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Article
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF CIRCULAR ALUMINUM COLUMNS ENHANCED BY FRP
دراسة عملية لأعمدة الالمنيوم دائرية المقطع والمعززة بألياف الكاربون

Author: Sa'ad Fahad Resan
Journal: University of Thi-Qar Journal for Engineering Sciences مجلة جامعة ذي قار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 26645564/26645572 Year: 2015 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

In structural engineering, introducing an efficient structural elements with high ratio of strength or ductility to weight is a challenge. This paper is presenting and developing aluminum columns having circular hollow section strengthened with CFRP possess the highest specific (divided - by weight) mechanical properties to be advantageous in lightweight and space limited structures. The structural performance of these columns was investigated experimentally by using different strengthening orient styles and CFRP piling layers. The column specimens were subjected to uniform axial compression. The strength, ductility, axial load- shortening displacement relationships, lateral strains, and failure modes of columns were presented. Designing guideline empirical equations were derived from experimental results, the predicted unfactored strengths are found to be in a good agreement with the experimental values.


Article
The Islamic East During the Caliphate of Al-Imam Ali (Peace Be Upon Him): Studying Different Texts
المشرق الاسلامي في إثناء خلافة الامام علي (عليه السلام)

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Abstract

The paper is titled: "The Islamic Mashriq during the Era of Caliphate of Imam Ali (A.S.): Exploring Different Texts" The current paper sheds a light on a subject that was not dealt with before as a result of lack historical references in providing information that help researchers and those who study in the field in question in unveiling the hidden dangerous events that accompanied the Caliphate of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib (A.S.). Besides, this includes the Mashriq front as well as the rarity of information which describe the situations and the events accompanied to them. Moreover, the paper concerned is featured by collecting the scattered pieces of information from sundries of references, organizing them and arranging them in its historical context.

تسلط الضوء على دراسة لم يسبق البحث فيها، لفقر المضان التاريخية في توفير المعلومات التي تعين الباحثين والدارسين في الكشف عن خفايا الأحداث الخطيرة التي رافقت خلافة الإمام علي بن أبي طالب (علية السلام) ومنها جبهة المشرق، فضلاً عن ندرة المعلومة التي تصف تلك الأوضاع وما رافقها من أحداث، وتبرز أهمية هذه الدراسة في جمع ما تفرق من معلومات من أشتات تلك المضان، وتنظيمها وترتيبها في سياقها التاريخي.ظل تدوين أخبار الفتوح العربية الاسلامية التي اندلعت بعد القضاء على حركات المرتدين في شبه الجزيرة العربية، يتسع لمساحات زمنية تمتد لقرون بعيدة عن تواريخ حدوثها، ولعل مرد ذلك يعود الى أن الفتوح قد أسهمت الى حد كبير في اتساع الدولة العربية الاسلامية شرقاً وغرباً، وما نتج عنها من نشر الدين الاسلامي واللغة العربية في المدن والاقاليم التي وصلتها، فضلا عن رفع المستوى الاقتصادي للرعية عامة، وقد تمخض ذلك عن ظهور مؤلفات حملت عنوانات مستقلة في الفتوح، غير أن ما يؤسف له حقاً ضياع َجّلها أو فقدانها، ولم يصل منها الى القليل جداً، الى جانب بعض النقول أو الاشارات المبثوثة في تضاعيف مؤلفات أخرى سلمت من عاديات الزمان، وليس من الصعب أن يتحقق القارئ أو الدارس من الرأي المذكور آنفاً اذا توقف عند معاجم المؤلفين وفهارسهم، اذ يجد عدداً من مؤلفات الفتوح بعناوين مباشرة ومستقلة كدليل موضوعي لا يقبل الشك


Article
Orient a lists' Efforts in serving The Heritage of Arab In Islamic Manuscript
المستشرقون وجهودهم في خدمة التراث العربي الاسلامي المخطوط

Author: Rayd Ameer Abdalla رائد امير عبدالله
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2013 Issue: 67 Pages: 437-466
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study is based on the statement of the role of the Orientlists and their efforts in study the Arab Heritage of the manuscriptsand their system in collecting the manuscripts andchecking publishing and indexing them and focuses on their attitudetowards manuscripts heritage and also to show their styles in theaspect.The study dealt with some of the earliest Orient lists who tookcare about manuscripts from different schools and shed lights ontheir contribution in study and publish them and it was clear that theOrientalists were the first in collecting preserving manuscriptsrestoring and checking them before Arab The study sunup theirmethods and styles taking of manuscripts and became of thescientific and technical ralue of them it be cam the interest of greatnumber of Orient lists. they used all approaches valid and invalid togain this heritage in this study we attracted the attention of theresearchers about the importance of the manuscript heritage anddiscover they way and system of Orient lists in dealing withmanuscripts we have reached that not all what Orient list hadachieved is acceptable because there were in it some good andothers bad in addition to that it was acceptable at that time becausethere. was no Arabian alternative work but when the scientificmorement to revive of Arab scientists and in restigator have comeout in this field and too many of them prove superior than theOrientalists Praise be to Allah in the worldly life and the Here after


Article
The cultural aspects of the city of Bukhara during the Islamic times
المظاهر الحضارية لمدينة بخارى خلال العصور الإسلامية

Author: Dr. Intesar Nassif Shaker د. انتصار نصيف شاكر
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 2/40 Pages: 208-238
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

One of the most important civilization phenomena that was brought up by Islam is an appearance of many Islamic cities, which stand out and developed under the umbrella of Islamic caliphate. After entering the people of these cities into Islam after Islamic conquests especially in the Islamic orient countries specifically the countries behind the river where its people live barbaric and literateness life. Bukhara is one of these cities that developed and expanded after Islamic conquest especially during the era of Umayyad Caliphate Al-Waleed Bin Abid Al-Malik and his leader in orient Qutaiba Bin Muslim Al-Buhali who made Bukhara as an Islamic city. Mosques and Hadith houses were built in that city, and many of its people have become as a prominent figures and scholars during Abbasside era especially in Prophetic Hadith such as Imam Al-Bukhari who is still a prominent figure in the Islamic studies. This city is still as a center of civilization until the Russian invasion of that countries.

إن من أهم الظواهر الحضارية التي جاء بها الإسلام هي ظهور العديد من المدن الإسلامية، التي برزت وتطورت في ظل الخلافة الإسلامية، بعد إسلام مجتمعات تلك المدن، على إثر عمليات الفتوح الإسلامية، ولاسيّما في بلاد المشرق الإسلامي، ولاسيّما بلاد ما وراء النهر التي كانت تعيش شعوبها حياة الهمجية والتخلف . وتعدّ مدينة بخارى واحدة من تلك الحواضر التي نمت واتسعت بعد الفتح الإسلامي وخاصة في أيام الخليفة الأموي الوليد بن عبدالملك وقائده في المشرق قتيبة بن مسلم الباهلي الذي جعل من بخارى مدينة إسلامية شعباً ومؤسسات حيث شيدت فيها المساجد والربط ودور الحديث، ومن ثم برز من أبنائها خلال العصر العباسي الكثير من العلماء ولاسيما في مجال الحديث النبوي الشريف مثل الإمام البخاري رحمه الله الذي وما زال من اهم مراجع الدراسات الحديثة في المؤسسات العلمية وغيره من العلماء ... وظلت هذه المدينة مركزاً للإشعاع الحضاري ولاسيما في أيام التيموريين وحتى الغزو الروسي لتلك البلاد .


Article
Presidents of Christians in the book orient chirsy patriarchs Historical study (749A.D/549-132H- 1147)
رؤساء النصارى في كتاب أخبار بطاركة كرسي المشرق (132- 542هـ/ 749- 1147م) دراسة تاريخية (القسم الثاني)

Author: Assist.prof. Dr. Wasan Hussain Mohameed أ.م. د. وسن حسين محيميد
Journal: Arab Scientific Heritage Journal مجلة التراث العلمي العربي ISSN: 22215808 Year: 2018 Volume: 2 Issue: 37 Pages: 389-466
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Presidents of Christians in the book orient chirsy patriarchs(749A.D/549-132H- 1147)Historical studyAssist.prof. Dr. Wasan Hussain MohameedCenter Revival of Arabian Science Heritage-University of Baghdad AbstractThe research deals with the Presidents of the Christians who called themselves (Ghaltka) in the book titled (orient chirsy patriarchs) that talked about their scientific practical biography adding to) that their completeness on the position of Ghaltka with its decrees and caliphs who were contemporaries to them ,as well as their places, deaths, cemeteries and their accomplishments In accordance with the powers granted to them and also it mentions the situation of The Abbasid caliphate with them and with the sons of their sect .

تناول بحثنا عن رؤساء النصارى الذين اطلق عليهم لقب الجثالقة في كتاب أخبار بطاركة كرسي المشرق (132- 542هـ / 749- 1147م) سيرتهم الشخصية والعلمية، وتنافسهم على منصب الجثلقة ومراسيمه وتاريخ اعتلاه، والخلفاء الذين كانوا معاصرين لهم، وأماكن إقامتهم ووفياتهم ومدافنهم، وإنجازاتهم وفق الصلاحيات الممنوحة لهم، وموقف الخلافة العباسية معهم ومع أبناء ملتهم .


Article
Move towards war: (Israel) is preparing to wage war on Syria and Lebanon
السير نحو الحرب : (إسرائيل) تستعد لشن الحرب على سوريا ولبنان

Author: Jinan Ali Jasim جنان علي جاسم
Journal: Journal of the Center Palestine Studies مجلة مركز الدراسات الفلسطينية ISSN: 18195571 Year: 2009 Issue: 9 Pages: 221-228
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

It was clear to the Pentagon and NATO, (Tel Aviv): The East can take advantage of the Mediterranean frontline him in the event of a war against Iran, so they took up positions are not visible to its fleet of maritime war, and fleets of the North Atlantic Treaty on the eastern side, which is closely related to plot war on Iran (49), but degenerated into Navy in Persian Gulf, and eastern Mediterranean have had its beginnings since 2001, in order to strategically namely the preparation of logistics within the framework of the war on Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon and the Palestinian resistance, Syria , and Iran, where he was to countries such as: Paris, Berlin substantial interests in the creation of wars Anglo - American in the Far East, as interpreted by officials of the French, and German, and European Union, and repeatedly: The Mediterranean Sea east, and the Far East, "is the eastern border of the Union European "(50), it became the Union of the Mediterranean headed by (Nicolas Sarkozy) is a declaration of the interests of the Franco - German, and associated with very wars of the Far East, and the establishment of agreement between Arabs and Israelis in the Levant (51), war Israel on Lebanon in 2006, as well as supporting U.S. political and military is one of the stages of this military agenda, which is a test year for both sides to prepare for a wider war in the Far East, because both parties has the opportunity to re-assess its strategy, and methods of preparation for war, a similar future, and if war broke out already, the future is alone will be judged in that will happen.

كان من الواضح لدى البنتاغون، وحلف شمال الأطلسي ، (وتل أبيب): إن المشرق يمكن أن يستغل البحر الأبيض كجبهة له في حال حدوث حرب ضد إيران ، ولذلك إتخذت مواقع غير مرئية لإسطولها البحري الحربي، ولأساطيل حلف شمال الأطلسي في الجهة الشرقية، وهو أمر له صلة وثيقة بمخطط الحرب على إيران (49) ، أما التحشدات البحرية في الخليج العربي ، وشرق البحر الأبيض المتوسط فقد كانت لها بداياتها منذ العام 2001، بهدف إستراتيجي ألا وهو التحضير اللوجستي ضمن إطار الحرب على أفغانستان ، والعراق ، ولبنان ، والمقاومة الفلسطينية، وسوريا،وإيران حيث كان لدول مثل: باريس ، وبرلين مصالح كبيرة في خلق حروب أنغلو-أمريكية في الشرق الأقصى ، كما فسر مسئولين فرنسيين، والمانيين ، وعن الإتحاد الأوربي ، وبشكل متكرر: إن البحر الأبيض المتوسط الشرقي ، والشرق الأقصى :" هي حدود شرقية للإتحاد الأوربي" (50)، إذ أصبح إتحاد البحر الأبيض المتوسط برئاسة (نيكولاس ساركوزي) هو إعلان لهذهِ المصالح الفرانكو- ألمانية، والمرتبطة جداً بحروب الشرق الأقصى، وتأسيس إتفاق بين العرب والإسرائيليين في المشرق(51) ، فالحرب الإسرائيلية على لبنان في العام 2006، فضلاً عن دعم الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية السياسي ، والعسكري هو أحد مراحل هذهِ الأجندة العسكرية ، وهو كإختبار عام لكلا الجانبين في الإستعداد لحرب أوسع في الشرق الأقصى ، لأن كلا الطرفين لديه الفرصة ليُعيد تقدير إستراتيجيته ، وأساليبه إستعداداً لحرب مماثلة مستقبلية ، وإذا إندلعت الحرب فعلاً ، فالمستقبل وحده سيكون الحكم في الذي سوف يحدث .


Article
Karbala and its Name in the Major Arabic Sources
كربلاء ومسمياتها في امات المصادر العربية

Author: Prof . Dr. Muhammad Kareem Ibraheem Al- Shammary أ. د. محمد كريم إبراهيم الشمري
Journal: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: ع2 -ج1 Pages: 287-319
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

AbstractAl- Haair Al- Husainy is regarded as the spot on which one ofthe great historical tragedies took place . It has many names asthe history tells us . It has been called in number of names withoutany priority or distinction to any one of them at all .these namesare Al- Ghadhiriyya ,Ninevah , Mariya , Ammoriya , Nawawees ,Shattul – Arab , Shatiul – Forat , Al- Taff , Tafful- Forat , Al- Haair ,Al- Hary , Mashhadul- Husain and Karbala .The last name (Karbala) has been just one of the variousnames .By the time, the last nomination widely prevailed andspeedily became accepted by all . It has become the sole heirof it the province name, and this area is no longer known by theother names but by this name which is used all over the provinceand Karbala is considered its center .No other place all over the world , as it seems , has got suchnumber of names like Karbala , which had variety of names forone certain area . and this could be attributed to the fact that thisway of terming a territory or a city by number of names is familiarlyused in the medieval orient and there could be no rejection .these papers contain , a documentation of mentioning Karbalain the linguistic and geographical heritage references as well asin some historical heritage references in brief . The scientificresearch may require resort to some other Arabic referenceswhich mentioned Karbala either , in its present name or in itsother names .

الملخّ

Keywords

Abstract Al- Haair Al- Husainy is regarded as the spot on which one of the great historical tragedies took place . It has many names as the history tells us . It has been called in number of names without any priority or distinction to any one of them at all .these names are Al- Ghadhiriyya --- Ninevah --- Mariya --- Ammoriya --- Nawawees --- Shattul – Arab --- Shatiul – Forat --- Al- Taff --- Tafful- Forat --- Al- Haair --- Al- Hary --- Mashhadul- Husain and Karbala . The last name --- Karbala has been just one of the various names .By the time --- the last nomination widely prevailed and speedily became accepted by all . It has become the sole heir of it the province name --- and this area is no longer known by the other names but by this name which is used all over the province and Karbala is considered its center . No other place all over the world --- as it seems --- has got such number of names like Karbala --- which had variety of names for one certain area . and this could be attributed to the fact that this way of terming a territory or a city by number of names is familiarly used in the medieval orient and there could be no rejection . these papers contain --- a documentation of mentioning Karbala in the linguistic and geographical heritage references as well as in some historical heritage references in brief . The scientific research may require resort to some other Arabic references which mentioned Karbala either --- in its present name or in its other names . --- الملخّ

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