developmental oral anomalies in children, from two different areas in Iraq.Materials and Method: One area selected in Baghdad city center was (urban area) and the other was (rural area) in its boundaries. A total of 3018 children aged 6-12 years were examined for 13 anomalies in lip, tongue and palate.Results: The most frequent, anomaly was ankyloglossia (8.1%), fissured tongue (6.2%), torus palatinus (3.2%), microglossia (2.4%), geographic tongue (1.8%), macroglossia (0.8%) and torus mandibularis (0.3%).Conclusion: the prevalence of these oral anomalies directed by genetic factor and environmental or acquired factor like other diseases.


Article
Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in patients attending college of dentistry – Basrah University

Author: Dr. Mohanad J. Najm B.D.S, H.D.D, M.Sc. * د. مهند نجم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 116-123
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: The aim of study was to find out the prevalence of oral mucosallesions in patients who are attending the oral diagnosis department of the Collegeof Dentistry – Basrah University and compare it with the prevalence rates ofthese lesions in other parts of Iraq.Materials and Method: Oral examination of 2318 outpatients, 1202 females (51.8%)and 1116 males (48.2%). The patient's age ranged between 9-74 years. All thepatients of this study referred to oral diagnosis department, College of Dentistry,Basrah University seeking for dental treatment (from October 2010-May 2011).Results: Among the 2318 patients, only 206 patients (8.8%) had oral lesions. 115males had oral lesion constituted 4.9% of total examined patients, while 91females had oral lesion constituted 3.9%. The age range of the patients wasbetween 9-74 years.Oral lesions were more prevalent among males (4.9%) than females (3.9%), andthere was significant statistical difference between males and females. Orallesions were classified according to the following 4 categories: ulcerated lesions(3.84%), benign lesions (2.93%) ,white lesions (1.12%) and candidiasis (0.99%),The most common oral lesion of the studied populations were the ulceratedlesions, which diagnosed in (3.8%).There were a significant statistical differencebetween males and females in the traumatic ulcer, lichen planus, pyogenicgranuloma and peripheral giant cell granuloma.Conclusions: This study has provided information about the epidemiologic aspects oforal mucosal lesions that may prove valuable in planning of future oral healthstudies.


Article
Immunohistochemical expression of p53 and PCNA proteins in oral lichen planus and oral dysplasia

Authors: Lehadh M. Al-Azzawi لحاظ العزاوي --- Layla S. Al- Ani ليلى العاني
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-102
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic inflammatory muco-cutaneous diseaseclassified among the potentially malignant lesions of oral mucosa. The aim of this study is to investigate and comparethe expression of p53 and PCNA proteins in oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia cases.Materials and methods:Formalin-fixed and paraffin- embedded blocks of 21 lichen planusand 21 oral dysplasia caseswere referred to immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis for anti p53 and anti PCNA monoclonal antibodies.Results: The results showed that positive nuclear staining for p53 was found in 11/21 (52.4%) cases of lichen planus and17/21 (80.9%) cases of dysplasia. Positivity for PCNA was observed in 18/21(85.7%) of oral lichen planus cases,and19/21(90.5%) of epithelial dysplasia cases. There was a statistically significant difference between the expressionof p53 and PCNA proteins in oral lichen plauns cases and non- significant differences of either protein expression inoral dysplasia cases. No statistically significant difference of p53 and PCNA proteins expression between oral lichenplanus and epithelial dysplasia cases was found. Moreover, there was no significant difference in P53 and PCNAexpression with respect to the grade of epithelial dysplasia.Conclusion: The proportion of cases with positive p53 expression increased from lichen planus to dysplasia. Theseresults may indicate an involvement of p53 in neoplastic transformation as well as in proliferative events PCNA,although the absence of p53 staining could be used to predict the outcome of potentially malignant oral mucosallesions.

Keywords

Oral lichen planus --- oral dysplasia --- p53 --- PCNA


Article
Oral hygiene practices and self-perceived halitosis among dental students

Author: Ghufran A. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. It iscommon among humans around the world and is usually caused by an accumulation of bacteria in the mouth as aresult of gum disease, food, or plaque. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of oral hygiene practices,smoking habits and halitosis among undergraduate dental students and correlate the oral hygiene practices, oralhealth conditions to the prevalence of self perceived oral malodor.Materials and Methods: Clinical examination of 250 dental students and a self-administered questionnaire wereincluded in this study. A questionnaire was developed to assess the self-reported perception of oral breath,awareness of bad breath, timing of bad breath, oral hygiene practices, caries and bleeding gums, dryness of themouth, smoking and tongue coating.Results: The results indicated that female students had better oral hygiene practices. Significantly less self-reportedoral bad breath (P = 0.000) was found in female dental students (40%) as compared to male (70%). It was found thatsmoking had statistically highly significant correlation with halitosis (P = 0.000). Presence of other oral conditions suchas dental caries and filled carious lesions also showed higher prevalence of halitosis in dental students.Conclusion Oral hygiene practices and oral health conditions are very important factors in halitosis. Femalesexhibited better oral hygiene practices and less prevalence of halitosis as compared to male students


Article
Oral health status among women with oral contraceptives

Author: Karama MT Al–Nuaimy
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-48
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the safety and efficacy of oral contraceptive drugs on oral health and to determine the prevalence of dental caries, plaque, calculus and gingival indices. The sample comprised of 90 females attended to Family Regulation Unit of Al–Hadbaa Health Center in Mosul during the period from 2003 to 2004. Sixty females using oral contraceptives (for at least three years), which are combinations of oestrogen and progesterone. The other 30 healthy women were acted as control group with similar age groups and a mean age of 31 years. The oral contraceptive drugs modify oral health. In the present study, the prevalence of dental caries, plaque, calculus and gingival indices increased in all women using oral contraceptive drugs than the prevalence in the women of the control group. In view of the possible factors that cause increase of the indices, suggested a hormonal factor especially oestrogen and progesterone hormones, which have an effect on rate and pattern of hard and soft tissues resulting in reduced the ability to repair and maintain the oral health status.


Article
Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: A clinico-pathological analysis of (1425) cases from Iraq

Authors: Nazar Gh TALABANI --- Natheer H AL-RAWI
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

A total of (1425) cases of histologically diagnosed squamous cell carcinoma collected from the main centers of pathology in Iraq were analyzed according to age, sex, site, patient complain at time of presentation and histological grading Patients at their fin decade of life were the most commonly affected with males to females ratio of (2:1). Lower lip was the most commonly affected site followed by the tongue. The most common clinical complain was ulceration and swelling. More than (70%) of the cases were well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The authors emphasize on the need for interprofessionalhealth care delivery approaches for reducing oral cancer mortality and improving patient's quality of life.


Article
Plaque, gingival condition and brushing behaviour among school children aged (11) and (12) years in QadhaSinjar,Ninevah, Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y KHAMRCO --- Basman A AL-MASHHADANI --- May GH AL-AJRAB
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-191
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of gingivitis and oral hygiene condition in school children aged (11) and (12) years in peri-urban area (QadhaSinjar).A sample of (388) school children aged(11) and(12) years (184 boys and 204 girls) were examined using plaque index score by Silness and Loe, and gingival index by Loe and Silness. The severity of gingival inflammation and the frequency of tooth brushing were recorded. The results show that the mean plaque score for the total sample was (1.06); the girls reported less significant mean plaque score than boys. The mean gingival score was (1.45) for the total sample; also the girls reported less significant mean gingival score than boys. Three quarters of children have moderate gingivitis.The study revealed that (63.7%) of the total sample did not brush their teeth or brush infrequently. Therefore, oral health education for school children is an essential activity for promoting, establishing and maintaining optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases.


Article
Oral Tumors; Clinicopathological Study amongPatients Attending ENT Clinic in Baghdad

Authors: Yousif A . AL-Raheem يوسف عبد الرحيم --- Hussein J. Muhsen حسين محسن
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2009 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 11-18
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral tumors are one of the most challenging tumors regarding their good prognosis in early diagnosis and very difficult control in advancing stages.Objectives: To study the prevalence, types and clinical presentation of oral tumors in comparison to other oral lesions among patients attending ENT clinic.Al-Kindy Col Med J 2008 Vol.5(1) 1 1 Original ArticleMethods: This study included 534 patients with differentoral complains attending ENT clinics in AI-YarmoukTeaching Hospital, and AI-Kindy Teaching Hospital -Baghdad, in the period from 1st jan1999 till 31th des 2006 (8years interval).Results: The results of this study showed that the prevalence of malignant lesions was 13.5% (72 out of 534); the males constitute 59.7 % of them. Premalignant lesions constitute only 3.9% (21 out of 534) of patients; the males constitute 66.7 % of them. Benign lesions in 8.6% (46 out of 534); the males constitute 69.6 % of them. Other lesions constitute 74% (395 out of 534); the males constitute 65.8 % of them. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor (found in 71% of malignant lesions).Conclusions: Most patients are males and the most common manifestation is sore throat. The most common sign of presentation is swelling and the most common histological type of malignant tumors is squamous cell carcinoma (71%). These patients usually attend ENT clinic seeking for simple therapy, we see that it’s the job of the otolaryngologist to diagnose those patients early which has a major influence on prognosis.Key words:

Keywords

Oral --- tumors --- ENT clinic.


Article
Oral Carriage Rate of Candida Speciesin Diabetic Patients

Authors: Huda Hadi Al-Hasnawi --- Adnan Mahran --- Faris Abdul Kareem Khazal
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-12
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: It is well known that oral carriage
of Candida species increase in many situations, like
obesity, debility, leukemia, viral infection, use of
certain drugs in addition to diabetes mellitus.
Objective: find the relation between diabetes and
its control on oral carriage of Candida.
Methods: Thirty four hundred oral swabs from
diabetic patients 67% are females and 33% are
males, 41.7% are type 1 diabetes and 58.3% are type
2.different culture media are used.
Results: we found that 37.9% of diabetics had oral
carriage, older age group had more but the
difference is not significant statistically P>0.05, in
addition females carry more Candida than males
P<0.05, while type of diabetes had no effect on oral
carriage we found that control of diabetes had
significant effect P<0.01.
Conclusion: There is high carriage rate of
Candida species in oral cavity of diabetic patients
37.9%, the rate of carriage increase in females and
those with poor control. Candida albicans is the most
common type with all the associated factors.
Key Words: Diabetes, oral carriage, Candida

Keywords

diabetes --- oral carriag --- canada

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